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All (47)

All (47) (25 of 47 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034005
    Description:

    This article focuses on the key factors associated with infrequent use of basic skills.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034002
    Description:

    This article examines the extent of indebtedness, the repayment record and the impact of high debt on postsecondary graduates who used government loans to help finance their studies.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034004
    Description:

    This article examines the literacy profiles of anglophones and francophones, in terms of such variables as education, age and reading habits.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19980044043
    Description:

    This profile of unionized women covers demographic and labour characteristics, wages, benefits and work arrangements. Also included are selected union statistics for both men and women. (This is an updated version of an article released shortly before Labour Day, 1998).

    Release date: 1998-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1998120
    Description:

    Considerable attention has been directed at understanding the structural changes that are generating an increased need for skilled workers. These changes are perceived to be the result of developments associated with the emergence of the new knowledge economy, whose potential is often linked to the growth of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). Where are these firms to be found? Related work on changes in technology and innovativeness has been accompanied by the creation of taxonomies that classify industries as high-tech or high-knowledge, based primarily on the characteristics of large firms. There is a temptation to use these taxonomies to identify new technology-based firms only within certain sectors. This paper uses a special survey that collected data on new firms to argue that this would be unwise.

    The paper investigates the limitations of existing classification schemes that might be used to classify industries as high- or low-tech, as advanced or otherwise. Characteristically unidimensional in scope, many of these taxonomies employ conceptual and operational measures that are narrow and incomplete. Consequently, previous rankings that identify sectors as high- or low-tech using these measures obscure the degree of innovativeness and human capital formation exhibited by certain industries. In a policy environment wherein emotive 'scoreboard' classifications have direct effects on resource allocation, the social costs of misclassification are potentially significant.

    Using a comparative methodology, this study investigates the role that conceptualization plays in devising taxonomies of high- and low-tech industries. Far from producing definitive classifications, existing measures of technological advancement are found to be wanting when their underpinnings are examined closely. Our objective in the current analysis is to examine the limitations of standard classification schemes, particularly when applied to new small firms, and to suggest an alternative framework based on a competency-model of the firm.

    Release date: 1998-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980024078
    Description:

    Educational attainment is an important determinant of one's job opportunities and relative well-being. One influence on the level of education children attain is the level of education attained by parents.

    Release date: 1998-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980024077
    Description:

    In this article we describe changes in the pay and rank of women in Canadian universities over a period when universities evolved from small institutions serving a priveledged minority to much larger and more diverse institutions.

    Release date: 1998-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980138294
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0104X
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report "At risk: a socio-economic analysis of health and literacy among seniors", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. This report demonstrates that the socio-economic environment remains an important determinant of health. Variables such as income and education continue to have direct and indirect effects on people's health status.

    Release date: 1998-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998005
    Description:

    This report presents evidence that literacy is an overlooked socio-economic factor that is an important determinant of health among senior citizens.

    Release date: 1998-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014026
    Description:

    To some important degree young people establish their living arrangements in response to the constraints and opportunities created for them by previous generations. In fact, the very definition of what it means to be a youth is at the core of this intergenerational relationship since it determines the appropriate way for people to live when they are of a particular age. The nature of the family, the structure of the school system, and the opportunities for work are the central institutions determining the transition to adulthood, and the associated living arrangements.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014018
    Description:

    In this chapter we document trends in social transfers, market incomes and family composition from 1973 through 1995, and their impact on the incidence of low-income among four generations: children (new-borns to those 14 years of age), young adults (25 to 34), the older working-age population (45 to 54), and the elderly (over 65).

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014024
    Description:

    In this chapter, we assess the family's role in determining the acquisition of higher education and literacy. More specifically, our objective is to relate individual educational attainment, literacy abilities, and labour market characteristics to parental educational and labour market attributes. We compare different age cohorts and thereby examine relationships between parents and children over more than one generation.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014023
    Description:

    The primary goal of this chapter is to improve our understanding of the roles that family structure and low-income play in the determination of psychiatric disorders, poor school performance, and social problems among Canadian children. While there is broad agreement that environmental factors have an impact on these outcomes, until recently there has been little or no Canadian data with which to assess the importance of socio-economic factors in determining the incidence and severity of such problems.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014022
    Description:

