Statistics by subject – Prices and price indexes

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All (88)

All (88) (25 of 88 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2017043
    Description:

    The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Based on the CPI, Statistics Canada also produces and publishes the Bank of Canada's three preferred measures of core inflation: CPI-trim (trimmed mean), CPI-median (weighted median), and CPI-common (common component). The following infographic looks at the three preferred measures of core inflation and illustrates how they are calculated.

    Release date: 2017-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2017002
    Description:

    This document offers information on changes to the Mortgage Interest Cost Index (MICI), which is one of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) components. It describes the new approach for estimating MICI price movements.

    Release date: 2017-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-631-X2017004
    Description:

    Energy's run as the largest contributor to Canadian export earnings ended in 2015, as the world grappled with an over-supply of oil. This presentation looks at Statistics Canada data to help provide insight into related price movements, the gasoline value chain and the subsequent economic fallout.

    Release date: 2017-10-19

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2017399
    Description:

    Canada is a trading nation that produces significant quantities of resource outputs. Consequently, the behaviour of resource prices that are important for Canada is germane to understanding the progress of real income growth and the prosperity of the country and the provinces. Demand and supply shocks or changes in monetary policy in international markets may exert significant influence on resource prices, and their fluctuations constitute an important avenue for the transmission of external shocks into the domestic economy. This paper develops historical estimates of the Bank of Canada commodity price index (BCPI) and links them to modern estimates. Using a collection of historical data sources, it estimates weights and prices sufficiently consistently to merit the construction of long-run estimates that may be linked to the modern Fisher BCPI.

    Release date: 2017-10-11

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2017001
    Description:

    This article is an overview of the treatment of Shelter in the Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI). It describes the concepts and methodologies related to the construction of that component and briefly discusses considerations to be taken into account when using the estimates.

    Release date: 2017-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2017023
    Description:

    To celebrate Canada 150, this new interactive historical timeline was created to showcase the key milestones in the history of Canadian producer price statistics. This historical timeline contains answers to questions such as: Who collected Canada’s first statistics? What do Canadian producer price indexes measure?

    Release date: 2017-07-31

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2017103
    Description:

    Gasoline and fuel oil, products whose price movements closely reflect underlying changes in the price of crude oil, have a greater influence on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in the Atlantic Provinces compared with the rest of Canada. This paper explores how the higher basket shares for gasoline and fuel oil in Atlantic Canada help shed light on why these oil-linked products have a greater influence on the rate of inflation in this region.

    Release date: 2017-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2016065
    Description:

    The U.S.–Canada purchasing power parity (PPP) is a measure of the relative price level between Canada and the United States. It measures the difference, in dollars, that exists between the two countries for an individual or firm wishing to purchase an equivalent basket of goods and services in each country. This Economic Insights article presents quarterly estimates from Statistics Canada for the U.S.–Canada purchasing power parity. It is part of a series of research papers and articles that examine differences in price levels between Canada and the United States.

    Release date: 2016-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2016004
    Description:

    This infographic demonstrates how producer price indexes for goods and services are calculated and why they are important for the Canadian economy. This infographic highlights the Industrial Product Price Index (IPPI), the New Housing Price Index (NHPI), the Retail Services Price Index (RSPI) and the Accounting Services Price Index (ASPI).

    Release date: 2016-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2016002
    Description:

    A video that explains how and why the price change reported by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may vary from the prices Canadians see on the shelves. It tells the story of Joe and Izzy, and how they each perceive price change as compared with the CPI.

    Release date: 2016-01-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2015096
    Description:

    This analysis examines provincial income convergence in Canada from 1926 to 2011 using National Accounts-based estimates of per capita household disposable income. Household disposable income is the income available for consumption and saving, and is, therefore, closely aligned with material well-being.

    Convergence is a long-run tendency for income levels between economies to become more similar. In its most literal sense, convergence implies that all provincial per capita disposable incomes across Canada will eventually reach the same level. Less exacting forms of convergence allow for differences in per capita income levels due to structural differences across provinces. Factors such as resource endowments, urbanization, human capital, and industry structure are believed to be sources of such differences.

    Release date: 2015-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2014001
    Description:

    This video provides an overview of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

    Release date: 2014-08-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2014094
    Description:

    This report compares household net worth per capita in Canada and the United States from 1970 to 2012, using data from the Canadian National Balance Sheet Accounts and the Flow of Funds Accounts published by the U.S. Federal Reserve.

