Archived – Program 2: Socio-economic Statistics

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Program description

The Socio-economic Statistics program's purpose is to provide integrated information and relevant analysis on the social and socio-economic characteristics of individuals, families and households and on the major factors that affect their well-being. This information is used to inform public debate on socio-economic issues; support social policy development, implementation and evaluation; guide public and private decision making and is the primary source for assessing the impact of changing economic circumstances on Canadians. The information is used extensively to evaluate and cost economic and social policy options and alternatives by federal departments such as Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, Industry Canada, Justice Canada, Public Safety Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canadian Heritage, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Transport Canada and Infrastructure Canada, as well as provincial governments. The Socio-economic Statistics program supports statistical requirements specified by legislation or regulations in the areas of labour, immigration and employment equity. The program also provides information, analysis and measures on publicly funded facilities, agencies and systems designed to meet the socio-economic and physical needs of Canadians, on the characteristics of the individual Canadians and families they serve, and on the outcomes of the services they provide, such as justice, health, and education.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Socio-economic Statistics 2014/2015
Main Estimates Planned Spending Total Authorities Available for Use Actual Spending (authorities used) Difference (actual minus planned)
93,735,987 93,735,987 98,198,837 100,399,795 6,663,808
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Socio-economic Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
606 706 100

The difference between planned and actual spending for this program is mainly the result of salary expenditures that are reimbursed by Treasury Board (for example, parental leave payments). This program's spending is in line with the funding it has available for use, with a minimal variance of 2.2%, reflecting approved temporary spending toward updating the program.

Performance Indicators—Socio-economic Statistics Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Socio-economic Statistics. The information is grouped by Program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Public- and private-sector organizations utilize socio-economic statistics for policy development and for research Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 100
Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) satisfied with the data 80 Unavailable for 2014/2015

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Socio-economic Statistics

2014/2015 activities

  • Statistics Canada continued to deliver timely and accurate socio-economic statistics. For details, please see Organizational Priorities in Section I of this document.
  • The Agency continued to develop and implement e-questionnaires, with several surveys offering the option last year, including the General Social Survey and the International Travel Survey.
  • A proof of concept was completed in fall 2014 to examine the feasibility of creating a linkage environment through which data could be linked across multiple domains. The Social Data Linkage Environment is a secure environment that will increase the efficiency of conducting data linkages across various administrative and household survey datasets in the social domain, thereby reducing both collection costs and response burden. It will also demonstrate the potential to extend existing longitudinal datasets through record linkage.
  • In addition, Statistics Canada developed information roadmaps to respond to emerging data needs in key areas of social policy; as well, several program redesigns continued.
  • The Socio-economic Statistics program met its performance target in 2014/2015. The data were widely used by a variety of users, and releases were often cited by the media.

Sub-program 2.1: Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics

Program description

This program provides indicators that allow the measurement of the economic well-being of Canadians through information on labour market, income, expenditures and wealth, pensions, housing and education. The program also covers statistics on tourism. Indicators are produced at various frequencies. Labour market estimates, which are among the most timely and important measures of the overall performance of the Canadian economy, are reported monthly. A multi-dimensional picture of the financial well-being of Canadian families and individuals is provided through an annual survey on income, expenditures and a periodic measurement of wealth. Indicators collected through tax data complete that picture. Information on pension funds is provided quarterly, and information on pension plans is provided yearly. The program also has a comprehensive set of Pan-Canadian education statistics and analysis that is released yearly. Tourism indicators are released monthly. The program supplies data to the System of National Accounts, the Tourism Satellite Accounts and the Balance of Payments. The program collection mandate stems from requirements in the Employment Insurance Act, the Judges Act, Senate and House of Commons Acts, the Canada and Quebec Pension Plan Acts, and the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations. The outputs of this program support economic, social and monetary policy and are relied on heavily by governments, financial institutions and researchers alike to monitor the impact of policies and programs. Specific user agencies include Finance Canada, Human Resources and Social Development Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Industry Canada, the Canadian Tourism Commission and the Bank of Canada.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
40,141,151 42,976,839 2,835,688
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
230 286 56

The difference between planned and actual spending for this program is mainly the result of salary expenditures that are reimbursed by Treasury Board (for example, parental leave payments), and of a permanent budget realignment from Sub-program 2.4, Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics. Actual spending and FTEs were higher than planned because of some activity delays to the original plan. FTEs may vary slightly because of variance between the average salary rates paid and the estimated average salary rates used in calculations at the planning stage.

