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Labour Force Survey

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March 2009 (Previous release)

Employment declined by 61,000 in March, all in full-time work. This decrease pushed the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 8.0%, the highest rate in seven years.

Employment

Since peaking in October 2008, employment has fallen each month, with net losses totalling 357,000 (-2.1%). In percentage terms, this is the largest decline over a five-month period since the 1982 recession.

Since October, full-time employment has declined by 2.8% (-387,000) while part-time has edged up 0.9% (+30,000).

Losses in March were widespread across a number of industries, most notably in manufacturing; finance, insurance, real estate and leasing; construction; and natural resources. These losses were only partially offset by gains in "other services"; and business, building and other support services.

Note to readers

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample, and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries will have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates, and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free).

Changes in average hourly wages are affected by shifts in the composition of the Canadian labour force. For example, a drop in employment in low-wage occupations or industries will contribute to an increase in the national average hourly wage.

Employment fell in several provinces in March, with the largest declines in British Columbia (-23,000), Alberta (-15,000) and Ontario (-11,000). Since October, these three provinces also had the fastest rate of employment decreases.

March's employment losses were spread among core-aged men (25 to 54), youths (15 to 24), and women 55 and over. Since the start of the downturn in October, employment has fallen by 3.1% for core-aged men, the largest five-month loss in 33 years.

In March, the increase in average hourly wages was 4.3% compared with 12 months earlier.

Unemployment rate

Manufacturing continues to lose ground

Employment declines were concentrated in the goods-producing sector in March, with large losses in manufacturing, construction and natural resources.

Employment in manufacturing fell by 34,000 in March. Of the major industry groups, manufacturing has lost the most workers since October (-134,000, or -6.8%). These losses were concentrated in the manufacturing of fabricated and primary metal; motor vehicle, body, and parts; and wood products.

Construction employment also declined in March, down 18,000, the third notable decrease in four months. In percentage terms, this industry had the fastest employment growth from January to October 2008, and has since experienced the steepest decline. Employment in this industry has decreased by 99,000 (-7.9%) since October 2008, led by losses in British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario. These provinces also had the largest drops in both housing starts and building permits in the most recent year-over-year estimates.

For the second month in a row, employment in natural resources declined, down 11,000 in March. This was led by losses in Alberta, mostly in mining, oil and gas extraction.

In the services sector, employment in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing fell by 20,000 in March. Another service industry posting a drop was accommodation and food services (-15,000). These declines were offset by increases in "other services" (+23,000) and business, building and other support services (+13,000) in March.

In March, all of the employment losses were among private sector employees (-68,000). Since October, employment among private (-2.5%) and public sector employees (-2.3%) has contracted, while self-employment has changed little (-0.1%).

Employment down in several provinces

British Columbia's employment fell by 23,000 in March. This brings total employment losses to 69,000 (-3.0%) since October 2008, largely driven by decreases in construction and manufacturing. Over the same period, British Columbia has seen its unemployment rate climb 2.2 percentage points to 7.4% in March.

Following a large decline in February, employment in Alberta fell a further 15,000 in March, pushing the unemployment rate up to 5.8%. Since October, employment losses have totalled 48,000 (-2.4%), mainly in the goods-producing sector.

Manitoba's employment also fell in March (-4,000), bringing the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 5.1%.

In March, employment in Saskatchewan declined by 3,000. Despite the loss in March, employment in this province is unchanged compared with October 2008. The unemployment rate, at 4.7% in March, has increased by 0.8 percentage points since October.

Despite increases in their unemployment rates, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta continue to have the lowest unemployment rates in the country.

Employment in Ontario edged down by 11,000 in March. Since October, declines have totalled 171,000 (-2.5%), mostly in full-time work. Although the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 8.7% in March, it has risen 2.0 percentage points since October, an increase similar to that of British Columbia and Alberta.

In Quebec, although employment was little changed in March, the unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points to 8.3%, as more people entered the labour market. Employment has decreased by 55,000 (-1.4%) since October, and the unemployment rate has increased by 1.1 percentage points.

The only other province with a notable employment decline in March was Nova Scotia, down 3,000.

