Section 2: Expenditure overview

Actual expenditures

The Agency's statistical program is funded by two sources: direct parliamentary appropriations and cost-recovery activities. In recent years, “respendable” cost-recovery revenues have contributed $90 million to $105 million annually to the Agency's total resources. A large portion of these respendable revenues is provided by federal departments to fund specific statistical projects.

Budgetary financial resources 2015-16 (dollars)
  Main estimates Planned spending Total authorities available for use Actual spending (authorities used) Difference (actual minus planned)
Gross expenditures 645,090,820 645,090,820 657,691,670 621,895,100 -23,195,720
Respendable revenue -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -104,334,535 15,665,465
Net expenditures 525,090,820 525,090,820 537,691,670 517,560,565 -7,530,255

The gross expenditures represent the total budget spent throughout the year by Statistics Canada. The respendable revenue is the portion of expenditures for which the cost is recovered from external clients for specific statistical services. Net expenditures is the difference between the two (i.e., gross expenditures minus respendable revenue).

The difference between planned spending and the total authorities available for 2015-16 results mainly from budget carried forward from 2014-15, and from in-year funding by the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat for economic increases pertaining to interviewer compensation.

The difference between total authorities available for use and the actual spending for 2015-16 results mainly from an unspent budget provision for expired collective agreements, and from an unused amount to be carried forward to 2016-17 to support the Agency's Integrated Strategic Planning Process.

Human resources 2015-16 (full-time equivalents [FTEs])
  Planned Actual Difference (actual minus planned)
Gross expenditures 5,027 6,160 1,133
Respendable revenue -650 -1,073 -423
Net expenditures 4,377 5,087 710

The gross expenditures full-time equivalents (FTEs) include approximately 200 public-servant FTEs that are based outside the National Capital Region across Canada. Also included are 956 interviewer FTEs (approximately 1,800 interviewers) outside the National Capital Region. These interviewers are part-time workers whose assigned workweeks are determined by the volume of collection work available; they are hired under the Statistics Act, by the authority of the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. Interviewers are covered by two separate collective agreements and are employed through Statistical Survey Operations. Many of Statistics Canada's main outputs rely heavily on data collection, which takes place in the regions.

Of the 956 interviewer FTEs, 318 FTEs (approximately 600 interviewers) are allocated to respendable revenues.

The difference between actual and planned human resources (the FTEs) for 2015-16 is mainly because of a change in reporting. Starting with the 2016-17 Report on Plans and Priorities and the 2015-16 Departmental Performance Report, interviewers are included in the FTEs total.

Budgetary performance summary

Budgetary performance summary for programs and Internal Services (dollars)
Table summary
This table displays the results of the Budgetary performance summary for programs and Internal Services (appearing as row headers), 2015-16 Main estimates, 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18 Planned spending, 2015-16 Total authorities available for use, and 2015-16, 2014-15 and 2013-14 Actual spending (appearing as column headers). The results are in dollars
Program(s) and Internal Services 2015-16 Main estimates 2015-16 Planned spending 2016-17 Planned spending 2017-18 Planned spending 2015-16 Total authorities available for use 2015-16 Actual spending (authorities used) 2014-15 Actual spending (authorities used) 2013-14 Actual spending (authorities used)
dollars
Economic and Environmental Statistics 127,982,162 127,982,162 128,535,138 128,966,864 129,904,043 130,488,036 132,627,053 130,781,314
Socio-economic Statistics 94,887,730 94,887,730 100,763,339 98,938,776 101,692,699 101,784,521 100,399,795 103,547,956
Censuses 153,382,820 153,382,820 374,123,155 53,228,283 143,077,849 143,002,356 69,835,205 57,036,722
Statistical Infrastructure 105,110,975 105,110,975 97,950,720 96,525,394 108,827,938 87,473,605 116,399,563 135,719,900
Subtotal 481,363,687 481,363,687 701,372,352 377,659,317 483,502,529 462,748,518 419,261,616 427,085,892
Cost-recovered Statistical Services 112,060,852 112,060,852 112,025,384 112,025,384 112,025,384 96,359,919 76,333,208 80,001,693
Subtotal 112,060,852 112,060,852 112,025,384 112,025,384 112,025,384 96,359,919 76,333,208 80,001,693
Internal Services 51,666,281 51,666,281 58,086,277 58,485,569 62,163,757 62,786,663 55,940,845 56,705,219
Total gross expenditures 645,090,820 645,090,820 871,484,013 548,170,270 657,691,670 621,895,100 551,535,669 563,792,804
Respendable revenue -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -120,000,000 -104,334,535 -84,333,208 -92,281,029
Total net expenditures 525,090,820 525,090,820 751,484,013 428,170,270 537,691,670 517,560,565 467,202,461 471,511,775

The variation between fiscal years is because of the cyclical nature of the census programs.