    The reproduction of poverty may very well result from the social behaviour of children as they attain adulthood and become parents. Consequently, we focus in this chapter on the impact that family life disruption has on the transition to family life in adulthood for the first generations of Canadian children experiencing parental divorce in significant proportions.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Table: 95F0268X
    Description:

    The Area Profile Series provides a univariate statistical overview of a region presenting most of the census variables. This electronic profile contains all levels of geography, i.e. Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census tracts, federal electoral districts*, enumeration areas and forward sortation areas.These data are based on a 20% sample except for the variables Age, Sex and Marital Status which are obtained on a 100% basis.Area Profiles are available on diskette by a variety of geographical areas and there is a print publication for census divisions and subdivisions, as well as for census tracts. For a brief look at the type of information available on the Area Profiles, the Community Profiles at the census subdivision level can be accessed on the Statistics Canada web site at www.statcan.gc.ca under the heading Census - "Statistical Profile of Canadian Communities". A statistical profile is presented for all Canadian communities (cities, towns, villages, Indian reserves and settlements, etc.) highlighting information on education, income and work, families and dwellings, as well as general population information. Confidentiality procedures have been applied to the data (both suppression of data and random rounding of numbers) to protect the confidentiality of individual respondents.*As per the 1987 Representation Order or the 1996 Representation Order.

    Release date: 1998-10-30

  • Technical products: 88F0006X1998004
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is engaged in the "Information System for Science and Technology Project" to develop useful indicators of activity and a framework to tie them together into a coherent picture of science and technology (S&T) in Canada. The working papers series is used to publish results of the different initiatives conducted within this project. The data are related to the activities, linkages and outcomes of S&T. Several key areas are covered such as: innovation, technology diffusion, human resources in S&T and interrelations between different actors involved in S&T. This series also presents data tabulations taken from regular surveys on research and development (R&D) and S&T and made possible by the project.

    Release date: 1998-10-30

  • Table: 93F0020X
    Description:

    This CD-ROM contains the cumulative set of 143 data tables from all Nation Series CDROMs .This comprehensive CD-ROM provides a full range of statistics on characteristics of the population which includes: Age, Sex, Marital Status and Common-law Unions; Families, Households and Dwellings, Immigration and Citizenship, Mother Tongue, Home Language, Official and non-official Languages; Aboriginal data, Ethnic Origin, Visible Minorities (Population group), Labour Market Activity, Industry and Occupation, Unpaid Household Activities (unpaid work), Place of Work, Mode of Transportation; Education; Mobility and Migration; Individual and Family Income and Family, Dwellings and Household Information.These data are national in coverage and provide information for Canada, provinces and territories and, in some tabulations, census metropolitan area levels. Some tables include comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective.A variety of Nation Series data table extracts presenting social and economic characteristics of the Canadian population are available on the Statistics Canada Census Web site (www.statcan.gc.ca).

    Release date: 1998-09-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980023923
    Description:

    This article examines the home schooling movement and estimates its popularity.

    Release date: 1998-09-15

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19980033946
    Description:

    In this study, a link is established with spouses' retirement dates to determine how age, age difference, education and post-retirement income influence couples in their decisions to retire.

    Release date: 1998-09-09

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0103X
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report "Literacy utilization in Canadian workplaces", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. This report examines the fit or mismatch between the job requirements of Canadian workers and their literacy skills, thus profiling patterns of literacy usage and under- usage in the Canadian labour market.

    Release date: 1998-08-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998004
    Description:

    This report examines the fit or mismatch between the job requirements of Canadian workers and their literacy skills, thus profiling patterns of literacy usage and underusage in the Canadian labour market.

    Release date: 1998-08-19

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980013902
    Description:

    Education is an important determinant of one's position in society, affecting a person's participation in the community and likely success in the labour market. The inherited intellectual capital of the family - forged over the years by generations of family members' achievements at school and work - often plays a large role in a child's educational achievement. It can contribute indirectly by paving the way for a higher level of educational attainment. This article assesses the role of inherited intellectual capital in children's acquisition of postsecondary education.

