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All (23)

All (23) (23 of 23 results)

  • Technical products: 85-562-X
    Description:

    Restorative justice processes are rapidly being adopted within Canada, as well as internationally, as a way of responding to crime and victimization. There is, however, little information quantifying the use of restorative justice programs and services in criminal matters in Canada. In order to address this information gap, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics was asked to undertake a special study of restorative justice programs and services.

    This report summarizes the results of consultations with stakeholders and addresses survey definitions, scope, methodology and other related issues required prior to conducting a study on restorative justice programs and services in criminal matters in Canada. The current report also presents an overview of restorative justice philosophy and concepts, and it provides recommendations for conducting a study.

    Release date: 2003-12-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030118426
    Description:

    This Juristat analyses data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2001/02 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average daily counts of adults who have been incarcerated, and average counts of those on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). It also looks at the number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal status.

    Also examined is the cost of correctional services in 2001/02, broken down by type of activity and level of government. Included are the average daily inmate costs from 1999/00 to 2001/02, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2001/02.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030108423
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 2002/03, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial adult criminal courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 2002/03 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1998/99 through 2002/03) as well as a nine-year period (1994/95 through 2002/03).

    Release date: 2003-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030098422
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat focuses on police-reported impaired driving and other traffic offences under the Criminal Code. In addition, analysis is provided on cases of impaired driving and other traffic violations processed in provincial adult criminal courts. The bulk of the analysis is based on police-reported impaired driving statistics, which refer to (1) incidents known to and substantiated by police and (2) persons charged with impaired driving. It touches on a number of points that may be useful in analysing and understanding a behaviour that is considered by some to be a major problem in our society. Included are the possible effects of legislation on impaired driving; identification of variables that may be contributing to trends; methods used by the police to combat the problem; and a brief explanation of dangerous driving. The data cover the period up to 2002.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S20030006693
    Description:

    This article focuses on children who were aged 4 to 7 in 1994, and examines levels of anxiety and aggression in relation to their exposure to violence in the home. The evidence that emerges of the short- and longer-term effects on their behaviour and emotions is compelling.

    Release date: 2003-10-31

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030088421
    Description:

    This annual report is an examination of homicide in Canada. Detailed information is presented on the characteristics of homicide incidents (murder, manslaughter and infanticide) and, within the context of both short and long-term trends, the victims and accused. Geographical patterns of homicide are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels, as well as for major metropolitan areas. Other key themes include international comparisons of homicide, gang-related homicides, firearm-related homicides, youth homicide and family (including spousal) homicides. The data are intended to respond to the needs of those who work in the criminal justice system, as well as to inform researchers, policy analysts, academics, the media and the public on the nature and extent of homicide in Canada.

    Release date: 2003-10-01

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030078420
    Description:

    Custodial remand occurs when a person is ordered by the court to be held in custody while awaiting a further court appearance. While rates of crime and sentenced custody have been generally decreasing, the use of custodial remand has been increasing steadily, progressively comprising a larger share of the incarcerated population.

    This special topic Juristat provides an overview of incarceration trends, focussing on changes in the use of custodial remand. A variety of factors and data sources are also examined in order to provide insights into why the use of custodial remand may be increasing. Factors examined include the changes in the violent crime rate, the use of time served sentences, increasing duration of remand, implementation of conditional sentences (and conditional sentence breaches), and changes to the Criminal Code.

    Release date: 2003-09-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030068425
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat presents statistical information on the extent and nature of sexual offences in Canada. Rates of sexual offences are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels and for major metropolitan areas. Data used in the report include police statistics from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and the Homicide Survey and court data from the Adult Criminal Court Survey and the Youth Court Survey. This Juristat also presents analysis from the 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization and takes into account historical and recent amendments to the Criminal Code concerning sexual offences. Other topics include child pornography, trafficking of persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation, child prostitution, dating violence and homicides involving sexual violence.