Performance Indicators—Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use labour, education, income and tourism statistics to make informed decisions Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 100
Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) satisfied with the data 80 Unavailable for 2014/2015
Number of media citations for each mission-critical program 1,100 1,945

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics

2014/2015 activities

  • In January 2015, the Agency implemented the most recent sample redesign of the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Every 10 years, after a decennial census, Statistics Canada redesigns the LFS sample to maintain its relevance and quality. In addition, to maintain the accuracy of the employment and unemployment data, the LFS data are revised after every census to reflect the new population estimates. The monthly data were revised back to January 2001, including CANSIM tables for all subprovincial areas, based on 2011 Census boundaries. These data were released this past January. Work is ongoing on the integration of an online option for LFS collection, and the first collection of data with the online questionnaire took place in April 2015.
  • Statistics Canada released the results of the 2012 Survey of Financial Security in February 2014, examined labour-market performance by field of study, conducted a review of its wealth statistics framework, and had its first release of data from the new Canadian Income Survey.
  • Statistics Canada completed an evaluation of the Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics Programs in 2014. The evaluation found that the programs are achieving their intended outcomes and are relevant and consistent with the federal government's roles and responsibilities. The evaluation contained two recommendations. These related to communication with user groups, and to methodologies, collection approaches, and contingency planning. The management response action plan addresses all the recommendations. Program evaluations are conducted under the Treasury Board Policy on Evaluation and are posted on the Statistics Canada website.
  • The program met its performance targets in 2014/2015. The data were widely used by a variety of users, and releases were often cited by the media and the results conveyed to the general public.

Sub-program 2.2: Health and Justice Statistics

Program description

This program provides statistical information and analysis about the state of health of Canadians as well as criminal and civil justice in Canada. The program conducts the ongoing Canadian Community Health Survey and the Canadian Health Measures Survey, collects the data for and maintains Canada's Vital Statistics and the Canadian Cancer Registry. Health information is used to assist and support health planners and decision-makers at all levels of government, to sustain demographic and epidemiological research, and to report to the Canadian public about their collective health and health care system. Vital Statistics data are used by the Population Estimates program whose results in turn are used for the Equalization program. Through the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, which is the operational arm of a federal-provincial-territorial partnership known as the “National Justice Statistics Initiative”, it strives to develop, implement and manage an effective national justice statistics program. The rationale for this program stems from a Memorandum of Understanding with Justice Canada and Cabinet decisions where Statistics Canada was named a partner in the National Justice Statistics Initiative. The program administers several surveys on crime reporting, homicide, police administration, adult and youth criminal courts, civil courts, adult corrections, expenditures, personnel and key indicators reports on adult and youth corrections. The program also administers the Family Violence Statistical Program funded by the Family Violence Initiative.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Health and Justice Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
39,028,605 41,809,803 2,781,198
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Health and Justice Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
260 287 27

The difference, in both spending and FTEs, for this program is the result of a temporary funding reallocation made during the year from Sub-program 4.3, the Continuity and Quality Maintenance Program, to better align resources with the Agency's priorities, and of salary expenditures that are reimbursed by Treasury Board (for example, parental leave payments).

