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All (21)

All (21) (21 of 21 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154870
    Description:

    While conviction rates and severity of sentencing outcomes are often used as measures of criminal justice, neither take into account the potentially large volume of cases that never made it to court. For the first time, this Juristat measures the 'fall-out' of sexual assault cases in the Canadian criminal justice system in order to provide vital context for how sexual assaults are handled in the justice system. Using linked data from police services and criminal courts, this study presents new findings on the attrition rate of sexual assaults as well as court outcomes for those that make it to court. Attrition and conviction outcomes are also analyzed by characteristics of the sexual assault incident (e.g., location, weapon use, delay in reporting to police), the accused, the victim (e.g., age, sex, physical injury), and the relationship between them in order to provide more detail on how certain factors may be related to a higher likelihood of dropping out of the justice system. Findings are compared with physical assault outcomes where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point.

    Release date: 2017-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154866
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents a statistical profile of sexual assaults reported by police in Canada between 2009 and 2014. A comprehensive analysis of incident, victim and accused characteristics over a six-year period is undertaken to offer a deeper understanding of those who commit sexual assault and those who are victims of it. Factors explored include location of the sexual assault, weapon(s) used, level of physical injury to the victim, as well as the age and sex profiles of accused and victims and the relationship between them. For the first time, new analysis on the delay in reporting to police is presented. Findings are compared with physical assault where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point. This Juristat article serves as the baseline profile for a forthcoming study that traces the outcomes of sexual assault cases in the justice system.

    Release date: 2017-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114678
    Description:

    This study provides information on the number of Canadians who reported that they ever had to temporarily live with family, friends, in their car, or anywhere else because they had nowhere else to live—a situation referred to as ‘hidden’ or ‘concealed’ homelessness. It also examines the characteristics of those who had experienced hidden homelessness at some point in their life.

    Release date: 2016-11-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114670
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the scope of police-reported prostitution-related offences in Canada, including the frequency of prostitution-related incidents between 2009 and 2014. Police-reported prostitution incidents by sex are also analyzed, as well as homicides of sex workers, and criminal court outcomes for prostitution-related cases.

    Release date: 2016-11-10

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114318
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of adults admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2014/2015. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2016-03-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114176
    Description:

    This Juristat article reports on Canadians’ with a mental or substance use disorder and their contact with police. Using data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health, this article explores the type of contact that Canadians with a disorder have with police and how it differs from those without a disorder. In addition, the prevalence of mental or substance use disorders by selected demographic characteristics are also discussed.

    Release date: 2015-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201300111856
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents information on the nature and extent of co-offending in Canada. It addresses three key areas in relation to co-offending, including: the prevalence of co-offending, factors associated with co-offending and the seriousness of co-offending (i.e. whether incidents committed by two or more people are more or less serious than those committed by a lone accused). The article also examines other aspects related to co-offending, including street gangs, and clearance rates.

    Release date: 2013-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111424
    Description:

    Using data available from the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs, the article examines selected child and spousal support statistics by metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within eight provinces and territories: Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories. A fact sheet is provided for each reporting jurisdiction.

    Release date: 2011-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900110784
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the number of children and families touched by services of the five Maintenance Enforcement Programs currently reporting to the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs (SMEP). Maintenance Enforcement Programs (MEPs) were created to provide assistance to payors and recipients of child and spousal support, and to improve compliance with support payments primarily for the benefit of the children implicated in the parental break up. Also discussed is the amount of support due to families owed child support, the proportion of these families actually receiving support, and the enforcement response by MEPs when payors default on their child support payments. The final section touches on reciprocating enforcement for interprovincial or international cases that involve two MEPs or child support agencies.

    Information is collected through the SMEP. This survey gathers information on the caseload of the MEP, the sex and median age of payors, recipients and children, typical support amounts, compliance rates, information on arrears, frequency and amount of payments, legislation under which the order for support was made, and types of actions that are initiated in order to enforce support.

    This report contains data from Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Alberta, Yukon and the Northwest Territories. In future years, with more provinces and territories able to report to the SMEP, a more complete national picture of maintenance enforcement will emerge.

    Release date: 2009-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040098408
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young offenders in correctional service programs in Canada in 2002/03. The data in the report represent the final year of youth corrections under the Young Offenders Act as the new Youth Criminal Justice Act came into effect on April 1, 2003.

