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Media Room Search The Daily View or print The Daily in PDF format. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader The Daily archives Latest release from the Labour Force Survey Latest release from the Consumer Price Index Recently released products Latest economic indicators Release dates Get a FREE subscription to The Daily Information about The Daily The Daily
Friday, December 5, 2003

Labour force survey

November 2003 

Employment rose by an estimated 54,000 in November, the third consecutive monthly increase. Since August, employment has grown by 166,000, much stronger than the 52,000 increase over the first eight months of the year. This brings gains over the first eleven months of 2003 to 1.4%. The recent strength in employment has been mostly in full-time jobs. The unemployment rate declined 0.1 percentage points in November to 7.5%.

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More youths working in November

Propelled by full-time job gains, employment among youths rose by 22,000 in November, the first notable increase since last February. This pushed their unemployment rate down 0.7 percentage points to 13.3% in November. Employment gains among youths were primarily in retail sales.

Employment among adult women rose by 18,000 in November, all in part-time work. Following slow employment growth over the first eight months of 2003 (+0.6%), overall gains since August total 75,000 (+1.2%). Their unemployment rate in November was unchanged at 6.2%, as more women entered the labour force.

Employment among adult men edged up 14,000 in November, all in full-time. This brings overall job gains among adult men since the start of the year to 92,000 (+1.3%), with just under three-quarters of the growth occurring since August (+0.9%). Their unemployment rate edged down 0.1 percentage points to 6.5% in November.

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Job growth in manufacturing and retail trade

In November, employment in the manufacturing sector rose by 24,000 and was spread across several industries. Despite this gain, factory employment remains 78,000 (-3.3%) below the level of November 2002, when the downward trend in this sector began. The increase in November 2003 was mainly in Quebec and Ontario.

Employment increased by 18,000 in the retail and wholesale trade sector in November, mostly in retail clothing stores. Employment in this sector is up 45,000 so far in 2003, with virtually all of the gain occurring in the last three months.

Following gains in September and October, employment in natural resources declined by 7,000 in November, mainly in mining, oil and gas extraction in Alberta and British Columbia. Despite the decline in November, job gains in the natural resources sector total 23,000 (+8.4%) so far this year, with the increase concentrated in Alberta.

Job gains in both private and public sectors

For a third consecutive month, the number of private sector employees increased, with a gain of 29,000 in November. After remaining flat for the first eight months of the year, the number of employees in the private sector is now 66,000 (+0.6%) higher than at the end of 2002.

Public sector employment, which has also strengthened in recent months, increased by 16,000 in November. Since the start of 2003, the number of public sector employees has risen by 88,000 (+3.0%).

Large job gains in Quebec

In Quebec, employment rose by an estimated 54,000 in November, mostly among adult men and youths. This brings gains over the last two months to 80,000 (+2.2%). Recent strength follows little employment change over the first nine months of the year. The largest increase in November was in the manufacturing sector, with the job growth spread across a number of industries. Recent estimates from the Monthly Survey of Manufacturing show Quebec reporting a strong increase in manufacturing shipments. In November, employment also increased in accommodation and food services, information, culture and recreation and education services. The unemployment rate edged down 0.2 percentage points in November to 9.1%.

In New Brunswick, employment rose by 5,000 in November, bringing gains since August to 10,000 (+2.9%). The increase in November was mostly in construction and manufacturing. These recent job gains leave employment at about the same level as at the start of 2003. The unemployment rate in November fell by 0.6 percentage points to 10.2%.

After strong growth in September, employment in Ontario was little changed in October and November. Although there has been little change in recent months, Ontario has added 84,000 jobs since the start of the year (+1.4%), all full-time. In November, a decline in labour force participation, all among youths, pushed the overall unemployment rate down 0.2 percentage points to 6.8%.

Following strong job gains in October, employment in British Columbia was unchanged in November. This leaves employment in the province 53,000 (+2.7%) above the level of December 2002.

Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador fell by 3,000 in November, the second consecutive decline. This leaves employment in the province at about the same level as at the end of 2002. The declines in November were mainly in trade and accommodation and food services. These were partly offset by gains in manufacturing. The unemployment rate increased in November to 17.4% (+0.9 percentage points).

Employment was little changed in the other provinces in November.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042 and 282-0047 to 282-0095.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

Available at 7:00 a.m. on our website. From the home page, choose Today's news releases from The Daily, then Latest Labour Force Survey.

A more detailed summary, Labour force information, is available today for the week ending November 15 (71-001-XIE, $9/$84).

Data tables are also available in the Canadian statistics module of our website.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on Friday, January 9, 2004.