    Three approaches are adopted. The first makes a level comparison using values adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP). The second uses ratios of real net worth per capita and net worth relative to disposable income. The third decomposes the growth of the ratio of net worth to disposable income. Together, these approaches provide mutually re-enforcing results that are more robust than what could be derived from any one approach in isolation.

    Release date: 2014-08-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2014093
    Description:

    This paper examines the composition of Canadian and United States gross national saving for a period spanning more than 80 years, using time series from the Bureau of Economic Analysis in the United States and a newly created dataset for Canada. The paper tracks short-term, year-to-year fluctuations, cyclical fluctuations and long-term compositional changes. It illustrates a substantial degree of national saving reallocation across sectors, annually and across business cycles. The national saving rate is more stable than sector saving rates, implying that sectoral changes have been largely offsetting.

    Release date: 2014-06-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2014035
    Description:

    This Economic Insights article presents new data on the relative prices of Canadian and U.S. products, focusing on various classes of goods and services. It also evaluates the extent to which changes in these relative prices correlate with movements in the nominal exchange rate. The comparative price estimates are based on data from Statistics Canada’s Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2014-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2013027
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series looks at the increase in food prices that has taken place worldwide since 2007. It answers the following questions: How have food prices evolved in Canada and in the rest of the world since 2007? How do the recent trends in Canada compare to previous episodes of rising food prices?

    Release date: 2013-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2013025
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series reports on recent global movements in consumer prices. This article is published as part of a program at Statistics Canada that examines Canada's performance in a global context.

    Release date: 2013-05-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012002
    Description:

    This Economic Insight presents new data on the relative prices of Canadian and U.S. products, focusing on various classes of goods and services. It also evaluates the extent to which changes in these relative prices correlate with movements in the nominal exchange rate. The comparative price estimates are based on data from Statistics Canada's Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2012-01-04

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012003
    Description:

    This Economic Insight discusses price differences between Canada and the United States. It is based on the concepts and methods from Statistics Canada's Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2012-01-04

  • Articles and reports: 21-004-X201100111412
    Description:

    Statistics Canada administers six surveys per year to collect information on intended, seeded and harvested acreages, yields, production and stocks of principal field crops, and publishes these survey estimates in the Field Crop Reporting Series (FCRS). This paper analyses short-term movements in weekly crop prices from the week before the releases of FCRS to the week after the releases. Field crops included in this study are oats, canola, corn, flax, barley and wheat, while specialty crops studied are sunflower seed, canary seed, field peas, lentils, mustard seed, chick peas and green peas. The data for field crops cover a period from 1990 to 2009 and that for specialty crops cover varying periods from 1992 to 2009 based on their availability. The results reveal that the price changes before and after the official releases of FCRS tend to even out over time. The results also suggest that prices after the releases are as likely to increase as they are to decrease. Based on the findings, the study concludes that the publication of statistics in the FCRS has no systematic effect on crop prices. The results are consistent with the findings of the National Agricultural Statistics Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.

    Release date: 2011-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 13-604-M2010064
    Description:

    This paper provides the latest annual results for the U.S./Canada purchasing power parities (PPPs) and real expenditure indexes in the U.S. compared with Canada for the period 2002 to 2009. Revisions to previously published data and an update using the most recent US and Canada expenditure data from the National Accounts and in-depth price comparisons for 2005 are incorporated. The paper provides a primer on purchasing power parities and related measures and why they are important in international comparisons of economic performance. It also describes a new projection methodology for total economy measures that are now based on Gross Domestic Income and shows the impact of this change on the data.

    Release date: 2011-01-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010086
    Description:

    This study examines changes in housing market prices in Canada in 2009 using the New Housing Price Index, home resale prices, number of resale units, and data on the number of new units approved by municipalities. It highlights changes in housing market prices from 2005 to 2009 in the provinces and major cities.

    Release date: 2010-06-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010084
    Description:

    This special study analyses price movements using three groupings of the CPI items based on frequency of purchase (frequent purchases, non-frequent purchases and contractual purchases), to provide a better understanding of the sources of consumer inflation and to help shed light on people's perception of inflation.

    Release date: 2010-06-09

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010085
    Description:

    This paper examines the average annual change in the industrial product price index from 2008 to 2009, recent trends in this index and the factors contributing to these variation and trends.

    Release date: 2010-05-20

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200900810917
    Description:

    Manufacturing's share of nominal GDP has fallen over the last half century due to lower relative prices in Canada, not a declining volume of production. These price declines reflect productivity growth, while also lowered the share of manufacturing in employment. Canada's manufacturing structure shifted to mirror the United States after free trade was introduced in the 1990s.

