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Study: Which human capital characteristics best predict the earnings of economic immigrants?, 1997 to 1999 and 2002 to 2004

Released: 2015-08-26

This study examines which human capital characteristics, measured at the time of the immigrant's admission to Canada as a permanent resident, best predict immigrant earnings.

Of the characteristics examined, knowledge of an official language and pre-landing Canadian work experience were found to be the best predictors of earnings in the first 2 years after arrival. However, age and educational attainment are better predictors of earnings over the longer term, up to 10 years after landing.


The research paper "Which Human Capital Characteristics Best Predict the Earnings of Economic Immigrants?," part of the Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series (Catalogue number11F0019M), is now available from the Browse by key resource module of our website under Publications.

Contact information

For more information, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300;

To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Aneta Bonikowska (613-864-0571;, Social Analysis and Modelling Division.

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