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Stocks of principal field crops, March 31, 2013

Released: 2013-05-03

As of March 31, total stocks of most principal field crops were down compared with the same date in 2012. However, total stocks of corn for grain increased to record levels.

Following lower canola production in 2012, total stocks were down 24.9% or 1.3 million metric tonnes from the same date in 2012 to 3.9 million tonnes as of March 31, 2013. The decline was almost exclusively in on-farm stocks, down 33.1%, while commercial stocks were stable.

Total wheat stocks declined 8.1% or 1.2 million tonnes from March 31, 2012 to 13.5 million tonnes. This decline occurred despite a 7.6% increase in wheat production in 2012. Commercial stocks fell 2.3% to 4.3 million tonnes, while on-farm stocks declined 10.7% to 9.1 million tonnes.

Following a 15.0% increase in the production of corn for grain in 2012, total stocks rose 16.2% from March 31, 2012 levels to a record 6.7 million tonnes. Commercial stocks were up 4.2% from March 2012 levels, while on-farm stocks were up 21.4% to 4.9 million tonnes.

Soybean total stocks decreased 25.5% to 1.3 million tonnes. This decline occurred despite a 14.7% increase in production in 2012. The drop was because of declines in both on-farm stocks (-17.7%) and commercial stocks (-33.8%).

Total stocks of barley fell 9.7% to a record low 3.0 million tonnes as of March 31. This decline was mainly because of a 10.8% decrease in volumes kept on farms. Similarly, total stocks of oats fell 29.9% to 1.2 million tonnes, as a result of a 40.0% decrease in on-farm stocks.

  Note to readers

The March Farm Survey of 13,805 farmers concerning, among others, stocks of principal field crops was conducted from March 25 to April 3, 2013. Farmers were asked to report the amounts of grain, oilseeds and special crops in on-farm storage. Data on commercial stocks of western major crops originate from the Canadian Grain Commission.

Commercial stocks of corn and soybeans are estimated by a Statistics Canada sample of grain elevators in Eastern Canada. Data on commercial stocks of special crops originate from a survey of handlers and agents of special crops.

National supply-disposition tables for the major grains and special crops are published jointly with the current release on stocks levels.

Stocks data are subject to revision during the two years following their initial publication. Revisions are published in the July stocks report, which is released in September.

Release calendar: The dates for upcoming releases from the Field Crop Reporting Series are available online: Stocks of principal field crops, Principal field crop areas and Production of principal field crops.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; mediahotline@statcan.gc.ca).

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