Archived – Program 2: Socio-economic Statistics

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Description

The Socio-economic Statistics Program's purpose is to provide integrated information and relevant analysis on the social and socio-economic characteristics of individuals, families, and households, as well as on the major factors that affect their well-being. This information is used to inform public debate on socio-economic issues; support social policy development, implementation and evaluation; guide public and private decision making; it is the primary source for assessing the impact of changing economic circumstances on Canadians.

The information is used extensively to evaluate and cost economic and social policy options and alternatives by federal departments, such as Employment and Social Development Canada, Industry Canada, Justice Canada, Public Safety Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canadian Heritage, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Transport Canada, and Infrastructure Canada, as well as by provincial governments.

The Socio-economic Statistics Program supports statistical requirements specified by legislation or regulations in the areas of labour, immigration and employment equity. The program also provides information, analysis and measures on publicly funded facilities, agencies, and systems designed to meet the socio-economic and physical needs of Canadians; on the characteristics of the individual Canadians and families they serve; and on the outcomes of the services they provide, such as justice, health, and education.

Table 1 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Main Estimates
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
94,887,730 94,887,730 97,058,366 98,374,590
Table 2 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
644 637 637

The increase in planned spending from 2015/2016 represents inflation, and the decrease in FTEs is the result of planned program efficiencies that will transfer FTEs to the Statistical Infrastructure Program.

Table 3 Performance Measurement
Program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians and public and private sector organizations use socio-economic statistics for policy development and for research. Post-release corrections due to accuracy ≤ 4 releases or ≤ 2% of releases March 31, 2016
Number of data products released as scheduled 95% March 31, 2016
Up-to-date metadata in the Integrated Metadatabase Fully compliant March 31, 2016
User guide documentation up-to-date Fully compliant March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

The Socio-economic Statistics Program delivers timely and accurate social and socio-economic statistics. The planned release dates for major indicators can be found on the Statistics Canada website.

For the future, Statistics Canada is developing information roadmaps, in collaboration with stakeholders, to respond to emerging data needs in key areas of social policy, such as justice, health, the labour market, and household wealth.

Statistics Canada is well advanced in the development of a generalized infrastructure for Internet-based data collection. This response option offers convenience, security and reduced collection costs. Over the next three years, the Agency will continue to deploy this new infrastructure to make e-questionnaires the default option for business surveys, as well as a response option for the Agency's major household surveys, including the Labour Force Survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey and the General Social Survey (GSS).

The Agency is well advanced on a comprehensive redesign of the GSS Program and is moving to integrated multi-mode collection. In 2015/2016, Statistics Canada will conduct the GSS on Time Use and will also develop a new policy-relevant theme for the 2016 GSS.

Recent technological advances have facilitated and reduced the cost of handling the manipulation of large administrative files. The Social Domain Record Linkage Environment will be ready for use in 2015, and will increase efficiency through data linkages across various administrative and household survey data sets in the social domain—thereby reducing both collection costs and response burden.

Sub-program 2.1: Labour, Education, Income and Tourism Statistics

Description

This program provides indicators that allow the measurement of the economic well-being of Canadians through information on the labour market, income, expenditures and wealth, pensions, housing, and education, as well as statistics on tourism. Indicators are produced at various frequencies. Labour market estimates, which are among the most timely and important measures of the overall performance of the Canadian economy, are reported monthly. A multi-dimensional picture of the financial well-being of Canadian families and individuals is provided through an annual survey on income and expenditures, as well as a periodic measurement of wealth. Indicators collected through tax data complete that picture. Information on pension funds is provided quarterly, and information on pension plans is provided yearly. The program also has a comprehensive set of pan-Canadian education statistics and analysis that is released yearly. Tourism indicators are released monthly.

The program supplies data to the System of National Accounts, the Tourism Satellite Accounts, and the Balance of Payments.

The program collection mandate stems from requirements in the Employment Insurance Act, the Judges Act, the Senate Act, the House of Commons Act, the Canada Pension Plan Act, and Quebec Pension Plan Act, and the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations.

The outputs of this program support economic, social and monetary policy, and governments, financial institutions and researchers alike rely heavily on these outputs to monitor the impact of policies and programs.

Specific user agencies include Finance Canada, Employment and Social Development Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Industry Canada, the Canadian Tourism Commission, and the Bank of Canada.

Table 4 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
40,416,645 41,667,643 42,253,346
Table 5 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
258 258 258
Table 6 Performance Measurement
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians and Government policy makers use labour, education, income and tourism statistics to make informed decisions. Timeliness of release 90% March 31, 2016
Level of accuracy achieved 90% March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

To ensure continuing relevance, there is regular communication with stakeholders to identify emerging information needs and to adapt existing programs to meet these needs.

The upcoming redesign of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) touches all of these elements. The LFS is Statistics Canada's largest ongoing household survey. Every 10 years, following a decennial census, Statistics Canada redesigns the LFS sample to maintain its relevance and quality. In January 2015, the Agency implemented the most recent sample redesign. The Agency will also redesign the LFS collection and processing systems, in 2017, to adopt corporate systems, replacing the existing systems.

