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All (42)

All (42) (25 of 42 results)

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007002
    Description:

    PhDs are an important and vital asset in Canada's labour force because not only do they represent the highest educational attainment level in a knowledge-based economy, but they are also highly skilled industrial researchers and innovators, teachers and professors, along with being scientists and engineers. The study examines what industries are employing scientists and engineers and in what occupations, along with other labour market characteristics such as income and unemployment, age, gender and geographic location. The report also examines the differences between Canadian born and non-Canadian born scientists and engineers.

    Release date: 2007-04-16

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20050019476
    Description:

    The paper will show how, using data published by Statistics Canada and available from member libraries of the CREPUQ, a linkage approach using postal codes makes it possible to link the data from the outcomes file to a set of contextual variables. These variables could then contribute to producing, on an exploratory basis, a better index to explain the varied outcomes of students from schools. In terms of the impact, the proposed index could show more effectively the limitations of ranking students and schools when this information is not given sufficient weight.

    Release date: 2007-03-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2005019
    Description:

    This publication is an explanation of the estimation procedures used to calculate 2003-2004 research and development (R&D) expenditures in the higher education sector. This estimation procedure was revised in 2000 as R&D activities in the higher education sector have increased in importance to policy developers, major funders of these activities, and also to the performing institutions themselves. In 2003-2004 the R&D expenditures for higher education were estimated to total $8.1 billion, an increase of 9% over 2002-2003 revised estimates.

    Release date: 2005-12-07

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20030017697
    Description:

    This paper outlines the two pillars of Statistics Canada's Education Outreach Program: an interactive website offering free online information, learning tools and resources specifically designed for the education community, and a network of education representatives in the regional offices providing expertise and support at a grassroots level.

    Release date: 2005-01-26

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20030017698
    Description:

    This paper reviews the implementation of the international CensusAtSchool and related projects. It emphasizes how to the involvement and support of various levels of government statistical services have contributed to the project's success.

    Release date: 2005-01-26

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20020016740
    Description:

    Controlling for differences in student populations, we examine the contribution of schools to provincial differences in the reading, math and science achievement of 15-year-olds in this paper. Using a semi-parametric decomposition technique developed by DiNardo, Fortin and Lemieux (1996) for differences in distributions, we find that school differences contribute to provincial differences in different parts of the achievement distribution and that the effect varies by province and by type of skill, even within province. For example, school differences account for about 32% of the difference in mean reading achievement between New Brunswick and Alberta, but reduce the difference in the proportion of students performing at the lowest reading proficiency level. By contrast, school differences account for 94% of the New Brunswick-Alberta gap in the 10th percentile of the science distribution. Our results demonstrate that school effectiveness studies that focus on the first moment of the achievement distribution miss potentially important impacts for specific students.

    Release date: 2004-09-13

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20020016726
    Description:

    Although the use of school vouchers is growing in the developing world, the impact of vouchers is an open question. Any sort of long-term assessment of this activity is rare. This paper estimates the long-term effect of Colombia's PACES program, which provided over 125,000 poor children with vouchers that covered half the cost of private secondary school.

    The PACES program presents an unusual opportunity to assess the effect of demand-side education financing in a Latin American country where private schools educate a substantial proportion of pupils. The program is of special interest because many vouchers were assigned by lottery, so program effects can be reliably assessed.

    We use administrative records to assess the long-term impact of PACES vouchers on high school graduation status and test scores. The principal advantage of administrative records is that there is no loss-to-follow-up and the data are much cheaper than a costly and potentially dangerous survey effort. On the other hand, individual ID numbers may be inaccurate, complicating record linkage, and selection bias contaminates the sample of test-takers. We discuss solutions to these problems. The results suggest that the program increased secondary school completion rates, and that college-entrance test scores were higher for lottery winners than losers.

    Release date: 2004-09-13

  • Technical products: 75F0002M2004003
    Description:

    This study profiles Canadian workers with low weekly earnings in their main job in 1996 and examines their upward mobility in 2001, using data from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID).