    The data are drawn from three sources: the Youth Key Indicator Report, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey and the Alternative Measures Survey. Data from all these sources are analysed at the provincial/territorial and national levels.

    Release date: 2004-10-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040038402
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young offenders in correctional service programs in Canada for 2001/02. Programs include custodial remand, secure and open custody, and community-based programs such as probation and alternative measures.

    Release date: 2004-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040028427
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Youth Court Statistics, 2002/03, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial youth courts across Canada, which provide data to the Youth Court Survey (YCS). In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused youth, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for the 12-year period from 1991/92, the first year for which national data are available for the YCS, to the current year, 2002/03.

    Release date: 2004-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20020088416
    Description:

    This Juristat presents and analyzes information on young offender admissions to custody and community services, with breakdowns by custody (remand, secure, and open) and probation, and key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal status, and most serious offence. In addition, it includes data pertaining to releases from remand, secure custody, and open custody by sex and time served. These breakdowns are presented and analyzed at the national and provincial/territorial level.

    Alternative measures refer to formalized programs across Canada through which persons who would otherwise proceed to court are dealt with via non-judicial sanctions. An analysis on alternative measures includes data pertaining to the participation and agreement by the youth to enter these community-based alternatives. The key case characteristics of this survey are similar to those collected by the Youth Custody and Community Services survey.

    The Youth Key Indicators describe average daily counts (caseload), which measure the volume of offenders held in custody or on probation on an average day. This information also provides an examination of youth incarceration and probation rates in Canada.

    Data summarized in this Juristat are primarily drawn from three perspectives: 1) The Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey. The scope of the survey is to collect and analyze information on the application of dispositions under the Young Offenders Act from provincial and territorial agencies responsible for youth corrections and programs. 2) The Alternative Measures survey, which collects and analyzes data on the number of agreements achieved and completed. And, 3) The Youth Key Indicator Report that measures the average counts of youth in custody (remand, secure and open) and on probation.

    Release date: 2002-10-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000018374
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 1998/99, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 1998/99 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, for the first time, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1994/95 through 1998/99).

    Release date: 2000-03-31

  • Table: 11-516-X198300111320
    Description:

    This section on crime and justice contains 328 series, arranged in four main sub-sections: crime and law enforcement, (series Z1-65); court proceedings, (series Z66-172); penal institutions, (series Z173-226); and juvenile delinquency, (series Z227-291). Population statistics are appended to facilitate use of the series, (series Z292-328). These series have been selected and arranged not only to provide usable quantitative information covering the field of criminal justice but also to indicate something of the historical development of justice statistics in Canada over the past century.

    Release date: 1999-07-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980088290
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-06-04

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980038287
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on the major areas of the criminal justice system (police, courts, legal aid, prosecutions and correctional services), as well as on a variety of current topics and issues related to justice in Canada.

    Release date: 1998-02-18

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980028260
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on the major areas of the criminal justice system (police, courts, legal aid, prosecutions and correctional services), as well as on a variety of current topics and issues related to justice in Canada.

    Release date: 1998-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970048257
    Description:

    This Juristat examines data from the Adult Corrections Survey (ACS) and provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the adult prison population, operating costs, charge and offence information, sentencing data, and community supervision services. The findings reported here are provided in greater detail in the annual report Adult Correctional Services in Canada, 1995-96(Catalogue 85-211-XPB).

    Release date: 1997-03-04

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970018225
    Description:

    The purpose of this document is to provide a picture of the most recent sentencing trends in Canadian adult provincial courts. Several issues can be explored using the aggregate statistics found in this data base. First, what percentage of all convictions result in a sentence of imprisonment? Many commissions of inquiry as well as the federal government have noted the need to develop more alternatives to imprisonment, in order to reduce Canada's reliance on incarceration as a sanction. Second, what kinds of sanctions are associated with various offences? Third, are sentences proportional in their severity to the seriousness of the crimes for which they are imposed? The principle of proportionality in the use of punishment lies at the heart of the sentencing system in Canada. The recently enacted sentencing reform Bill, declared that "A sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the offence and the degree of responsibility of the offender". Fourth, what kinds of offences attract non-custodial sanctions such as probation and fines?

