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All (53)

All (53) (25 of 53 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201700114798
    Description:

    This study uses a new longitudinal dataset that combines information from the Postsecondary Information System (PSIS) with personal income tax data to examine the labour market outcomes of graduates from universities in the Maritime provinces (Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). In this pilot study, the outcomes of six cohorts of young people who graduated from a university in the Maritime provinces between 2006 and 2011 are examined, including 37,425 undergraduate degree holders (those with a bachelor’s degree) and 6,740 graduate degree holders (those with a master’s degree or a doctorate).

    Release date: 2017-04-11

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114643
    Description:

    This article provides information on women aged 25 to 64 in natural and applied science occupations in Canada (i.e. scientific occupations), using data from the 1991 and 2001 censuses and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). The employment conditions of men and women in these occupations are also examined, based on data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

    Release date: 2016-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201500114155
    Description:

    Using data from the Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD), this study examines whether the expected retirement age varies according to the unemployment rate of the economic region. In addition, the study verifies if the relationship between the unemployment rate of the economic region and the probability of permanent retirement remains when other factors are accounted for.

    Release date: 2015-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400114035
    Description:

    This article provides information on the evolution of the minimum wage since 1975, the average hourly wage, and on the ratio between these two indicators. The article also sheds light on the increase in the proportion of paid workers earning minimum wage between 1997 and 2013, as well as the characteristics of workers most likely to be paid at this minimum rate.

    Release date: 2014-07-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201300111878
    Description:

    In Canada, unionization rates declined in the 1980s and the 1990s, but remained relatively stable over the 2000s. However, the rates evolved differently across various characteristics, including gender, age groups, provinces, and industries. In this analysis, unionization rates are examined across various characteristics over the last three decades.

    Release date: 2013-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201300111847
    Description:

    The social and economic well-being of young people currently generates a lot of interest. Are young people different from previous generations? Do they experience more difficulties in the labour market? Are some doing better than others?

    Release date: 2013-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201200111750
    Description:

    This article provides estimates of the expected working life and post-retirement life-expectancy of workers when they reach 50 years of age. Estimates for various educational attainment categories are also provided, by taking both voluntary and involuntary retirements into account.

    Release date: 2012-12-04

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201100411578
    Description:

    This article examines changes since 1976 in a number of indicators that show the aging of Canadian workers and a growing number of workers delaying retirement. The increase in delayed retirement is consistent with an increase in the employment rate of older workers, however, it is at odds with statistics indicating that the average retirement age has remained surprisingly stable. This article attempts to reconcile the two apparently contradictory trends using a new expected working-life indicator.

    Release date: 2011-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201100111410
    Description:

    The Canadian labour market recently experienced its most significant downturn since the 1990 - 1992 recession. Although employment rebounded more quickly than during the downturns of the early 1980s and early 1990s, the number of individuals without a job remains significantly higher than at the beginning of the downturn. This article investigates how various categories of non-workers grew in the past two years. It also discusses alternative measures of unemployment that include some of these categories in the calculations. Several of the alternative measures also include part-time workers who would prefer to work full time.

    Release date: 2011-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201011113260
    Description:

    This article tracks trends in temporary employment since the Labour Force Survey (LFS) began measuring it from 1997 to 2009 with particular attention to the recent economic downturn. It also examines the earnings gap between temporary and permanent positions and looks at whether that gap changed during the recent employment slowdown.

    Release date: 2010-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201010513250
    Description:

    Layoffs displace a large number of workers each year, and they are known to have lasting effects on individuals' standard of living. This study conducts a comparative analysis of the risk of layoff between the 1990s and 2000s, seeking to identify the factors associated with this risk. It then examines the duration of jobless spells as well as various characteristics of the lost jobs and subsequent jobs, such as the wage, union coverage and participation in a retirement plan.

    Release date: 2010-06-22

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200911211048
    Description:

    The Canadian labour market recently experienced its worst downturn since the recession of the early 1990s. Since employment last peaked in October 2008, employment declined by 2.3%, or 400,000 individuals. This article uses data from the Labour Force Survey to examine variations in employment levels from October 2008 to October 2009 across a variety of personal and job characteristics. Comparisons are also made with earlier recessions and the U.S. labour market.