Losses persist among men aged 25 to 54 and youths

In March, employment fell by 26,000 among men aged 25 to 54, while their unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points, to 7.7%. Since the start of the downturn in October, the unemployment rate for this group has increased by 2.2 percentage points, while employment has declined by 197,000, the largest five-month loss in 33 years. In contrast, there have been fewer employment losses (-39,000) among women aged 25 to 54 years since October, and their unemployment rate has increased by 1.0 percentage point, to 5.7%.

Young people aged 15 to 24 years also experienced employment losses in March (-19,000). This pushed their unemployment rate up to 14.8%, the highest in 11 years. Since October, employment for this age group has declined by 122,000 and their unemployment rate has increased by 2.6 percentage points.

Following an increase in February, employment fell by 13,000 for women aged 55 and over in March. This has been the only demographic group posting an employment increase (+9,000) since the slowdown began in October 2008.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042, 282-0047 to 282-0064 and 282-0069 to 282-0099.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

A more detailed summary, Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free), is now available online for the week ending March 21. From the Publications module of our website, under All subjects, choose Labour. LAN and bulk prices are available on request. The CD-ROM Labour Force Historical Review, 2008 (71F0004XCB, $209), is now available. See How to order products.

Data tables are also now available online. From the By subject module of our website, choose Labour.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on May 8.

For more information, or to order data, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact, Danielle Zietsma (613-951-4243; danielle.zietsma@statcan.gc.ca) or Jeannine Usalcas (613-951-4720; jeannine.usalcas@statcan.gc.ca), Labour Statistics Division.

Table 1

Labour force characteristics by age and sex
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Both sexes 15+            
Population 27,161.2 27,187.6 26.4 384.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 18,315.2 18,294.7 -20.5 90.1 -0.1 0.5
Employment 16,899.4 16,838.1 -61.3 -264.0 -0.4 -1.5
Full-time 13,696.9 13,617.4 -79.5 -373.7 -0.6 -2.7
Part-time 3,202.5 3,220.7 18.2 109.7 0.6 3.5
Unemployment 1,415.9 1,456.6 40.7 354.1 2.9 32.1
Participation rate 67.4 67.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 8.0 0.3 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 61.9 -0.3 -1.9 ... ...
Part-time rate 19.0 19.1 0.1 0.9 ...  ...
Youths 15 to 24            
Population 4,387.4 4,388.8 1.4 19.0 0.0 0.4
Labour force 2,911.8 2,909.0 -2.8 -32.1 -0.1 -1.1
Employment 2,496.9 2,478.3 -18.6 -138.8 -0.7 -5.3
Full-time 1,360.7 1,337.1 -23.6 -105.7 -1.7 -7.3
Part-time 1,136.2 1,141.2 5.0 -33.0 0.4 -2.8
Unemployment 414.9 430.6 15.7 106.6 3.8 32.9
Participation rate 66.4 66.3 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.2 14.8 0.6 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 56.5 -0.4 -3.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 45.5 46.0 0.5 1.1 ...  ...
Men 25+            
Population 11,132.7 11,145.1 12.4 183.6 0.1 1.7
Labour force 8,158.7 8,146.1 -12.6 2.7 -0.2 0.0
Employment 7,563.0 7,535.4 -27.6 -179.6 -0.4 -2.3
Full-time 6,986.1 6,957.4 -28.7 -259.4 -0.4 -3.6
Part-time 576.9 577.9 1.0 79.6 0.2 16.0
Unemployment 595.7 610.7 15.0 182.3 2.5 42.6
Participation rate 73.3 73.1 -0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 7.5 0.2 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 67.6 -0.3 -2.8 ... ...
Part-time rate 7.6 7.7 0.1 1.2 ...  ...
Women 25+            
Population 11,641.1 11,653.6 12.5 181.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 7,244.7 7,239.6 -5.1 119.6 -0.1 1.7
Employment 6,839.5 6,824.4 -15.1 54.4 -0.2 0.8
Full-time 5,350.1 5,322.9 -27.2 -8.6 -0.5 -0.2
Part-time 1,489.4 1,501.5 12.1 63.0 0.8 4.4
Unemployment 405.2 415.2 10.0 65.1 2.5 18.6
Participation rate 62.2 62.1 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.7 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.6 -0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 21.8 22.0 0.2 0.8 ...  ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 2

Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS)1
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Class of worker            
Employees 14,254.7 14,188.3 -66.4 -302.4 -0.5 -2.1
Self-employed 2,644.6 2,649.8 5.2 38.4 0.2 1.5
Public/private sector employees            
Public 3,380.5 3,381.8 1.3 -27.6 0.0 -0.8
Private 10,874.3 10,806.5 -67.8 -274.8 -0.6 -2.5
All industries 16,899.4 16,838.1 -61.3 -264.0 -0.4 -1.5
Goods-producing sector 3,845.3 3,782.7 -62.6 -226.8 -1.6 -5.7
Agriculture 324.5 319.3 -5.2 -16.8 -1.6 -5.0
Natural resources 333.4 322.9 -10.5 -15.2 -3.1 -4.5
Utilities 143.1 148.7 5.6 -2.2 3.9 -1.5
Construction 1,169.9 1,151.7 -18.2 -64.8 -1.6 -5.3
Manufacturing 1,874.3 1,840.1 -34.2 -127.8 -1.8 -6.5
Service-producing sector 13,054.1 13,055.4 1.3 -37.2 0.0 -0.3
Trade 2,635.9 2,629.9 -6.0 -61.1 -0.2 -2.3
Transportation and warehousing 841.0 843.1 2.1 -18.7 0.2 -2.2
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 1,094.7 1,074.9 -19.8 2.0 -1.8 0.2
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,179.5 1,186.0 6.5 -9.0 0.6 -0.8
Business, building and other support services 657.0 670.4 13.4 -46.1 2.0 -6.4
Educational services 1,163.8 1,173.8 10.0 -16.6 0.9 -1.4
Health care and social assistance 1,955.7 1,952.4 -3.3 71.1 -0.2 3.8
Information, culture and recreation 752.8 747.3 -5.5 -10.7 -0.7 -1.4
Accommodation and food services 1,083.8 1,068.6 -15.2 8.7 -1.4 0.8
Other services 760.2 783.6 23.4 42.2 3.1 5.7
Public administration 929.6 925.4 -4.2 0.8 -0.5 0.1
North American Industrial Classification System.
Note(s):
Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Table 3

Labour force characteristics by province
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Newfoundland and Labrador            
Population 427.9 428.0 0.1 2.6 0.0 0.6
Labour force 253.3 254.3 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.4
Employment 215.0 217.0 2.0 -4.0 0.9 -1.8
Full-time 183.6 185.2 1.6 -2.2 0.9 -1.2
Part-time 31.4 31.8 0.4 -1.8 1.3 -5.4
Unemployment 38.3 37.3 -1.0 5.1 -2.6 15.8
Participation rate 59.2 59.4 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.1 14.7 -0.4 2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 50.2 50.7 0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Prince Edward Island            
Population 115.3 115.4 0.1 1.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 78.2 77.6 -0.6 -1.7 -0.8 -2.1
Employment 68.6 68.7 0.1 -2.3 0.1 -3.2
Full-time 58.3 58.4 0.1 -0.6 0.2 -1.0
Part-time 10.3 10.3 0.0 -1.7 0.0 -14.2
Unemployment 9.6 8.9 -0.7 0.6 -7.3 7.2
Participation rate 67.8 67.2 -0.6 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.3 11.5 -0.8 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 59.5 0.0 -2.9 ... ...
Nova Scotia            
Population 771.4 771.6 0.2 4.6 0.0 0.6
Labour force 500.4 497.7 -2.7 9.9 -0.5 2.0
Employment 456.4 453.4 -3.0 3.6 -0.7 0.8
Full-time 372.3 370.4 -1.9 4.0 -0.5 1.1
Part-time 84.1 82.9 -1.2 -0.5 -1.4 -0.6
Unemployment 44.0 44.3 0.3 6.3 0.7 16.6
Participation rate 64.9 64.5 -0.4 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 8.9 0.1 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 58.8 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
New Brunswick            
Population 620.4 620.5 0.1 3.9 0.0 0.6
Labour force 400.6 403.1 2.5 3.0 0.6 0.7
Employment 365.3 364.7 -0.6 -1.2 -0.2 -0.3
Full-time 310.6 306.0 -4.6 -3.3 -1.5 -1.1
Part-time 54.6 58.7 4.1 2.2 7.5 3.9
Unemployment 35.4 38.4 3.0 4.1 8.5 12.0
Participation rate 64.6 65.0 0.4 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 9.5 0.7 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 58.8 -0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Quebec            
Population 6,411.2 6,416.1 4.9 62.6 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,169.3 4,181.7 12.4 -5.6 0.3 -0.1
Employment 3,840.1 3,835.5 -4.6 -46.3 -0.1 -1.2
Full-time 3,114.2 3,110.2 -4.0 -50.0 -0.1 -1.6
Part-time 725.9 725.2 -0.7 3.6 -0.1 0.5
Unemployment 329.2 346.3 17.1 40.9 5.2 13.4
Participation rate 65.0 65.2 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 8.3 0.4 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 59.8 -0.1 -1.3 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 4

