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All (27) (25 of 27 results)

  • Technical products: 16-511-X
    Description:

    This reference guide is intended for users of the Survey of Environmental Goods and Services (SEGS). The tables indicate which technologies and services were included in SEGS.

    Release date: 2017-10-30

  • Technical products: 16-001-M
    Description:

    The series covers environment accounts and indicators, environmental surveys, spatial environmental information and other research related to environmental statistics. The technical paper series is intended to stimulate discussion on a range of environmental topics.

    Release date: 2012-01-23

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2012015
    Description:

    This report presents results of a pilot survey designed to test the use of economic and operational data as inputs into the estimation of the releases of air contaminants from small and medium size enterprises within a given sector of the Canadian economy. As a proof of this concept, data from the Statistic Canada's Survey of Industrial Processes (SIP) was used along with relevant environmental and statistical modeling methods to calculate estimates for gasoline evaporative losses from retail gasoline outlets across Canada.

    Release date: 2012-01-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2011001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development and production of Bioproducts. It provides data on the number and types of Bioproducts firms in 2009, covering bioproducts revenues, research and development, use of biomass, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulations on the sector.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 21-601-M
    Description:

    The Agriculture Division occasionally publishes working papers on research, analytical results, statistical techniques, methods and concepts.

    Release date: 2011-11-22

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010014
    Description:

    Quantifying how Canada's water yield has changed over time is an important component of the water accounts maintained by Statistics Canada. This study evaluates the movement in the series of annual water yield estimates for Southern Canada from 1971 to 2004. We estimated the movement in the series using a trend-cycle approach and found that water yield for southern Canada has generally decreased over the period of observation.

    Release date: 2010-09-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010013
    Description:

    Recycling has become a common habit for most Canadian households. These households have many choices when it comes to recycling: they decide whether or not to recycle, how much to recycle, and what methods to use when they do. Using data from the 2007 Households and the Environment Survey, the paper examines recycling decisions made by Canadian households, some of the reasoning behind those decisions, and the relationship between recycling behaviour and a selection of demographic factors.

    Release date: 2010-07-07

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010012
    Description:

    The paper examines the contribution of the household sector to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Canada, through its use of private motor vehicles. Emissions estimates are presented at national, provincial and census metropolitan area (CMA) levels. The study uses data from the Canadian Vehicle Survey (CVS), conducted by Statistics Canada's Transportation Division and the Material and Energy Flow Accounts (MEFA) from Environment Accounts and Energy Statistics Division (EASD).

    At the national level the study presents estimates of vehicle emissions, GHG intensity, as well as per capita emissions. Total and per capita emissions by income group are also presented at the national level. At the provincial and CMA levels, the study presents the first survey based estimates of total and per capita vehicle emissions. It also explores the regional differences and examines the contributing factors.

    Release date: 2010-05-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010011
    Description:

    This technical paper outlines the methodology used to delineate boundaries for Canada's settlements.

    Release date: 2010-02-02

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009010
    Description:

    Households in Canadian municipalities often have options when choosing the type of water they drink at home and whether they treat it prior to drinking it. The reasons why they might choose to treat their water could be aesthetic or there might have been problems in the past that are influencing their decisions today. Using data from the 2007 Households and the Environment Survey, the author explores some of the factors governing these decisions for households in a selection of Canadian municipalities.

    Release date: 2009-12-09

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009008
    Description:

    In 2008, Statistics Canada conducted the first Agricultural Water Use Survey. This pilot survey is part of the Canadian Environment Sustainability Indicators initiative and collects information on volumes of water used for irrigation, irrigated areas, irrigation practices and the quality of water used for agricultural purposes. This technical paper describes the methodology used for the pilot survey and includes recommendations for future cycles of the survey. The validation process seems to indicate that the method used to estimate the volumes of water used and the irrigated areas calculated underestimates the results. The report gives recommendations to minimize this bias in the next iterations of the survey. First, it is recommended to simplify the level of information collected by the survey; to review the sampling methodology; and to examine other means of collecting information on volumes of water used for irrigation. This pilot version of the survey remains a reliable source for consistent data on agricultural water use.

    Release date: 2009-06-26

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009007
    Description:

    In this paper, we present the methodology developed by Statistics Canada to calculate the average annual water yield for Canada. Water yield, for the purposes of this paper, is defined as the amount of freshwater derived from unregulated flow (m3 s-1) measurements for a given geographic area over a defined period of time. The methodology is applied to the 1971 to 2000 time period.

    This research was conducted to fill data gaps in Statistics Canada's water statistics program. These gaps exist because estimates of freshwater flow for Canada have not been calculated regularly and have been produced using a variety of methods that do not necessarily generate comparable results. The methodology developed in this study produced results that are coherent through space and time. These results will be used in the future to investigate changes in water yield on a more disaggregated basis.