Statistics Canada maintains ongoing coverage of household income and expenditure data. Measuring families' wealth by collecting information on net worth, or assets minus debts, takes place less often. Results from the new Canadian Income Survey were released in December 2014. There will be additional releases in 2015, including a revised series of income statistics that will allow for the comparison of 2012 and 2013 income data with data for earlier years.

Through the inclusion of additional questions on the LFS, the Agency will develop measures of labour-market performance, by field of study, for the highest and most recent educational credential obtained. Data collection took place in 2014, with results available in 2015/2016.

In addition, the first set of quarterly estimates from a new survey on job vacancies will be released in the summer of 2015 to address key information gaps around job vacancies by occupation and key economic regions.

Sub-program 2.2: Health and Justice Statistics

Description

This program provides statistical information and analysis about the state of health of Canadians, as well as criminal and civil justice in Canada. The program conducts the ongoing Canadian Community Health Survey and the Canadian Health Measures Survey, collects the data for and maintains Canada's Vital Statistics, as well as the Canadian Cancer Registry.

Health information is used to assist and support health planners and decision-makers at all levels of government, to sustain demographic and epidemiological research, and to report to the Canadian public about their collective health and health-care system. Vital Statistics data are used by the Population Estimates Program, whose results, in turn, are used for the Equalization Program.

The National Justice Statistics Initiative strives to develop, implement and manage an effective national justice statistics program through the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, which is the operational arm of a federal-provincial-territorial partnership. The rationale for this program stems from a Memorandum of Understanding with Justice Canada, and Cabinet decisions where Statistics Canada was named a partner in the National Justice Statistics Initiative. The program administers several surveys on crime reporting, homicide, police administration, adult and youth criminal courts, civil courts, adult corrections, as well as surveys on expenditures, personnel, and key indicators reports on adult and youth corrections. The program also administers the Family Violence Statistical Program funded by the Family Violence Initiative.

Table 7 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
40,378,129 40,990,468 41,506,190
Table82Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
276 271 271
Table 9 Performance Measurement
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians and Government policy makers use health and justice statistics to make informed decisions. Timeliness of release 90% March 31, 2016
Level of accuracy achieved 90% March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

To ensure continued relevance and data quality, Statistics Canada will implement the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) redesign in 2015. With funding from the Public Health Agency of Canada, and from Statistics Canada and Health Canada, preparations are underway for a pilot children's health survey that will be undertaken in 2016.

The Agency will undertake the next cycle of the health focused-content surveys, with nutrition as the topic. The 2015 Nutrition Survey will collect data on food and dietary supplement consumption, dietary intake and related factors.

In cooperation with representatives of the National Justice Statistics Initiative, a multi-year project to create and deliver indicators of re-contact with, and pathways through, the Canadian criminal justice system is in its second phase of development. As well, Statistics Canada is updating the Justice Survey Program to reflect the current Criminal Code of Canada. The Agency is also redesigning the Integrated Correctional Services Survey. Furthermore, work is underway to assess the feasibility of collecting data on calls for service from Canadian police services.

Developing a generalized, integrated coding and correction environment can satisfy the needs of all users. The Agency will develop a single corporate environment for automated and manual coding and manual correction of data. This environment will consolidate and standardize automated and manual coding; facilitate an increase in automated coding, either during or after collection; and improve data quality by providing consistent quality-assurance practices.

In 2015/2016, the Agency will continue to transition surveys to the Social Survey Processing Environment, and will continue to build and improve the functionality of the common tools, including the functionalities for developing, processing and disseminating electronic questionnaires.

Sub-program 2.3: Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics

Description

This program produces Canada's quarterly and annual post-censal and inter-censal population estimates, and population projections, which are used by all levels of government, the private sector, researchers and non-government organizations. Population estimates are used to satisfy the statutory requirements of the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations, including the Canada Health and Social Transfers, the Equalization Program, and the Wait Times Reduction Transfer. Territorial estimates are used in the Territorial Formula Financing. Population estimates are used to allocate federal seats to provinces under the Fair Representation Act.

Population estimates must be used in connection with the following legislations: Canada Pension Plan Act, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act, Canada Student Loans Act, and the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act. Data include components of population growth, namely estimates of births, deaths, immigration, total emigration, change in non-permanent residents, and inter-provincial and intra-provincial migration.

This program also includes enabling access to microdata for research purposes and producing information and analytic outputs on key social issues. These comprise immigration, visible minorities, religion, ethnicity, language, social identity, giving and volunteering, victimization, youth, families, gender, seniors, time use, care giving and receiving, and social well-being, through the General Social Survey. The information is used to support various pieces of legislation, including the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the Citizenship Act, the Multiculturalism Act, the Official Languages Act, and the Employment Equity Act.

