Stocks of principal field crops, July 31, 2013

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As of July 31, total stocks of most crops were down from the same date in 2012.

Total stocks of wheat decreased 14.8% to 5.1 million metric tonnes as of July 31, mostly because of a 16.5% decline in commercial stocks. Stocks held on farms fell 202 000 tonnes to 1.6 million tonnes, mainly driven by Alberta, where on-farm stocks decreased by 160 000 tonnes (or -23.5%) to 520 000 tonnes. The five-year average for total stocks of wheat at July 31 is 5.5 million tonnes.

For canola, total stocks fell 14.0% to 608 100 tonnes as of July 31. This was significantly lower than the five-year average of 1.5 million tonnes. The decrease was mostly the result of a 24.3% drop in commercial stocks to 408 100 tonnes. However, on-farm stocks were up 19.0% from the same date in 2012 to 200 000 tonnes.

Total stocks of barley were down 17.7% (or -212 000 tonnes) from the same date a year earlier to 983 400 tonnes as of July 31. On-farm barley stocks explain the majority of the decline, with levels dropping 17.0% (or -163 000 tonnes) to 794 000 tonnes. The five-year average for total stocks of barley stands at 1.6 million tonnes.

Total stocks of oats declined 36.9% from July 31, 2012 to 510 800 tonnes. The five-year average levels stands at 846 200 tonnes. Commercial stocks were down 29.0% to 170 800 tonnes, while on-farm stocks fell 40.2% to 340 000 tonnes.

Note to readers

Data on stocks of principal field crops come from the July Farm Survey of about 15,000 Canadian farmers conducted from July 24 to August 5. Farmers were asked to report the amounts of grain, oilseeds and special crops in on-farm storage. Data on commercial stocks of western major crops originate from the Canadian Grain Commission.

Commercial stocks of corn and soybeans are estimated by a Statistics Canada survey of grain elevators in Eastern Canada. These data will be available on October 4 with the "September Estimates of Production of Principal Field Crops" release. Data on commercial stocks of special crops originate from a survey of handlers and agents of special crops.

National supply-disposition tables for the major grains and special crops are available in CANSIM tables 001-0041 to 001-0043.

September estimates of production of principal field crops will be released on October 4.

Available in CANSIM: tables CANSIM table001-0010, CANSIM table001-0017 and CANSIM table001-0040 to 001-0043.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey numbers survey number3401, survey number3403, survey number3404, survey number3443, survey number3464, survey number3476, survey number5046 and survey number5153.

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; mediahotline@statcan.gc.ca).