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Production of principal field crops, July 2013

Released: 2013-08-21

Canadian farmers anticipate record canola production in 2013, as well as increases in wheat, barley and oats. Corn for grain production is also expected to surpass the record set last year, while soybean production may decrease.

At the time of the survey, Prairies farmers reported that climatic events over the last few weeks, such as hail and heavy rain episodes, may have an adverse effect on some areas to be harvested.


Canadian farmers anticipate a record 14.7 million tonnes of canola in 2013, the result of a 21.9% rise in average yield to 33.7 bushels per acre.

Farmers in all three Prairie provinces anticipate an increase in canola production, despite lower harvested areas.

In Saskatchewan, 7.2 million tonnes of canola are expected to be produced in 2013, up 16.6% from 2012. This is as a result of a 26.8% increase in the average yield to 31.2 bushels per acre. Harvested area is expected to decrease 8.2% to 10.1 million acres.

In Alberta, farmers anticipate 5.2 million tonnes of canola, a 5.6% increase over 2012. This increase is the result of a 13.1% increase in average yield, while the harvested area is expected to decrease 6.7% to 6.0 million acres.

In Manitoba, farmers expect canola production of 2.3 million tonnes, up 10.7% from 2012 as a result of a 27.2% gain in average yield to 33.2 bushels per acre. However, harvested area is set to decline 13.0% to 3.1 million acres.


At the national level, total wheat production is expected to reach 30.6 million tonnes in 2013, up 12.9% from 2012.

This anticipated increase is a result of combined gains in harvested area, from 23.4 million acres in 2012 to 25.5 million acres in 2013, and in average yield, up 3.3% to 44.0 bushels per acre.

In Saskatchewan, farmers anticipate a 14.0% increase in total wheat production to 14.5 million tonnes.

In Alberta, total wheat production is expected to reach a record 9.4 million tonnes (+12.2%) in 2013, the result of a record average yield of 49.6 bushels per acre.

In Manitoba, total wheat production is expected to increase by 3.6% to 4.1 million tonnes.

Barley and oats

Nationally, barley production is anticipated to rise 12.4% to 8.8 million tonnes in 2013. This increase is driven by a potential record average yield of 64.1 bushels per acre. However, harvested area is set to decline 5.2% to 6.3 million acres.

Canadian farmers expect oats production to increase 11.9% to reach 2.9 million tonnes. This gain is the result of another potential record average yield of 79.4 bushels per acre.

Corn for grain

At the national level, corn for grain production is expected to increase 0.9%, surpassing the record set last year.

Ontario farmers anticipate a slight decrease in corn for grain production in 2013 compared with 2012, down 0.7% to 8.5 million tonnes. This is the result of a 1.8% decrease in harvested area, offsetting a 1.0% increase in average yield.

In Quebec, farmers anticipate a 1.3% increase in production to 3.6 million tonnes. This reflects a 6.2% increase in harvested area from 951,400 acres in 2012 to 1.0 million acres in 2013. Average yield is anticipated to decrease 4.6% to 138.3 bushels per acre.

In Manitoba, the production of corn for grain is set to increase from 815 400 tonnes in 2012 to a record 919 500 tonnes in 2013. This increase is a result of an anticipated record harvested area of 340,000 acres.


Nationally, soybean production in 2013 is anticipated to decrease 1.2% to 4.8 million tonnes.

Ontario soybean production is expected to fall 10.6% to 2.9 million tonnes in 2013. This decline is driven by combined decreases in harvested area, from 2.6 million acres in 2012 to 2.5 million acres in 2013, and in average yield, from 46.5 to 43.0 bushels per acre.

In Quebec, soybean production is expected to reach a record 830 000 tonnes in 2013. Average yield is expected to decline 2.3% to 42.9 bushels per acre, while harvested area is expected to increase 3.0%.

Manitoba farmers anticipate a record soybean production of 928 000 tonnes in 2013, up 22.2% from 2012. This increase reflects a record harvested area of 1.0 million acres, up 28.1% from 2012. However, average yield is expected to decrease 4.6% to 33.3 bushels per acre.

  Note to readers

Effective July 2013, the Canadian totals for the July, September and March Farm surveys on crops will not include data for the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and British Columbia. Crop production in these provinces account for 2% to 4% of the national total, and are excluded as a result of concerns over data quality. The data for these provinces will be available twice a year in the June Farm survey on seeded area estimates and in the November Farm survey on final crop production estimates.

The July Farm Survey of crop production covering about 15,000 Canadian farmers was conducted from July 24 to August 5, 2013. Farmers were asked to report their estimated area, yield and production of grains, oilseeds and special crops.

Final production estimates for 2013 will be released on December 4, 2013 and are subject to revision for two years.

Auxiliary data source: As an additional tool to assess growing conditions of field crops during the crop year, readers are invited to visit the Crop Condition Assessment Program web application. Readers can monitor a vegetation index of crop land on a weekly basis.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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