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Standard Geographical Classification, 2016

Released: 2016-11-16

The Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2016 is now available. This classification replaces SGC 2011. The SGC provides a systematic classification structure that categorizes all of the geographic area of Canada.

This version of the SGC includes a classification variant that describes the agricultural geography of Canada.

The SGC is organized in two volumes: Volume I, The Classification, and Volume II, Reference Maps.

Volume I describes the classification and related standard geographic areas and place names. The standard classification version of the SGC 2016 provides names and codes for the geographical regions of Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions (counties, regional municipalities) and census subdivisions (municipalities).

The names and codes for census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census metropolitan influenced zones, economic regions, census agricultural regions and census consolidated subdivisions are shown as the variants of SGC 2016.

Volume I also explains the changes between the 2016 version of the SGC and the 2011 version that impact upon the classification, such as changes in name, type or code, and indicates how the new and old codes relate to one another. Volume I is available in HTML format.

Volume II contains reference maps showing boundaries and locations of the geographic areas in the classification. The maps in Volume II can be downloaded in PDF format from the website.

The SGC is the official classification used in the Census of Population and other Statistics Canada surveys. The SGC 2016 is being used in the 2016 Census to classify geographic areas.


The Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2016, Volume I, The Classification (Catalogue number12-571-X) and the Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2016, Volume II, Reference Maps (Catalogue number12-572-X) are now available from the Browse by key resource module of our website, under Publications.

Contact information

For more information, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300;

To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Lee Farmer (613-301-6712;, Standards Division.

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