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Labour Force Survey

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February 2009 (Previous release)

Employment fell for the fourth consecutive month in February (-83,000), bringing total losses since the peak of last October to 295,000 (-1.7%). The February employment decrease pushed the unemployment rate up 0.5 percentage points to 7.7%.

Chart 1

Chart 1

right click the chart to save it.

All of the employment losses in February were in full-time (-111,000), while part-time employment edged up slightly. This continues the downward trend in full-time employment observed since October. Part-time employment has shown only a marginal increase over the same period.

In February, the largest decline in employment occurred in Ontario (-35,000), followed by Alberta (-24,000) and Quebec (-18,000).

Men aged 25 to 54 were particularly hard hit by February's employment decline (-66,000). Since the start of the labour market downturn, employment among core-age men has fallen by 170,000 (-2.7%).

Employment among 15 to 24 year-olds also continued to trend down in February (-29,000). This latest decline brings total losses since October to 104,000 (-4.0%), the fastest rate of decline of all age groups. The unemployment rate for youths was 14.2% in February, up 2.0 percentage points from last October.

A decrease of 43,000 in construction accounted for over half of the employment decline in February. There were also losses in professional, scientific and technical services; educational services; and natural resources. The only industries with gains in February were manufacturing and agriculture.

In February, the increase in average hourly wages was 3.9% compared with 12 months earlier. The most recent year-over-year increase in the Consumer Price Index was 1.1%.

Note to readers

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample, and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries will have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates, and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free).

Changes in average hourly wages are affected by shifts in the composition of the Canadian labour force. For example, a drop in employment in low-wage occupations or industries will contribute to an increase in the national average hourly wage.

Chart 2

right click the chart to save it.

Sharp decline in construction employment

In February, employment decreased by 43,000 in construction, the second large decline in three months. While the construction industry had the fastest growth from January to October 2008 (+4.9%), it has since experienced the steepest decline (-6.4%). The downward trend coincides with the recent weakness in building permits and housing starts.

Employment in February fell in professional, scientific and technical services, down 31,000 (-2.6%), mostly in legal services and in architecture, engineering and design services.

In February, employment edged down in educational services (-15,000) bringing declines since October to 44,000.

Employment in natural resources also declined in February (-8,000), all in mining, oil and gas extraction, with most of the decrease observed in Alberta.

In February, employment rose by 25,000 in manufacturing, with the largest gain in food products manufacturing. Transportation equipment manufacturing was little changed following declines the month before. Despite the overall increase in February, manufacturing employment is down 5.3% (-104,000) from 12 months earlier.

The number of workers employed in agriculture as their main job increased in February. However, over the last 12 months, employment in this industry is down 13,000 (-3.7%).

Employment losses in February were almost equally split among private sector employees, public sector employees and the self-employed.

Continued losses in Ontario

Employment in Ontario fell by 35,000 in February, mostly in construction and finance, insurance, real estate and leasing. This pushed the unemployment rate up 0.7 percentage points to 8.7%, the highest since April 1997. Since last October, the province's unemployment rate has risen by 2.0 percentage points, with increases concentrated in southwestern Ontario.

Since last October, just over half of the country's total employment losses have occurred in Ontario, well beyond the province's 39% share of the total working-age population. Employment in the province fell by 160,000 during this period, with the largest decreases in manufacturing; business, building and other support services; and construction.

In Quebec, employment declined by 18,000 in February, while the unemployment rate edged up 0.2 percentage points to 7.9%. The unemployment rate in Quebec has risen by 0.7 percentage points since last October.

Employment fell by 24,000 in Alberta in February, the second notable decline in three months. February's drop in employment pushed the unemployment rate for the province up by a full percentage point to 5.4%, the highest in almost six years. Since last October, losses have been mostly in construction and manufacturing.

The only other province with a notable employment decline in February was New Brunswick, down 2,900.

Employment down for men aged 25 to 54 and youths

In February, employment fell by 66,000 among core-aged men (25 to 54) while it was unchanged for women of the same age group. Since October, employment among core-aged men has fallen by 170,000 (-2.7%) while it has edged down 37,000 (-0.7%) among core-aged women.

