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Friday, December 5, 2003
Labour force surveyNovember 2003
Employment rose by an estimated 54,000 in November, the third consecutive monthly increase. Since August, employment has grown by 166,000, much stronger than the 52,000 increase over the first eight months of the year. This brings gains over the first eleven months of 2003 to 1.4%. The recent strength in employment has been mostly in full-time jobs. The unemployment rate declined 0.1 percentage points in November to 7.5%.
More youths working in November
Propelled by full-time job gains, employment among youths rose by 22,000 in November, the first notable increase since last February. This pushed their unemployment rate down 0.7 percentage points to 13.3% in November. Employment gains among youths were primarily in retail sales.
Employment among adult women rose by 18,000 in November, all in part-time work. Following slow employment growth over the first eight months of 2003 (+0.6%), overall gains since August total 75,000 (+1.2%). Their unemployment rate in November was unchanged at 6.2%, as more women entered the labour force.
Employment among adult men edged up 14,000 in November, all in full-time. This brings overall job gains among adult men since the start of the year to 92,000 (+1.3%), with just under three-quarters of the growth occurring since August (+0.9%). Their unemployment rate edged down 0.1 percentage points to 6.5% in November.
Job growth in manufacturing and retail trade
In November, employment in the manufacturing sector rose by 24,000 and was spread across several industries. Despite this gain, factory employment remains 78,000 (-3.3%) below the level of November 2002, when the downward trend in this sector began. The increase in November 2003 was mainly in Quebec and Ontario.
Employment increased by 18,000 in the retail and wholesale trade sector in November, mostly in retail clothing stores. Employment in this sector is up 45,000 so far in 2003, with virtually all of the gain occurring in the last three months.
Following gains in September and October, employment in natural resources declined by 7,000 in November, mainly in mining, oil and gas extraction in Alberta and British Columbia. Despite the decline in November, job gains in the natural resources sector total 23,000 (+8.4%) so far this year, with the increase concentrated in Alberta.
Job gains in both private and public sectors
For a third consecutive month, the number of private sector employees increased, with a gain of 29,000 in November. After remaining flat for the first eight months of the year, the number of employees in the private sector is now 66,000 (+0.6%) higher than at the end of 2002.
Public sector employment, which has also strengthened in recent months, increased by 16,000 in November. Since the start of 2003, the number of public sector employees has risen by 88,000 (+3.0%).
Large job gains in Quebec
In Quebec, employment rose by an estimated 54,000 in November, mostly among adult men and youths. This brings gains over the last two months to 80,000 (+2.2%). Recent strength follows little employment change over the first nine months of the year. The largest increase in November was in the manufacturing sector, with the job growth spread across a number of industries. Recent estimates from the Monthly Survey of Manufacturing show Quebec reporting a strong increase in manufacturing shipments. In November, employment also increased in accommodation and food services, information, culture and recreation and education services. The unemployment rate edged down 0.2 percentage points in November to 9.1%.
In New Brunswick, employment rose by 5,000 in November, bringing gains since August to 10,000 (+2.9%). The increase in November was mostly in construction and manufacturing. These recent job gains leave employment at about the same level as at the start of 2003. The unemployment rate in November fell by 0.6 percentage points to 10.2%.
After strong growth in September, employment in Ontario was little changed in October and November. Although there has been little change in recent months, Ontario has added 84,000 jobs since the start of the year (+1.4%), all full-time. In November, a decline in labour force participation, all among youths, pushed the overall unemployment rate down 0.2 percentage points to 6.8%.
Following strong job gains in October, employment in British Columbia was unchanged in November. This leaves employment in the province 53,000 (+2.7%) above the level of December 2002.
Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador fell by 3,000 in November, the second consecutive decline. This leaves employment in the province at about the same level as at the end of 2002. The declines in November were mainly in trade and accommodation and food services. These were partly offset by gains in manufacturing. The unemployment rate increased in November to 17.4% (+0.9 percentage points).
Employment was little changed in the other provinces in November.
Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.
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The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on Friday, January 9, 2004.
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