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Stocks of principal field crops, December 31, 2013

Released: 2014-02-04

As of December 31, overall stocks of principal field crops were up nearly 30% from the same date in 2012. Increased crop production in 2013, especially on the Prairies, resulted in the overall growth in stocks. On-farm stocks grew significantly, while commercial stocks were down. For canola and corn for grain, total stocks reached record levels as of December 31.

Total stocks of wheat rose 37.7% from December 31, 2012 to 28.4 million tonnes, as a result of a 38.0% annual increase in wheat production in 2013. On-farm stocks reached a record high of 25.0 million tonnes, up 52.2% from the same date in 2012. Commercial stocks of wheat fell 19.2% to 3.4 million tonnes over the same time period.

Canola stocks stood at 12.6 million tonnes as of December 31, up 55.3% from the same date one year earlier. On-farm stock levels increased 65.7% from the same date a year earlier to 11.7 million tonnes, while commercial stock levels declined 14.6% over the same period. Canola production rose 29.5% from December 31, 2012 to 18.0 million tonnes.

Total stocks of corn for grain rose 10.8% from December 31, 2012 to 11.5 million tonnes. Corn for grain saw record levels of on-farm stocks, while commercial stocks were down 6.5% from the same date in 2012.

Total stocks of oats rose 39.7% from December 31, 2012 to 2.9 million tonnes, with on-farm stocks rising 45.2% and commercial stocks falling 9.7%. Total stocks of barley were up 27.2% to 6.7 million tonnes, mostly as a result of a 30.0% increase in on-farm stocks. These overall gains in oat and barley stocks reflected strong production increases in 2013.

Total stocks of soybeans rose 2.4% to 2.7 million tonnes as of December 31. Stock levels held on farms rose 21.6% to 1.9 million tonnes, while commercial stocks fell 25.0% from 2012 to 800 000 tonnes.

  Note to readers

The December Farm Survey of 10,682 Canadian farms is a survey of stocks of principal field crops conducted from January 3 to 12, 2014. Farmers were asked to report the amounts of grain, oilseeds and special crops in on-farm storage. Data on commercial stocks of western major crops originate from the Canadian Grain Commission.

Commercial stocks of corn and soybeans are estimated by a Statistics Canada sample of grain elevators in Eastern Canada. Data on commercial stocks of special crops originate from a survey of handlers and agents of special crops.

Release calendar: The dates for upcoming releases from the Field Crop Reporting Series are available online: Stocks of principal field crops, Principal field crop areas and Production of principal field crops.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; mediahotline@statcan.gc.ca).

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