    Release date: 1998-08-12

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980013903
    Description:

    Distance students have a relatively lower socioeconomic profile than non-distance students. They have, on average, lower incomes, less labour force experience and lower educational status than their non-distance counterparts. As well, they are more likely than non-distance students to live in rural areas, to be women, to be young and to be unmarried. Most of these characteristics are associated with a high risk for interruption of studies.

    Release date: 1998-08-12

  • Table: 95F0271X
    Description:

    These are a series of approximately 65 tabulations of 1996 Census data, which features two or three inter-related variables that deal with specific characteristics of people, families or households, or with a characteristic of Canadian dwellings. All variables covered by the 1996 Census are represented in the BST program. Forward Sortation Level geography is available for the first time.

    Release date: 1998-07-14

Data (11)

Data (11) (11 of 11 results)

  • Table: 95F0268X
    Description:

    The Area Profile Series provides a univariate statistical overview of a region presenting most of the census variables. This electronic profile contains all levels of geography, i.e. Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census tracts, federal electoral districts*, enumeration areas and forward sortation areas.These data are based on a 20% sample except for the variables Age, Sex and Marital Status which are obtained on a 100% basis.Area Profiles are available on diskette by a variety of geographical areas and there is a print publication for census divisions and subdivisions, as well as for census tracts. For a brief look at the type of information available on the Area Profiles, the Community Profiles at the census subdivision level can be accessed on the Statistics Canada web site at www.statcan.gc.ca under the heading Census - "Statistical Profile of Canadian Communities". A statistical profile is presented for all Canadian communities (cities, towns, villages, Indian reserves and settlements, etc.) highlighting information on education, income and work, families and dwellings, as well as general population information. Confidentiality procedures have been applied to the data (both suppression of data and random rounding of numbers) to protect the confidentiality of individual respondents.*As per the 1987 Representation Order or the 1996 Representation Order.

    Release date: 1998-10-30

  • Table: 93F0020X
    Description:

    This CD-ROM contains the cumulative set of 143 data tables from all Nation Series CDROMs .This comprehensive CD-ROM provides a full range of statistics on characteristics of the population which includes: Age, Sex, Marital Status and Common-law Unions; Families, Households and Dwellings, Immigration and Citizenship, Mother Tongue, Home Language, Official and non-official Languages; Aboriginal data, Ethnic Origin, Visible Minorities (Population group), Labour Market Activity, Industry and Occupation, Unpaid Household Activities (unpaid work), Place of Work, Mode of Transportation; Education; Mobility and Migration; Individual and Family Income and Family, Dwellings and Household Information.These data are national in coverage and provide information for Canada, provinces and territories and, in some tabulations, census metropolitan area levels. Some tables include comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective.A variety of Nation Series data table extracts presenting social and economic characteristics of the Canadian population are available on the Statistics Canada Census Web site (www.statcan.gc.ca).

    Release date: 1998-09-18

  • Table: 95F0271X
    Description:

    These are a series of approximately 65 tabulations of 1996 Census data, which features two or three inter-related variables that deal with specific characteristics of people, families or households, or with a characteristic of Canadian dwellings. All variables covered by the 1996 Census are represented in the BST program. Forward Sortation Level geography is available for the first time.

    Release date: 1998-07-14

  • Table: 95F0272X
    Description:

    These are a series of approximately 65 tabulations of 1996 Census data, which features two or three inter-related variables that deal with specific characteristics of people, families or households, or with a characteristic of Canadian dwellings. All variables covered by the 1996 Census are represented in the BST program. Forward Sortation Level geography is available for the first time.

    Release date: 1998-07-14

  • Table: 95F0269X
    Description:

    These are a series of approximately 65 tabulations of 1996 Census data, which features two or three inter-related variables that deal with specific characteristics of people, families or households, or with a characteristic of Canadian dwellings. All variables covered by the 1996 Census are represented in the BST program. Forward Sortation Level geography is available for the first time.

    Release date: 1998-07-14

  • Table: 95F0270X
    Description:

    These are a series of approximately 65 tabulations of 1996 Census data, which features two or three inter-related variables that deal with specific characteristics of people, families or households, or with a characteristic of Canadian dwellings. All variables covered by the 1996 Census are represented in the BST program. Forward Sortation Level geography is available for the first time.