    Release date: 2004-03-26

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2004067
    Description:

    This paper assesses the degree of spatial diversity exhibited across Canada by using 1996 Census of Population data, aggregated at the census division (CD) level. The approach taken in this research adopts a broad territorial focus, is exploratory in nature and emphasizes territorial performance in a comparative context.

    The study is based on a range of commonly used and understood demographic, social and economic variables. A factor analysis was conducted in order to identify underlying dimensions that characterize each CD across Canada. The factor analysis resulted in six factors, each of which provides a profile of the CDs on a number of key attributes.

    The research is primarily descriptive and will be of interest to a broad audience. It can be used to facilitate the diffusion of baseline data to a wide range of stakeholders, stimulate discussion on spatial diversity at the subprovincial level and enhance the debate on potential alternative development paths for each region. Note that this research is, in turn, constrained by the nature of the data available. The analysis is also static and focussed on a cross-section. The causes of the observed diversity are not explicitly accounted for in the study.

    Release date: 2004-03-17

  • Technical products: 81-593-X
    Description:

    This Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda (PCERA) 2001 symposium report documents the proceedings of a symposium held at Laval University in Québec on May 22 and 23, 2001. The symposium, which was held in conjunction with the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) and the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) during the Annual Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities, explored research and policy issues related to the role of teacher education/educator training, teacher/educator supply and demand, teacher/educator professional development, indicators of success, and leadership.

    This report includes summaries of speeches, discussions and research presentations, as well as research paper abstracts and the researchers' biographies. According to the report, new teachers and educators will need more support and resources to succeed. Professional growth plans and other professional development strategies for teachers and educators should be investigated to effectively promote lifelong learning. The report suggests that partnerships between universities and schools could strengthen teacher training programs.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 81-592-X
    Description:

    This Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda (PCERA) 2001 symposium synthesis report was written by Dr. Yvonne Hébert of the University of Calgary. This synthesis report offers a critical review of the research presented at the third PCERA symposium held at Laval University in Québec on May 22 and 23, 2001. The symposium, which was held in conjunction with the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) and the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) during the annual Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities, explored research and policy issues related to the role of teacher education/educator training, teacher/educator supply and demand, teacher/educator professional development, indicators of success, and leadership.

    This report addresses the major policy issues that were discussed at the event and offers recommendations for future research.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016269
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    In surveys with low response rates, non-response bias can be a major concern. While it is not always possible to measure the actual bias due to non-response, there are different approaches that help identify potential sources of non-response bias. In the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), surveys with a response rate lower than 70% must conduct a non-response bias analysis. This paper discusses the different approaches to non-response bias analyses using examples from NCES.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016308
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    The Census Bureau uses response error analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of survey questions. For a given survey, questions that are deemed critical to the survey or considered problematic from past examination are selected for analysis. New or revised questions are prime candidates for re-interview. Re-interview is a new interview where a subset of questions from the original interview are re-asked to a sample of the survey respondents. For each re-interview question, the proportion of respondents who give inconsistent responses is evaluated. The "Index of Inconsistency" is used as the measure of response variance. Each question is labelled low, moderate, or high in response variance. In high response variance cases, the questions are put through cognitive testing, and modifications to the question are recommended.

    The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) sponsored by The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), is also investigated for response error analysis and the possible relationships between inconsistent responses and characteristics of the schools and teachers in that survey. Results of this analysis can be used to change survey procedures and improve data quality.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016293
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    This paper presents the Second Summit of the Americas Regional Education Indicators Project (PRIE), whose basic goal is to develop a set of comparable indicators for the Americas. This project is led by the Ministry of Education of Chile and has been developed in response to the countries' needs to improve their information systems and statistics. The countries need to construct reliable and relevant indicators to support decisions in education, both within their individual countries and the region as a whole. The first part of the paper analyses the importance of statistics and indicators in supporting educational policies and programs, and describes the present state of the information and statistics systems in these countries. It also discusses the major problems faced by the countries and reviews the countries' experiences in participating in other education indicators' projects or programs, such as the INES Program, WEI Project, MERCOSUR and CREMIS. The second part of the paper examines PRIE's technical co-operation program, its purpose and implementation. The second part also emphasizes how technical co-operation responds to the needs of the countries, and supports them in filling in the gaps in available and reliable data.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 81-586-X
    Description:

    In today's emerging knowledge societies, the capacity of labour markets, firms and individuals to adjust to change, improve productivity and capitalize on technological innovation depends in large measure on the skills of the adult population. Improving the stock of skills available to the economy through investment in adult education and workplace learning has therefore become an issue of considerable strategic importance. But how are the Canadian markets for adult education and training evolving?

    This report presents, for the first time, evidence on the development of adult education and training in Canada during the last decade. Examined are not only broad trends in the demand and supply of adult education, but also the factors contributing to observed developments. Survey data collected in 1998 allow readers to gauge the current situation and make comparisons over time and across Canadian provinces. The findings indicate, first, that growth in adult education participation has slowed in recent years, and second, that there are major differences between the provinces in who gets trained, and how much.

    Release date: 2001-05-29

  • Technical products: 81-589-X
    Description:

    The report Children and youth at risk documents the proceedings of a symposium held in Ottawa on April 6 and 7, 2000 to explore research and policy issues concerning the education of children who, for whatever reason, are at risk of not meeting the normal expectations of the education system.

    It includes summaries of presentations, discussions and commissioned research papers. The themes and issues are summarized in a synthesis written by Dr. Robert Crocker of the faculty of education at Memorial University of Newfoundland.

    The symposium was held as an activity of the Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda. The Canadian Education Statistics Council - a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada - started this research program with a view to promoting research on policy issues in education of concern to researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. Human Resources Development Canada provided financial support for the symposium.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015840
    Description:

    Dr. Schonert-Reichl began her paper and her presentation by demonstrating the ambiguity and vagueness that exist in defining the at-risk concept. Dr. Schonert-Reichl also described in both her presentation and her paper the role that schools play in the facilitation and reduction of risk and its implications for intervention and policy. The author concluded by emphasizing the need for a shift in focus from risk to resiliency as a priority area for future research.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015835
    Description:

    Dr. Levin started his presentation with a comparison of the worlds of research and policy. In the world of social science research, he pointed to findings that are often indefinite and less than profound, and that do not necessarily reflect a consensus among researchers.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015845
    Description:

    The authors began their paper by providing background on public education, public policy, and the at-risk concept and its designation. The authors also noted the increased awareness in the literature around the notion of resilience. The central point of the concluding section of the authors' presentation and paper illustrated examples of alternative schools, which have proven to be successful with at-risk students.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015839
    Description:

    The first section of the paper and Dr. Puentes-Newman's presentation highlighted several of the meanings that exist for the concept of "at risk" in the existing literature. The subsequent section of the paper focuses on resilience. This term is used to describe children who succeed and have positive outcomes despite adversity.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015836
    Description:

    Alan King's presentation focussed on structural factors that affect students and put them at risk of not completing school, in addition to other serious health problems. His findings were drawn from previous work carried out in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and a series of studies related to the health behaviour of children in school.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015847
    Description:

    Dr. Finnie began his paper and his presentation by noting that since its commencement in 1964, the Canadian Student Loan Program (CSLP) has aided millions of Canadians in meeting career goals and taking their education to a higher level.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015850
    Description:

    This attempt at a synthesis will centre around three questions: "What do we know about children and youth at risk?" "What do we need to know?" and "What are the major policy issues surrounding this area that might be informed by research?"