For general information or to order data, contact Client Services (1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750) or Stéphanie Langlois (613-951-3180), Labour Statistics Division.

Labour force characteristics for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  October 2003 November 2003 October to November 2003 October 2003 November 2003 October to November 2003
  seasonally adjusted
  labour force participation rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 17,122.8 17,157.0 0.2 67.5 67.6 0.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 259.1 258.7 -0.2 59.0 58.9 -0.1
Prince Edward Island 77.2 78.1 1.2 68.0 68.7 0.7
Nova Scotia 477.8 484.1 1.3 62.8 63.6 0.8
New Brunswick 385.3 388.2 0.8 63.1 63.6 0.5
Quebec 4,029.3 4,079.0 1.2 66.0 66.8 0.8
Ontario 6,726.8 6,705.9 -0.3 68.4 68.1 -0.3
Manitoba 601.4 599.5 -0.3 69.1 68.8 -0.3
Saskatchewan 513.4 514.9 0.3 67.9 68.1 0.2
Alberta 1,830.9 1,831.9 0.1 73.6 73.5 -0.1
British Columbia 2,221.6 2,216.8 -0.2 65.8 65.5 -0.3
  employment employment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 15,813.3 15,867.4 0.3 62.4 62.5 0.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 216.4 213.6 -1.3 49.3 48.6 -0.7
Prince Edward Island 69.0 69.4 0.6 60.8 61.0 0.2
Nova Scotia 432.5 435.4 0.7 56.8 57.2 0.4
New Brunswick 343.7 348.4 1.4 56.3 57.1 0.8
Quebec 3,654.1 3,708.3 1.5 59.9 60.7 0.8
Ontario 6,257.0 6,250.4 -0.1 63.6 63.5 -0.1
Manitoba 569.2 567.4 -0.3 65.4 65.1 -0.3
Saskatchewan 484.4 485.6 0.2 64.1 64.2 0.1
Alberta 1,738.9 1,740.9 0.1 69.9 69.9 0.0
British Columbia 2,048.1 2,047.9 0.0 60.6 60.5 -0.1
  unemployment unemployment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 1,309.4 1,289.6 -1.5 7.6 7.5 -0.1
Newfoundland and Labrador 42.7 45.1 5.6 16.5 17.4 0.9
Prince Edward Island 8.2 8.7 6.1 10.6 11.1 0.5
Nova Scotia 45.3 48.7 7.5 9.5 10.1 0.6
New Brunswick 41.5 39.7 -4.3 10.8 10.2 -0.6
Quebec 375.2 370.6 -1.2 9.3 9.1 -0.2
Ontario 469.9 455.5 -3.1 7.0 6.8 -0.2
Manitoba 32.1 32.1 0.0 5.3 5.4 0.1
Saskatchewan 29.0 29.3 1.0 5.6 5.7 0.1
Alberta 92.0 91.0 -1.1 5.0 5.0 0.0
British Columbia 173.4 168.9 -2.6 7.8 7.6 -0.2
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Labour force characteristics for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  November 2002 November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003 November 2002 November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003
  unadjusted
  labour force participation rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 16,777.1 17,061.4 1.7 66.9 67.2 0.3
Newfoundland and Labrador 253.6 254.0 0.2 57.8 57.8 0.0
Prince Edward Island 74.2 76.1 2.6 66.0 66.9 0.9
Nova Scotia 474.5 481.3 1.4 62.6 63.2 0.6
New Brunswick 385.8 384.6 -0.3 63.4 63.0 -0.4
Quebec 3,935.1 4,047.5 2.9 65.0 66.3 1.3
Ontario 6,581.0 6,679.9 1.5 67.9 67.8 -0.1
Manitoba 598.3 596.6 -0.3 69.2 68.5 -0.7
Saskatchewan 516.6 510.3 -1.2 68.2 67.5 -0.7
Alberta 1,786.6 1,825.8 2.2 73.2 73.3 0.1
British Columbia 2,171.5 2,205.2 1.6 65.0 65.2 0.2
  employment employment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 15,580.4 15,856.8 1.8 62.2 62.5 0.3
Newfoundland and Labrador 210.2 211.9 0.8 47.9 48.2 0.3
Prince Edward Island 65.1 67.0 2.9 57.9 58.9 1.0
Nova Scotia 432.2 434.6 0.6 57.1 57.1 0.0
New Brunswick 348.8 348.4 -0.1 57.3 57.1 -0.2
Quebec 3,606.0 3,693.6 2.4 59.6 60.5 0.9
