Statistics by subject – Crime and justice

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  • Journals and periodicals: 85-002-X
    Description:

    This publication provides in-depth analysis and detailed statistics on a variety of topics and issues related to justice and public safety. Topics include crime, victimization, homicide, civil, family and criminal courts, and correctional services. Issues related to community safety, and perceptions of safety are also covered. The publication is intended for those with an interest in Canada's justice and public safety systems as well as those who plan, establish, administer and evaluate programs and projects related to justice and public safety.

    Release date: 2017-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154866
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents a statistical profile of sexual assaults reported by police in Canada between 2009 and 2014. A comprehensive analysis of incident, victim and accused characteristics over a six-year period is undertaken to offer a deeper understanding of those who commit sexual assault and those who are victims of it. Factors explored include location of the sexual assault, weapon(s) used, level of physical injury to the victim, as well as the age and sex profiles of accused and victims and the relationship between them. For the first time, new analysis on the delay in reporting to police is presented. Findings are compared with physical assault where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point. This Juristat article serves as the baseline profile for a forthcoming study that traces the outcomes of sexual assault cases in the justice system.

    Release date: 2017-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201700114840
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is presently preparing the statistical system to be able to gauge the impact of the transition from illegal to legal non-medical cannabis use and to shed light on the social and economic activities related to the use of cannabis thereafter. While the system of social statistics captures some information on the use of cannabis, updates will be required to more accurately measure health effects and the impact on the judicial system. Current statistical infrastructure used to more comprehensively measure the use and impacts of substances such as tobacco and alcohol could be adapted to do the same for cannabis. However, available economic statistics are largely silent on the role illegal drugs play in the economy. Both social and economic statistics will need to be updated to reflect the legalization of cannabis and the challenge is especially great for economic statistics This paper provides a summary of the work that is now under way toward these ends.

    Release date: 2017-09-28

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201700154869
    Description:

    This study uses self-reported data from the 2014 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization to examine trends in and characteristics of childhood physical abuse over time. Respondents are grouped into one of three birth cohorts: (1) 1940 to 1959; (2) 1960 to 1979; or (3) 1980 to 1999. For each cohort, this article also explores the relationship to the person responsible for the most serious incident of abuse during childhood as well as the probability that it was disclosed to someone. This article also examines the association between childhood physical abuse and various indicators of social integration and trust, health and victimization during young adulthood.

    Release date: 2017-09-20

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154844
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the characteristics and outcomes of cases in adult criminal courts for selected offences that were subject to changes in mandatory minimum penalties legislation enacted from 2005 to 2012. Specifically, the analysis looks at sentencing for offences occurring before and after the introduction or amendment of mandatory minimum penalties, using data from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey. In particular, the report focusses on cases where the most serious offence involved selected sexual violations against children, child pornography, or selected firearms-related offences.

    Release date: 2017-08-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154842
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2016 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2017-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114842
    Description:

    This Juristat article uses self-reported data from the 2014 General Social Survey on Canadians' Safety (Victimization) to present information on sexual assault in Canada, including sexual attacks, unwanted sexual touching and sexual activity where the victim was unable to consent. This article examines the characteristics of sexual assault victims and their perceptions of safety, and the characteristics of sexual assault offenders and incidents. The emotional and physical consequences of sexual assault, in addition to reporting sexual assault to the police and the reasons for not reporting, are also discussed.

    Release date: 2017-07-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114832
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the nature and extent of police-reported hate crime in Canada. Key topics include motivations for hate crime (e.g. race/ethnicity, religion, and sexual orientation), types of offences, geographical comparisons and accused/victim characteristics. The article uses data from the Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey which gathers data from police records.

    Release date: 2017-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201500114785
    Description:

    This chapter of Women in Canada explores the criminal victimization of women and girls as well as their involvement in the criminal justice system as offenders. It covers the types of criminal victimization experienced by females over time; where possible, highlighting important differences in violent crime by Aboriginal identity, immigrant status, visible minority status and age. The use of formal and informal support services is explored, including changes over time in the use of police services. This chapter also reports trends in the number and types of crimes committed by females, along with their involvement in the criminal courts and correctional systems.

    Release date: 2017-06-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114777
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines trends in police resources for Canada, the provinces and territories, and select police services. The number of police officers per 100,000 population (rate of police strength) is presented for each of the national, provincial/territorial, and for select police services. Additionally, other police personnel statistics, including gender, hirings, departures, and eligibility to retire of police officers, and data on expenditures on policing (a component of justice system spending) are presented for the national and provincial/territorial levels. Finally, selected personnel data are presented at the national level, including rank, age group, and years of service of police officers, as well as the number of civilians.