With employment losses heavily concentrated among men aged 25 to 54 in recent months, their unemployment rate increased from 5.5% last October to 7.3% in February. For core-aged women, the rate rose from 4.7% to 5.5% over the same period.

Employment among youths aged 15 to 24 continued to trend down in February (-29,000), pushing their unemployment rate up 1.5 percentage points to 14.2%, the highest since December 2001. The employment decline in February brings total losses since October to 104,000 (-4.0%), the fastest rate of decline among all age groups.

Among workers aged 55 and over, employment in February increased by 17,000 for women, while it was little changed for men. Since October, employment increased by 1.9% among older women while it edged down among older men.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042, 282-0047 to 282-0064 and 282-0069 to 282-0099.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

A more detailed summary, Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free) is now available online for the week ending February 21. From the Publications module of our website, under All subjects, choose Labour. LAN and bulk prices are available on request. The CD-ROM Labour Force Historical Review, 2008 (71F0004XCB, $209), is now available. See How to order products.

Data tables are also now available online. From the By subject module of our website, choose Labour.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on April 9.

For more information, or to order data, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750; vincent.ferrao@statcan.gc.ca) or Jane Lin (613-951-9691; jane.lin@statcan.gc.ca), Labour Statistics Division.

Table 1

Labour force characteristics by age and sex
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Both sexes 15+            
Population 27,128.1 27,161.2 33.1 386.4 0.1 1.4
Labour force 18,292.1 18,315.2 23.1 142.7 0.1 0.8
Employment 16,982.0 16,899.4 -82.6 -207.2 -0.5 -1.2
Full-time 13,807.8 13,696.9 -110.9 -329.8 -0.8 -2.4
Part-time 3,174.2 3,202.5 28.3 122.7 0.9 4.0
Unemployment 1,310.1 1,415.9 105.8 350.0 8.1 32.8
Participation rate 67.4 67.4 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.7 0.5 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.2 -0.4 -1.7 ... ...
Part-time rate 18.7 19.0 0.3 1.0 ...  ...
Youths 15 to 24            
Population 4,385.8 4,387.4 1.6 19.1 0.0 0.4
Labour force 2,892.4 2,911.8 19.4 -45.4 0.7 -1.5
Employment 2,525.6 2,496.9 -28.7 -119.6 -1.1 -4.6
Full-time 1,373.7 1,360.7 -13.0 -105.0 -0.9 -7.2
Part-time 1,151.9 1,136.2 -15.7 -14.6 -1.4 -1.3
Unemployment 366.8 414.9 48.1 74.3 13.1 21.8
Participation rate 65.9 66.4 0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.7 14.2 1.5 2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 56.9 -0.7 -3.0 ... ...
Part-time rate 45.6 45.5 -0.1 1.5 ...  ...
Men 25+            
Population 11,116.6 11,132.7 16.1 184.9 0.1 1.7
Labour force 8,188.9 8,158.7 -30.2 59.6 -0.4 0.7
Employment 7,638.5 7,563.0 -75.5 -138.1 -1.0 -1.8
Full-time 7,095.1 6,986.1 -109.0 -232.9 -1.5 -3.2
Part-time 543.3 576.9 33.6 94.7 6.2 19.6
Unemployment 550.5 595.7 45.2 197.7 8.2 49.7
Participation rate 73.7 73.3 -0.4 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.3 0.6 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 67.9 -0.8 -2.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 7.1 7.6 0.5 1.3 ...  ...
Women 25+            
Population 11,625.7 11,641.1 15.4 182.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 7,210.8 7,244.7 33.9 128.5 0.5 1.8
Employment 6,817.9 6,839.5 21.6 50.6 0.3 0.7
Full-time 5,339.0 5,350.1 11.1 8.1 0.2 0.2
Part-time 1,478.9 1,489.4 10.5 42.5 0.7 2.9
Unemployment 392.9 405.2 12.3 77.9 3.1 23.8
Participation rate 62.0 62.2 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.6 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 58.8 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 21.7 21.8 0.1 0.5 ...  ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 2

Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS)1
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Class of worker            
Employees 14,309.4 14,254.7 -54.7 -237.3 -0.4 -1.6
Self-employed 2,672.6 2,644.6 -28.0 30.0 -1.0 1.1
Public/private sector employees            
Public 3,404.7 3,380.5 -24.2 -31.2 -0.7 -0.9
Private 10,904.7 10,874.3 -30.4 -206.0 -0.3 -1.9
All industries 16,982.0 16,899.4 -82.6 -207.2 -0.5 -1.2
Goods-producing sector 3,856.6 3,845.3 -11.3 -162.2 -0.3 -4.0
Agriculture 307.8 324.5 16.7 -12.6 5.4 -3.7
Natural resources 341.7 333.4 -8.3 1.3 -2.4 0.4
Utilities 144.4 143.1 -1.3 -6.6 -0.9 -4.4
Construction 1,213.1 1,169.9 -43.2 -40.0 -3.6 -3.3
Manufacturing 1,849.6 1,874.3 24.7 -104.3 1.3 -5.3
Service-producing sector 13,125.3 13,054.1 -71.2 -45.0 -0.5 -0.3
Trade 2,653.6 2,635.9 -17.7 -55.8 -0.7 -2.1
Transportation and warehousing 839.8 841.0 1.2 -3.7 0.1 -0.4
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 1,097.2 1,094.7 -2.5 9.5 -0.2 0.9
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,210.6 1,179.5 -31.1 -18.0 -2.6 -1.5
Business, building and other support services 648.5 657.0 8.5 -54.2 1.3 -7.6
Educational services 1,178.5 1,163.8 -14.7 -24.1 -1.2 -2.0
Health care and social assistance 1,970.3 1,955.7 -14.6 77.0 -0.7 4.1
Information, culture and recreation 760.2 752.8 -7.4 -23.4 -1.0 -3.0
Accommodation and food services 1,075.2 1,083.8 8.6 32.5 0.8 3.1
Other services 768.6 760.2 -8.4 9.5 -1.1 1.3
Public administration 922.8 929.6 6.8 5.7 0.7 0.6
North American Industrial Classification System.
Note(s):
Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Table 3

Labour force characteristics by province
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Newfoundland and Labrador            
Population 427.8 427.9 0.1 2.7 0.0 0.6
Labour force 252.2 253.3 1.1 -2.5 0.4 -1.0
Employment 216.2 215.0 -1.2 -7.5 -0.6 -3.4
Full-time 186.6 183.6 -3.0 -5.0 -1.6 -2.7
Part-time 29.6 31.4 1.8 -2.5 6.1 -7.4
Unemployment 36.0 38.3 2.3 5.0 6.4 15.0
Participation rate 59.0 59.2 0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.3 15.1 0.8 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 50.5 50.2 -0.3 -2.1 ... ...
Prince Edward Island            
Population 115.3 115.3 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.2
Labour force 77.5 78.2 0.7 -0.2 0.9 -0.3
Employment 68.3 68.6 0.3 -2.0 0.4 -2.8
Full-time 57.4 58.3 0.9 -1.5 1.6 -2.5
Part-time 10.9 10.3 -0.6 -0.5 -5.5 -4.6
Unemployment 9.2 9.6 0.4 1.8 4.3 23.1
Participation rate 67.2 67.8 0.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 12.3 0.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.5 0.3 -2.5 ... ...
Nova Scotia            
Population 770.9 771.4 0.5 4.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 497.8 500.4 2.6 13.7 0.5 2.8
Employment 454.1 456.4 2.3 7.0 0.5 1.6
Full-time 370.7 372.3 1.6 6.4 0.4 1.7
Part-time 83.4 84.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Unemployment 43.7 44.0 0.3 6.7 0.7 18.0
Participation rate 64.6 64.9 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 8.8 0.0 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 59.2 0.3 0.6 ... ...
New Brunswick            
Population 620.0 620.4 0.4 4.3 0.1 0.7
Labour force 403.4 400.6 -2.8 -0.1 -0.7 0.0
Employment 368.2 365.3 -2.9 -2.3 -0.8 -0.6
Full-time 309.2 310.6 1.4 -1.9 0.5 -0.6
Part-time 58.9 54.6 -4.3 -0.5 -7.3 -0.9
Unemployment 35.2 35.4 0.2 2.3 0.6 6.9
Participation rate 65.1 64.6 -0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.8 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.4 58.9 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Quebec            
Population 6,405.0 6,411.2 6.2 62.3 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,181.9 4,169.3 -12.6 -17.7 -0.3 -0.4
Employment 3,858.5 3,840.1 -18.4 -52.9 -0.5 -1.4
Full-time 3,142.7 3,114.2 -28.5 -70.4 -0.9 -2.2
Part-time 715.8 725.9 10.1 17.6 1.4 2.5
Unemployment 323.4 329.2 5.8 35.1 1.8 11.9
Participation rate 65.3 65.0 -0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 7.9 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 59.9 -0.3 -1.4 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 4

