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All (28)

All (28) (25 of 28 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154842
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2016 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2017-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114641
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the scope of police-reported human trafficking in Canada, including the frequency of trafficking incidents. It also describes the characteristics of victims and of those accused of trafficking in persons and presents information on criminal court cases related to trafficking in persons.

    Release date: 2016-07-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114201
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the trends in police-reported drug crime as well as a sub-set of criminal courts cases which were successfully linked to Controlled Drugs and Substances Act offences. Using data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and a link completed using the Integrated Criminal Court Survey, this article explores the short and long-term trends in drug offences, the types of drugs and offences, court case decisions, and the characteristics of adults and youth accused.

    Release date: 2015-06-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114176
    Description:

    This Juristat article reports on Canadians’ with a mental or substance use disorder and their contact with police. Using data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health, this article explores the type of contact that Canadians with a disorder have with police and how it differs from those without a disorder. In addition, the prevalence of mental or substance use disorders by selected demographic characteristics are also discussed.

    Release date: 2015-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201400111910
    Description:

    This Juristat Bulletin presents the most up-to-date results from the Legal Aid Survey which collects information on the operation of Canada's 13 legal aid plans. Information is provided on revenues, expenditures, personnel, and caseload (e.g., applications for legal aid services) associated with the delivery of legal aid in Canada.

    Release date: 2014-03-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201300111780
    Description:

    This Juristat article profiles cases enrolled with a Maintenance Enforcement Program (MEP) and examines changes in the payment patterns of child and spousal support over time. It focuses on payors with ongoing monthly support obligations in order to examine changes in the proportion of payors making a monthly support payment during the first years of enrolment in a MEP, changes in enforcement activity, and changes in payors' patterns of payment regularity over time. The analysis draws on information from the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs.

    Release date: 2013-04-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201200111634
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines some of the key aspects associated with divorce cases in civil court, including the caseload and types of court activity associated with divorce cases, as well as the length of time taken to process and reach a divorce judgment in these cases. The article presents information from the Civil Court Survey for seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

    Release date: 2012-03-28

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111423
    Description:

    Using information from the Civil Court Survey, the article focuses on family law cases involving child custody, access and support arrangements in seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It examines some of the key aspects associated with these cases, including the types of court activity as well as the length of time taken to process and reach decisions in such cases.

    Release date: 2011-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201000111158
    Description:

    This article explores the processing of divorce cases in civil courts in seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Using information from the Civil Court Survey, the article examines some of the key aspects associated with divorce cases, including the volume of cases, the types of court activity associated with the cases, and the length of time taken to process and reach decisions in these cases. Issues identified in these divorce cases, such as access, custody, property and support, are also examined.

    Release date: 2010-05-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201000111123
    Description:

    This article uses the 2004 General Social Survey on criminal victimization to explore how men and women of the core working age population (25 to 54 years) living in Census Metropolitan Areas differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. The results indicate that though men and women do not differ substantially in the amount of crime they perceive around them - they do differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. This difference remains unchanged even when other factors like fear of crime, income, age, and victimization experiences are taken into account.

    Release date: 2010-03-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900310903
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the influence of age, education and employment status on the incarceration rates for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adults in custody in selected jurisdictions on Census day, meaning May 16 2006. Information on the types of rehabilitative treatments needs of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders for two jurisdictions, Saskatchewan and the Correctional Service of Canada, is also provided. In addition, this article highlights the changes in the number of adults admitted to custody and community supervision from 2006/2007 to 2007/2008 and the characteristics of these admissions, including age, sex and Aboriginal identity.

    Release date: 2009-07-21

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900210846
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young persons under correctional services, in the fifth year since the introduction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), which came into effect on April 1, 2003. It uses data from the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey and the Integrated Correctional Services Survey (ICSS) to analyze trends in admissions to and releases from correctional services including, sentenced custody, remand (pre-trial detention), probation, the community portion of a custody sentence, and deferred custody and supervision order sentence. These data are examined based on key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal identity, most serious offence and length of time served. Data are analyzed at the provincial/territorial as well as national levels.

    Release date: 2009-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200801010745
    Description:

    In 2004/2005, the International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) was conducted for a fifth time. The purpose of the ICVS is to provide comparable international information on the nature and extent of crime using a standard questionnaire, survey procedures and techniques. The international survey measures the prevalence of victimization among people aged 16 and over, based on a series of ten offences. It also covers the reporting of criminal victimization incidents to the police, satisfaction with the police response, victim support, fear of crime, use of crime prevention measures and attitudes toward sentences.