More information by program is available in the next section.

Departmental spending trend

The Departmental spending trend graph shows trends in planned and actual spending.

Departmental Spending Trend

Note: Based upon approved Main Estimates funding.

Description for Departmental spending trend graph
Departmental spending trend
Table summary
This table displays the results of the Departmental Spending Trend for fiscal years 2013/2014 to 2018/19 (appearing as row headers), Voted, Statutory, Respendable Revenue, and Total Departmental Spending (appearing as column headers). The results are in thousands of dollars
Fiscal Year Voted Statutory Respendable Revenue Total
$ thousands
2013-14 403,982 67,809 92,002 563,793
2014-15 400,620 66,583 84,333 551,536
2015-16 446,719 70,841 104,335 621,895
2016-17 672,647 78,837 120,000 871,484
2017-18 361,988 66,182 120,000 548,170
2018-19 327,755 61,170 120,000 508,925

As shown in the Departmental spending trend graph, voted spending peaks in 2016-17 when the Agency conducts the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture, and it drops sharply in 2017-18 as those activities begin to wind down.

Expenditures by vote

For information on Statistics Canada's organizational voted and statutory expenditures, consult the Public Accounts of Canada 2016.

Alignment of spending with the Whole-of-government framework

Alignment of 2015-16 actual spending with the Whole-of-government framework (dollars)
Program Spending area Government of Canada outcome Actual spending
Economic and Environmental Statistics Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 130,488,036
Socio-economic Statistics Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 101,784,521
Censuses Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 143,002,356
Statistical Infrastructure Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 87,473,605
Cost-recovered Statistical Services Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 0
Total spending by spending area (dollars)
Spending area Total planned spending Total actual spending
Economic Affairs 0 0
Social Affairs 0 0
International Affairs 0 0
Government Affairs 481,363,687 462,748,518

Financial statements and Financial statements highlights

Please note that the figures in this section appear on an accrual accounting basis, which is different from the cash basis on which government appropriations are voted. The differences are reconciled in note 3(a) of the Agency's 2015-16 financial statements.

Financial statements

Financial statements, March 31, 2016

Financial statements highlights

The financial highlights presented within this report are intended to serve as a general overview of Statistics Canada’s financial position and operations, and should be read in conjunction with the 2015-16 Departmental Financial Statements.

Condensed Statement of Operations (unaudited)
For the Year Ended March 31, 2016 (dollars) Table summary
This table displays the results of Condensed Statement of Operations. The information is grouped by Total expenses, Total revenues and Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers (appearing as row headers), 2015/2016 Planned Results, 2015/2016 Actual results, 2014/2015 Actual results, and the differences (appearing as column headers). All results are in dollars.
Financial information 2015-16 Planned Results 2015-16 Actual 2014-15 Actual Difference (2015-16 actual minus 2015-16 planned) Difference (2015-16 actual minus 2014-15 actual)
dollars
Total expenses 696,476,416 731,502,346 608,841,186 35,025,930 122,661,160
Total revenues 86,656,675 103,137,103 84,770,468 16,480,428 18,366,635
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 609,819,741 628,365,243 524,070,718 18,545,502 104,294,525

The net cost of operations before government funding and transfers was $628.4 million, an increase of $104.3 million (19.9%) from $524.1 million in 2014-15. The increase is mostly because of an increase in expenditures relating to the 2016 Census of Population Program and an allowance for a contingent liability that has been recorded.

The difference between planned and actual net costs for 2015-16 is $18.5 million (3.0%). This increase is mainly because of an allowance for a contingent liability, offset by increased revenues resulting from new cost-recoverable projects.

More information on the distribution of the expenses by program and type is available in the two charts below.

