Archived – Program 3: Censuses

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Description

The Census Program's purpose is to provide statistical information, analyses, and services that measure changes in the Canadian population, in demographic characteristics, and in the agricultural sector. It serves as a basis for public and private decision making, and research and analysis in areas of concern to the people of Canada. The program includes the Census of Population Program (including the National Household Survey) and the Census of Agriculture.

The Census of Population Program provides detailed information on population sub-groups for small geographic areas, which is required to assess the effects of specifically targeted policy initiatives, and serve as a foundation for other statistical surveys. Population counts and estimates are used in determining electoral boundaries, the distribution of federal transfer payments, and the transfer and allocation of funds among regional and municipal governments, school boards, and other locally based agencies within provinces.

The Census of Agriculture provides a comprehensive picture of the agriculture sector at the national, provincial and sub-provincial levels, and is mandated by the Statistics Act. The program meets statistical requirements specified constitutionally, and supports those in statutory requirements and regulatory instruments. All per capita measures in fiscal policies and arrangements, in other economic analysis, and in program and service planning, come from this program's statistical information.

Table 1 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Main Estimates
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
145,443,672 145,443,672 368,457,957 52,583,254
Table 2 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
959 1,768 484

Spending fluctuations between years result mainly from the Census Program, for which activity will increase in 2015/2016, peak in 2016/2017 when the 2016 Census of Population and the 2016 Census of Agriculture are conducted, and drop sharply in 2017/2018 as these activities begin to wind down. This pattern is typical for the Agency because of the cyclical nature of the Census Program. This is the result of the extensive planning, development, testing and implementation activities that are an essential part of a successful census. A typical census cycle covers a minimum seven year period with cycles overlapping.

Table 3 Performance Measurement
Program Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets Date to be Achieved
Canadians and Government policy makers use Census of Population and Census of Agriculture data to make informed decisions. Up-to-date metadata in the Integrated Metadatabase Fully compliant March 31, 2016
User guide documentation up-to-date Fully compliant March 31, 2016

Planning Highlights

In 2015/2016, the Census Program will intensify the development effort for the 2016 Census of Population Program and the 2016 Census of Agriculture. For both censuses, the work also involves investigating how administrative sources could improve the quality and efficiency of the program and reduce respondent burden. For the census of agriculture, the work also includes continued investigation of how technologies, such as remote sensing, could improve quality and efficiency.

Sub-program 3.1: Census of Population Program

Description

This program plans, develops and implements all collection, data processing and dissemination of the decennial and quinquennial censuses of population, Canada's national inventory of key socio‑economic phenomena.

The Census Program provides a statistical portrait of Canada and its people. This program is the only reliable source of detailed data for small groups (such as lone-parent families, ethnic groups, industrial and occupational categories, and immigrants) and for areas as small as a city neighbourhood, or as large as the country itself. Because the Canadian census is administered every five years, and the questions are similar, it is possible to compare changes that have occurred in the composition of Canada's population over time.

The census includes every person living in Canada on Census Day, as well as Canadians living abroad, either on a military base, attached to a diplomatic mission, at sea, or in port aboard Canadian-registered merchant vessels. Persons in Canada, including those holding a temporary resident permit, study permit, or work permit, as well as their dependents, are also part of the census.

This program is mandated in many statutes and acts including the Statistics Act, Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations, Canada Council for the Arts Act, Provincial Subsidies Act, Railway Relocation and Crossing Act, Industrial and Regional Development Act, Constitutional Amendments, Income Tax Act, Canada Pension Plan, Old Age Security Act, and the War Veterans Allowance Act.

Table 4 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
139,599,846 352,549,748 47,852,428

Note: Totals may differ within and between tables because of rounding.

Table 5 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
908 1,560 434

Spending fluctuations between years are due to the cyclical nature of the Census Program. This is the result of the extensive planning, development, testing and implementation activities that are an essential part of a successful census. A typical census cycle covers a minimum seven year period with cycles overlapping.

Planning Highlights

In 2015/2016, the Census of Population Program will continue planning for the 2016 Census of Population. This work includes operational testing of methods and processes, analysis of results, and integration of lessons learned. Other activities include expanding and updating the Address Register, delineating collection areas and creating maps, developing national and regional public communications strategies, and acquiring and fitting up census facilities.

Sub-program 3.2: Census of Agriculture

Description

This program conducts the quinquennial Census of Agriculture, and produces and publishes economic series on the agriculture sector that flow to the System of National Accounts to form the agriculture component of the Gross Domestic Product, and thereby satisfy requirements of the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Regulations.

Information from this program is used to improve the register of farms, for the purpose of conducting surveys and censuses, to ensure proper survey coverage using samples that are as small as statistically possible and thereby minimizing response burden. This program provides a comprehensive picture of the agriculture sector at the national, provincial and sub-provincial levels, and is mandated by the Statistics Act.

Small-area and benchmarking data, produced quinquennially from the Census of Agriculture, are critical to industry structural analysis, crisis management, environmental programs, pesticide management, carbon credits, water-use planning and protection, rural development, and traceability. No other comprehensive source of these data currently exists, and coverage of farms of all sizes is important. In some sectors and regions, small farms are significant to the economy, and data are required for policy and program development.

Table 6 Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015/2016
Planned Spending
2016/2017
Planned Spending
2017/2018
Planned Spending
5,843,826 15,908,209 4,730,826
Table 7 Human Resources (Full-time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
51 208 50

Spending fluctuations between years are due to the cyclical nature of the Census Program. This is the result of the extensive planning, development, testing and implementation activities that are an essential part of a successful census. A typical census cycle covers a minimum seven year period with cycles overlapping.

Planning Highlights

In 2015/2016, Statistics Canada will increase development efforts for the 2016 Census of Agriculture. These efforts include elaborating methods, processes and tools; testing systems and tools; analyzing results; and integrating lessons learned. Data collection for the largest and most complex agricultural operations will begin in 2015/2016, and the Agency will undertake final preparations for the start of the main data-collection period in 2016/2017. The work also involves an ongoing investigation of how administrative sources and technologies, such as remote sensing, can improve the quality and efficiency of the program and reduce respondent burden. Other activities include updating the agriculture portion of the Business Register, developing dissemination systems, finalizing national and regional public communications strategies and starting to implement them, and continuing the development and testing of processing and follow-up systems.

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