    This article is an adaptation of the publication Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS. It compares Canada's results with those of other countries who participated in the 2004/2005 survey, focusing on several aspects: victimization prevalence rates, the rates of reporting to the police, and respondents' satisfaction with the police.

    Canada participated in the most recent cycle of the survey conducted by Léger Marketing through the Department of Justice of Canada. It is one of the 30 countries that participated in the 2004/2005 cycle, and one of five industrialized countries to have participated in all cycles of the survey.

    Release date: 2008-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800910706
    Description:

    This Juristat article discusses changes in sentencing patterns which have occurred while the numbers of adults held in remand (pre-trial detention) and the length of remand stays have increased. The analysis discusses data from the adult criminal court system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2006/2007 and the adult correctional system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2005/2006.

    Release date: 2008-10-23

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X200800210621
    Description:

    "Signs of crime," which criminologists often call incivility, range from evidence of drug dealing and drug use to garbage littering the neighbourhood. When these perceptions of incivility reach levels of being considered a problem by residents, they can disrupt the community as a whole and lead to feelings of insecurity. This article will examine perceptions of incivility problems within some of Canada's census metropolitan areas. Then, it will look at patterns of perceptions of incivility problems by neighbourhood types.

    Release date: 2008-07-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800110509
    Description:

    Using administrative data, this Juristat is intended to provide a profile of female offenders in Canada. Police-reported data are used to present information on the nature and extent of crime among female youth and adults in 2005 and then examine trends in the rate of female youth and adults charged by police with violent and property offences from 1986 to 2005. Data are compared with crime rates among male youth and adults to illustrate differences in levels and patterns of offending. The report also examines the processing of female youth and adults through the courts and provides characteristics of adult females under federal and provincial/territorial corrections. Again, comparisons are drawn with court activity involving males and with adults males under correctional services.

    Release date: 2008-01-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040118410
    Description:

    This report, based on data from the 2002/03 Victim Services Survey, provides a profile of victim service agencies in Canada and the clients they served. Data are presented on the types of agencies in Canada, the services offered, staff and volunteers, criminal injuries compensation applications and awards, and client characteristics such as sex, age grouping and type of victimization.

    The report also contains some information on transition homes and shelters for abused women and their children that was collected by Statistics Canada's 2001/2002 Transition Home Survey.

    Release date: 2004-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030068425
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat presents statistical information on the extent and nature of sexual offences in Canada. Rates of sexual offences are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels and for major metropolitan areas. Data used in the report include police statistics from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and the Homicide Survey and court data from the Adult Criminal Court Survey and the Youth Court Survey. This Juristat also presents analysis from the 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization and takes into account historical and recent amendments to the Criminal Code concerning sexual offences. Other topics include child pornography, trafficking of persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation, child prostitution, dating violence and homicides involving sexual violence.

    Release date: 2003-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000138386
    Description:

    This report provides an overview of residential, business and 'other' break and enter (B & E) offences in Canada, including trends at the national, provincial and metropolitan area levels, as well as characteristics of B & E incidents, accused persons and victims. In addition the offence known as "home invasion" is also discussed. Data are examined from both the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) survey and the General Social Survey (GSS) on victimization. Data from both youth and adult court are examined to look at the types of sentences being given to persons convicted of B & E offences.

    Release date: 2000-12-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000088381
    Description:

    This Juristat presents and analyzes information on young offender admissions to custody and community services, with breakdowns by custody (secure custody, open custody, remand) and probation, and key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal status, and most serious offence. In addition, it includes data pertaining to releases from remand, secure custody, and open custody by sex and time served. These breakdowns are presented and analyzed at the national and provincial/territorial level.

    Data summarized in this Juristat are primarily drawn from the national Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey. The scope of the survey is to collect and analyze information on the application of dispositions under the Young Offenders Act from provincial and territorial agencies responsible for youth corrections and programs.

    Release date: 2000-09-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990088302
    Description:

    In Canada, diversion is an alternative to the formal court process which is available to persons in conflict with the law. Diversion can take two forms: police discretion or alternative measures. Alternative measures aim to divert persons accused of less serious offences out of the formal justice system. Alternative measures programs provide these persons with the opportunity to avoid the consequences of having a criminal record, while holding them accountable in a manner which is visible to the community. The purpose of this Juristat is to provide descriptive information on policies and procedures, as well as quantitative information on the administration of alternative measures for young persons in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014577
    Description:

    This article looks at the factors that increase the chances of youth becoming involved in crime.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980148295
    Description:

    During 1997-98, adult criminal courts in the nine participating jurisdictions disposed of 411,576 cases, involving 864,837 charges.