Performance Indicators—Health and Justice Statistics Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Health and Justice Statistics. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use health and justice statistics to make informed decisions Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 100
Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) satisfied with the data 80 Unavailable for 2014/2015
Number of media citations of health and justice statistics 450 471

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Health and Justice Statistics

2014/2015 activities

  • The 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was successfully transitioned to the new Household Survey Frame and is now using a more efficient sample allocation strategy. The new content plan is in place and will provide new, never-before-collected data on such topics as childhood experiences, patient experiences, medication used, and drug method used. Data collection for the redesigned CCHS started on January 1, 2015. The Internet option is still planned but will be added later as a collection option for the CCHS.
  • A feasibility study was conducted to determine the best way to collect information for children under 12 years of age, who represent an important data gap. With funding from Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and Statistics Canada, a new pilot survey focusing on the health of children and youth is being developed. Consultations for survey content were held, and prioritization of content was completed.
  • Statistics Canada completed an evaluation study with the province of Saskatchewan for the Recontact with Saskatchewan Justice System Project. The project aims to develop high-level indicators of recontact with, and pathways through, the criminal justice system and to extend the evaluations to other jurisdictions.
  • In addition, Statistics Canada continued to update the Justice Survey Program to reflect the current Criminal Code of Canada, and continued to transition to common generalized systems and environments for the processing of social surveys.
  • The program met all performance targets. Data from the Health and Justice Statistics program continue to be regularly used by key stakeholders and to be extensively cited by media.

Sub-program 2.3: Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics

Program description

This program produces Canada's quarterly and annual post-censal and inter-censal population estimates and population projections that are used by all levels of government, the private sector, researchers and non-government organizations. Population estimates are used to satisfy the statutory requirements of the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations, including the Canada Health and Social Transfers, the Equalization Program and the Wait Times Reduction Transfer. Territorial estimates are used in the Territorial Formula Financing. Population estimates are used to allocate federal seats to provinces under the Fair Representation Act. Population estimates must be used in connection with the following legislations: Canada Pension Plan Act, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act, Canada Student Loans Act, and the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act. Data include components of population growth, namely: estimates of births, deaths, immigration, total emigration, change in non-permanent residents, and inter-provincial and intra-provincial migration. This program also includes enabling access to microdata for research purposes and producing information and analytic outputs on key social issues, including immigration, visible minorities, religion, ethnicity, language, social identity, giving and volunteering, victimization, youth, families, gender, seniors, time use, care giving and receiving, and social well-being through the General Social Survey. The information is used to support various pieces of legislation including the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the Citizenship Act, the Multiculturalism Act, the Official Languages Act, and the Employment Equity Act. The program provides information and subject matter expertise to help support the policy interests of Human Resources and Social Development Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Justice Canada, Canadian Heritage, and Status of Women Canada. It is also responsible for providing subject matter expertise, coordination and integration in the collection, analysis and dissemination of data about Aboriginal people on topics such as education, use of Aboriginal languages, labour activity, income, health, communication technology, mobility and housing conditions, that are used by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, and Aboriginal governments and organizations.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
11,026,484 12,297,410 1,270,926
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
79 107 28

The difference between planned and actual spending for this program is mainly the result of salary expenditures that are reimbursed by Treasury Board (for example, parental leave payments), and of a permanent budget realignment from Sub-program 1.1, Macro Accounts. FTEs may vary slightly as a result of variance between the average salary rates paid and the estimated average salary rates used in calculations at the planning stage.

Performance Indicators—Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use demographic, Aboriginal and other social statistics to make informed decisions Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 100
Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) satisfied with the data 80 Unavailable for 2014/2015
Number of media citations Table Note 1 250 194