    Release date: 2010-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200911013237
    Description:

    Between 1980 and 2005, parental work time increased by substantial margins, especially for families located at the bottom and in the middle of the earnings distribution. However, this increase occurred against a backdrop of a stronger increase in earnings for families at the top of the earnings distribution. This study finds that high earnings families earned more in 2005 than in 1980 for a given amount of parental work time, likely because of higher wages.

    Release date: 2009-12-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200901111023
    Description:

    A look at how the labour market changed between October 2008 and 2009.

    Release date: 2009-11-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200910513229
    Description:

    Longitudinal data show that disability can be temporary or episodic. Between 1999 and 2004, only 13% of those reporting a disability were affected for the entire 6 years. The longer the disability period, the more likely the individuals were to have less education, be women, be older, live alone and work fewer hours per year. Moreover, the effects of a disability were often felt outside the actual period of the disability.

    Release date: 2009-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200811210766
    Description:

    During the 1991 to 2006 period, the proportion of immigrants with a university degree in jobs with low educational requirements increased, not only among recent immigrants but also among established ones. The increases for established immigrants suggest that the difficulties, which have long plagued recent immigrants, are not necessarily temporary. Changes in the profile of established immigrants - particularly language and country of origin - accounted for only a quarter of the deterioration for established immigrants.

    Release date: 2009-03-18

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200510613145
    Description:

    Changes in hours worked normally track employment changes very closely. Recently, however, employment has increased more than hours, resulting in an unprecedented gap. In effect, the average annual hours worked have decreased by the equivalent of two weeks. Many factors can affect the hours worked. Some are structural or cyclical - population aging, industrial shifts, the business cycle, natural disasters, legislative changes or personal preferences. Others are a result of the survey methodology. How have the various factors contributed to the recent drop in hours of work?

    Release date: 2005-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200510113135
    Description:

    This study looks at the wage gap between temporary and permanent employees over the 1997 to 2003 period. The comparison is made according to type of temporary employment, since the characteristics of employees vary greatly according to whether they are term or contract, seasonal, casual, or from a temporary agency. Also addressed is the economic vulnerability of temporary workers: Does the wage gap persist when hours worked, earnings of other household members, and number of dependants are considered?

    Release date: 2005-03-23

  • Technical products: 11F0024M20040007451
    Description:

    Our social contacts and networks influence many aspects of our lives. Both workers and employers use "social networks" in various ways. Information from personal and professional contacts may lead to a better "match" between a worker and a job than do hirings through purely formal means without access to information from personal contacts. This improved match may also lead to better job outcomes. Social networks could also been seen to be limiting or exclusive of some workers. This presentation discusses findings from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics on the use of personal and professional networks in obtaining work. Who uses social networks to find work? What types of work are obtained? Is there a relationship between the use of personal or professional contacts and job outcomes? These are questions of interest for workers, employers and professionals in human resources and employment services.

    Release date: 2004-11-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200410613121
    Description:

    This paper examines the problems new immigrants have when looking for a job in Canada, including non-recognition of their credentials, their education level, and their experience abroad.

    Release date: 2004-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20031126699
    Description:

    This paper examines characteristics and earnings of health workers - professionals, technical personnel and support personnel - using the 1991 and 2001 censuses. It examines the characteristics of nurses and doctors in more detail.

    Release date: 2004-03-19

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20020016069
    Description:

    A look at how long after a layoff before a person finds a new job,and the factors that influence the duration of joblessness.

    Release date: 2002-01-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010105960
    Description:

    This study looks at the results of permanent layoffs from full-time jobs. How long does it take laid-off workers to find a new job? What factors affect the length of joblessness? For those who are successful in finding a new job, what is the wage gap between the old job and the new one? What factors influence this wage gap?

    Release date: 2001-10-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010075883
    Description:

    This paper describes the incidence of training activity and the duration of training episodes during the 1990s among adult Canadians who were not full- or part-time students.

    Release date: 2001-09-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19990044755
    Description:

    In addition to the Survey of Consumer Finances, the Labour Force Survey now provides a way of comparing women's earnings with men's. The tow measures are explained here, as are the reasons for the sizable gap between them.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

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Analysis (52)

Analysis (52) (25 of 52 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201700114798
    Description:

    This study uses a new longitudinal dataset that combines information from the Postsecondary Information System (PSIS) with personal income tax data to examine the labour market outcomes of graduates from universities in the Maritime provinces (Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). In this pilot study, the outcomes of six cohorts of young people who graduated from a university in the Maritime provinces between 2006 and 2011 are examined, including 37,425 undergraduate degree holders (those with a bachelor’s degree) and 6,740 graduate degree holders (those with a master’s degree or a doctorate).

