The Agency's statistical program is funded by two sources: direct parliamentary appropriations and cost-recovery activities. In recent years, “respendable” cost-recovery revenues have contributed $90 million to $105 million annually to the Agency's total resources. A large portion of these respendable revenues is provided by federal departments to fund specific statistical projects.
|Main estimates||Planned spending||Total authorities available for use||Actual spending (authorities used)||Difference (actual minus planned)|
The gross expenditures represent the total budget spent throughout the year by Statistics Canada. The respendable revenue is the portion of expenditures for which the cost is recovered from external clients for specific statistical services. Net expenditures is the difference between the two (i.e., gross expenditures minus respendable revenue).
The difference between planned spending and the total authorities available for 2015-16 results mainly from budget carried forward from 2014-15, and from in-year funding by the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat for economic increases pertaining to interviewer compensation.
The difference between total authorities available for use and the actual spending for 2015-16 results mainly from an unspent budget provision for expired collective agreements, and from an unused amount to be carried forward to 2016-17 to support the Agency's Integrated Strategic Planning Process.
|Planned||Actual||Difference (actual minus planned)|
The gross expenditures full-time equivalents (FTEs) include approximately 200 public-servant FTEs that are based outside the National Capital Region across Canada. Also included are 956 interviewer FTEs (approximately 1,800 interviewers) outside the National Capital Region. These interviewers are part-time workers whose assigned workweeks are determined by the volume of collection work available; they are hired under the Statistics Act, by the authority of the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. Interviewers are covered by two separate collective agreements and are employed through Statistical Survey Operations. Many of Statistics Canada's main outputs rely heavily on data collection, which takes place in the regions.
Of the 956 interviewer FTEs, 318 FTEs (approximately 600 interviewers) are allocated to respendable revenues.
The difference between actual and planned human resources (the FTEs) for 2015-16 is mainly because of a change in reporting. Starting with the 2016-17 Report on Plans and Priorities and the 2015-16 Departmental Performance Report, interviewers are included in the FTEs total.
Budgetary performance summary
|Program(s) and Internal Services||2015-16 Main estimates||2015-16 Planned spending||2016-17 Planned spending||2017-18 Planned spending||2015-16 Total authorities available for use||2015-16 Actual spending (authorities used)||2014-15 Actual spending (authorities used)||2013-14 Actual spending (authorities used)|
|Economic and Environmental Statistics||127,982,162||127,982,162||128,535,138||128,966,864||129,904,043||130,488,036||132,627,053||130,781,314|
|Cost-recovered Statistical Services||112,060,852||112,060,852||112,025,384||112,025,384||112,025,384||96,359,919||76,333,208||80,001,693|
|Total gross expenditures||645,090,820||645,090,820||871,484,013||548,170,270||657,691,670||621,895,100||551,535,669||563,792,804|
|Total net expenditures||525,090,820||525,090,820||751,484,013||428,170,270||537,691,670||517,560,565||467,202,461||471,511,775|
The variation between fiscal years is because of the cyclical nature of the census programs.
More information by program is available in the next section.
Departmental spending trend
The Departmental spending trend graph shows trends in planned and actual spending.
Note: Based upon approved Main Estimates funding.
Description for Departmental spending trend graph
|Fiscal Year||Voted||Statutory||Respendable Revenue||Total|
As shown in the Departmental spending trend graph, voted spending peaks in 2016-17 when the Agency conducts the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture, and it drops sharply in 2017-18 as those activities begin to wind down.
Expenditures by vote
For information on Statistics Canada's organizational voted and statutory expenditures, consult the Public Accounts of Canada 2016.
Alignment of spending with the Whole-of-government framework
|Program||Spending area||Government of Canada outcome||Actual spending|
|Economic and Environmental Statistics||Government Affairs||A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government||130,488,036|
|Socio-economic Statistics||Government Affairs||A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government||101,784,521|
|Censuses||Government Affairs||A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government||143,002,356|
|Statistical Infrastructure||Government Affairs||A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government||87,473,605|
|Cost-recovered Statistical Services||Government Affairs||A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government||0|
|Spending area||Total planned spending||Total actual spending|
Financial statements and Financial statements highlights
Please note that the figures in this section appear on an accrual accounting basis, which is different from the cash basis on which government appropriations are voted. The differences are reconciled in note 3(a) of the Agency's 2015-16 financial statements.