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015838
    Description:

    Dr. Wagemaker started his presentation with an introduction to his organization, the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). The IEA encompasses over 56 member countries, including Canada.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015846
    Description:

    This paper addressed the need for alternative education systems and programs for "at-risk" African-Canadian, visible minority, and First Nations children and youth.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

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Reference (42)

Reference (42) (25 of 42 results)

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007002
    Description:

    PhDs are an important and vital asset in Canada's labour force because not only do they represent the highest educational attainment level in a knowledge-based economy, but they are also highly skilled industrial researchers and innovators, teachers and professors, along with being scientists and engineers. The study examines what industries are employing scientists and engineers and in what occupations, along with other labour market characteristics such as income and unemployment, age, gender and geographic location. The report also examines the differences between Canadian born and non-Canadian born scientists and engineers.

    Release date: 2007-04-16

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20050019476
    Description:

    The paper will show how, using data published by Statistics Canada and available from member libraries of the CREPUQ, a linkage approach using postal codes makes it possible to link the data from the outcomes file to a set of contextual variables. These variables could then contribute to producing, on an exploratory basis, a better index to explain the varied outcomes of students from schools. In terms of the impact, the proposed index could show more effectively the limitations of ranking students and schools when this information is not given sufficient weight.

    Release date: 2007-03-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2005019
    Description:

    This publication is an explanation of the estimation procedures used to calculate 2003-2004 research and development (R&D) expenditures in the higher education sector. This estimation procedure was revised in 2000 as R&D activities in the higher education sector have increased in importance to policy developers, major funders of these activities, and also to the performing institutions themselves. In 2003-2004 the R&D expenditures for higher education were estimated to total $8.1 billion, an increase of 9% over 2002-2003 revised estimates.

    Release date: 2005-12-07

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20030017697
    Description:

    This paper outlines the two pillars of Statistics Canada's Education Outreach Program: an interactive website offering free online information, learning tools and resources specifically designed for the education community, and a network of education representatives in the regional offices providing expertise and support at a grassroots level.

    Release date: 2005-01-26

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20030017698
    Description:

    This paper reviews the implementation of the international CensusAtSchool and related projects. It emphasizes how to the involvement and support of various levels of government statistical services have contributed to the project's success.

    Release date: 2005-01-26

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20020016740
    Description:

    Controlling for differences in student populations, we examine the contribution of schools to provincial differences in the reading, math and science achievement of 15-year-olds in this paper. Using a semi-parametric decomposition technique developed by DiNardo, Fortin and Lemieux (1996) for differences in distributions, we find that school differences contribute to provincial differences in different parts of the achievement distribution and that the effect varies by province and by type of skill, even within province. For example, school differences account for about 32% of the difference in mean reading achievement between New Brunswick and Alberta, but reduce the difference in the proportion of students performing at the lowest reading proficiency level. By contrast, school differences account for 94% of the New Brunswick-Alberta gap in the 10th percentile of the science distribution. Our results demonstrate that school effectiveness studies that focus on the first moment of the achievement distribution miss potentially important impacts for specific students.

    Release date: 2004-09-13

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20020016726
    Description:

    Although the use of school vouchers is growing in the developing world, the impact of vouchers is an open question. Any sort of long-term assessment of this activity is rare. This paper estimates the long-term effect of Colombia's PACES program, which provided over 125,000 poor children with vouchers that covered half the cost of private secondary school.

    The PACES program presents an unusual opportunity to assess the effect of demand-side education financing in a Latin American country where private schools educate a substantial proportion of pupils. The program is of special interest because many vouchers were assigned by lottery, so program effects can be reliably assessed.

    We use administrative records to assess the long-term impact of PACES vouchers on high school graduation status and test scores. The principal advantage of administrative records is that there is no loss-to-follow-up and the data are much cheaper than a costly and potentially dangerous survey effort. On the other hand, individual ID numbers may be inaccurate, complicating record linkage, and selection bias contaminates the sample of test-takers. We discuss solutions to these problems. The results suggest that the program increased secondary school completion rates, and that college-entrance test scores were higher for lottery winners than losers.

    Release date: 2004-09-13

  • Technical products: 75F0002M2004003
    Description:

    This study profiles Canadian workers with low weekly earnings in their main job in 1996 and examines their upward mobility in 2001, using data from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID).