    Release date: 1998-12-17

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980118293
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-07-22

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Analysis (28)

Analysis (28) (25 of 28 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154842
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2016 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2017-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114641
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the scope of police-reported human trafficking in Canada, including the frequency of trafficking incidents. It also describes the characteristics of victims and of those accused of trafficking in persons and presents information on criminal court cases related to trafficking in persons.

    Release date: 2016-07-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114201
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the trends in police-reported drug crime as well as a sub-set of criminal courts cases which were successfully linked to Controlled Drugs and Substances Act offences. Using data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and a link completed using the Integrated Criminal Court Survey, this article explores the short and long-term trends in drug offences, the types of drugs and offences, court case decisions, and the characteristics of adults and youth accused.

    Release date: 2015-06-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114176
    Description:

    This Juristat article reports on Canadians’ with a mental or substance use disorder and their contact with police. Using data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health, this article explores the type of contact that Canadians with a disorder have with police and how it differs from those without a disorder. In addition, the prevalence of mental or substance use disorders by selected demographic characteristics are also discussed.

    Release date: 2015-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201400111910
    Description:

    This Juristat Bulletin presents the most up-to-date results from the Legal Aid Survey which collects information on the operation of Canada's 13 legal aid plans. Information is provided on revenues, expenditures, personnel, and caseload (e.g., applications for legal aid services) associated with the delivery of legal aid in Canada.

    Release date: 2014-03-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201300111780
    Description:

    This Juristat article profiles cases enrolled with a Maintenance Enforcement Program (MEP) and examines changes in the payment patterns of child and spousal support over time. It focuses on payors with ongoing monthly support obligations in order to examine changes in the proportion of payors making a monthly support payment during the first years of enrolment in a MEP, changes in enforcement activity, and changes in payors' patterns of payment regularity over time. The analysis draws on information from the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs.

    Release date: 2013-04-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201200111634
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines some of the key aspects associated with divorce cases in civil court, including the caseload and types of court activity associated with divorce cases, as well as the length of time taken to process and reach a divorce judgment in these cases. The article presents information from the Civil Court Survey for seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

    Release date: 2012-03-28

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111423
    Description:

    Using information from the Civil Court Survey, the article focuses on family law cases involving child custody, access and support arrangements in seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It examines some of the key aspects associated with these cases, including the types of court activity as well as the length of time taken to process and reach decisions in such cases.

    Release date: 2011-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201000111158
    Description:

    This article explores the processing of divorce cases in civil courts in seven provinces and territories: Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Using information from the Civil Court Survey, the article examines some of the key aspects associated with divorce cases, including the volume of cases, the types of court activity associated with the cases, and the length of time taken to process and reach decisions in these cases. Issues identified in these divorce cases, such as access, custody, property and support, are also examined.

    Release date: 2010-05-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201000111123
    Description:

    This article uses the 2004 General Social Survey on criminal victimization to explore how men and women of the core working age population (25 to 54 years) living in Census Metropolitan Areas differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. The results indicate that though men and women do not differ substantially in the amount of crime they perceive around them - they do differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. This difference remains unchanged even when other factors like fear of crime, income, age, and victimization experiences are taken into account.

    Release date: 2010-03-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900310903
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the influence of age, education and employment status on the incarceration rates for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adults in custody in selected jurisdictions on Census day, meaning May 16 2006. Information on the types of rehabilitative treatments needs of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders for two jurisdictions, Saskatchewan and the Correctional Service of Canada, is also provided. In addition, this article highlights the changes in the number of adults admitted to custody and community supervision from 2006/2007 to 2007/2008 and the characteristics of these admissions, including age, sex and Aboriginal identity.

    Release date: 2009-07-21

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900210846
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young persons under correctional services, in the fifth year since the introduction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), which came into effect on April 1, 2003. It uses data from the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey and the Integrated Correctional Services Survey (ICSS) to analyze trends in admissions to and releases from correctional services including, sentenced custody, remand (pre-trial detention), probation, the community portion of a custody sentence, and deferred custody and supervision order sentence. These data are examined based on key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal identity, most serious offence and length of time served. Data are analyzed at the provincial/territorial as well as national levels.

    Release date: 2009-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200801010745
    Description:

    In 2004/2005, the International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) was conducted for a fifth time. The purpose of the ICVS is to provide comparable international information on the nature and extent of crime using a standard questionnaire, survey procedures and techniques. The international survey measures the prevalence of victimization among people aged 16 and over, based on a series of ten offences. It also covers the reporting of criminal victimization incidents to the police, satisfaction with the police response, victim support, fear of crime, use of crime prevention measures and attitudes toward sentences.