    Release date: 2003-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030058419
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual editions of Juristat are produced on topics such as crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Each year, additional editions of Juristat are produced on other current topics of interest to the justice community. This unique periodical is of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 2003-07-24

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006544
    Description:

    This product profiles in detail the characteristics of the facilities which serve abused women and their children, as well as the characteristics of the clients served by shelters on snapshot day.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006541
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on the nature and extent of spousal violence and on the police response to incidents reported to them.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006542
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on violence and homicides committed against older adults by family members as reported to police forces across Canada in 2001. In addition, trends over time are examined.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006545
    Description:

    This chapter highlights initiatives in place in four jurisdictions (Ontario, Winnipeg, Calgary and the Yukon) to develop specialized domestic violence court programs. It also outlines activities by the Correctional Service of Canada that identify offenders at risk of family violence and provide treatment programs for them.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006543
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on physical and sexual assaults and homicides committed against children and youth (under the age of 18) and reported to police forces across the country. In addition, system responses to the problem of child maltreatment are examined.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030048418
    Description:

    This report provides the most recent information from the 2001/02 Transition Home Survey. It surveys facilities providing residential services for abused women conducted every two years. Questionnaires are mailed to every known facility identified as providing residential services (shelter) to abused women in each province and territory. Information is collected on the characteristics of the facilities and the services provided during the previous 12 months. The survey also provides a one-day snapshot of the characteristics of women and children residing in shelters on a specific day. For the 2001/02 survey, the snapshot day was April 15, 2002. In 2001/02, some 92% of shelters responded to the survey. Where possible, comparisons are made with the 1997/98 and 1999/00 Transition Home surveys.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030038371
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Youth Court Statistics summarizes trends from provincial and territorial youth courts across Canada, which provide data to the Youth Court Survey (YCS). In the 2001/02 Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused youth, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a 10-year period (1992/93 through 2001/02).

    Release date: 2003-06-20

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2003001
    Description:

    This research paper examines factors associated with delinquent behaviour among a sample of 12- to 15-year-olds. It investigates whether sex differences exist when various factors associated with delinquency are considered, especially the youth's level of commitment to school and experience of victimization.

    Release date: 2003-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2003002
    Description:

    This research paper explores the effect of witnessing violence in the home on aggressive behaviour among children, controlling for other important influences such as parenting practices, community and social support available to the parent and child, child emotional problems, and other socio-demographic factors.

    Release date: 2003-06-19

  • Table: 85-560-X
    Description:

    The 'conditional sentence' was enacted in September 1996 as a new sentencing option for adult offenders. Under this new sanction, an offender could be ordered a term of imprisonment of less than two years to be served within the community. During the 2001 to 2002 period, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics conducted a special study of conditional sentences in correctional services in order to examine the impact of this new sentence on the administration of sentencing in Canada and to explore its application through an examination of caseloads and case characteristics.

    This report uses data from that special study, as well as the Adult Correctional Services survey, to profile conditional sentence caseloads and case characteristics (e.g., length of sentence, most serious offence, conditions ordered), and offender characteristics (e.g., age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal), nationally, provincially and territorially for the period of 1997 to 2001. Data on conditional sentences are also compared with probation and custody trends in order to examine the impact of conditional sentencing on probation and incarceration. Additional information describing jurisdictional administrative policies and procedures governing conditional sentences is also provided. The correctional services data have been supplemented with court data on conditional sentences from three jurisdictions: Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario and Alberta.

    Release date: 2003-05-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030028372
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, "Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 2000/01, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial adult criminal courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 2001/02 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1997/98 through 2001/02).

    Release date: 2003-03-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20020046496
    Description:

    This article examines violence committed against senior citizens, using self-reported data from the 1999 General Social Survey.

    Release date: 2003-03-18

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-559-X
    Description:

    The policy and processes involving mentally disordered accused can be complex. Persons found unfit to stand trial, or not criminally responsible for their actions on account of a mental disorder, come into contact with both the health and justice systems. With the increasing availability over the past two to three decades of psychotropic medication for mentally disordered persons, the health system is now able to treat this group in a non-institutionalized setting. Similarly, dispositions made by the court, when the accused has been found either unfit to stand trial or else not criminally responsible for their actions, have shifted from indeterminate incarceration to minimal detention and community-based treatment. This document reviews the processes undertaken by persons identified as mentally disordered in court and identifies potential data-collection opportunities.

    Release date: 2003-01-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030018412
    Description:

    This edition of Juristat provides a profile of motor vehicle theft in Canada. It examines the international trends, methods and prevalence of organized crime in Canadian auto theft, as well as recent auto-theft prevention programs and strategies.