The program provides information and subject-matter expertise to help support the policy interests of Employment and Social Development Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Justice Canada, Canadian Heritage, and Status of Women Canada. It is also responsible for providing subject-matter expertise, coordination, and integration in the collection, analysis and dissemination of data about Aboriginal people, on topics such as education, use of Aboriginal languages, labour activity, income, health, communication technology, mobility, and housing conditions, which are used by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada and Aboriginal governments and organizations.

Table 10 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
11,271,985 11,630,134 11,804,302
Table 11 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
86 85 85
Table 12 Performance Measurement
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians and Government policy makers use demographic, Aboriginal and other social statistics to make informed decisions. Timeliness of release 90% March 31, 2016
Level of accuracy achieved 90% March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

After a period of extensive data collection and processing activities, the Demographic, Aboriginal and other Social Statistics Program is turning to dissemination and analysis. The General Social Survey (GSS) Program is preparing analytical papers based on both the social identity and the giving, volunteering and participating surveys. These surveys cover topics ranging from connections with family and friends and community involvement to charitable donations and civic engagement of Canadians.

In 2015, the GSS Program will also release the first results of the victimization survey for data collected in 2014. Furthermore, the program is coordinating the seventh edition of Women in Canada, a compendium of papers on different themes related to women living in Canada.

New data and analytical products based on the Aboriginal Peoples Survey and the Canadian Survey on Disability will also be disseminated in 2015.

Statistics Canada priorities for demography include initiatives to improve specific components of the Population Estimates Program (for example, emigration and interprovincial migration).

In the coming year, microdata access programs will work to increase the number of and expand the types of available data files, and will work to better facilitate access to data by enhancing metadata and improving the technological infrastructure. Building on the infrastructure and the expertise established in the access programs, Statistics Canada will continue its development of the Generalized Tabulation Tool, which will facilitate data tabulation for surveys across the social, health and labour statistics field.

Sub-program 2.4: Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics

Description

This program plans, directs, coordinates and conducts a range of statistical analyses and publications. Substantive areas of analysis include population aging and its impacts on labour markets and health care needs; wait times and access to health care; the economic circumstances of immigrants; population health status; the impact of diseases and health determinants; trends in income distribution, including both low income / vulnerable populations; and geographic patterns, including Canada's major cities.

Analysis of income and labour market data covering topics, such as data on labour force status, occupation, labour compensation, pensions, industry, individual and family income and expenditure, for both the census and sample surveys that are of interest to policy makers, academics, business leaders and individuals, is also undertaken.

These activities serve four main functions and audiences: providing high quality and often leading-edge analyses on important contemporary topics for the general public; providing information of direct relevance to matters of current policy concern; contributing, more generally, to the corpus of national and international research in the peer-reviewed literature; and providing an important quality assurance role to verify the accuracy and relevance of the statistics produced, to assist users in interpreting the data, and to develop relevant concepts for the production of statistics.

Table 13 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
2,820,971 2,770,121 2,810,751
Table 14 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
24 23 23
Table 15 Performance Measurement
Sub-program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians, government policy makers and public and private sector researchers use the results of statistical analyses, models, databases and other statistical information products for informed debate, research and decision-making on socio-economic and health issues. Number of professional citations 10,000 March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

The Analysis of Socio-economic Statistics Program will continue to conduct a range of statistical analyses with a focus on documenting ongoing changes in the Canadian labour force, including trades and apprentices, changing skills and occupational requirements, immigrant outcomes, and geographic mobility. Statistics Canada will use record linkage and data integration to improve the development and analysis of large cohorts for studying the impacts of the environment on health outcomes such as cancer, mortality and hospitalization.

In 2015/2016, the Agency will strengthen its microsimulation modeling capacity, by implementing a new modeling framework.

This modeling capacity now includes the following models:

  • The Social Policy Simulation Database and Model (SPSD/M) simulates the impact of various tax and other policy interventions on socio-economic outcomes.
  • The Population Health Model (Pohem) performs comparative evaluations of health-related interventions on outcomes, such as prevalence of risk factors and disease, costs and economic indicators, as well as health status and life expectancy.
  • The Cancer Risk Management Model (CRMM) allows for assessment of the impact of cancer control programs on population health and the economy. Cancer control programs include smoking reduction, organized screening for colorectal and lung cancers, and the evaluation of new treatment options.
  • The Demosim model generates population projections for key characteristics associated with visible minority and Aboriginal populations.
  • The Persim model is a workforce projection tool that supports human resources management at Statistics Canada and the federal government at large.

Work will begin on a new platform for a simple dynamic model without longitudinal histories. This model will include demographic modules on mortality, interprovincial migration, and immigration and emigration, as well as modules on education, earnings and income. The program will also consolidate Pohem, integrate neurological diseases, and add the institutionalized population into the microsimulation model to produce information on health interventions and outcomes. For Demosim, priorities for 2015/2016 include activities related to updating the model on the basis of the 2011 National Household Survey and related to improving the model.

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