    Release date: 1998-07-14

  • Table: 95F0180X
    Description:

    The Area Profile Series provides a univariate statistical overview of a region presenting most of the census variables. This electronic profile contains all levels of geography, i.e. Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census tracts, federal electoral districts*, enumeration areas and forward sortation areas.These data are based on a 20% sample except for the variables Age, Sex and Marital Status which are obtained on a 100% basis.Area Profiles are available on diskette by a variety of geographical areas and there is a print publication for census divisions and subdivisions, as well as for census tracts. For a brief look at the type of information available on the Area Profiles, the Community Profiles at the census subdivision level can be accessed on the Statistics Canada web site at www.statcan.gc.ca under the heading Census - "Statistical Profile of Canadian Communities". A statistical profile is presented for all Canadian communities (cities, towns, villages, Indian reserves and settlements, etc.) highlighting information on education, income and work, families and dwellings, as well as general population information. Confidentiality procedures have been applied to the data (both suppression of data and random rounding of numbers) to protect the confidentiality of individual respondents.*As per the 1987 Representation Order or the 1996 Representation Order.

    Release date: 1998-07-09

  • Table: 89-565-X
    Description:

    This study analyses the New Brunswick data collected for the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) to better understand the occurrence of literacy in the province. Links to age, education, occupation and a variety of other demographic indicators are explored and a separate chapter on the practices of literacy is presented.

    Release date: 1998-06-22

  • Table: 93F0030X
    Description:

    The Nation is the first series to release basic data from the 1996 Census, providing national coverage. This series covers characteristics of the population, including demographic, social, cultural, labour force and income variables as well as details on dwellings, households and families. Generally the data are represented for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas. Some tables include comparisons with data from earlier censuses.

    Release date: 1998-06-09

  • Table: 93F0029X
    Description:

    The Nation is the first series to release basic data from the 1996 Census, providing national coverage. This series covers characteristics of the population, including demographic, social, cultural, labour force and income variables as well as details on dwellings, households and families. Generally the data are represented for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas. Some tables include comparisons with data from earlier censuses.

    Release date: 1998-05-12

  • Table: 68-513-X19970013571
    Description:

    "Intergenerational equity" is a term that can be interpreted in the sense of either: [1] equity between persons in the intergenerational transmission of economic status - often judged by the norm of "equality of opportunity"; or [2] equity in the intergenerational division of aggregate resources, considering all members of each generation as a group. Many of the papers in the companion volume (Corak, 1998) of intergenerational social mobility has long been a central issue in sociology and politics. This volume has focussed on the second interpretation, and espoused a "new" type of measurement of "Generational Accounting."

    Release date: 1998-02-04

Analysis (32)

Analysis (32) (25 of 32 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034005
    Description:

    This article focuses on the key factors associated with infrequent use of basic skills.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034002
    Description:

    This article examines the extent of indebtedness, the repayment record and the impact of high debt on postsecondary graduates who used government loans to help finance their studies.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980034004
    Description:

    This article examines the literacy profiles of anglophones and francophones, in terms of such variables as education, age and reading habits.

    Release date: 1998-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19980044043
    Description:

    This profile of unionized women covers demographic and labour characteristics, wages, benefits and work arrangements. Also included are selected union statistics for both men and women. (This is an updated version of an article released shortly before Labour Day, 1998).

    Release date: 1998-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1998120
    Description:

    Considerable attention has been directed at understanding the structural changes that are generating an increased need for skilled workers. These changes are perceived to be the result of developments associated with the emergence of the new knowledge economy, whose potential is often linked to the growth of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). Where are these firms to be found? Related work on changes in technology and innovativeness has been accompanied by the creation of taxonomies that classify industries as high-tech or high-knowledge, based primarily on the characteristics of large firms. There is a temptation to use these taxonomies to identify new technology-based firms only within certain sectors. This paper uses a special survey that collected data on new firms to argue that this would be unwise.

    The paper investigates the limitations of existing classification schemes that might be used to classify industries as high- or low-tech, as advanced or otherwise. Characteristically unidimensional in scope, many of these taxonomies employ conceptual and operational measures that are narrow and incomplete. Consequently, previous rankings that identify sectors as high- or low-tech using these measures obscure the degree of innovativeness and human capital formation exhibited by certain industries. In a policy environment wherein emotive 'scoreboard' classifications have direct effects on resource allocation, the social costs of misclassification are potentially significant.