Labour force characteristics by province
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Ontario            
Population 10,604.6 10,614.3 9.7 154.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 7,185.6 7,168.4 -17.2 29.5 -0.2 0.4
Employment 6,558.9 6,548.1 -10.8 -134.6 -0.2 -2.0
Full-time 5,316.7 5,277.1 -39.6 -180.8 -0.7 -3.3
Part-time 1,242.2 1,271.0 28.8 46.2 2.3 3.8
Unemployment 626.7 620.4 -6.3 164.2 -1.0 36.0
Participation rate 67.8 67.5 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.7 0.0 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.7 -0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Manitoba            
Population 916.8 918.0 1.2 12.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 638.4 636.0 -2.4 4.6 -0.4 0.7
Employment 607.9 603.7 -4.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.0
Full-time 494.2 495.4 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.3
Part-time 113.7 108.3 -5.4 -1.7 -4.7 -1.5
Unemployment 30.5 32.3 1.8 4.8 5.9 17.5
Participation rate 69.6 69.3 -0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.1 0.3 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 65.8 -0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Saskatchewan            
Population 775.6 776.3 0.7 14.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 548.3 545.4 -2.9 15.0 -0.5 2.8
Employment 522.5 519.8 -2.7 11.7 -0.5 2.3
Full-time 424.2 421.4 -2.8 3.0 -0.7 0.7
Part-time 98.3 98.5 0.2 8.8 0.2 9.8
Unemployment 25.8 25.6 -0.2 3.4 -0.8 15.3
Participation rate 70.7 70.3 -0.4 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.7 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.0 -0.4 0.3 ... ...
Alberta            
Population 2,836.1 2,841.7 5.6 62.5 0.2 2.2
Labour force 2,116.5 2,110.1 -6.4 37.5 -0.3 1.8
Employment 2,002.1 1,987.2 -14.9 -14.0 -0.7 -0.7
Full-time 1,652.6 1,632.9 -19.7 -59.8 -1.2 -3.5
Part-time 349.5 354.3 4.8 45.8 1.4 14.8
Unemployment 114.5 123.0 8.5 51.6 7.4 72.3
Participation rate 74.6 74.3 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.8 0.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 70.6 69.9 -0.7 -2.1 ... ...
British Columbia            
Population 3,681.8 3,685.8 4.0 65.9 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,424.4 2,420.2 -4.2 -3.4 -0.2 -0.1
Employment 2,262.7 2,240.1 -22.6 -76.6 -1.0 -3.3
Full-time 1,769.9 1,760.0 -9.9 -85.3 -0.6 -4.6
Part-time 492.9 480.1 -12.8 8.6 -2.6 1.8
Unemployment 161.7 180.1 18.4 73.3 11.4 68.6
Participation rate 65.8 65.7 -0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.4 0.7 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 60.8 -0.7 -3.2 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.
The Daily, Thursday, April 9, 2009. Labour Force Survey g/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> The Daily, Thursday, April 9, 2009. Labour Force Survey
Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Labour Force Survey

March 2009 (Previous release)

Employment declined by 61,000 in March, all in full-time work. This decrease pushed the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 8.0%, the highest rate in seven years.