    Release date: 1997-02-11

Data (1)

Data (1) (1 result)

  • Table: 11-516-X198300111320
    Description:

    This section on crime and justice contains 328 series, arranged in four main sub-sections: crime and law enforcement, (series Z1-65); court proceedings, (series Z66-172); penal institutions, (series Z173-226); and juvenile delinquency, (series Z227-291). Population statistics are appended to facilitate use of the series, (series Z292-328). These series have been selected and arranged not only to provide usable quantitative information covering the field of criminal justice but also to indicate something of the historical development of justice statistics in Canada over the past century.

    Release date: 1999-07-29

Analysis (20)

Analysis (20) (20 of 20 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154870
    Description:

    While conviction rates and severity of sentencing outcomes are often used as measures of criminal justice, neither take into account the potentially large volume of cases that never made it to court. For the first time, this Juristat measures the 'fall-out' of sexual assault cases in the Canadian criminal justice system in order to provide vital context for how sexual assaults are handled in the justice system. Using linked data from police services and criminal courts, this study presents new findings on the attrition rate of sexual assaults as well as court outcomes for those that make it to court. Attrition and conviction outcomes are also analyzed by characteristics of the sexual assault incident (e.g., location, weapon use, delay in reporting to police), the accused, the victim (e.g., age, sex, physical injury), and the relationship between them in order to provide more detail on how certain factors may be related to a higher likelihood of dropping out of the justice system. Findings are compared with physical assault outcomes where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point.

    Release date: 2017-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154866
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents a statistical profile of sexual assaults reported by police in Canada between 2009 and 2014. A comprehensive analysis of incident, victim and accused characteristics over a six-year period is undertaken to offer a deeper understanding of those who commit sexual assault and those who are victims of it. Factors explored include location of the sexual assault, weapon(s) used, level of physical injury to the victim, as well as the age and sex profiles of accused and victims and the relationship between them. For the first time, new analysis on the delay in reporting to police is presented. Findings are compared with physical assault where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point. This Juristat article serves as the baseline profile for a forthcoming study that traces the outcomes of sexual assault cases in the justice system.

    Release date: 2017-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201600114678
    Description:

    This study provides information on the number of Canadians who reported that they ever had to temporarily live with family, friends, in their car, or anywhere else because they had nowhere else to live—a situation referred to as ‘hidden’ or ‘concealed’ homelessness. It also examines the characteristics of those who had experienced hidden homelessness at some point in their life.

    Release date: 2016-11-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114670
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the scope of police-reported prostitution-related offences in Canada, including the frequency of prostitution-related incidents between 2009 and 2014. Police-reported prostitution incidents by sex are also analyzed, as well as homicides of sex workers, and criminal court outcomes for prostitution-related cases.

    Release date: 2016-11-10

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201600114318
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of adults admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2014/2015. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2016-03-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114176
    Description:

    This Juristat article reports on Canadians’ with a mental or substance use disorder and their contact with police. Using data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health, this article explores the type of contact that Canadians with a disorder have with police and how it differs from those without a disorder. In addition, the prevalence of mental or substance use disorders by selected demographic characteristics are also discussed.

    Release date: 2015-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201300111856
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents information on the nature and extent of co-offending in Canada. It addresses three key areas in relation to co-offending, including: the prevalence of co-offending, factors associated with co-offending and the seriousness of co-offending (i.e. whether incidents committed by two or more people are more or less serious than those committed by a lone accused). The article also examines other aspects related to co-offending, including street gangs, and clearance rates.

    Release date: 2013-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111424
    Description:

    Using data available from the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs, the article examines selected child and spousal support statistics by metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within eight provinces and territories: Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories. A fact sheet is provided for each reporting jurisdiction.

    Release date: 2011-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900110784
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the number of children and families touched by services of the five Maintenance Enforcement Programs currently reporting to the Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs (SMEP). Maintenance Enforcement Programs (MEPs) were created to provide assistance to payors and recipients of child and spousal support, and to improve compliance with support payments primarily for the benefit of the children implicated in the parental break up. Also discussed is the amount of support due to families owed child support, the proportion of these families actually receiving support, and the enforcement response by MEPs when payors default on their child support payments. The final section touches on reciprocating enforcement for interprovincial or international cases that involve two MEPs or child support agencies.