Labour force characteristics by province
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Ontario            
Population 10,591.9 10,604.6 12.7 156.3 0.1 1.5
Labour force 7,164.3 7,185.6 21.3 58.1 0.3 0.8
Employment 6,594.2 6,558.9 -35.3 -131.9 -0.5 -2.0
Full-time 5,372.6 5,316.7 -55.9 -172.1 -1.0 -3.1
Part-time 1,221.6 1,242.2 20.6 40.2 1.7 3.3
Unemployment 570.1 626.7 56.6 190.0 9.9 43.5
Participation rate 67.6 67.8 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.0 8.7 0.7 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 61.8 -0.5 -2.2 ... ...
Manitoba            
Population 915.6 916.8 1.2 11.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 636.5 638.4 1.9 10.1 0.3 1.6
Employment 607.2 607.9 0.7 5.9 0.1 1.0
Full-time 492.5 494.2 1.7 4.1 0.3 0.8
Part-time 114.7 113.7 -1.0 1.8 -0.9 1.6
Unemployment 29.3 30.5 1.2 4.1 4.1 15.5
Participation rate 69.5 69.6 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.8 0.2 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 66.3 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Saskatchewan            
Population 774.7 775.6 0.9 14.9 0.1 2.0
Labour force 544.1 548.3 4.2 16.8 0.8 3.2
Employment 521.9 522.5 0.6 12.8 0.1 2.5
Full-time 423.7 424.2 0.5 4.7 0.1 1.1
Part-time 98.2 98.3 0.1 8.1 0.1 9.0
Unemployment 22.1 25.8 3.7 4.0 16.7 18.3
Participation rate 70.2 70.7 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.7 0.6 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.4 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Alberta            
Population 2,830.1 2,836.1 6.0 60.3 0.2 2.2
Labour force 2,119.3 2,116.5 -2.8 47.0 -0.1 2.3
Employment 2,025.8 2,002.1 -23.7 7.5 -1.2 0.4
Full-time 1,680.6 1,652.6 -28.0 -25.0 -1.7 -1.5
Part-time 345.3 349.5 4.2 32.5 1.2 10.3
Unemployment 93.5 114.5 21.0 39.6 22.5 52.9
Participation rate 74.9 74.6 -0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.4 1.0 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 71.6 70.6 -1.0 -1.3 ... ...
British Columbia            
Population 3,676.8 3,681.8 5.0 67.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 2,415.1 2,424.4 9.3 17.3 0.4 0.7
Employment 2,267.6 2,262.7 -4.9 -43.7 -0.2 -1.9
Full-time 1,771.5 1,769.9 -1.6 -68.9 -0.1 -3.7
Part-time 496.1 492.9 -3.2 25.3 -0.6 5.4
Unemployment 147.5 161.7 14.2 61.0 9.6 60.6
Participation rate 65.7 65.8 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.7 0.6 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.5 -0.2 -2.3 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.
The Daily, Friday, March 13, 2009. Labour Force Survey TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> The Daily, Friday, March 13, 2009. Labour Force Survey
Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Labour Force Survey

February 2009 (Previous release)

Employment fell for the fourth consecutive month in February (-83,000), bringing total losses since the peak of last October to 295,000 (-1.7%). The February employment decrease pushed the unemployment rate up 0.5 percentage points to 7.7%.