Gross expenditures by program activity

Description for pie chart - Gross expenditures by program activity

This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's gross expenditures by program activity:

  • Economic and Environmental Statistics, 20.3%
  • Statistical Infrastructure, 20.3%
  • Socio-economic Statistics, 15.2%
  • Cost-recovered Statistical Services, 14.2%
  • Censuses, 20.8%
  • Internal Services, 9.2%

Note: Gross expenditures: total spending including respendable revenues.

Total expenses, including respendable revenue and services provided without charge by other government departments, were $731.5 million in 2015-16. These expenses were for Censuses, $152.1 million (20.8%); Statistical Infrastructure, $148.7 million (20.3%); the Economic and Environmental Statistics Program, $148.3 million (20.3%); the Socio-economic Statistics Program, $111.4 million (15.2%); Cost-recovered Statistical Services, $103.7 million (14.2%); and Internal Services, $67.3 million (9.2%).

Gross expenditures by type

Description for pie chart - Gross expenditures by type

This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's gross expenditures by type:

  • Salaries and employee benefits, 71.6%
  • Accommodations, 6.2%
  • Professional services, 3.9%
  • Amortization, 3.5%
  • Other, 11.3%
  • Transportation and postage, 3.5%

Statistics Canada spent $731.5 million in 2015-16. The expenses include the following: salaries and employee benefits, $523.8 million (71.6%); accommodations, $45.4 million (6.2%); professional services, $28.7 million (3.9%); amortization, $25.3 million (3.5%); transportation and postage, $25.5 million (3.5%); and other expenses, $82.8 million (11.3%).

Condensed statement of financial position (unaudited)
as at March 31, 2016 (dollars) Table summary
This table displays the Condensed statement of financial position. The information is grouped by Financial Information (appearing as row headers), fiscal years 2015-16, 2014-15, and the difference (appearing as column headers). All results are in dollars.
Financial Information 2015-16 2014-15 Difference
(2015-16 minus
2014-15)
dollars
Total net liabilities 159,294,338 107,568,254 51,726,084
Total net financial assets 68,387,856 55,310,848 13,077,008
Departmental net debt 90,906,482 52,257,406 38,649,076
Total non-financial assets 160,058,640 145,833,856 14,224,784
Departmental net financial position 69,152,158 93,576,450 -24,424,292

The Agency's future-oriented statement of operations is available on the Statistics Canada website.

The departmental net financial position was $69.2 million at the end of 2015-16, a decrease of $24.4 million from $93.6 million in 2014-15. This decrease is mainly because of the allowance for a contingent liability that has been recorded. The decline is offset by an increase in total financial and non-financial assets, mainly because of the 2016 Census of Population Program.

More information on the distribution of the balances in the Statement of Financial Position is available in the two pie charts that follow.

Assets by type

Description for pie chart - Assets by type

This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's assets by type:

  • Tangible capital assets, 64.3%
  • Due from Consolidated Revenue Fund, 25.8%
  • Prepaid expenses, 5.5%
  • Accounts receivable and advances, 4.2%
  • Consumable supplies, 0.2%

Total assets, including financial and non-financial assets, were $228.4 million at the end of 2015-16. Tangible capital assets represent the largest portion of assets at $146.9 million (64.3%). These assets include informatics software ($93.2 million), software under development ($37.2 million), leasehold improvements ($14.0 million), and other assets ($2.5 million). The remaining portion consists of amounts due from the Consolidated Revenue Fund, $58.9 million (25.8%); prepaid expenses, $12.7 million (5.5%); accounts receivable and advances, $9.5 million (4.2%); and consumable supplies, $0.4 million (0.2%).

Liabilities by type

Description for pie chart - Liabilities by type

This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's liabilities by type:

  • Accounts payable and accrued liabilities, 68.1%
  • Employee future benefits, 17.6%
  • Vacation pay and compensatory leave, 13.9%
  • Deferred revenue, 0.2%
  • Lease obligation for tangible capital assets, 0.2%

Total liabilities were $159.3 million at the end of 2015-16. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities made up the largest portion of liabilities at $108.5 million (68.1%). These liabilities include accounts payable to external parties ($29.4 million), accounts payable to other federal government departments and agencies ($4.7 million), accrued salaries and wages ($31.0 million), and other payables ($43.4 million). Employee future benefits is the next largest portion at $28.1 million (17.6%). Vacation pay and compensatory leave make up $22.1 million (13.9%). The remaining portion consists of deferred revenue and lease obligation for tangible capital assets at $0.6 million (0.4%).

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