    Release date: 2017-04-11

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114643
    Description:

    This article provides information on women aged 25 to 64 in natural and applied science occupations in Canada (i.e. scientific occupations), using data from the 1991 and 2001 censuses and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). The employment conditions of men and women in these occupations are also examined, based on data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

    Release date: 2016-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201500114155
    Description:

    Using data from the Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD), this study examines whether the expected retirement age varies according to the unemployment rate of the economic region. In addition, the study verifies if the relationship between the unemployment rate of the economic region and the probability of permanent retirement remains when other factors are accounted for.

    Release date: 2015-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201400114035
    Description:

    This article provides information on the evolution of the minimum wage since 1975, the average hourly wage, and on the ratio between these two indicators. The article also sheds light on the increase in the proportion of paid workers earning minimum wage between 1997 and 2013, as well as the characteristics of workers most likely to be paid at this minimum rate.

    Release date: 2014-07-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201300111878
    Description:

    In Canada, unionization rates declined in the 1980s and the 1990s, but remained relatively stable over the 2000s. However, the rates evolved differently across various characteristics, including gender, age groups, provinces, and industries. In this analysis, unionization rates are examined across various characteristics over the last three decades.

    Release date: 2013-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201300111847
    Description:

    The social and economic well-being of young people currently generates a lot of interest. Are young people different from previous generations? Do they experience more difficulties in the labour market? Are some doing better than others?

    Release date: 2013-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201200111750
    Description:

    This article provides estimates of the expected working life and post-retirement life-expectancy of workers when they reach 50 years of age. Estimates for various educational attainment categories are also provided, by taking both voluntary and involuntary retirements into account.

    Release date: 2012-12-04

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201100411578
    Description:

    This article examines changes since 1976 in a number of indicators that show the aging of Canadian workers and a growing number of workers delaying retirement. The increase in delayed retirement is consistent with an increase in the employment rate of older workers, however, it is at odds with statistics indicating that the average retirement age has remained surprisingly stable. This article attempts to reconcile the two apparently contradictory trends using a new expected working-life indicator.

    Release date: 2011-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201100111410
    Description:

    The Canadian labour market recently experienced its most significant downturn since the 1990 - 1992 recession. Although employment rebounded more quickly than during the downturns of the early 1980s and early 1990s, the number of individuals without a job remains significantly higher than at the beginning of the downturn. This article investigates how various categories of non-workers grew in the past two years. It also discusses alternative measures of unemployment that include some of these categories in the calculations. Several of the alternative measures also include part-time workers who would prefer to work full time.

    Release date: 2011-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201011113260
    Description:

    This article tracks trends in temporary employment since the Labour Force Survey (LFS) began measuring it from 1997 to 2009 with particular attention to the recent economic downturn. It also examines the earnings gap between temporary and permanent positions and looks at whether that gap changed during the recent employment slowdown.

    Release date: 2010-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201010513250
    Description:

    Layoffs displace a large number of workers each year, and they are known to have lasting effects on individuals' standard of living. This study conducts a comparative analysis of the risk of layoff between the 1990s and 2000s, seeking to identify the factors associated with this risk. It then examines the duration of jobless spells as well as various characteristics of the lost jobs and subsequent jobs, such as the wage, union coverage and participation in a retirement plan.

    Release date: 2010-06-22

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200911211048
    Description:

    The Canadian labour market recently experienced its worst downturn since the recession of the early 1990s. Since employment last peaked in October 2008, employment declined by 2.3%, or 400,000 individuals. This article uses data from the Labour Force Survey to examine variations in employment levels from October 2008 to October 2009 across a variety of personal and job characteristics. Comparisons are also made with earlier recessions and the U.S. labour market.

    Release date: 2010-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200911013237
    Description:

    Between 1980 and 2005, parental work time increased by substantial margins, especially for families located at the bottom and in the middle of the earnings distribution. However, this increase occurred against a backdrop of a stronger increase in earnings for families at the top of the earnings distribution. This study finds that high earnings families earned more in 2005 than in 1980 for a given amount of parental work time, likely because of higher wages.

