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Wholesale trade, August 2014

Released: 2014-10-20

Wholesale sales edged up 0.2% to $53.1 billion in August. Gains in three subsectors, in particular the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector, more than offset declines elsewhere. Excluding the motor vehicle and parts subsector, which recorded the largest decline, wholesale sales rose 1.0%.

In volume terms, wholesale sales edged up 0.1%.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Wholesale sales edge up in August - Description and data table
Wholesale sales edge up in August

Chart 1: Wholesale sales edge up in August - Description and data table

Higher sales in three subsectors

The machinery, equipment and supplies subsector recorded the largest gain in August, rising 3.6% to a record high $11.3 billion, on the strength of gains in all industries. The largest contributor was the computer and communications equipment and supplies industry (+5.7%), which rose for the fourth time in five months. Following declines in the two previous months, sales rose in both the construction, forestry, mining, and industrial machinery, equipment and supplies industry (+2.7%) as well as the farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment industry (+5.1%).

Sales in the miscellaneous subsector rose 1.2% to $6.7 billion. The other miscellaneous industry (+7.4%), which includes wholesalers of logs, wood chips, minerals, ores and precious metals, reached its highest level since October 2011, more than offsetting a second consecutive decline in the agricultural supplies industry (-6.3%), which fell to its lowest level in nine months.

The motor vehicle and parts subsector declined 3.7% to $9.2 billion, offsetting most of the 4.5% increase recorded in July. Year to date unadjusted sales for this subsector are 5.4% higher compared with the same period last year. All industries contributed to the decrease in August, led by the motor vehicle industry (-4.2%). Exports, imports, and manufacturing sales of motor vehicles also declined in August.

Sales up in four provinces

Sales increased in four provinces in August, which together represented 67% of total wholesale sales in Canada. Ontario accounted for much of the gain.

Sales in Ontario increased for a fifth consecutive month, rising 0.5% to $26.0 billion in August, despite a decline in the motor vehicle and parts subsector. One of the main contributors to the increase in August was the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, sales increased 10.6% to $422 million. Sales in this province tend to be more volatile than in other provinces.

Sales rose 1.1% to $2.0 billion in Saskatchewan, following a 6.3% decline in July. The machinery, equipment and supplies subsector was a large contributor to the gain.

Following three consecutive monthly gains, sales decreased 0.5% to $9.6 billion in Quebec. The personal and household goods subsector led the decline.

Sales in British Columbia fell 0.6% to $5.1 billion, a third consecutive decline. The food, beverage and tobacco subsector was the largest contributor to the decrease.

For the second time in three months, sales decreased in New Brunswick (-1.7%), Nova Scotia (-0.9%) and Prince Edward Island (-4.2%). Lower sales in the food, beverage and tobacco subsector led the declines in all three provinces.

Inventories continue to increase in August

Inventories increased for an eighth consecutive month in August, edging up 0.2% to $66.8 billion, the highest level on record. Five of the seven subsectors, which represent 69% of wholesale inventories, recorded gains.

Chart 2  Chart 2: Wholesale inventories edge up in August - Description and data table
Wholesale inventories edge up in August

Chart 2: Wholesale inventories edge up in August - Description and data table

In dollar terms, the largest gain was in the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector (+0.8%), a seventh increase in eight months. Inventories grew for a seventh consecutive month in the miscellaneous subsector (+1.1%), while inventories in the food, beverage and tobacco subsector (+0.4%) rose for a sixth consecutive month.

Inventories declined in the motor vehicle and parts subsector (-1.3%), following two consecutive monthly gains.

The inventory-to-sales ratio remained at 1.26 in August. The inventory-to-sales ratio is a measure of the time in months required to exhaust inventories if sales were to remain at their current level.



  Note to readers

All data in this release are seasonally adjusted and in current dollars, unless otherwise noted. For more information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions.

Total wholesale sales expressed in volume are calculated by deflating current dollar values using relevant price indexes. The wholesale sales series in chained (2007) dollars is a chained Fisher volume index with 2007 as the reference year. For more information, see Sales in volume for Wholesale Trade.

The Monthly Wholesale Trade Survey covers all industries within the wholesale sector as defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), with the exception of oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers (NAICS 41112), petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers (NAICS 412) and business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers (NAICS 419).

The August 2014 issue of Wholesale Trade (Catalogue number63-008-X) will soon be available.

Wholesale trade data for September will be released on November 20.

Contact information

For more information, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; infostats@statcan.gc.ca).

For analytical information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Elspeth Hazell (613-951-8090; elspeth.hazell@statcan.gc.ca), Manufacturing and Wholesale Trade Division.

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