Payroll employment, earnings and hours, July 2015
Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $957 in July, little changed from $954 the previous month. Compared with 12 months earlier, weekly earnings increased by 1.6%.
The increase in weekly earnings compared with July 2014 reflected a number of factors, including wage growth, changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and level of job experience, as well as average hours worked per week.
Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 33.0 hours per week in July, unchanged from both the previous month and from the same month a year earlier.
Average weekly earnings by sector
In the 12 months to July, average weekly earnings outpaced the national average in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by wholesale trade, administrative and support services, as well as professional, scientific and technical services. At the same time, earnings were little changed in accommodation and food services, construction and educational services.
Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade grew by 5.8% compared with 12 months earlier to $1,201. Earnings gains were spread throughout the sector, led by miscellaneous wholesalers, and machinery, equipment and supplies wholesalers.
In administrative and support services, earnings rose 5.2% to $782 compared with 12 months earlier, driven by growth in employment services.
In July, weekly earnings in professional, scientific and technical services increased 4.6% to $1,359 on a year-over-year basis. Earnings growth in the sector was widespread, led by management, scientific and technical consulting services; other professional, scientific and technical services; as well as accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services.
Average weekly earnings by province
Year over year, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in nine provinces in July, with the strongest growth in Manitoba. Over the same period, earnings declined in Alberta.
Average weekly earnings in Manitoba grew by 2.7% to $887 in the 12 months to July. Earnings increased for most sectors in the province, led by health care and social assistance, as well as manufacturing. At the same time, earnings declined for employees working in administrative and support services.
Compared with July 2014, average weekly earnings in Prince Edward Island rose 2.5% to $795. Gains were highest in educational services and retail trade.
In Ontario, average weekly earnings increased 2.4% to $970 compared with July 2014, with most of the gains occurring between November and March. In the 12 months to July, earnings growth was highest in information and cultural industries, and accommodation and food services. At the same time, earnings declined in educational services.
Weekly earnings in British Columbia rose 2.1% to $912 on a year-over-year basis in July. Earnings gains were spread across most industries, most notably in administrative and support services, finance and insurance and retail trade.
In Alberta, weekly earnings declined 1.2% to $1,141 in the 12 months to July. Average earnings for the province were pushed down primarily by employment losses and wage decreases in the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector. At the same time, earnings declined notably in real estate and rental and leasing, and accommodation and food services. Weekly earnings for the province have been on a downward trend since January.
Non-farm payroll employment by sector
The number of non-farm payroll jobs increased by 38,200 in July, after little change in June. The largest gains in July were in retail trade, and accommodation and food services.
Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of non-farm payroll employees increased by 170,100 or 1.1%. Over this period, the rate of employment growth was highest in arts, entertainment and recreation (+4.4%), and accommodation and food services (+2.9%). At the same time, employment declined in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (-9.0%) and in utilities (-2.3%).
Note to readers
The Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) is produced by a combination of a census of payroll deductions, provided by the Canada Revenue Agency, and the Business Payrolls Survey, which collects data from a sample of 15,000 establishments. The key objective of SEPH is to provide a monthly portrait of the level of earnings, and the number of jobs and hours worked by detailed industry at the national, provincial and territorial level.
Estimates of average weekly earnings and hours worked are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. This analysis focuses on differences between estimates that are statistically significant at the 68% confidence level. Payroll employment estimates are based on a census of administrative data and are not subject to sampling variability.
Statistics Canada also produces employment estimates from its Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS is a monthly household survey, the main objective of which is to divide the working-age population into three mutually exclusive groups: the employed (including the self-employed), unemployed and not in the labour force. This survey is the official source for the unemployment rate and collects data on the socio-demographic characteristics of all those in the labour market.
Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitate comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations. For more information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions.
Non-farm payroll employment data are for all hourly and salaried employees, as well as the "other employees" category, which includes piece-rate and commission-only employees.
Average weekly hours data are for hourly and salaried employees only and exclude businesses that could not be classified to a North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code.
All earnings data include overtime pay and exclude businesses that could not be classified to a NAICS code. Earnings data are based on gross taxable payroll before source deductions. Average weekly earnings are derived by dividing total weekly earnings by the number of employees.
With each release, data for the current reference month are subject to revision. Data have been revised for the previous month. Users are encouraged to request and use the most up-to-date data for each month.
Real-time CANSIM tables
Data on payroll employment, earnings and hours for August will be released on October 29.
A summary table is available from the Browse by key resource module of our website. Under Summary tables, choose Subject then Labour.
Job Vacancy Statistics (survey number 5202) from the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours for June are now available in CANSIM.
More information about the concepts and use of the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours is available online in the Guide to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (72-203-G), from the Browse by key resource module of our website under Publications.
For more information, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; firstname.lastname@example.org).
To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Jeremy Weeks (613-951-1369; email@example.com), Labour Statistics Division.
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