    Information is collected through the SMEP. This survey gathers information on the caseload of the MEP, the sex and median age of payors, recipients and children, typical support amounts, compliance rates, information on arrears, frequency and amount of payments, legislation under which the order for support was made, and types of actions that are initiated in order to enforce support.

    This report contains data from Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Alberta, Yukon and the Northwest Territories. In future years, with more provinces and territories able to report to the SMEP, a more complete national picture of maintenance enforcement will emerge.

    Release date: 2009-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040098408
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young offenders in correctional service programs in Canada in 2002/03. The data in the report represent the final year of youth corrections under the Young Offenders Act as the new Youth Criminal Justice Act came into effect on April 1, 2003.

    The data are drawn from three sources: the Youth Key Indicator Report, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey and the Alternative Measures Survey. Data from all these sources are analysed at the provincial/territorial and national levels.

    Release date: 2004-10-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040038402
    Description:

    This Juristat provides an overview of young offenders in correctional service programs in Canada for 2001/02. Programs include custodial remand, secure and open custody, and community-based programs such as probation and alternative measures.

    Release date: 2004-03-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040028427
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Youth Court Statistics, 2002/03, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial youth courts across Canada, which provide data to the Youth Court Survey (YCS). In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused youth, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for the 12-year period from 1991/92, the first year for which national data are available for the YCS, to the current year, 2002/03.

    Release date: 2004-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20020088416
    Description:

    This Juristat presents and analyzes information on young offender admissions to custody and community services, with breakdowns by custody (remand, secure, and open) and probation, and key case characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal status, and most serious offence. In addition, it includes data pertaining to releases from remand, secure custody, and open custody by sex and time served. These breakdowns are presented and analyzed at the national and provincial/territorial level.

    Alternative measures refer to formalized programs across Canada through which persons who would otherwise proceed to court are dealt with via non-judicial sanctions. An analysis on alternative measures includes data pertaining to the participation and agreement by the youth to enter these community-based alternatives. The key case characteristics of this survey are similar to those collected by the Youth Custody and Community Services survey.

    The Youth Key Indicators describe average daily counts (caseload), which measure the volume of offenders held in custody or on probation on an average day. This information also provides an examination of youth incarceration and probation rates in Canada.

    Data summarized in this Juristat are primarily drawn from three perspectives: 1) The Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey. The scope of the survey is to collect and analyze information on the application of dispositions under the Young Offenders Act from provincial and territorial agencies responsible for youth corrections and programs. 2) The Alternative Measures survey, which collects and analyzes data on the number of agreements achieved and completed. And, 3) The Youth Key Indicator Report that measures the average counts of youth in custody (remand, secure and open) and on probation.

    Release date: 2002-10-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000018374
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 1998/99, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 1998/99 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, for the first time, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1994/95 through 1998/99).

    Release date: 2000-03-31

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980088290
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-06-04

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980038287
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on the major areas of the criminal justice system (police, courts, legal aid, prosecutions and correctional services), as well as on a variety of current topics and issues related to justice in Canada.

    Release date: 1998-02-18

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980028260
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on the major areas of the criminal justice system (police, courts, legal aid, prosecutions and correctional services), as well as on a variety of current topics and issues related to justice in Canada.

    Release date: 1998-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970048257
    Description:

    This Juristat examines data from the Adult Corrections Survey (ACS) and provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the adult prison population, operating costs, charge and offence information, sentencing data, and community supervision services. The findings reported here are provided in greater detail in the annual report Adult Correctional Services in Canada, 1995-96(Catalogue 85-211-XPB).

    Release date: 1997-03-04

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970018225
    Description:

    The purpose of this document is to provide a picture of the most recent sentencing trends in Canadian adult provincial courts. Several issues can be explored using the aggregate statistics found in this data base. First, what percentage of all convictions result in a sentence of imprisonment? Many commissions of inquiry as well as the federal government have noted the need to develop more alternatives to imprisonment, in order to reduce Canada's reliance on incarceration as a sanction. Second, what kinds of sanctions are associated with various offences? Third, are sentences proportional in their severity to the seriousness of the crimes for which they are imposed? The principle of proportionality in the use of punishment lies at the heart of the sentencing system in Canada. The recently enacted sentencing reform Bill, declared that "A sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the offence and the degree of responsibility of the offender". Fourth, what kinds of offences attract non-custodial sanctions such as probation and fines?

    Release date: 1997-02-11

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