Archived – Program 3: Censuses

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Program description

The program's purpose is to provide statistical information, analyses and services that measure changes in the Canadian population, demographic characteristics, and the agricultural sector. It serves as a basis for public and private decision making, research and analysis in areas of concern to the people of Canada. The program includes the Censuses of Population and Agriculture.Footnote 1 The Census of Population provides detailed information on population sub-groups and for small geographical levels required to assess the effects of specifically targeted policy initiatives and serves as a foundation for other statistical surveys. Population counts and estimates are used in determining electoral boundaries, distribution of federal transfer payments, and the transfer and allocation of funds among regional and municipal governments, school boards and other locally-based agencies within provinces. The Census of Agriculture provides a comprehensive picture of the agriculture sector at the national, provincial and sub-provincial levels and is mandated by the Statistics Act. The program meets statistical requirements specified constitutionally, and supports those in statutory requirements and regulatory instruments. All per capita measures in fiscal policies and arrangements and other economic analysis, and in program and service planning, come from this program's statistical information.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Censuses 2014/2015
Main Estimates Planned Spending Total Authorities Available for Use Actual Spending (authorities used) Difference (actual minus planned)
3,263,305 3,263,305 56,929,929 61,835,205 58,571,900
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Censuses 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
36 576 540

The difference between planned and actual spending is the result of in-year funding received for the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture. A portion of the increase is also explained by salary expenditures that are reimbursed by Treasury Board (for example, parental leave payments).

The majority of the difference between actual spending and the total authorities available for use for this program is related to the Census of Population. As a result of the cyclical nature of this program, its budget and spending profile may vary slightly. Therefore, the carry-forward of $4.8 million from 2013/2014 offsets the higher level of expenses for 2014/2015 as planned.

Performance Indicators—Censuses Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Censuses. The information is grouped by Program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use Census of Population and Census of Agriculture data to make informed decisions Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 Unavailable for 2014/2015
Percentage of key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations) satisfied with the data 80 Unavailable for 2014/2015

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Censuses

2014/2015 activities

  • Statistics Canada continued preparations for the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture. A significant amount of work took place over this past year, including testing of questionnaire content, field procedures, and systems.

Sub-program 3.1: Census of PopulationFootnote 2

Program description

This program plans, develops and implements all collection, data processing and dissemination of the periodic decennial and quinquennial censuses of population, Canada's national inventory of key socio-economic phenomena. The census provides a statistical portrait of Canada and its people. This program is the only reliable source of detailed data for small groups (such as lone-parent families, ethnic groups, industrial and occupational categories and immigrants) and for areas as small as a city neighbourhood or as large as the country itself. Because the Canadian census is collected every five years and the questions are similar, it is possible to compare changes that have occurred in the make-up of Canada’s population over time. The census includes every person living in Canada on Census Day, as well as Canadians who are abroad, either on a military base, attached to a diplomatic mission, at sea or in port aboard Canadian-registered merchant vessels. Persons in Canada including those holding a temporary resident permit, study permit or work permit, and their dependents, are also part of the census. This program is mandated in many statutes and acts including the Statistics Act, Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations, Canada Council for the Arts Act, Provincial Subsidies Act, Railway Relocation and Crossing Act, Industrial and Regional Development Act, Constitutional Amendments, Income Tax Regulations, Canada Pension Plan, Old Age Security Act, and the War Veterans Allowance Act.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Census of Population 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
3,263,305 57,421,439 54,158,134
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Census of Population 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
36 530 494

The difference, in both spending and FTEs, is explained by the in-year funding received for the 2016 Census of Population Program.

Performance Indicators—Census of Population Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Census of Population. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use Census of Population data to make informed decisions Percentage of key policy makers that have been consulted to understand their evolving data needs 100 100
Percentage of major statistical outputs publicly released as planned 100 100
Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 Unavailable for 2014/2015

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Census of Population

2014/2015 activities

  • The Agency sought government approval of the content of the 2016 Census of Population Program, developed national and regional public communications strategies, and acquired and fit up census facilities to support 2016 collection operations. It also continued to conduct tests, analyze results, and incorporate lessons learned into questionnaires, systems and processes for collection and processing in preparation for 2016. The Agency initiated the development of operational infrastructure and materials, continued ongoing address-listing operations to expand and update the Address Register, delineated collection areas, and created maps.
  • In preparation for the 2016 content approval process, extensive consultation activities were conducted around the questions for the Census of Population and the detailed socio-economic questions asked in National Household Survey.
  • The program met all performance targets.

Sub-program 3.2: Census of Agriculture

Program description

This program conducts the quinquennial Census of Agriculture, and produces and publishes economic series on the agriculture sector that flow to the System of National Accounts to form the agriculture component of the Gross Domestic Product and thereby satisfy requirements of the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations. Information from this program is used to improve the register of farms for the purpose of conducting surveys and censuses to ensure proper survey coverage using samples that are as small as statistically possible and thereby minimizing response burden. This program provides a comprehensive picture of the agriculture sector at the national, provincial and sub-provincial levels and is mandated by the Statistics Act. Small area and benchmarking data produced quinquennially from the Census of Agriculture are critical to industry structural analysis, crisis management, environmental programs, pesticide management, carbon credits, water-use planning and protection, rural development and traceability. No other comprehensive source of these data currently exists and coverage of farms of all sizes is important. In some sectors and regions, small farms are significant to the economy and data are required for policy and program development.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)—Census of Agriculture 2014/2015
Planned Spending Actual Spending Difference (actual minus planned)
0 4,413,766 4,413,766
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])—Census of Agriculture 2014/2015
Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
0 46 46

The difference is explained by the in-year funding received for the 2016 Census of Agriculture.

Performance Indicators—Census of Agriculture Table summary
This table displays the results of Performance Indicators for Census of Agriculture. The information is grouped by Sub-program Expected Results (appearing as row headers), Performance Indicators, Targets and Actual Results (appearing as column headers).
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Actual Results
Canadians use Census of Agriculture data to make informed decisions Percentage of key policy makers that have been consulted to understand their evolving data needs 100 100
Percentage of major statistical outputs publicly released as planned 100 100
Percentage of intended key users (federal departments, provinces and territories, international organizations and others) using the data regularly 100 100

Performance Analysis and Lessons Learned—Census of Agriculture

2014/2015 activities

  • Statistics Canada completed project planning, sought government approval of the content of the 2016 Census of Agriculture, continued the development of processing and follow-up systems, and prepared specifications for dissemination systems and began their development.
  • Consultations were held with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the provinces and territories, and other key stakeholders in support of the Agriculture Statistics Program and 2016 Census of Agriculture development.
  • The program met all performance targets.

Notes

Footnote 1

Includes the National Household Survey.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes the Census of Population and the National Household Survey.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

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