Chart 1

Chart 1

right click the chart to save it.

All of the employment losses in February were in full-time (-111,000), while part-time employment edged up slightly. This continues the downward trend in full-time employment observed since October. Part-time employment has shown only a marginal increase over the same period.

In February, the largest decline in employment occurred in Ontario (-35,000), followed by Alberta (-24,000) and Quebec (-18,000).

Men aged 25 to 54 were particularly hard hit by February's employment decline (-66,000). Since the start of the labour market downturn, employment among core-age men has fallen by 170,000 (-2.7%).

Employment among 15 to 24 year-olds also continued to trend down in February (-29,000). This latest decline brings total losses since October to 104,000 (-4.0%), the fastest rate of decline of all age groups. The unemployment rate for youths was 14.2% in February, up 2.0 percentage points from last October.

A decrease of 43,000 in construction accounted for over half of the employment decline in February. There were also losses in professional, scientific and technical services; educational services; and natural resources. The only industries with gains in February were manufacturing and agriculture.

In February, the increase in average hourly wages was 3.9% compared with 12 months earlier. The most recent year-over-year increase in the Consumer Price Index was 1.1%.

Note to readers

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample, and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries will have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates, and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free).

Changes in average hourly wages are affected by shifts in the composition of the Canadian labour force. For example, a drop in employment in low-wage occupations or industries will contribute to an increase in the national average hourly wage.

Chart 2

right click the chart to save it.

Sharp decline in construction employment

In February, employment decreased by 43,000 in construction, the second large decline in three months. While the construction industry had the fastest growth from January to October 2008 (+4.9%), it has since experienced the steepest decline (-6.4%). The downward trend coincides with the recent weakness in building permits and housing starts.

Employment in February fell in professional, scientific and technical services, down 31,000 (-2.6%), mostly in legal services and in architecture, engineering and design services.

In February, employment edged down in educational services (-15,000) bringing declines since October to 44,000.

Employment in natural resources also declined in February (-8,000), all in mining, oil and gas extraction, with most of the decrease observed in Alberta.

In February, employment rose by 25,000 in manufacturing, with the largest gain in food products manufacturing. Transportation equipment manufacturing was little changed following declines the month before. Despite the overall increase in February, manufacturing employment is down 5.3% (-104,000) from 12 months earlier.

The number of workers employed in agriculture as their main job increased in February. However, over the last 12 months, employment in this industry is down 13,000 (-3.7%).

Employment losses in February were almost equally split among private sector employees, public sector employees and the self-employed.

Continued losses in Ontario

Employment in Ontario fell by 35,000 in February, mostly in construction and finance, insurance, real estate and leasing. This pushed the unemployment rate up 0.7 percentage points to 8.7%, the highest since April 1997. Since last October, the province's unemployment rate has risen by 2.0 percentage points, with increases concentrated in southwestern Ontario.

Since last October, just over half of the country's total employment losses have occurred in Ontario, well beyond the province's 39% share of the total working-age population. Employment in the province fell by 160,000 during this period, with the largest decreases in manufacturing; business, building and other support services; and construction.

In Quebec, employment declined by 18,000 in February, while the unemployment rate edged up 0.2 percentage points to 7.9%. The unemployment rate in Quebec has risen by 0.7 percentage points since last October.

Employment fell by 24,000 in Alberta in February, the second notable decline in three months. February's drop in employment pushed the unemployment rate for the province up by a full percentage point to 5.4%, the highest in almost six years. Since last October, losses have been mostly in construction and manufacturing.

The only other province with a notable employment decline in February was New Brunswick, down 2,900.

Employment down for men aged 25 to 54 and youths

In February, employment fell by 66,000 among core-aged men (25 to 54) while it was unchanged for women of the same age group. Since October, employment among core-aged men has fallen by 170,000 (-2.7%) while it has edged down 37,000 (-0.7%) among core-aged women.