    Release date: 2017-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114702
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of youth under correctional supervision in Canada in 2015/2016. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts, intakes, admissions and the characteristics of youth in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are discussed.

    Release date: 2017-03-01

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114700
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of adults admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2015/2016. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2017-03-01

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114699
    Description:

    This Juristat examines the number and types of cases completed in adult criminal courts on an annual basis. Characteristics of the accused, case decisions, types of sentences imposed and case completion times are also explored. Data are presented at both the national and provincial/territorial levels.

    Release date: 2017-02-21

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114698
    Description:

    This Juristat article profiles a general overview of family violence in Canada, intimate partner violence (including both spousal and dating violence partners), family violence against children and youth, and family violence against seniors. This annual article is designed to help monitor changes in family violence over time and identify emerging issues.

    Release date: 2017-02-16

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114689
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides an overview of existing measures of organized crime in Canada in 2013 and 2014 and raises awareness regarding data availability, and the efforts being made to collect national police-reported data through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.

    Release date: 2017-01-18

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114691
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents information on the short and long-term trends in the use of remand at the national and provincial/territorial levels for adults and youth. Remand is the temporary detention of a person while awaiting trial or sentencing. The analysis looks at the number of adults and youth on remand, the number of admissions of adults and youth to remand and the length of time spent in remand.

    Release date: 2017-01-10

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114693
    Description:

    Based on data from the 2014 General Social Survey, this article examines the characteristics associated with being a victim of cyberbullying or cyberstalking within the last five years for the population aged 15 to 29. This article also examines the association between cyberbullying and cyberstalking and various indicators of trust, personal behaviour and mental health.

    Release date: 2016-12-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114679
    Description:

    Using data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, this Juristat article presents data on police-reported impaired driving, including data specific to drug-impaired driving. More precisely, it examines the trends of impaired driving in Canada, the provinces and territories and in census metropolitan areas. Characteristics of impaired driving, such as the age and sex of accused persons and the time of day or time of year when those incidents occur, are also examined. The analysis is also supported by self-reported data on impaired driving from the Canadian community health survey. This Juristat article also presents data on impaired driving cases completed by criminal courts, including comparisons between alcohol and drug-impaired cases.

    Release date: 2016-12-14

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-603-X
    Description:

    This article presents results from the first Survey of Sexual Misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces. Namely, the prevalence of general sexualized behaviour in the workplace; discrimination on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity; personal experiences of discrimination or sexualized behaviour; the prevalence of sexual assault; and knowledge of policies on sexual misconduct and perceptions of responses to sexual misconduct are examined. Where possible, results are analyzed by sex, environmental command, type of service, age, rank, and number of years of service.

    Release date: 2016-11-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2016008
    Description:

    This infographic describes the nature and extent of homicide in Canada in 2015, using police-reported data from the 2015 Homicide Survey. Findings include results at the national and Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) levels. Also included are findings related to the Aboriginal identity of victims and accused persons, sex of victims of homicide, relationship types between accused persons and victims, and common methods of committing homicide.

    Release date: 2016-11-23

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114668
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents 2015 homicide data. Short and long-term trends in homicide are examined at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Gang-related homicides, firearm-related homicides, intimate partner homicides, and homicides committed by youth are also explored. This Juristat also presents a special analysis of the circumstances surrounding homicides of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal females committed by 'casual acquaintances' from 1980 to 2015.

    Release date: 2016-11-23

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114678
    Description:

    This study provides information on the number of Canadians who reported that they ever had to temporarily live with family, friends, in their car, or anywhere else because they had nowhere else to live—a situation referred to as ‘hidden’ or ‘concealed’ homelessness. It also examines the characteristics of those who had experienced hidden homelessness at some point in their life.

    Release date: 2016-11-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114670
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the scope of police-reported prostitution-related offences in Canada, including the frequency of prostitution-related incidents between 2009 and 2014. Police-reported prostitution incidents by sex are also analyzed, as well as homicides of sex workers, and criminal court outcomes for prostitution-related cases.

    Release date: 2016-11-10

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114638
    Description:

    Using data from the Survey of Emergency Preparedness and Resilience (SEPR) in Canada, these fact sheets present the risk awareness, emergency preparedness and previous experience with emergencies and disasters of Canadians aged 15 and over living in 73 communities across the provinces. The SEPR was developed in partnership with both Defence Research and Development Canada's Centre for Security Science and Public Safety Canada, and was conducted for the first time in 2014. The information presented contributes to the understanding of community resilience in Canada by examining how Canadians living in various communities prepare for and respond to emergencies or disasters.

    Release date: 2016-10-13

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2016004
    Description:

    This video details the Crime Severity Index (CSI).

    Release date: 2016-07-20

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