Employment

Since peaking in October 2008, employment has fallen each month, with net losses totalling 357,000 (-2.1%). In percentage terms, this is the largest decline over a five-month period since the 1982 recession.

Since October, full-time employment has declined by 2.8% (-387,000) while part-time has edged up 0.9% (+30,000).

Losses in March were widespread across a number of industries, most notably in manufacturing; finance, insurance, real estate and leasing; construction; and natural resources. These losses were only partially offset by gains in "other services"; and business, building and other support services.

Note to readers

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample, and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries will have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates, and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free).

Changes in average hourly wages are affected by shifts in the composition of the Canadian labour force. For example, a drop in employment in low-wage occupations or industries will contribute to an increase in the national average hourly wage.

Employment fell in several provinces in March, with the largest declines in British Columbia (-23,000), Alberta (-15,000) and Ontario (-11,000). Since October, these three provinces also had the fastest rate of employment decreases.

March's employment losses were spread among core-aged men (25 to 54), youths (15 to 24), and women 55 and over. Since the start of the downturn in October, employment has fallen by 3.1% for core-aged men, the largest five-month loss in 33 years.

In March, the increase in average hourly wages was 4.3% compared with 12 months earlier.

Unemployment rate

Manufacturing continues to lose ground

Employment declines were concentrated in the goods-producing sector in March, with large losses in manufacturing, construction and natural resources.

Employment in manufacturing fell by 34,000 in March. Of the major industry groups, manufacturing has lost the most workers since October (-134,000, or -6.8%). These losses were concentrated in the manufacturing of fabricated and primary metal; motor vehicle, body, and parts; and wood products.

Construction employment also declined in March, down 18,000, the third notable decrease in four months. In percentage terms, this industry had the fastest employment growth from January to October 2008, and has since experienced the steepest decline. Employment in this industry has decreased by 99,000 (-7.9%) since October 2008, led by losses in British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario. These provinces also had the largest drops in both housing starts and building permits in the most recent year-over-year estimates.

For the second month in a row, employment in natural resources declined, down 11,000 in March. This was led by losses in Alberta, mostly in mining, oil and gas extraction.

In the services sector, employment in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing fell by 20,000 in March. Another service industry posting a drop was accommodation and food services (-15,000). These declines were offset by increases in "other services" (+23,000) and business, building and other support services (+13,000) in March.

In March, all of the employment losses were among private sector employees (-68,000). Since October, employment among private (-2.5%) and public sector employees (-2.3%) has contracted, while self-employment has changed little (-0.1%).

Employment down in several provinces

British Columbia's employment fell by 23,000 in March. This brings total employment losses to 69,000 (-3.0%) since October 2008, largely driven by decreases in construction and manufacturing. Over the same period, British Columbia has seen its unemployment rate climb 2.2 percentage points to 7.4% in March.

Following a large decline in February, employment in Alberta fell a further 15,000 in March, pushing the unemployment rate up to 5.8%. Since October, employment losses have totalled 48,000 (-2.4%), mainly in the goods-producing sector.

Manitoba's employment also fell in March (-4,000), bringing the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 5.1%.

In March, employment in Saskatchewan declined by 3,000. Despite the loss in March, employment in this province is unchanged compared with October 2008. The unemployment rate, at 4.7% in March, has increased by 0.8 percentage points since October.

Despite increases in their unemployment rates, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta continue to have the lowest unemployment rates in the country.

Employment in Ontario edged down by 11,000 in March. Since October, declines have totalled 171,000 (-2.5%), mostly in full-time work. Although the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 8.7% in March, it has risen 2.0 percentage points since October, an increase similar to that of British Columbia and Alberta.

In Quebec, although employment was little changed in March, the unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points to 8.3%, as more people entered the labour market. Employment has decreased by 55,000 (-1.4%) since October, and the unemployment rate has increased by 1.1 percentage points.

The only other province with a notable employment decline in March was Nova Scotia, down 3,000.