With employment losses heavily concentrated among men aged 25 to 54 in recent months, their unemployment rate increased from 5.5% last October to 7.3% in February. For core-aged women, the rate rose from 4.7% to 5.5% over the same period.

Employment among youths aged 15 to 24 continued to trend down in February (-29,000), pushing their unemployment rate up 1.5 percentage points to 14.2%, the highest since December 2001. The employment decline in February brings total losses since October to 104,000 (-4.0%), the fastest rate of decline among all age groups.

Among workers aged 55 and over, employment in February increased by 17,000 for women, while it was little changed for men. Since October, employment increased by 1.9% among older women while it edged down among older men.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042, 282-0047 to 282-0064 and 282-0069 to 282-0099.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

A more detailed summary, Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free) is now available online for the week ending February 21. From the Publications module of our website, under All subjects, choose Labour. LAN and bulk prices are available on request. The CD-ROM Labour Force Historical Review, 2008 (71F0004XCB, $209), is now available. See How to order products.

Data tables are also now available online. From the By subject module of our website, choose Labour.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on April 9.

For more information, or to order data, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750; vincent.ferrao@statcan.gc.ca) or Jane Lin (613-951-9691; jane.lin@statcan.gc.ca), Labour Statistics Division.

Table 1

Labour force characteristics by age and sex
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Both sexes 15+            
Population 27,128.1 27,161.2 33.1 386.4 0.1 1.4
Labour force 18,292.1 18,315.2 23.1 142.7 0.1 0.8
Employment 16,982.0 16,899.4 -82.6 -207.2 -0.5 -1.2
Full-time 13,807.8 13,696.9 -110.9 -329.8 -0.8 -2.4
Part-time 3,174.2 3,202.5 28.3 122.7 0.9 4.0
Unemployment 1,310.1 1,415.9 105.8 350.0 8.1 32.8
Participation rate 67.4 67.4 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.7 0.5 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.2 -0.4 -1.7 ... ...
Part-time rate 18.7 19.0 0.3 1.0 ...  ...
Youths 15 to 24            
Population 4,385.8 4,387.4 1.6 19.1 0.0 0.4
Labour force 2,892.4 2,911.8 19.4 -45.4 0.7 -1.5
Employment 2,525.6 2,496.9 -28.7 -119.6 -1.1 -4.6
Full-time 1,373.7 1,360.7 -13.0 -105.0 -0.9 -7.2
Part-time 1,151.9 1,136.2 -15.7 -14.6 -1.4 -1.3
Unemployment 366.8 414.9 48.1 74.3 13.1 21.8
Participation rate 65.9 66.4 0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.7 14.2 1.5 2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 56.9 -0.7 -3.0 ... ...
Part-time rate 45.6 45.5 -0.1 1.5 ...  ...
Men 25+            
Population 11,116.6 11,132.7 16.1 184.9 0.1 1.7
Labour force 8,188.9 8,158.7 -30.2 59.6 -0.4 0.7
Employment 7,638.5 7,563.0 -75.5 -138.1 -1.0 -1.8
Full-time 7,095.1 6,986.1 -109.0 -232.9 -1.5 -3.2
Part-time 543.3 576.9 33.6 94.7 6.2 19.6
Unemployment 550.5 595.7 45.2 197.7 8.2 49.7
Participation rate 73.7 73.3 -0.4 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.3 0.6 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 67.9 -0.8 -2.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 7.1 7.6 0.5 1.3 ...  ...
Women 25+            
Population 11,625.7 11,641.1 15.4 182.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 7,210.8 7,244.7 33.9 128.5 0.5 1.8
Employment 6,817.9 6,839.5 21.6 50.6 0.3 0.7
Full-time 5,339.0 5,350.1 11.1 8.1 0.2 0.2
Part-time 1,478.9 1,489.4 10.5 42.5 0.7 2.9
Unemployment 392.9 405.2 12.3 77.9 3.1 23.8
Participation rate 62.0 62.2 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.6 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 58.8 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 21.7 21.8 0.1 0.5 ...  ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 2

Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS)1
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Class of worker            
Employees 14,309.4 14,254.7 -54.7 -237.3 -0.4 -1.6
Self-employed 2,672.6 2,644.6 -28.0 30.0 -1.0 1.1
Public/private sector employees            
Public 3,404.7 3,380.5 -24.2 -31.2 -0.7 -0.9
Private 10,904.7 10,874.3 -30.4 -206.0 -0.3 -1.9
All industries 16,982.0 16,899.4 -82.6 -207.2 -0.5 -1.2
Goods-producing sector 3,856.6 3,845.3 -11.3 -162.2 -0.3 -4.0
Agriculture 307.8 324.5 16.7 -12.6 5.4 -3.7
Natural resources 341.7 333.4 -8.3 1.3 -2.4 0.4
Utilities 144.4 143.1 -1.3 -6.6 -0.9 -4.4
Construction 1,213.1 1,169.9 -43.2 -40.0 -3.6 -3.3
Manufacturing 1,849.6 1,874.3 24.7 -104.3 1.3 -5.3
Service-producing sector 13,125.3 13,054.1 -71.2 -45.0 -0.5 -0.3
Trade 2,653.6 2,635.9 -17.7 -55.8 -0.7 -2.1
Transportation and warehousing 839.8 841.0 1.2 -3.7 0.1 -0.4
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 1,097.2 1,094.7 -2.5 9.5 -0.2 0.9
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,210.6 1,179.5 -31.1 -18.0 -2.6 -1.5
Business, building and other support services 648.5 657.0 8.5 -54.2 1.3 -7.6
Educational services 1,178.5 1,163.8 -14.7 -24.1 -1.2 -2.0
Health care and social assistance 1,970.3 1,955.7 -14.6 77.0 -0.7 4.1
Information, culture and recreation 760.2 752.8 -7.4 -23.4 -1.0 -3.0
Accommodation and food services 1,075.2 1,083.8 8.6 32.5 0.8 3.1
Other services 768.6 760.2 -8.4 9.5 -1.1 1.3
Public administration 922.8 929.6 6.8 5.7 0.7 0.6
North American Industrial Classification System.
Note(s):
Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Table 3

Labour force characteristics by province
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Newfoundland and Labrador            
Population 427.8 427.9 0.1 2.7 0.0 0.6
Labour force 252.2 253.3 1.1 -2.5 0.4 -1.0
Employment 216.2 215.0 -1.2 -7.5 -0.6 -3.4
Full-time 186.6 183.6 -3.0 -5.0 -1.6 -2.7
Part-time 29.6 31.4 1.8 -2.5 6.1 -7.4
Unemployment 36.0 38.3 2.3 5.0 6.4 15.0
Participation rate 59.0 59.2 0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.3 15.1 0.8 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 50.5 50.2 -0.3 -2.1 ... ...
Prince Edward Island            
Population 115.3 115.3 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.2
Labour force 77.5 78.2 0.7 -0.2 0.9 -0.3
Employment 68.3 68.6 0.3 -2.0 0.4 -2.8
Full-time 57.4 58.3 0.9 -1.5 1.6 -2.5
Part-time 10.9 10.3 -0.6 -0.5 -5.5 -4.6
Unemployment 9.2 9.6 0.4 1.8 4.3 23.1
Participation rate 67.2 67.8 0.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 12.3 0.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.5 0.3 -2.5 ... ...
Nova Scotia            
Population 770.9 771.4 0.5 4.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 497.8 500.4 2.6 13.7 0.5 2.8
Employment 454.1 456.4 2.3 7.0 0.5 1.6
Full-time 370.7 372.3 1.6 6.4 0.4 1.7
Part-time 83.4 84.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Unemployment 43.7 44.0 0.3 6.7 0.7 18.0
Participation rate 64.6 64.9 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 8.8 0.0 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 59.2 0.3 0.6 ... ...
New Brunswick            
Population 620.0 620.4 0.4 4.3 0.1 0.7
Labour force 403.4 400.6 -2.8 -0.1 -0.7 0.0
Employment 368.2 365.3 -2.9 -2.3 -0.8 -0.6
Full-time 309.2 310.6 1.4 -1.9 0.5 -0.6
Part-time 58.9 54.6 -4.3 -0.5 -7.3 -0.9
Unemployment 35.2 35.4 0.2 2.3 0.6 6.9
Participation rate 65.1 64.6 -0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.8 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.4 58.9 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Quebec            
Population 6,405.0 6,411.2 6.2 62.3 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,181.9 4,169.3 -12.6 -17.7 -0.3 -0.4
Employment 3,858.5 3,840.1 -18.4 -52.9 -0.5 -1.4
Full-time 3,142.7 3,114.2 -28.5 -70.4 -0.9 -2.2
Part-time 715.8 725.9 10.1 17.6 1.4 2.5
Unemployment 323.4 329.2 5.8 35.1 1.8 11.9
Participation rate 65.3 65.0 -0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 7.9 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 59.9 -0.3 -1.4 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 4