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics

2014/2015 activities

  • Statistics Canada continued to deliver the Aboriginal Liaison Program, the mandate of which is to strengthen communications between Statistics Canada and the First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities, and other stakeholders at the national, regional, provincial and territorial, and community levels with respect to developing and disseminating Aboriginal statistics.
  • The Agency rebased the population projections series to establish new projections for the period from 2013 to 2063 for Canada and for the period from 2013 to 2038 for the provinces and territories.
  • A population and aging framework was developed, in consultation with key stakeholders. The framework proposes an action plan for the coming years to produce relevant data on this important topic.
  • Statistics Canada also expanded research access to business and household microdata, and delivered the second phase of a corporate generalized tabulation tool.
  • Statistics Canada completed an evaluation of the Demography, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics Program in 2014. The evaluation found that the program contributes significantly to multiple areas of public interest, is in line with federal government priorities and commitments, and supports multiple federal initiatives and legal and contractual obligations. The evaluation contained four recommendations. These related to user feedback, data and products, administrative data, and user needs. The management response action plan addresses all the recommendations. Program evaluations are conducted under the Treasury Board Policy on Evaluations and are posted on the Statistics Canada website.
  • As in 2013/2014, the target for the number of media citations was not met, the actual result being 194 (target of 250). As noted for 2013/2014, the difference may be attributable to the fact that these citation figures do not include news blogs and tweets, which many news outlets use to broadcast information. In addition, program output is often referenced well after the release date and thus may not be captured within the time period typically used to gather counts. The timing of the statistical releases, which coincided with other significant news events, may also have had an impact on the extent of media coverage. Although somewhat below the target, this year's result is an increase of more than 15% over the 2013/2014 result.

Sub-program 2.4: Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics

Program description

This program plans, directs, coordinates and conducts a range of statistical analyses and publications. Substantive areas of analysis include population aging and its impacts on labour markets and health care needs, wait times and access to health care, the economic circumstances of immigrants, population health status, impact of diseases and health determinants, and trends in income distribution including both low income / vulnerable populations and geographic patterns including Canada's major cities. Analysis of income and labour market data, covering topics such as data on labour force status, occupation, labour compensation, pensions, industry, individual and family income and expenditure, for both the census and sample surveys, that are of interest to policy makers, academics, business leaders and individuals is also undertaken. These activities serve four main functions and audiences: providing high quality and often leading-edge analyses on important contemporary topics for the general public; providing information of direct relevance to matters of current policy concern; contributing more generally to the corpus of national and international research in the peer-reviewed literature; and also providing an important quality assurance role to verify the accuracy and relevance of the statistics produced, to assist users in interpreting the data, and to develop relevant concepts for the production of statistics.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
3,539,747 3,315,743 −224,004
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
37 26 −11

The difference, in both spending and FTEs, for this program is mainly the result of a permanent budget realignment to Sub-program 2.1, Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics.

Performance Indicators—Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Public and private sector organizations utilize the results of statistical analyses, models, databases and other statistical information products for informed debate, research and decision making on socio-economic and health issues Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) satisfied with the analytical products 100 Unavailable for 2014/2015
Number of professional citationsTable Note 1 10,000 15,878

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics

2014/2015 activities

  • New research using the census and administrative data files yielded insights on socio-economic status and perinatal outcomes, long-term returns to education, labour-market outcomes of cancer survivors, and socio-economic status and causes of death.
  • Reports using Canadian Health Measures Survey data were published in the areas of reported versus measured chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among adolescents and adults, and the association between blood lead and blood pressure. Papers were also published using focused survey content: Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health (positive mental health) and the Survey on Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada (migraine and chronic pain, and prevalence, diagnosis and impact of Parkinson's disease).
  • In the area of health systems and services, studies were completed on perceived barriers to primary care, trends in out-of-pocket health care expenditures and use of prescription drugs.
  • Research continued in the areas of labour-market adjustment; education, training and skills; immigration; aging; pensions and retirement; and well-being.
  • Demosim, a simulation model that generates population projections for key characteristics, such as visible-minority and Aboriginal populations, was updated on the basis of the 2011 National Household Survey.
  • A review of the Population Health Model (POHEM) was conducted. POHEM is a microsimulation model focused on health outcomes. Further to the review, modules will be integrated, and new data sources will be incorporated. In addition, microsimulation models have been developed and used to produce projections of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, lung cancer, colorectal cancer and cervical cancer. The Cancer Risk Management Model is now available on the Web.
  • Development began on Dynamic Socio-economic Modelling. This tool is expected to be available for feedback from stakeholders in the coming year.
  • The actual number of professional citations exceeded the target. This reflected numerous professional citations for articles published by the program in Statistics Canada publications, including Health Reports, various research paper series, and Economic Insights, as well as those published in a broad range of academic journals.
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