Losses persist among men aged 25 to 54 and youths

In March, employment fell by 26,000 among men aged 25 to 54, while their unemployment rate increased 0.4 percentage points, to 7.7%. Since the start of the downturn in October, the unemployment rate for this group has increased by 2.2 percentage points, while employment has declined by 197,000, the largest five-month loss in 33 years. In contrast, there have been fewer employment losses (-39,000) among women aged 25 to 54 years since October, and their unemployment rate has increased by 1.0 percentage point, to 5.7%.

Young people aged 15 to 24 years also experienced employment losses in March (-19,000). This pushed their unemployment rate up to 14.8%, the highest in 11 years. Since October, employment for this age group has declined by 122,000 and their unemployment rate has increased by 2.6 percentage points.

Following an increase in February, employment fell by 13,000 for women aged 55 and over in March. This has been the only demographic group posting an employment increase (+9,000) since the slowdown began in October 2008.

Available on CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042, 282-0047 to 282-0064 and 282-0069 to 282-0099.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3701.

A more detailed summary, Labour Force Information (71-001-XWE, free), is now available online for the week ending March 21. From the Publications module of our website, under All subjects, choose Labour. LAN and bulk prices are available on request. The CD-ROM Labour Force Historical Review, 2008 (71F0004XCB, $209), is now available. See How to order products.

Data tables are also now available online. From the By subject module of our website, choose Labour.

The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on May 8.

For more information, or to order data, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact, Danielle Zietsma (613-951-4243; danielle.zietsma@statcan.gc.ca) or Jeannine Usalcas (613-951-4720; jeannine.usalcas@statcan.gc.ca), Labour Statistics Division.

Table 1

Labour force characteristics by age and sex
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Both sexes 15+            
Population 27,161.2 27,187.6 26.4 384.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 18,315.2 18,294.7 -20.5 90.1 -0.1 0.5
Employment 16,899.4 16,838.1 -61.3 -264.0 -0.4 -1.5
Full-time 13,696.9 13,617.4 -79.5 -373.7 -0.6 -2.7
Part-time 3,202.5 3,220.7 18.2 109.7 0.6 3.5
Unemployment 1,415.9 1,456.6 40.7 354.1 2.9 32.1
Participation rate 67.4 67.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 8.0 0.3 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 61.9 -0.3 -1.9 ... ...
Part-time rate 19.0 19.1 0.1 0.9 ...  ...
Youths 15 to 24            
Population 4,387.4 4,388.8 1.4 19.0 0.0 0.4
Labour force 2,911.8 2,909.0 -2.8 -32.1 -0.1 -1.1
Employment 2,496.9 2,478.3 -18.6 -138.8 -0.7 -5.3
Full-time 1,360.7 1,337.1 -23.6 -105.7 -1.7 -7.3
Part-time 1,136.2 1,141.2 5.0 -33.0 0.4 -2.8
Unemployment 414.9 430.6 15.7 106.6 3.8 32.9
Participation rate 66.4 66.3 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.2 14.8 0.6 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 56.5 -0.4 -3.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 45.5 46.0 0.5 1.1 ...  ...
Men 25+            
Population 11,132.7 11,145.1 12.4 183.6 0.1 1.7
Labour force 8,158.7 8,146.1 -12.6 2.7 -0.2 0.0
Employment 7,563.0 7,535.4 -27.6 -179.6 -0.4 -2.3
Full-time 6,986.1 6,957.4 -28.7 -259.4 -0.4 -3.6
Part-time 576.9 577.9 1.0 79.6 0.2 16.0
Unemployment 595.7 610.7 15.0 182.3 2.5 42.6
Participation rate 73.3 73.1 -0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 7.5 0.2 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 67.6 -0.3 -2.8 ... ...
Part-time rate 7.6 7.7 0.1 1.2 ...  ...
Women 25+            
Population 11,641.1 11,653.6 12.5 181.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 7,244.7 7,239.6 -5.1 119.6 -0.1 1.7
Employment 6,839.5 6,824.4 -15.1 54.4 -0.2 0.8
Full-time 5,350.1 5,322.9 -27.2 -8.6 -0.5 -0.2
Part-time 1,489.4 1,501.5 12.1 63.0 0.8 4.4
Unemployment 405.2 415.2 10.0 65.1 2.5 18.6
Participation rate 62.2 62.1 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.7 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.6 -0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Part-time rate 21.8 22.0 0.2 0.8 ...  ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 2

Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS)1
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Class of worker            
Employees 14,254.7 14,188.3 -66.4 -302.4 -0.5 -2.1
Self-employed 2,644.6 2,649.8 5.2 38.4 0.2 1.5
Public/private sector employees            
Public 3,380.5 3,381.8 1.3 -27.6 0.0 -0.8
Private 10,874.3 10,806.5 -67.8 -274.8 -0.6 -2.5
All industries 16,899.4 16,838.1 -61.3 -264.0 -0.4 -1.5
Goods-producing sector 3,845.3 3,782.7 -62.6 -226.8 -1.6 -5.7
Agriculture 324.5 319.3 -5.2 -16.8 -1.6 -5.0
Natural resources 333.4 322.9 -10.5 -15.2 -3.1 -4.5
Utilities 143.1 148.7 5.6 -2.2 3.9 -1.5
Construction 1,169.9 1,151.7 -18.2 -64.8 -1.6 -5.3
Manufacturing 1,874.3 1,840.1 -34.2 -127.8 -1.8 -6.5
Service-producing sector 13,054.1 13,055.4 1.3 -37.2 0.0 -0.3
Trade 2,635.9 2,629.9 -6.0 -61.1 -0.2 -2.3
Transportation and warehousing 841.0 843.1 2.1 -18.7 0.2 -2.2
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 1,094.7 1,074.9 -19.8 2.0 -1.8 0.2
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,179.5 1,186.0 6.5 -9.0 0.6 -0.8
Business, building and other support services 657.0 670.4 13.4 -46.1 2.0 -6.4
Educational services 1,163.8 1,173.8 10.0 -16.6 0.9 -1.4
Health care and social assistance 1,955.7 1,952.4 -3.3 71.1 -0.2 3.8
Information, culture and recreation 752.8 747.3 -5.5 -10.7 -0.7 -1.4
Accommodation and food services 1,083.8 1,068.6 -15.2 8.7 -1.4 0.8
Other services 760.2 783.6 23.4 42.2 3.1 5.7
Public administration 929.6 925.4 -4.2 0.8 -0.5 0.1
North American Industrial Classification System.
Note(s):
Related to CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.

Table 3

Labour force characteristics by province
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Newfoundland and Labrador            
Population 427.9 428.0 0.1 2.6 0.0 0.6
Labour force 253.3 254.3 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.4
Employment 215.0 217.0 2.0 -4.0 0.9 -1.8
Full-time 183.6 185.2 1.6 -2.2 0.9 -1.2
Part-time 31.4 31.8 0.4 -1.8 1.3 -5.4
Unemployment 38.3 37.3 -1.0 5.1 -2.6 15.8
Participation rate 59.2 59.4 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.1 14.7 -0.4 2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 50.2 50.7 0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Prince Edward Island            
Population 115.3 115.4 0.1 1.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 78.2 77.6 -0.6 -1.7 -0.8 -2.1
Employment 68.6 68.7 0.1 -2.3 0.1 -3.2
Full-time 58.3 58.4 0.1 -0.6 0.2 -1.0
Part-time 10.3 10.3 0.0 -1.7 0.0 -14.2
Unemployment 9.6 8.9 -0.7 0.6 -7.3 7.2
Participation rate 67.8 67.2 -0.6 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.3 11.5 -0.8 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 59.5 0.0 -2.9 ... ...
Nova Scotia            
Population 771.4 771.6 0.2 4.6 0.0 0.6
Labour force 500.4 497.7 -2.7 9.9 -0.5 2.0
Employment 456.4 453.4 -3.0 3.6 -0.7 0.8
Full-time 372.3 370.4 -1.9 4.0 -0.5 1.1
Part-time 84.1 82.9 -1.2 -0.5 -1.4 -0.6
Unemployment 44.0 44.3 0.3 6.3 0.7 16.6
Participation rate 64.9 64.5 -0.4 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 8.9 0.1 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 58.8 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
New Brunswick            
Population 620.4 620.5 0.1 3.9 0.0 0.6
Labour force 400.6 403.1 2.5 3.0 0.6 0.7
Employment 365.3 364.7 -0.6 -1.2 -0.2 -0.3
Full-time 310.6 306.0 -4.6 -3.3 -1.5 -1.1
Part-time 54.6 58.7 4.1 2.2 7.5 3.9
Unemployment 35.4 38.4 3.0 4.1 8.5 12.0
Participation rate 64.6 65.0 0.4 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 9.5 0.7 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 58.8 -0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Quebec            
Population 6,411.2 6,416.1 4.9 62.6 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,169.3 4,181.7 12.4 -5.6 0.3 -0.1
Employment 3,840.1 3,835.5 -4.6 -46.3 -0.1 -1.2
Full-time 3,114.2 3,110.2 -4.0 -50.0 -0.1 -1.6
Part-time 725.9 725.2 -0.7 3.6 -0.1 0.5
Unemployment 329.2 346.3 17.1 40.9 5.2 13.4
Participation rate 65.0 65.2 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 8.3 0.4 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 59.8 -0.1 -1.3 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.