    Release date: 2003-01-08

Data (6)

Data (6) (6 of 6 results)

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006544
    Description:

    This product profiles in detail the characteristics of the facilities which serve abused women and their children, as well as the characteristics of the clients served by shelters on snapshot day.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006541
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on the nature and extent of spousal violence and on the police response to incidents reported to them.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006542
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on violence and homicides committed against older adults by family members as reported to police forces across Canada in 2001. In addition, trends over time are examined.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006545
    Description:

    This chapter highlights initiatives in place in four jurisdictions (Ontario, Winnipeg, Calgary and the Yukon) to develop specialized domestic violence court programs. It also outlines activities by the Correctional Service of Canada that identify offenders at risk of family violence and provide treatment programs for them.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-224-X20030006543
    Description:

    This chapter focusses on physical and sexual assaults and homicides committed against children and youth (under the age of 18) and reported to police forces across the country. In addition, system responses to the problem of child maltreatment are examined.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Table: 85-560-X
    Description:

    The 'conditional sentence' was enacted in September 1996 as a new sentencing option for adult offenders. Under this new sanction, an offender could be ordered a term of imprisonment of less than two years to be served within the community. During the 2001 to 2002 period, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics conducted a special study of conditional sentences in correctional services in order to examine the impact of this new sentence on the administration of sentencing in Canada and to explore its application through an examination of caseloads and case characteristics.

    This report uses data from that special study, as well as the Adult Correctional Services survey, to profile conditional sentence caseloads and case characteristics (e.g., length of sentence, most serious offence, conditions ordered), and offender characteristics (e.g., age, sex, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal), nationally, provincially and territorially for the period of 1997 to 2001. Data on conditional sentences are also compared with probation and custody trends in order to examine the impact of conditional sentencing on probation and incarceration. Additional information describing jurisdictional administrative policies and procedures governing conditional sentences is also provided. The correctional services data have been supplemented with court data on conditional sentences from three jurisdictions: Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario and Alberta.

    Release date: 2003-05-09

Analysis (16)

Analysis (16) (16 of 16 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030118426
    Description:

    This Juristat analyses data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2001/02 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average daily counts of adults who have been incarcerated, and average counts of those on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). It also looks at the number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal status.

    Also examined is the cost of correctional services in 2001/02, broken down by type of activity and level of government. Included are the average daily inmate costs from 1999/00 to 2001/02, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2001/02.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030108423
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 2002/03, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial adult criminal courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 2002/03 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1998/99 through 2002/03) as well as a nine-year period (1994/95 through 2002/03).

    Release date: 2003-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030098422
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat focuses on police-reported impaired driving and other traffic offences under the Criminal Code. In addition, analysis is provided on cases of impaired driving and other traffic violations processed in provincial adult criminal courts. The bulk of the analysis is based on police-reported impaired driving statistics, which refer to (1) incidents known to and substantiated by police and (2) persons charged with impaired driving. It touches on a number of points that may be useful in analysing and understanding a behaviour that is considered by some to be a major problem in our society. Included are the possible effects of legislation on impaired driving; identification of variables that may be contributing to trends; methods used by the police to combat the problem; and a brief explanation of dangerous driving. The data cover the period up to 2002.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S20030006693
    Description:

    This article focuses on children who were aged 4 to 7 in 1994, and examines levels of anxiety and aggression in relation to their exposure to violence in the home. The evidence that emerges of the short- and longer-term effects on their behaviour and emotions is compelling.

    Release date: 2003-10-31

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030088421
    Description:

    This annual report is an examination of homicide in Canada. Detailed information is presented on the characteristics of homicide incidents (murder, manslaughter and infanticide) and, within the context of both short and long-term trends, the victims and accused. Geographical patterns of homicide are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels, as well as for major metropolitan areas. Other key themes include international comparisons of homicide, gang-related homicides, firearm-related homicides, youth homicide and family (including spousal) homicides. The data are intended to respond to the needs of those who work in the criminal justice system, as well as to inform researchers, policy analysts, academics, the media and the public on the nature and extent of homicide in Canada.

    Release date: 2003-10-01

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030078420
    Description:

    Custodial remand occurs when a person is ordered by the court to be held in custody while awaiting a further court appearance. While rates of crime and sentenced custody have been generally decreasing, the use of custodial remand has been increasing steadily, progressively comprising a larger share of the incarcerated population.

    This special topic Juristat provides an overview of incarceration trends, focussing on changes in the use of custodial remand. A variety of factors and data sources are also examined in order to provide insights into why the use of custodial remand may be increasing. Factors examined include the changes in the violent crime rate, the use of time served sentences, increasing duration of remand, implementation of conditional sentences (and conditional sentence breaches), and changes to the Criminal Code.