Labour force characteristics by province
  January 2009 February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009 January to February 2009 February 2008 to February 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Ontario            
Population 10,591.9 10,604.6 12.7 156.3 0.1 1.5
Labour force 7,164.3 7,185.6 21.3 58.1 0.3 0.8
Employment 6,594.2 6,558.9 -35.3 -131.9 -0.5 -2.0
Full-time 5,372.6 5,316.7 -55.9 -172.1 -1.0 -3.1
Part-time 1,221.6 1,242.2 20.6 40.2 1.7 3.3
Unemployment 570.1 626.7 56.6 190.0 9.9 43.5
Participation rate 67.6 67.8 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.0 8.7 0.7 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 61.8 -0.5 -2.2 ... ...
Manitoba            
Population 915.6 916.8 1.2 11.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 636.5 638.4 1.9 10.1 0.3 1.6
Employment 607.2 607.9 0.7 5.9 0.1 1.0
Full-time 492.5 494.2 1.7 4.1 0.3 0.8
Part-time 114.7 113.7 -1.0 1.8 -0.9 1.6
Unemployment 29.3 30.5 1.2 4.1 4.1 15.5
Participation rate 69.5 69.6 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.8 0.2 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 66.3 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Saskatchewan            
Population 774.7 775.6 0.9 14.9 0.1 2.0
Labour force 544.1 548.3 4.2 16.8 0.8 3.2
Employment 521.9 522.5 0.6 12.8 0.1 2.5
Full-time 423.7 424.2 0.5 4.7 0.1 1.1
Part-time 98.2 98.3 0.1 8.1 0.1 9.0
Unemployment 22.1 25.8 3.7 4.0 16.7 18.3
Participation rate 70.2 70.7 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.7 0.6 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.4 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Alberta            
Population 2,830.1 2,836.1 6.0 60.3 0.2 2.2
Labour force 2,119.3 2,116.5 -2.8 47.0 -0.1 2.3
Employment 2,025.8 2,002.1 -23.7 7.5 -1.2 0.4
Full-time 1,680.6 1,652.6 -28.0 -25.0 -1.7 -1.5
Part-time 345.3 349.5 4.2 32.5 1.2 10.3
Unemployment 93.5 114.5 21.0 39.6 22.5 52.9
Participation rate 74.9 74.6 -0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.4 1.0 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 71.6 70.6 -1.0 -1.3 ... ...
British Columbia            
Population 3,676.8 3,681.8 5.0 67.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 2,415.1 2,424.4 9.3 17.3 0.4 0.7
Employment 2,267.6 2,262.7 -4.9 -43.7 -0.2 -1.9
Full-time 1,771.5 1,769.9 -1.6 -68.9 -0.1 -3.7
Part-time 496.1 492.9 -3.2 25.3 -0.6 5.4
Unemployment 147.5 161.7 14.2 61.0 9.6 60.6
Participation rate 65.7 65.8 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.7 0.6 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.5 -0.2 -2.3 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.