    To achieve the water yield estimate a database of natural streamflow observations from 1971 to 2000 was compiled. The streamflow values were then converted to a runoff depth and interpolated using ordinary kriging to produce spatial estimates of runoff. The spatial estimates were then scaled to create a National estimate of water yield as a thirty-year average. The methodology and results were then validated using a stability analysis and several techniques involving uncertainty. The result of the methodology indicates that the thirty-year average water yield for Canada is 3435 km3.

    Release date: 2009-06-01

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2008006
    Description:

    Rising energy costs and environmental concerns are clear incentives for households to adopt energy conservation measures. Turning down the thermostat temperature setting at night and using programmable thermostats are two ways a household's energy consumption may be reduced. Using results from the 2006 Households and the Environment Survey, the author explores some of the demographic factors associated with these behaviours.

    Release date: 2008-09-25

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2008005
    Description:

    This paper describes a revision of the 2002 greenhouse gas emission reduction expenditure estimates made by Canadian business. These estimates were derived from the 2002 Survey of Environmental Protection Expenditures. Included for comparison purposes are 2004 estimates of greenhouse gas reduction expenditures. Additional tables include statistics on the technologies used by industry as well as the obstacles and drivers encountered by industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

    Release date: 2008-06-25

  • Technical products: 16-255-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the greenhouse gas emissions indicator as it was reported in Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The greenhouse gas indicator describes the trend in emissions and the contribution to the trend by energy production, energy consumption and other factors.

    Details on this indicator reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-256-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the freshwater quality indicator as it was reported in the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The national freshwater quality indicator provides an overall measure of the suitability of water bodies to support aquatic life in selected monitoring sites in Canada.

    Details on this indicator reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-254-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the air quality indicators as they were reported in Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The air quality indicators focus on human exposure to ground-level ozone and fine particulate matter.

    Details on the indicators reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: &&www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2007004
    Description:

    Statistics Canada administers a number of environmental surveys that fill important data gaps but also pose numerous challenges to administer. This paper focuses on two on-going environment surveys - one newly initiated and one in the process of a redesign.

    Release date: 2007-11-23

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2007087
    Description:

    This paper describes the efforts and results of Statistics Canada to produce comparable agricultural water use estimates at the national, provincial and sub-sub-drainage area level for reference year 2001.

    Release date: 2007-11-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2007003
    Description:

    The objective of the present study is to understand and explain how the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) Water Quality Index (WQI) behaves, and at the same time determine its limitations to make a better use of it in the future. In order to do so, four data sets were made available to us thanks to participation of the following provinces: Newfoundland, Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec.

    Release date: 2007-09-19

  • Technical products: 16-505-G
    Description:

    Part of Statistics Canada's Econnections: linking the environment and the economy statistical series, this publication describes in detail the conceptual frameworks, data sources and empirical methods used to compile the Canadian System of Environmental and Resource Accounts (CSERA). Designed to be compatible with the accounting frameworks of the System of National Accounts, the CSERA allows users to easily analyze the linkages between economic activity and the environment in terms of material and energy flows, environmental expenditures and natural resource stocks. This publication will be of interest to researchers in both the economic and environmental fields who want to familiarize themselves with the accounting concepts of the CSERA. It is a companion volume to Environment-economy indicators and detailed statistics (catalogue no. 16-200-XKE), another product in the Econnections series.

    Release date: 2006-04-12

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2006077
    Description:

    The objective of this study was to estimate and map livestock manure production by the environmental geography unit known as the Sub-Sub-Drainage Area (SSDA) in 2001 and to calculate the change in manure production over the 1981-2001 period.

    Release date: 2006-01-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2005002
    Description:

    This paper evaluates Canadian industry performance in adopting and developing greenhouse gas (GHG) technologies. It addresses issues concerning business investments in GHG technologies, domestic and international market access for Canadian GHG technology producers, and the process of innovation for GHG technology development. The analysis is based on the results of the 2002 Survey of Environmental Protection Expenditures (SEPE) and the 2002 Environment Industry Survey (EIS).

    Release date: 2005-10-05

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2005074
    Description:

    This paper uses a logistic regression model and Statistics Canada data from the 2001 Farm Environmental Management Survey and the 2001 Census of Agriculture to determine the primary factors affecting the implementation of BMPs for manure management by hog producers.

    Release date: 2005-08-15

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2005073
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which farming practices have adjusted to the presence of urbanization in Canada.

    The adoption rates for the eight EMSs were obtained from the Farm Environmental Management Survey (FEMS) conducted in 2001 by Statistics Canada and sponsored in part by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC).

    Release date: 2005-05-25

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Reference (27)

Reference (27) (25 of 27 results)

  • Technical products: 16-511-X
    Description:

    This reference guide is intended for users of the Survey of Environmental Goods and Services (SEGS). The tables indicate which technologies and services were included in SEGS.