    Release date: 2009-12-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200901111023
    Description:

    A look at how the labour market changed between October 2008 and 2009.

    Release date: 2009-11-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200910513229
    Description:

    Longitudinal data show that disability can be temporary or episodic. Between 1999 and 2004, only 13% of those reporting a disability were affected for the entire 6 years. The longer the disability period, the more likely the individuals were to have less education, be women, be older, live alone and work fewer hours per year. Moreover, the effects of a disability were often felt outside the actual period of the disability.

    Release date: 2009-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200811210766
    Description:

    During the 1991 to 2006 period, the proportion of immigrants with a university degree in jobs with low educational requirements increased, not only among recent immigrants but also among established ones. The increases for established immigrants suggest that the difficulties, which have long plagued recent immigrants, are not necessarily temporary. Changes in the profile of established immigrants - particularly language and country of origin - accounted for only a quarter of the deterioration for established immigrants.

    Release date: 2009-03-18

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200510613145
    Description:

    Changes in hours worked normally track employment changes very closely. Recently, however, employment has increased more than hours, resulting in an unprecedented gap. In effect, the average annual hours worked have decreased by the equivalent of two weeks. Many factors can affect the hours worked. Some are structural or cyclical - population aging, industrial shifts, the business cycle, natural disasters, legislative changes or personal preferences. Others are a result of the survey methodology. How have the various factors contributed to the recent drop in hours of work?

    Release date: 2005-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200510113135
    Description:

    This study looks at the wage gap between temporary and permanent employees over the 1997 to 2003 period. The comparison is made according to type of temporary employment, since the characteristics of employees vary greatly according to whether they are term or contract, seasonal, casual, or from a temporary agency. Also addressed is the economic vulnerability of temporary workers: Does the wage gap persist when hours worked, earnings of other household members, and number of dependants are considered?

    Release date: 2005-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200410613121
    Description:

    This paper examines the problems new immigrants have when looking for a job in Canada, including non-recognition of their credentials, their education level, and their experience abroad.

    Release date: 2004-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20031126699
    Description:

    This paper examines characteristics and earnings of health workers - professionals, technical personnel and support personnel - using the 1991 and 2001 censuses. It examines the characteristics of nurses and doctors in more detail.

    Release date: 2004-03-19

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20020016069
    Description:

    A look at how long after a layoff before a person finds a new job,and the factors that influence the duration of joblessness.

    Release date: 2002-01-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010105960
    Description:

    This study looks at the results of permanent layoffs from full-time jobs. How long does it take laid-off workers to find a new job? What factors affect the length of joblessness? For those who are successful in finding a new job, what is the wage gap between the old job and the new one? What factors influence this wage gap?

    Release date: 2001-10-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010075883
    Description:

    This paper describes the incidence of training activity and the duration of training episodes during the 1990s among adult Canadians who were not full- or part-time students.

    Release date: 2001-09-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19990044755
    Description:

    In addition to the Survey of Consumer Finances, the Labour Force Survey now provides a way of comparing women's earnings with men's. The tow measures are explained here, as are the reasons for the sizable gap between them.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19990014409
    Description:

    Of the 8.4 million job hirings that took place during 1994 and 1995, most were the result of informal recruitment methods as opposed to traditional responses to job advertisements. This study, which complements Perspectives' Autumn 1998 article on job search methods, examines worker and firm traits that influence the matching of jobs and workers.

    Release date: 1999-03-03

Reference (1)

Reference (1) (1 result)

  • Technical products: 11F0024M20040007451
    Description:

    Our social contacts and networks influence many aspects of our lives. Both workers and employers use "social networks" in various ways. Information from personal and professional contacts may lead to a better "match" between a worker and a job than do hirings through purely formal means without access to information from personal contacts. This improved match may also lead to better job outcomes. Social networks could also been seen to be limiting or exclusive of some workers. This presentation discusses findings from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics on the use of personal and professional networks in obtaining work. Who uses social networks to find work? What types of work are obtained? Is there a relationship between the use of personal or professional contacts and job outcomes? These are questions of interest for workers, employers and professionals in human resources and employment services.

    Release date: 2004-11-25

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