    Release date: 2009-08-13

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Analysis (88)

Analysis (88) (25 of 88 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2017043
    Description:

    The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Based on the CPI, Statistics Canada also produces and publishes the Bank of Canada's three preferred measures of core inflation: CPI-trim (trimmed mean), CPI-median (weighted median), and CPI-common (common component). The following infographic looks at the three preferred measures of core inflation and illustrates how they are calculated.

    Release date: 2017-12-07

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2017002
    Description:

    This document offers information on changes to the Mortgage Interest Cost Index (MICI), which is one of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) components. It describes the new approach for estimating MICI price movements.

    Release date: 2017-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-631-X2017004
    Description:

    Energy's run as the largest contributor to Canadian export earnings ended in 2015, as the world grappled with an over-supply of oil. This presentation looks at Statistics Canada data to help provide insight into related price movements, the gasoline value chain and the subsequent economic fallout.

    Release date: 2017-10-19

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2017399
    Description:

    Canada is a trading nation that produces significant quantities of resource outputs. Consequently, the behaviour of resource prices that are important for Canada is germane to understanding the progress of real income growth and the prosperity of the country and the provinces. Demand and supply shocks or changes in monetary policy in international markets may exert significant influence on resource prices, and their fluctuations constitute an important avenue for the transmission of external shocks into the domestic economy. This paper develops historical estimates of the Bank of Canada commodity price index (BCPI) and links them to modern estimates. Using a collection of historical data sources, it estimates weights and prices sufficiently consistently to merit the construction of long-run estimates that may be linked to the modern Fisher BCPI.

    Release date: 2017-10-11

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2017001
    Description:

    This article is an overview of the treatment of Shelter in the Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI). It describes the concepts and methodologies related to the construction of that component and briefly discusses considerations to be taken into account when using the estimates.

    Release date: 2017-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2017023
    Description:

    To celebrate Canada 150, this new interactive historical timeline was created to showcase the key milestones in the history of Canadian producer price statistics. This historical timeline contains answers to questions such as: Who collected Canada’s first statistics? What do Canadian producer price indexes measure?

    Release date: 2017-07-31

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2017103
    Description:

    Gasoline and fuel oil, products whose price movements closely reflect underlying changes in the price of crude oil, have a greater influence on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in the Atlantic Provinces compared with the rest of Canada. This paper explores how the higher basket shares for gasoline and fuel oil in Atlantic Canada help shed light on why these oil-linked products have a greater influence on the rate of inflation in this region.

    Release date: 2017-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2016065
    Description:

    The U.S.–Canada purchasing power parity (PPP) is a measure of the relative price level between Canada and the United States. It measures the difference, in dollars, that exists between the two countries for an individual or firm wishing to purchase an equivalent basket of goods and services in each country. This Economic Insights article presents quarterly estimates from Statistics Canada for the U.S.–Canada purchasing power parity. It is part of a series of research papers and articles that examine differences in price levels between Canada and the United States.

    Release date: 2016-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 11-627-M2016004
    Description:

    This infographic demonstrates how producer price indexes for goods and services are calculated and why they are important for the Canadian economy. This infographic highlights the Industrial Product Price Index (IPPI), the New Housing Price Index (NHPI), the Retail Services Price Index (RSPI) and the Accounting Services Price Index (ASPI).

    Release date: 2016-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2016002
    Description:

    A video that explains how and why the price change reported by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may vary from the prices Canadians see on the shelves. It tells the story of Joe and Izzy, and how they each perceive price change as compared with the CPI.

    Release date: 2016-01-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2015096
    Description:

    This analysis examines provincial income convergence in Canada from 1926 to 2011 using National Accounts-based estimates of per capita household disposable income. Household disposable income is the income available for consumption and saving, and is, therefore, closely aligned with material well-being.

    Convergence is a long-run tendency for income levels between economies to become more similar. In its most literal sense, convergence implies that all provincial per capita disposable incomes across Canada will eventually reach the same level. Less exacting forms of convergence allow for differences in per capita income levels due to structural differences across provinces. Factors such as resource endowments, urbanization, human capital, and industry structure are believed to be sources of such differences.

    Release date: 2015-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 11-629-X2014001
    Description:

    This video provides an overview of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

    Release date: 2014-08-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2014094
    Description:

    This report compares household net worth per capita in Canada and the United States from 1970 to 2012, using data from the Canadian National Balance Sheet Accounts and the Flow of Funds Accounts published by the U.S. Federal Reserve.

    Three approaches are adopted. The first makes a level comparison using values adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP). The second uses ratios of real net worth per capita and net worth relative to disposable income. The third decomposes the growth of the ratio of net worth to disposable income. Together, these approaches provide mutually re-enforcing results that are more robust than what could be derived from any one approach in isolation.