    Release date: 2017-10-30

  • Technical products: 16-001-M
    Description:

    The series covers environment accounts and indicators, environmental surveys, spatial environmental information and other research related to environmental statistics. The technical paper series is intended to stimulate discussion on a range of environmental topics.

    Release date: 2012-01-23

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2012015
    Description:

    This report presents results of a pilot survey designed to test the use of economic and operational data as inputs into the estimation of the releases of air contaminants from small and medium size enterprises within a given sector of the Canadian economy. As a proof of this concept, data from the Statistic Canada's Survey of Industrial Processes (SIP) was used along with relevant environmental and statistical modeling methods to calculate estimates for gasoline evaporative losses from retail gasoline outlets across Canada.

    Release date: 2012-01-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2011001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development and production of Bioproducts. It provides data on the number and types of Bioproducts firms in 2009, covering bioproducts revenues, research and development, use of biomass, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulations on the sector.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 21-601-M
    Description:

    The Agriculture Division occasionally publishes working papers on research, analytical results, statistical techniques, methods and concepts.

    Release date: 2011-11-22

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010014
    Description:

    Quantifying how Canada's water yield has changed over time is an important component of the water accounts maintained by Statistics Canada. This study evaluates the movement in the series of annual water yield estimates for Southern Canada from 1971 to 2004. We estimated the movement in the series using a trend-cycle approach and found that water yield for southern Canada has generally decreased over the period of observation.

    Release date: 2010-09-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010013
    Description:

    Recycling has become a common habit for most Canadian households. These households have many choices when it comes to recycling: they decide whether or not to recycle, how much to recycle, and what methods to use when they do. Using data from the 2007 Households and the Environment Survey, the paper examines recycling decisions made by Canadian households, some of the reasoning behind those decisions, and the relationship between recycling behaviour and a selection of demographic factors.

    Release date: 2010-07-07

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010012
    Description:

    The paper examines the contribution of the household sector to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Canada, through its use of private motor vehicles. Emissions estimates are presented at national, provincial and census metropolitan area (CMA) levels. The study uses data from the Canadian Vehicle Survey (CVS), conducted by Statistics Canada's Transportation Division and the Material and Energy Flow Accounts (MEFA) from Environment Accounts and Energy Statistics Division (EASD).

    At the national level the study presents estimates of vehicle emissions, GHG intensity, as well as per capita emissions. Total and per capita emissions by income group are also presented at the national level. At the provincial and CMA levels, the study presents the first survey based estimates of total and per capita vehicle emissions. It also explores the regional differences and examines the contributing factors.

    Release date: 2010-05-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2010011
    Description:

    This technical paper outlines the methodology used to delineate boundaries for Canada's settlements.

    Release date: 2010-02-02

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009010
    Description:

    Households in Canadian municipalities often have options when choosing the type of water they drink at home and whether they treat it prior to drinking it. The reasons why they might choose to treat their water could be aesthetic or there might have been problems in the past that are influencing their decisions today. Using data from the 2007 Households and the Environment Survey, the author explores some of the factors governing these decisions for households in a selection of Canadian municipalities.

    Release date: 2009-12-09

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009008
    Description:

    In 2008, Statistics Canada conducted the first Agricultural Water Use Survey. This pilot survey is part of the Canadian Environment Sustainability Indicators initiative and collects information on volumes of water used for irrigation, irrigated areas, irrigation practices and the quality of water used for agricultural purposes. This technical paper describes the methodology used for the pilot survey and includes recommendations for future cycles of the survey. The validation process seems to indicate that the method used to estimate the volumes of water used and the irrigated areas calculated underestimates the results. The report gives recommendations to minimize this bias in the next iterations of the survey. First, it is recommended to simplify the level of information collected by the survey; to review the sampling methodology; and to examine other means of collecting information on volumes of water used for irrigation. This pilot version of the survey remains a reliable source for consistent data on agricultural water use.

    Release date: 2009-06-26

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2009007
    Description:

    In this paper, we present the methodology developed by Statistics Canada to calculate the average annual water yield for Canada. Water yield, for the purposes of this paper, is defined as the amount of freshwater derived from unregulated flow (m3 s-1) measurements for a given geographic area over a defined period of time. The methodology is applied to the 1971 to 2000 time period.

    This research was conducted to fill data gaps in Statistics Canada's water statistics program. These gaps exist because estimates of freshwater flow for Canada have not been calculated regularly and have been produced using a variety of methods that do not necessarily generate comparable results. The methodology developed in this study produced results that are coherent through space and time. These results will be used in the future to investigate changes in water yield on a more disaggregated basis.