    Using a comparative methodology, this study investigates the role that conceptualization plays in devising taxonomies of high- and low-tech industries. Far from producing definitive classifications, existing measures of technological advancement are found to be wanting when their underpinnings are examined closely. Our objective in the current analysis is to examine the limitations of standard classification schemes, particularly when applied to new small firms, and to suggest an alternative framework based on a competency-model of the firm.

    Release date: 1998-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980024078
    Description:

    Educational attainment is an important determinant of one's job opportunities and relative well-being. One influence on the level of education children attain is the level of education attained by parents.

    Release date: 1998-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980024077
    Description:

    In this article we describe changes in the pay and rank of women in Canadian universities over a period when universities evolved from small institutions serving a priveledged minority to much larger and more diverse institutions.

    Release date: 1998-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980138294
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1998-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0104X
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report "At risk: a socio-economic analysis of health and literacy among seniors", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. This report demonstrates that the socio-economic environment remains an important determinant of health. Variables such as income and education continue to have direct and indirect effects on people's health status.

    Release date: 1998-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998005
    Description:

    This report presents evidence that literacy is an overlooked socio-economic factor that is an important determinant of health among senior citizens.

    Release date: 1998-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014026
    Description:

    To some important degree young people establish their living arrangements in response to the constraints and opportunities created for them by previous generations. In fact, the very definition of what it means to be a youth is at the core of this intergenerational relationship since it determines the appropriate way for people to live when they are of a particular age. The nature of the family, the structure of the school system, and the opportunities for work are the central institutions determining the transition to adulthood, and the associated living arrangements.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014018
    Description:

    In this chapter we document trends in social transfers, market incomes and family composition from 1973 through 1995, and their impact on the incidence of low-income among four generations: children (new-borns to those 14 years of age), young adults (25 to 34), the older working-age population (45 to 54), and the elderly (over 65).

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014024
    Description:

    In this chapter, we assess the family's role in determining the acquisition of higher education and literacy. More specifically, our objective is to relate individual educational attainment, literacy abilities, and labour market characteristics to parental educational and labour market attributes. We compare different age cohorts and thereby examine relationships between parents and children over more than one generation.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014023
    Description:

    The primary goal of this chapter is to improve our understanding of the roles that family structure and low-income play in the determination of psychiatric disorders, poor school performance, and social problems among Canadian children. While there is broad agreement that environmental factors have an impact on these outcomes, until recently there has been little or no Canadian data with which to assess the importance of socio-economic factors in determining the incidence and severity of such problems.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014022
    Description:

    The reproduction of poverty may very well result from the social behaviour of children as they attain adulthood and become parents. Consequently, we focus in this chapter on the impact that family life disruption has on the transition to family life in adulthood for the first generations of Canadian children experiencing parental divorce in significant proportions.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980023923
    Description:

    This article examines the home schooling movement and estimates its popularity.

    Release date: 1998-09-15

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19980033946
    Description:

    In this study, a link is established with spouses' retirement dates to determine how age, age difference, education and post-retirement income influence couples in their decisions to retire.

    Release date: 1998-09-09

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0103X
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report "Literacy utilization in Canadian workplaces", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. This report examines the fit or mismatch between the job requirements of Canadian workers and their literacy skills, thus profiling patterns of literacy usage and under- usage in the Canadian labour market.

    Release date: 1998-08-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998004
    Description:

    This report examines the fit or mismatch between the job requirements of Canadian workers and their literacy skills, thus profiling patterns of literacy usage and underusage in the Canadian labour market.

    Release date: 1998-08-19

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980013902
    Description:

    Education is an important determinant of one's position in society, affecting a person's participation in the community and likely success in the labour market. The inherited intellectual capital of the family - forged over the years by generations of family members' achievements at school and work - often plays a large role in a child's educational achievement. It can contribute indirectly by paving the way for a higher level of educational attainment. This article assesses the role of inherited intellectual capital in children's acquisition of postsecondary education.