Table 4

Labour force characteristics by province
  February 2009 March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009 February to March 2009 March 2008 to March 2009
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands change in thousands % change
Ontario            
Population 10,604.6 10,614.3 9.7 154.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 7,185.6 7,168.4 -17.2 29.5 -0.2 0.4
Employment 6,558.9 6,548.1 -10.8 -134.6 -0.2 -2.0
Full-time 5,316.7 5,277.1 -39.6 -180.8 -0.7 -3.3
Part-time 1,242.2 1,271.0 28.8 46.2 2.3 3.8
Unemployment 626.7 620.4 -6.3 164.2 -1.0 36.0
Participation rate 67.8 67.5 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.7 0.0 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.7 -0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Manitoba            
Population 916.8 918.0 1.2 12.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 638.4 636.0 -2.4 4.6 -0.4 0.7
Employment 607.9 603.7 -4.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.0
Full-time 494.2 495.4 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.3
Part-time 113.7 108.3 -5.4 -1.7 -4.7 -1.5
Unemployment 30.5 32.3 1.8 4.8 5.9 17.5
Participation rate 69.6 69.3 -0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.1 0.3 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 65.8 -0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Saskatchewan            
Population 775.6 776.3 0.7 14.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 548.3 545.4 -2.9 15.0 -0.5 2.8
Employment 522.5 519.8 -2.7 11.7 -0.5 2.3
Full-time 424.2 421.4 -2.8 3.0 -0.7 0.7
Part-time 98.3 98.5 0.2 8.8 0.2 9.8
Unemployment 25.8 25.6 -0.2 3.4 -0.8 15.3
Participation rate 70.7 70.3 -0.4 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.7 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.0 -0.4 0.3 ... ...
Alberta            
Population 2,836.1 2,841.7 5.6 62.5 0.2 2.2
Labour force 2,116.5 2,110.1 -6.4 37.5 -0.3 1.8
Employment 2,002.1 1,987.2 -14.9 -14.0 -0.7 -0.7
Full-time 1,652.6 1,632.9 -19.7 -59.8 -1.2 -3.5
Part-time 349.5 354.3 4.8 45.8 1.4 14.8
Unemployment 114.5 123.0 8.5 51.6 7.4 72.3
Participation rate 74.6 74.3 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.8 0.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 70.6 69.9 -0.7 -2.1 ... ...
British Columbia            
Population 3,681.8 3,685.8 4.0 65.9 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,424.4 2,420.2 -4.2 -3.4 -0.2 -0.1
Employment 2,262.7 2,240.1 -22.6 -76.6 -1.0 -3.3
Full-time 1,769.9 1,760.0 -9.9 -85.3 -0.6 -4.6
Part-time 492.9 480.1 -12.8 8.6 -2.6 1.8
Unemployment 161.7 180.1 18.4 73.3 11.4 68.6
Participation rate 65.8 65.7 -0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.4 0.7 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 60.8 -0.7 -3.2 ... ...
not applicable
Note(s):
Related CANSIM table 282-0087.