    This article is an adaptation of the publication Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS. It compares Canada's results with those of other countries who participated in the 2004/2005 survey, focusing on several aspects: victimization prevalence rates, the rates of reporting to the police, and respondents' satisfaction with the police.

    Canada participated in the most recent cycle of the survey conducted by Léger Marketing through the Department of Justice of Canada. It is one of the 30 countries that participated in the 2004/2005 cycle, and one of five industrialized countries to have participated in all cycles of the survey.

    Release date: 2008-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800910706
    Description:

    This Juristat article discusses changes in sentencing patterns which have occurred while the numbers of adults held in remand (pre-trial detention) and the length of remand stays have increased. The analysis discusses data from the adult criminal court system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2006/2007 and the adult correctional system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2005/2006.

    Release date: 2008-10-23

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X200800210621
    Description:

    "Signs of crime," which criminologists often call incivility, range from evidence of drug dealing and drug use to garbage littering the neighbourhood. When these perceptions of incivility reach levels of being considered a problem by residents, they can disrupt the community as a whole and lead to feelings of insecurity. This article will examine perceptions of incivility problems within some of Canada's census metropolitan areas. Then, it will look at patterns of perceptions of incivility problems by neighbourhood types.

    Release date: 2008-07-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800110509
    Description:

    Using administrative data, this Juristat is intended to provide a profile of female offenders in Canada. Police-reported data are used to present information on the nature and extent of crime among female youth and adults in 2005 and then examine trends in the rate of female youth and adults charged by police with violent and property offences from 1986 to 2005. Data are compared with crime rates among male youth and adults to illustrate differences in levels and patterns of offending. The report also examines the processing of female youth and adults through the courts and provides characteristics of adult females under federal and provincial/territorial corrections. Again, comparisons are drawn with court activity involving males and with adults males under correctional services.

    Release date: 2008-01-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040118410
    Description:

    This report, based on data from the 2002/03 Victim Services Survey, provides a profile of victim service agencies in Canada and the clients they served. Data are presented on the types of agencies in Canada, the services offered, staff and volunteers, criminal injuries compensation applications and awards, and client characteristics such as sex, age grouping and type of victimization.

    The report also contains some information on transition homes and shelters for abused women and their children that was collected by Statistics Canada's 2001/2002 Transition Home Survey.

    Release date: 2004-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030068425
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat presents statistical information on the extent and nature of sexual offences in Canada. Rates of sexual offences are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels and for major metropolitan areas. Data used in the report include police statistics from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and the Homicide Survey and court data from the Adult Criminal Court Survey and the Youth Court Survey. This Juristat also presents analysis from the 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization and takes into account historical and recent amendments to the Criminal Code concerning sexual offences. Other topics include child pornography, trafficking of persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation, child prostitution, dating violence and homicides involving sexual violence.

    Release date: 2003-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000138386
    Description:

    This report provides an overview of residential, business and 'other' break and enter (B & E) offences in Canada, including trends at the national, provincial and metropolitan area levels, as well as characteristics of B & E incidents, accused persons and victims. In addition the offence known as "home invasion" is also discussed. Data are examined from both the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) survey and the General Social Survey (GSS) on victimization. Data from both youth and adult court are examined to look at the types of sentences being given to persons convicted of B & E offences.

    Release date: 2000-12-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000088381
    Description:

    This Juristat presents and analyzes information on young offender admissions to custody and community services, with breakdowns by custody (secure custody, open custody, remand) and probation, and key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal status, and most serious offence. In addition, it includes data pertaining to releases from remand, secure custody, and open custody by sex and time served. These breakdowns are presented and analyzed at the national and provincial/territorial level.

    Data summarized in this Juristat are primarily drawn from the national Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey. The scope of the survey is to collect and analyze information on the application of dispositions under the Young Offenders Act from provincial and territorial agencies responsible for youth corrections and programs.

    Release date: 2000-09-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990088302
    Description:

    In Canada, diversion is an alternative to the formal court process which is available to persons in conflict with the law. Diversion can take two forms: police discretion or alternative measures. Alternative measures aim to divert persons accused of less serious offences out of the formal justice system. Alternative measures programs provide these persons with the opportunity to avoid the consequences of having a criminal record, while holding them accountable in a manner which is visible to the community. The purpose of this Juristat is to provide descriptive information on policies and procedures, as well as quantitative information on the administration of alternative measures for young persons in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014577
    Description:

    This article looks at the factors that increase the chances of youth becoming involved in crime.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980148295
    Description:

    During 1997-98, adult criminal courts in the nine participating jurisdictions disposed of 411,576 cases, involving 864,837 charges.

    Release date: 1998-12-17

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980118293
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-07-22

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