Financial statements highlights
The financial highlights presented within this report are intended to serve as a general overview of Statistics Canada’s financial position and operations, and should be read in conjunction with the 2015-16 Departmental Financial Statements.
|Financial information||2015-16 Planned Results||2015-16 Actual||2014-15 Actual||Difference (2015-16 actual minus 2015-16 planned)||Difference (2015-16 actual minus 2014-15 actual)|
|Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers||609,819,741||628,365,243||524,070,718||18,545,502||104,294,525|
The net cost of operations before government funding and transfers was $628.4 million, an increase of $104.3 million (19.9%) from $524.1 million in 2014-15. The increase is mostly because of an increase in expenditures relating to the 2016 Census of Population Program and an allowance for a contingent liability that has been recorded.
The difference between planned and actual net costs for 2015-16 is $18.5 million (3.0%). This increase is mainly because of an allowance for a contingent liability, offset by increased revenues resulting from new cost-recoverable projects.
More information on the distribution of the expenses by program and type is available in the two charts below.
Description for pie chart - Gross expenditures by program activity
This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's gross expenditures by program activity:
- Economic and Environmental Statistics, 20.3%
- Statistical Infrastructure, 20.3%
- Socio-economic Statistics, 15.2%
- Cost-recovered Statistical Services, 14.2%
- Censuses, 20.8%
- Internal Services, 9.2%
Note: Gross expenditures: total spending including respendable revenues.
Total expenses, including respendable revenue and services provided without charge by other government departments, were $731.5 million in 2015-16. These expenses were for Censuses, $152.1 million (20.8%); Statistical Infrastructure, $148.7 million (20.3%); the Economic and Environmental Statistics Program, $148.3 million (20.3%); the Socio-economic Statistics Program, $111.4 million (15.2%); Cost-recovered Statistical Services, $103.7 million (14.2%); and Internal Services, $67.3 million (9.2%).
Description for pie chart - Gross expenditures by type
This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's gross expenditures by type:
- Salaries and employee benefits, 71.6%
- Accommodations, 6.2%
- Professional services, 3.9%
- Amortization, 3.5%
- Other, 11.3%
- Transportation and postage, 3.5%
Statistics Canada spent $731.5 million in 2015-16. The expenses include the following: salaries and employee benefits, $523.8 million (71.6%); accommodations, $45.4 million (6.2%); professional services, $28.7 million (3.9%); amortization, $25.3 million (3.5%); transportation and postage, $25.5 million (3.5%); and other expenses, $82.8 million (11.3%).
|Total net liabilities||159,294,338||107,568,254||51,726,084|
|Total net financial assets||68,387,856||55,310,848||13,077,008|
|Departmental net debt||90,906,482||52,257,406||38,649,076|
|Total non-financial assets||160,058,640||145,833,856||14,224,784|
|Departmental net financial position||69,152,158||93,576,450||-24,424,292|
The Agency's future-oriented statement of operations is available on the Statistics Canada website.
The departmental net financial position was $69.2 million at the end of 2015-16, a decrease of $24.4 million from $93.6 million in 2014-15. This decrease is mainly because of the allowance for a contingent liability that has been recorded. The decline is offset by an increase in total financial and non-financial assets, mainly because of the 2016 Census of Population Program.
More information on the distribution of the balances in the Statement of Financial Position is available in the two pie charts that follow.
Description for pie chart - Assets by type
This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's assets by type:
- Tangible capital assets, 64.3%
- Due from Consolidated Revenue Fund, 25.8%
- Prepaid expenses, 5.5%
- Accounts receivable and advances, 4.2%
- Consumable supplies, 0.2%
Total assets, including financial and non-financial assets, were $228.4 million at the end of 2015-16. Tangible capital assets represent the largest portion of assets at $146.9 million (64.3%). These assets include informatics software ($93.2 million), software under development ($37.2 million), leasehold improvements ($14.0 million), and other assets ($2.5 million). The remaining portion consists of amounts due from the Consolidated Revenue Fund, $58.9 million (25.8%); prepaid expenses, $12.7 million (5.5%); accounts receivable and advances, $9.5 million (4.2%); and consumable supplies, $0.4 million (0.2%).
Description for pie chart - Liabilities by type
This pie chart shows the percentage distribution of Statistics Canada's liabilities by type:
- Accounts payable and accrued liabilities, 68.1%
- Employee future benefits, 17.6%
- Vacation pay and compensatory leave, 13.9%
- Deferred revenue, 0.2%
- Lease obligation for tangible capital assets, 0.2%
Total liabilities were $159.3 million at the end of 2015-16. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities made up the largest portion of liabilities at $108.5 million (68.1%). These liabilities include accounts payable to external parties ($29.4 million), accounts payable to other federal government departments and agencies ($4.7 million), accrued salaries and wages ($31.0 million), and other payables ($43.4 million). Employee future benefits is the next largest portion at $28.1 million (17.6%). Vacation pay and compensatory leave make up $22.1 million (13.9%). The remaining portion consists of deferred revenue and lease obligation for tangible capital assets at $0.6 million (0.4%).