    Release date: 2014-08-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2014093
    Description:

    This paper examines the composition of Canadian and United States gross national saving for a period spanning more than 80 years, using time series from the Bureau of Economic Analysis in the United States and a newly created dataset for Canada. The paper tracks short-term, year-to-year fluctuations, cyclical fluctuations and long-term compositional changes. It illustrates a substantial degree of national saving reallocation across sectors, annually and across business cycles. The national saving rate is more stable than sector saving rates, implying that sectoral changes have been largely offsetting.

    Release date: 2014-06-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2014035
    Description:

    This Economic Insights article presents new data on the relative prices of Canadian and U.S. products, focusing on various classes of goods and services. It also evaluates the extent to which changes in these relative prices correlate with movements in the nominal exchange rate. The comparative price estimates are based on data from Statistics Canada’s Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2014-06-02

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2013027
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series looks at the increase in food prices that has taken place worldwide since 2007. It answers the following questions: How have food prices evolved in Canada and in the rest of the world since 2007? How do the recent trends in Canada compare to previous episodes of rising food prices?

    Release date: 2013-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2013025
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series reports on recent global movements in consumer prices. This article is published as part of a program at Statistics Canada that examines Canada's performance in a global context.

    Release date: 2013-05-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012002
    Description:

    This Economic Insight presents new data on the relative prices of Canadian and U.S. products, focusing on various classes of goods and services. It also evaluates the extent to which changes in these relative prices correlate with movements in the nominal exchange rate. The comparative price estimates are based on data from Statistics Canada's Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2012-01-04

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012003
    Description:

    This Economic Insight discusses price differences between Canada and the United States. It is based on the concepts and methods from Statistics Canada's Purchasing Power Parity program.

    Release date: 2012-01-04

  • Articles and reports: 21-004-X201100111412
    Description:

    Statistics Canada administers six surveys per year to collect information on intended, seeded and harvested acreages, yields, production and stocks of principal field crops, and publishes these survey estimates in the Field Crop Reporting Series (FCRS). This paper analyses short-term movements in weekly crop prices from the week before the releases of FCRS to the week after the releases. Field crops included in this study are oats, canola, corn, flax, barley and wheat, while specialty crops studied are sunflower seed, canary seed, field peas, lentils, mustard seed, chick peas and green peas. The data for field crops cover a period from 1990 to 2009 and that for specialty crops cover varying periods from 1992 to 2009 based on their availability. The results reveal that the price changes before and after the official releases of FCRS tend to even out over time. The results also suggest that prices after the releases are as likely to increase as they are to decrease. Based on the findings, the study concludes that the publication of statistics in the FCRS has no systematic effect on crop prices. The results are consistent with the findings of the National Agricultural Statistics Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.

    Release date: 2011-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 13-604-M2010064
    Description:

    This paper provides the latest annual results for the U.S./Canada purchasing power parities (PPPs) and real expenditure indexes in the U.S. compared with Canada for the period 2002 to 2009. Revisions to previously published data and an update using the most recent US and Canada expenditure data from the National Accounts and in-depth price comparisons for 2005 are incorporated. The paper provides a primer on purchasing power parities and related measures and why they are important in international comparisons of economic performance. It also describes a new projection methodology for total economy measures that are now based on Gross Domestic Income and shows the impact of this change on the data.

    Release date: 2011-01-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010086
    Description:

    This study examines changes in housing market prices in Canada in 2009 using the New Housing Price Index, home resale prices, number of resale units, and data on the number of new units approved by municipalities. It highlights changes in housing market prices from 2005 to 2009 in the provinces and major cities.

    Release date: 2010-06-17

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010084
    Description:

    This special study analyses price movements using three groupings of the CPI items based on frequency of purchase (frequent purchases, non-frequent purchases and contractual purchases), to provide a better understanding of the sources of consumer inflation and to help shed light on people's perception of inflation.

    Release date: 2010-06-09

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2010085
    Description:

    This paper examines the average annual change in the industrial product price index from 2008 to 2009, recent trends in this index and the factors contributing to these variation and trends.

    Release date: 2010-05-20

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200900810917
    Description:

    Manufacturing's share of nominal GDP has fallen over the last half century due to lower relative prices in Canada, not a declining volume of production. These price declines reflect productivity growth, while also lowered the share of manufacturing in employment. Canada's manufacturing structure shifted to mirror the United States after free trade was introduced in the 1990s.

    Release date: 2009-08-13

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