    To achieve the water yield estimate a database of natural streamflow observations from 1971 to 2000 was compiled. The streamflow values were then converted to a runoff depth and interpolated using ordinary kriging to produce spatial estimates of runoff. The spatial estimates were then scaled to create a National estimate of water yield as a thirty-year average. The methodology and results were then validated using a stability analysis and several techniques involving uncertainty. The result of the methodology indicates that the thirty-year average water yield for Canada is 3435 km3.

    Release date: 2009-06-01

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2008006
    Description:

    Rising energy costs and environmental concerns are clear incentives for households to adopt energy conservation measures. Turning down the thermostat temperature setting at night and using programmable thermostats are two ways a household's energy consumption may be reduced. Using results from the 2006 Households and the Environment Survey, the author explores some of the demographic factors associated with these behaviours.

    Release date: 2008-09-25

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2008005
    Description:

    This paper describes a revision of the 2002 greenhouse gas emission reduction expenditure estimates made by Canadian business. These estimates were derived from the 2002 Survey of Environmental Protection Expenditures. Included for comparison purposes are 2004 estimates of greenhouse gas reduction expenditures. Additional tables include statistics on the technologies used by industry as well as the obstacles and drivers encountered by industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

    Release date: 2008-06-25

  • Technical products: 16-255-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the greenhouse gas emissions indicator as it was reported in Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The greenhouse gas indicator describes the trend in emissions and the contribution to the trend by energy production, energy consumption and other factors.

    Details on this indicator reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-256-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the freshwater quality indicator as it was reported in the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The national freshwater quality indicator provides an overall measure of the suitability of water bodies to support aquatic life in selected monitoring sites in Canada.

    Details on this indicator reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-254-X
    Description:

    This report presents details on the data sources and methods underlying the air quality indicators as they were reported in Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, 2007 (16-251-XWE). The air quality indicators focus on human exposure to ground-level ozone and fine particulate matter.

    Details on the indicators reported after 2007 can be found on Environment Canada's site: &&www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/

    Release date: 2008-06-20

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2007004
    Description:

    Statistics Canada administers a number of environmental surveys that fill important data gaps but also pose numerous challenges to administer. This paper focuses on two on-going environment surveys - one newly initiated and one in the process of a redesign.

    Release date: 2007-11-23

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2007087
    Description:

    This paper describes the efforts and results of Statistics Canada to produce comparable agricultural water use estimates at the national, provincial and sub-sub-drainage area level for reference year 2001.

    Release date: 2007-11-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2007003
    Description:

    The objective of the present study is to understand and explain how the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) Water Quality Index (WQI) behaves, and at the same time determine its limitations to make a better use of it in the future. In order to do so, four data sets were made available to us thanks to participation of the following provinces: Newfoundland, Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec.

    Release date: 2007-09-19

  • Technical products: 16-505-G
    Description:

    Part of Statistics Canada's Econnections: linking the environment and the economy statistical series, this publication describes in detail the conceptual frameworks, data sources and empirical methods used to compile the Canadian System of Environmental and Resource Accounts (CSERA). Designed to be compatible with the accounting frameworks of the System of National Accounts, the CSERA allows users to easily analyze the linkages between economic activity and the environment in terms of material and energy flows, environmental expenditures and natural resource stocks. This publication will be of interest to researchers in both the economic and environmental fields who want to familiarize themselves with the accounting concepts of the CSERA. It is a companion volume to Environment-economy indicators and detailed statistics (catalogue no. 16-200-XKE), another product in the Econnections series.

    Release date: 2006-04-12

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2006077
    Description:

    The objective of this study was to estimate and map livestock manure production by the environmental geography unit known as the Sub-Sub-Drainage Area (SSDA) in 2001 and to calculate the change in manure production over the 1981-2001 period.

    Release date: 2006-01-13

  • Technical products: 16-001-M2005002
    Description:

    This paper evaluates Canadian industry performance in adopting and developing greenhouse gas (GHG) technologies. It addresses issues concerning business investments in GHG technologies, domestic and international market access for Canadian GHG technology producers, and the process of innovation for GHG technology development. The analysis is based on the results of the 2002 Survey of Environmental Protection Expenditures (SEPE) and the 2002 Environment Industry Survey (EIS).

    Release date: 2005-10-05

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2005074
    Description:

    This paper uses a logistic regression model and Statistics Canada data from the 2001 Farm Environmental Management Survey and the 2001 Census of Agriculture to determine the primary factors affecting the implementation of BMPs for manure management by hog producers.

    Release date: 2005-08-15

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2005073
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which farming practices have adjusted to the presence of urbanization in Canada.

    The adoption rates for the eight EMSs were obtained from the Farm Environmental Management Survey (FEMS) conducted in 2001 by Statistics Canada and sponsored in part by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC).

    Release date: 2005-05-25

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