    Release date: 2004-03-26

  • Technical products: 21-601-M2004067
    Description:

    This paper assesses the degree of spatial diversity exhibited across Canada by using 1996 Census of Population data, aggregated at the census division (CD) level. The approach taken in this research adopts a broad territorial focus, is exploratory in nature and emphasizes territorial performance in a comparative context.

    The study is based on a range of commonly used and understood demographic, social and economic variables. A factor analysis was conducted in order to identify underlying dimensions that characterize each CD across Canada. The factor analysis resulted in six factors, each of which provides a profile of the CDs on a number of key attributes.

    The research is primarily descriptive and will be of interest to a broad audience. It can be used to facilitate the diffusion of baseline data to a wide range of stakeholders, stimulate discussion on spatial diversity at the subprovincial level and enhance the debate on potential alternative development paths for each region. Note that this research is, in turn, constrained by the nature of the data available. The analysis is also static and focussed on a cross-section. The causes of the observed diversity are not explicitly accounted for in the study.

    Release date: 2004-03-17

  • Technical products: 81-593-X
    Description:

    This Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda (PCERA) 2001 symposium report documents the proceedings of a symposium held at Laval University in Québec on May 22 and 23, 2001. The symposium, which was held in conjunction with the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) and the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) during the Annual Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities, explored research and policy issues related to the role of teacher education/educator training, teacher/educator supply and demand, teacher/educator professional development, indicators of success, and leadership.

    This report includes summaries of speeches, discussions and research presentations, as well as research paper abstracts and the researchers' biographies. According to the report, new teachers and educators will need more support and resources to succeed. Professional growth plans and other professional development strategies for teachers and educators should be investigated to effectively promote lifelong learning. The report suggests that partnerships between universities and schools could strengthen teacher training programs.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 81-592-X
    Description:

    This Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda (PCERA) 2001 symposium synthesis report was written by Dr. Yvonne Hébert of the University of Calgary. This synthesis report offers a critical review of the research presented at the third PCERA symposium held at Laval University in Québec on May 22 and 23, 2001. The symposium, which was held in conjunction with the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) and the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) during the annual Congress of the Social Sciences and Humanities, explored research and policy issues related to the role of teacher education/educator training, teacher/educator supply and demand, teacher/educator professional development, indicators of success, and leadership.

    This report addresses the major policy issues that were discussed at the event and offers recommendations for future research.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016269
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    In surveys with low response rates, non-response bias can be a major concern. While it is not always possible to measure the actual bias due to non-response, there are different approaches that help identify potential sources of non-response bias. In the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), surveys with a response rate lower than 70% must conduct a non-response bias analysis. This paper discusses the different approaches to non-response bias analyses using examples from NCES.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016308
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    The Census Bureau uses response error analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of survey questions. For a given survey, questions that are deemed critical to the survey or considered problematic from past examination are selected for analysis. New or revised questions are prime candidates for re-interview. Re-interview is a new interview where a subset of questions from the original interview are re-asked to a sample of the survey respondents. For each re-interview question, the proportion of respondents who give inconsistent responses is evaluated. The "Index of Inconsistency" is used as the measure of response variance. Each question is labelled low, moderate, or high in response variance. In high response variance cases, the questions are put through cognitive testing, and modifications to the question are recommended.

    The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) sponsored by The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), is also investigated for response error analysis and the possible relationships between inconsistent responses and characteristics of the schools and teachers in that survey. Results of this analysis can be used to change survey procedures and improve data quality.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 11-522-X20010016293
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    This paper presents the Second Summit of the Americas Regional Education Indicators Project (PRIE), whose basic goal is to develop a set of comparable indicators for the Americas. This project is led by the Ministry of Education of Chile and has been developed in response to the countries' needs to improve their information systems and statistics. The countries need to construct reliable and relevant indicators to support decisions in education, both within their individual countries and the region as a whole. The first part of the paper analyses the importance of statistics and indicators in supporting educational policies and programs, and describes the present state of the information and statistics systems in these countries. It also discusses the major problems faced by the countries and reviews the countries' experiences in participating in other education indicators' projects or programs, such as the INES Program, WEI Project, MERCOSUR and CREMIS. The second part of the paper examines PRIE's technical co-operation program, its purpose and implementation. The second part also emphasizes how technical co-operation responds to the needs of the countries, and supports them in filling in the gaps in available and reliable data.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Technical products: 81-586-X
    Description:

    In today's emerging knowledge societies, the capacity of labour markets, firms and individuals to adjust to change, improve productivity and capitalize on technological innovation depends in large measure on the skills of the adult population. Improving the stock of skills available to the economy through investment in adult education and workplace learning has therefore become an issue of considerable strategic importance. But how are the Canadian markets for adult education and training evolving?

    This report presents, for the first time, evidence on the development of adult education and training in Canada during the last decade. Examined are not only broad trends in the demand and supply of adult education, but also the factors contributing to observed developments. Survey data collected in 1998 allow readers to gauge the current situation and make comparisons over time and across Canadian provinces. The findings indicate, first, that growth in adult education participation has slowed in recent years, and second, that there are major differences between the provinces in who gets trained, and how much.

    Release date: 2001-05-29

  • Technical products: 81-589-X
    Description:

    The report Children and youth at risk documents the proceedings of a symposium held in Ottawa on April 6 and 7, 2000 to explore research and policy issues concerning the education of children who, for whatever reason, are at risk of not meeting the normal expectations of the education system.

    It includes summaries of presentations, discussions and commissioned research papers. The themes and issues are summarized in a synthesis written by Dr. Robert Crocker of the faculty of education at Memorial University of Newfoundland.

    The symposium was held as an activity of the Pan-Canadian Education Research Agenda. The Canadian Education Statistics Council - a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada - started this research program with a view to promoting research on policy issues in education of concern to researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. Human Resources Development Canada provided financial support for the symposium.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015840
    Description:

    Dr. Schonert-Reichl began her paper and her presentation by demonstrating the ambiguity and vagueness that exist in defining the at-risk concept. Dr. Schonert-Reichl also described in both her presentation and her paper the role that schools play in the facilitation and reduction of risk and its implications for intervention and policy. The author concluded by emphasizing the need for a shift in focus from risk to resiliency as a priority area for future research.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015835
    Description:

    Dr. Levin started his presentation with a comparison of the worlds of research and policy. In the world of social science research, he pointed to findings that are often indefinite and less than profound, and that do not necessarily reflect a consensus among researchers.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015845
    Description:

    The authors began their paper by providing background on public education, public policy, and the at-risk concept and its designation. The authors also noted the increased awareness in the literature around the notion of resilience. The central point of the concluding section of the authors' presentation and paper illustrated examples of alternative schools, which have proven to be successful with at-risk students.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015839
    Description:

    The first section of the paper and Dr. Puentes-Newman's presentation highlighted several of the meanings that exist for the concept of "at risk" in the existing literature. The subsequent section of the paper focuses on resilience. This term is used to describe children who succeed and have positive outcomes despite adversity.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015836
    Description:

    Alan King's presentation focussed on structural factors that affect students and put them at risk of not completing school, in addition to other serious health problems. His findings were drawn from previous work carried out in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and a series of studies related to the health behaviour of children in school.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015847
    Description:

    Dr. Finnie began his paper and his presentation by noting that since its commencement in 1964, the Canadian Student Loan Program (CSLP) has aided millions of Canadians in meeting career goals and taking their education to a higher level.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015850
    Description:

    This attempt at a synthesis will centre around three questions: "What do we know about children and youth at risk?" "What do we need to know?" and "What are the major policy issues surrounding this area that might be informed by research?"

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015838
    Description:

    Dr. Wagemaker started his presentation with an introduction to his organization, the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). The IEA encompasses over 56 member countries, including Canada.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

  • Technical products: 81-589-X20010015846
    Description:

    This paper addressed the need for alternative education systems and programs for "at-risk" African-Canadian, visible minority, and First Nations children and youth.

    Release date: 2001-05-22

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