    Release date: 1998-08-12

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X19980013903
    Description:

    Distance students have a relatively lower socioeconomic profile than non-distance students. They have, on average, lower incomes, less labour force experience and lower educational status than their non-distance counterparts. As well, they are more likely than non-distance students to live in rural areas, to be women, to be young and to be unmarried. Most of these characteristics are associated with a high risk for interruption of studies.

    Release date: 1998-08-12

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1998112
    Description:

    The study examines the reason for the significant increase in the 'age premium' over the period 1981-94. The age premium refers to the percentage difference in hourly earnings between 'younger' (25-34) and 'older' (45-54) workers. In 1994, the hourly rate of older males was 32.4% higher than that of younger males. The corresponding age premium among females was 15.5%. Over the period 1981-94, the age premium increased by 15.7 percentage points among males and 19.5 percentage points among females.

    Evidence based on analysis of the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) public use microdata shows that, while there has been a trend toward non-standard employment, this so far has affected mostly workers under age 25 and cannot explain the rise in the age premium between ages 25-to-34 and 45-to-54, which is the focus of this study.

    A more likely explanation identified by the study is the dramatic improvement in the level of education of older workers over the last 14 years. For example, from 1981 to 1994 the percentage of older male workers with grade 10 education or less declined from 41.9% to 19.6%, while the percentage with post-secondary diplomas and degrees increased from 32.1% to 51.7%. The education level of younger male workers also improved over the same period, but the rate of improvement was smaller and, by 1994, there was virtually no difference in the incidence of post-secondary diplomas and degrees between younger and older workers. Similar trends took place among female workers. Shift-share analysis shows that the narrowing of the education gap between older and younger workers explains 44% of the age premium rise among male employees and 50% of the age premium rise among female employees.

    Release date: 1998-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19980023823
    Description:

    Computer programmers are increasingly in demand. Is this need changing their working conditions? A close look at this occupation challenges some commonly held perceptions.

    Release date: 1998-06-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0100X
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report " The Value of Words: Literacy and Economic Security in Canada", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. Canada, like many other industrialized countries, is increasingly being forced to face the literacy problem within its own borders. Over the past decade, the issue has become more prominent on the national policy and research agenda. There has been little systematic research in Canada, however, on the relationship between literacy and income security. Using data from the Canadian component of the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), this study seeks to fill this research gap. An in-depth exploration of the links between literacy and economic security will build on existing knowledge and will also provide useful insights that will help shape public policy.

    Release date: 1998-05-27

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998003
    Description:

    This study provides an in-depth exploration of the links between literacy and economic security.

    Release date: 1998-05-27

Reference (4)

Reference (4) (4 of 4 results)

  • Technical products: 88F0006X1998004
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is engaged in the "Information System for Science and Technology Project" to develop useful indicators of activity and a framework to tie them together into a coherent picture of science and technology (S&T) in Canada. The working papers series is used to publish results of the different initiatives conducted within this project. The data are related to the activities, linkages and outcomes of S&T. Several key areas are covered such as: innovation, technology diffusion, human resources in S&T and interrelations between different actors involved in S&T. This series also presents data tabulations taken from regular surveys on research and development (R&D) and S&T and made possible by the project.

    Release date: 1998-10-30

  • Classification: 89F0077X199802B
    Description:

    The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) is the first Canada-wide survey of children. Starting in 1994, it will gather information on a sample of children and their life experiences. It will follow these children over time. The survey will collect information on children and their families, education, health, development, behaviour, friends, activities, etc.

    Along with 89F0077XIE issue 9802A, this document contains the various questionnaires used to gather information from parents, children, teachers and principals.

    Release date: 1998-06-04

  • Index and guides: 81F0004G
    Description:

    The guide lists and briefly describes the main sources of data, and for each source gives: data coverage, main variables available, strengths and limitation of the data, historical continuity, frequency and means of dissemination, indication of the type of analysis that can be performed.

    Release date: 1998-03-30

  • Classification: 89F0077X199802A
    Description:

    The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) is the first Canada-wide survey of children. Starting in 1994, it will gather information on a sample of children and their life experiences. It will follow these children over time. The survey will collect information on children and their families, education, health, development, behaviour, friends, activities, etc.

    Along with 89F0077XPE issue 9802b, this document contains the various questionnaires used to gather information from parents, children, teachers and principals.

    Release date: 1998-02-27

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