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Wholesale trade, September 2016

Released: 2016-11-21

Wholesale sales — Canada

$56.0 billion

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — N.L.

$389.2 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — P.E.I.

$65.8 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — N.S.

$772.3 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — N.B.

$546.0 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Que.

$10,133.8 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Ont.

$28,946.9 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Man.

$1,405.4 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Sask.

$2,063.5 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Alta.

$6,092.8 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — B.C.

$5,540.7 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Y.T.

$10.1 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — N.W.T.

$56.1 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales — Nvt.

$6.3 million

September 2016


(monthly change)

Wholesale sales decreased 1.2% to $56.0 billion in September, following increases in four of the previous five months. Declines were recorded in five subsectors, led by lower sales in the machinery, equipment and supplies and the miscellaneous subsectors.

In volume terms, wholesale sales decreased 1.5% in September.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Wholesale sales decrease in September
Wholesale sales decrease in September

Lower sales in five subsectors

Sales decreased in five of seven subsectors in September, accounting for 65% of total wholesale sales.

The machinery, equipment and supplies subsector recorded the largest decline in dollar terms in September, down 4.0% to $10.9 billion, its lowest level since April 2016. In September, three out of four industries posted declines, led by the other machinery, equipment and supplies (-7.8%) and the computer and communications equipment and supplies (-4.6%) industries.

Sales in the miscellaneous subsector declined 3.1% to $7.0 billion, following a 4.6% increase in August. While four of five industries reported declines, a 8.0% decrease in the agricultural supplies industry contributed the most to the downturn in September.

Following no change in August, the food, beverage and tobacco subsector reported a 1.1% decline in September to $10.8 billion, led by the food industry (-1.3%).

The motor vehicle and parts subsector rose 0.7% to $11.1 billion, following a 0.2% decrease in August. Declines in the new motor vehicle parts and accessories (-4.9%) and used motor vehicle parts and accessories (-8.3%) industries were outweighed by gains in the motor vehicle industry (+2.2%), which reached a record high $8.9 billion in September. Motor vehicle manufacturing sales also increased in September.

The personal and household goods subsector rose 0.8% to $8.2 billion, on the strength of gains in half of the industries in the subsector.

Sales down in all provinces

Sales declined in every province in September. Ontario, Alberta and Quebec accounted for 82% of the decrease in wholesale sales.

After three consecutive record-setting months, Ontario posted a 0.7% decline to $28.9 billion. This was the first decrease in the province in six months. Declines in the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector outweighed gains in the motor vehicle and parts subsector.

Alberta recorded the second largest decline in dollar terms, down 3.0% to $6.1 billion in September. This decrease marked the second lowest level in the province since September 2011. Declines were reported by six of the seven subsectors, led by the miscellaneous subsector and the motor vehicle and parts subsector.

Wholesale sales in Quebec fell for a second consecutive month, down 1.8% to $10.1 billion. Lower sales in the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector accounted for over half of the decrease in the province.

British Columbia (-0.9%) and Nova Scotia (-4.4%) saw widespread declines, led by the motor vehicle and parts subsector. Wholesale sales declined in British Columbia for the second time in three months, while Nova Scotia posted its sixth decrease in 2016.

After increasing four times in five months, sales in Saskatchewan declined 1.1% to $2.1 billion. Despite the decline, sales in the province were at their second highest level since December 2015.

Sales in Manitoba declined 0.3% to $1.4 billion in September, following a 1.9% gain in August.

Newfoundland and Labrador (-0.9%), New Brunswick (-0.6%) and Prince Edward Island (-2.4%) all recorded declines.

Inventories increase

Wholesale inventories edged up 0.2% to $72.1 billion in September, a second consecutive advance. Increases were recorded in six of seven subsectors, which together represented 88% of wholesale inventories.

Chart 2  Chart 2: Inventories rise in September
Inventories rise in September

In dollar terms, the building material and supplies subsector (+1.4%) recorded the largest gain, as inventories rose in all industries. The personal and household goods subsector (+0.4%) also reported higher inventories.

Inventories in the motor vehicle and parts subsector (+0.3%) increased for the fourth consecutive month, reaching their highest level on record in September.

Inventories in both the machinery, equipment and supplies (+0.1%) and the food, beverage and tobacco (+0.2%) subsectors edged up for the second consecutive month. This was the second gain in 11 months for the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector and the eighth gain in 11 months for the food, beverage and tobacco subsector.

The miscellaneous subsector (-2.0%) posted the lone decline, bringing inventories in the subsector to their lowest level since November 2014.

The inventory-to-sales ratio rose from 1.27 in August to 1.29 in September. This ratio is a measure of the time in months required to exhaust inventories if sales were to remain at their current level.

  Note to readers

All data in this release are seasonally adjusted and expressed in current dollars, unless otherwise noted. For information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions.

Total wholesale sales expressed in volume are calculated by deflating current dollar values using relevant price indexes. The wholesale sales series in chained (2007) dollars is a chained Fisher volume index with 2007 as the reference year. For more information, see Sales in volume for Wholesale Trade.

The Monthly Wholesale Trade Survey covers all industries within the wholesale trade sector as defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), with the exception of oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers (NAICS 41112), petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers (NAICS 412) and business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers (NAICS 419).

For information on trend-cycle data, see the StatCan Blog and Trend-cycle estimates – Frequently asked questions.

Real-time CANSIM tables

Real-time CANSIM tables 081-8011, 081-8012 and 081-8015 will be updated on November 28. For more information, consult the document Real-time CANSIM tables.

Next release

Wholesale trade data for October will be released on December 20.

Contact information

For more information, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300;

For analytical information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact John Burton (613-862-4878;, Manufacturing and Wholesale Trade Division.

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