    Release date: 2003-09-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030068425
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat presents statistical information on the extent and nature of sexual offences in Canada. Rates of sexual offences are examined at the national and provincial/territorial levels and for major metropolitan areas. Data used in the report include police statistics from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and the Homicide Survey and court data from the Adult Criminal Court Survey and the Youth Court Survey. This Juristat also presents analysis from the 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization and takes into account historical and recent amendments to the Criminal Code concerning sexual offences. Other topics include child pornography, trafficking of persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation, child prostitution, dating violence and homicides involving sexual violence.

    Release date: 2003-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030058419
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual editions of Juristat are produced on topics such as crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Each year, additional editions of Juristat are produced on other current topics of interest to the justice community. This unique periodical is of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 2003-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030048418
    Description:

    This report provides the most recent information from the 2001/02 Transition Home Survey. It surveys facilities providing residential services for abused women conducted every two years. Questionnaires are mailed to every known facility identified as providing residential services (shelter) to abused women in each province and territory. Information is collected on the characteristics of the facilities and the services provided during the previous 12 months. The survey also provides a one-day snapshot of the characteristics of women and children residing in shelters on a specific day. For the 2001/02 survey, the snapshot day was April 15, 2002. In 2001/02, some 92% of shelters responded to the survey. Where possible, comparisons are made with the 1997/98 and 1999/00 Transition Home surveys.

    Release date: 2003-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030038371
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, Youth Court Statistics summarizes trends from provincial and territorial youth courts across Canada, which provide data to the Youth Court Survey (YCS). In the 2001/02 Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused youth, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a 10-year period (1992/93 through 2001/02).

    Release date: 2003-06-20

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2003001
    Description:

    This research paper examines factors associated with delinquent behaviour among a sample of 12- to 15-year-olds. It investigates whether sex differences exist when various factors associated with delinquency are considered, especially the youth's level of commitment to school and experience of victimization.

    Release date: 2003-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2003002
    Description:

    This research paper explores the effect of witnessing violence in the home on aggressive behaviour among children, controlling for other important influences such as parenting practices, community and social support available to the parent and child, child emotional problems, and other socio-demographic factors.

    Release date: 2003-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030028372
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. The annual Juristat, "Adult Criminal Court Statistics, 2000/01, summarizes trends from provincial/territorial adult criminal courts across Canada, which provided data to the Adult Criminal Court Survey (ACCS) for the 2001/02 fiscal year. In this Juristat, information is presented on the characteristics of cases and accused persons, the number of appearances, conviction rates, sentencing trends and related issues. As well, statistics are presented for a five-year period (1997/98 through 2001/02).

    Release date: 2003-03-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20020046496
    Description:

    This article examines violence committed against senior citizens, using self-reported data from the 1999 General Social Survey.

    Release date: 2003-03-18

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-559-X
    Description:

    The policy and processes involving mentally disordered accused can be complex. Persons found unfit to stand trial, or not criminally responsible for their actions on account of a mental disorder, come into contact with both the health and justice systems. With the increasing availability over the past two to three decades of psychotropic medication for mentally disordered persons, the health system is now able to treat this group in a non-institutionalized setting. Similarly, dispositions made by the court, when the accused has been found either unfit to stand trial or else not criminally responsible for their actions, have shifted from indeterminate incarceration to minimal detention and community-based treatment. This document reviews the processes undertaken by persons identified as mentally disordered in court and identifies potential data-collection opportunities.

    Release date: 2003-01-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030018412
    Description:

    This edition of Juristat provides a profile of motor vehicle theft in Canada. It examines the international trends, methods and prevalence of organized crime in Canadian auto theft, as well as recent auto-theft prevention programs and strategies.

    Release date: 2003-01-08

Reference (1)

Reference (1) (1 result)

  • Technical products: 85-562-X
    Description:

    Restorative justice processes are rapidly being adopted within Canada, as well as internationally, as a way of responding to crime and victimization. There is, however, little information quantifying the use of restorative justice programs and services in criminal matters in Canada. In order to address this information gap, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics was asked to undertake a special study of restorative justice programs and services.

    This report summarizes the results of consultations with stakeholders and addresses survey definitions, scope, methodology and other related issues required prior to conducting a study on restorative justice programs and services in criminal matters in Canada. The current report also presents an overview of restorative justice philosophy and concepts, and it provides recommendations for conducting a study.

    Release date: 2003-12-11

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