Ontario 6,175.3 6,268.8 1.5 63.7 63.7 0.0
Manitoba 567.9 565.5 -0.4 65.7 64.9 -0.8
Saskatchewan 489.0 483.9 -1.0 64.5 64.0 -0.5
Alberta 1,698.0 1,741.4 2.6 69.6 69.9 0.3
British Columbia 1,987.9 2,041.7 2.7 59.5 60.4 0.9
  unemployment unemployment rate
  '000 % change % change
Canada 1,196.7 1,204.6 0.7 7.1 7.1 0.0
Newfoundland and Labrador 43.4 42.2 -2.8 17.1 16.6 -0.5
Prince Edward Island 9.2 9.1 -1.1 12.4 12.0 -0.4
Nova Scotia 42.3 46.7 10.4 8.9 9.7 0.8
New Brunswick 37.0 36.2 -2.2 9.6 9.4 -0.2
Quebec 329.1 353.9 7.5 8.4 8.7 0.3
Ontario 405.7 411.1 1.3 6.2 6.2 0.0
Manitoba 30.4 31.1 2.3 5.1 5.2 0.1
Saskatchewan 27.6 26.4 -4.3 5.3 5.2 -0.1
Alberta 88.6 84.4 -4.7 5.0 4.6 -0.4
British Columbia 183.6 163.6 -10.9 8.5 7.4 -1.1
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Employment by industry (based on NAICS) and class of worker for both sexes, aged 15 and over
  October 2003 November 2003 October to November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003 October to November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003
  seasonally adjusted
  '000 %
All industries 15,813.3 15,867.4 54.1 265.0 0.3 1.7
Goods-producing sector 3,977.6 3,999.9 22.3 -19.0 0.6 -0.5
Agriculture 333.1 338.0 4.9 -17.4 1.5 -4.9
Forestry, fishing, mining, oil and gas 300.0 292.9 -7.1 23.9 -2.4 8.9
Utilities 133.4 133.8 0.4 2.2 0.3 1.7
Construction 945.7 946.1 0.4 50.0 0.0 5.6
Manufacturing 2,265.3 2,289.0 23.7 -77.9 1.0 -3.3
Services-producing sector 11,835.7 11,867.5 31.8 284.1 0.3 2.5
Trade 2,474.1 2,491.9 17.8 62.1 0.7 2.6
Transportation and warehousing 775.2 769.3 -5.9 -1.6 -0.8 -0.2
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 953.4 950.7 -2.7 50.0 -0.3 5.6
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,001.8 999.8 -2.0 -9.9 -0.2 -1.0
Management, administrative and other support 612.7 612.2 -0.5 12.6 -0.1 2.1
Educational services 1,045.5 1,052.7 7.2 18.7 0.7 1.8
Health care and social assistance 1,710.6 1,703.6 -7.0 57.4 -0.4 3.5
Information, culture and recreation 712.3 721.9 9.6 33.2 1.3 4.8
Accommodation and food services 1,026.0 1,031.9 5.9 5.8 0.6 0.6
Other services 693.8 697.9 4.1 4.8 0.6 0.7
Public administration 830.4 835.6 5.2 51.0 0.6 6.5
Class of worker            
Public sector employees 3,025.7 3,041.8 16.1 86.0 0.5 2.9
Private sector 12,787.6 12,825.6 38.0 179.0 0.3 1.4
  Private employees
10,354.6 10,383.3 28.7 117.0 0.3 1.1
  Self-employed
2,433.0 2,442.3 9.3 62.0 0.4 2.6
Note:Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Employment by type of work, age and sex
  November 2003 October to November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003 November 2003 October to November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003 November 2003 October to November 2003 November 2002 to November 2003
  seasonally adjusted
  both sexes men women
  '000
Employment 15,867.4 54.1 265.0 8,460.0 28.4 121.5 7,407.4 25.7 143.5
  Full-time
12,871.8 36.1 237.4 7,518.2 42.0 113.0 5,353.6 -5.9 124.4
  Part-time
2,995.6 18.0 27.6 941.8 -13.5 8.5 2,053.8 31.6 19.1
15 to 24 2,418.2 22.3 17.1 1,232.6 14.1 17.3 1,185.6 8.2 -0.2
25 and over 13,449.2 31.8 247.9 7,227.4 14.3 104.2 6,221.8 17.5 143.7
  25 to 54
11,430.4 19.5 84.0 6,053.2 17.3 27.9 5,377.1 2.1 56.1
  55 and over
2,018.9 12.4 164.0 1,174.2 -3.0 76.3 844.7 15.4 87.7
Note:Related CANSIM table 282-0087.



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