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All (157) (25 of 157 results)

  • Technical products: 88F0006X
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is engaged in the "Information System for Science and Technology Project" to develop useful indicators of activity and a framework to tie them together into a coherent picture of science and technology (S&T) in Canada. The working papers series is used to publish results of the different initiatives conducted within this project. The data are related to the activities, linkages and outcomes of S&T. Several key areas are covered such as: innovation, technology diffusion, human resources in S&T and interrelations between different actors involved in S&T. This series also presents data tabulations taken from regular surveys on research and development (R&D) and S&T and made possible by the project.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2011001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development and production of Bioproducts. It provides data on the number and types of Bioproducts firms in 2009, covering bioproducts revenues, research and development, use of biomass, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulations on the sector.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 88-222-X
    Description:

    This annual publication is based on the Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector which tracks the progress of innovation in this area.

    The objective of the survey is to assure the availability of pertinent information to monitor science and technology related activities and to support the development of science and technology policy. The topic studied is intellectual property management at universities and affiliated teaching hospitals. The data are used to determine how to maximize the benefits resulting from public sector research. Data users include the federal and provincial governments and university administrators and researchers.

    Release date: 2010-08-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2010003
    Description:

    Design activities are central to firm competitiveness and delivering value-added products. Research has shown that rapidly growing companies attach greater weight to design activities. Through design, firms may improve the user interface and create characteristics that allow them to distinguish their products from those of their competitors. Using the results of the Survey of Advanced Technology 2007, this paper examines the extent of use of design activities among Canadian firms, with a view to explaining factors fostering firms' engagement in design activities. It explores whether design activities are more likely to be carried out in some manufacturing industries than in others. The average size of firms undertaking design activities will also be explored. Characteristics of firms that are likely to spend a greater proportion of their expenditures on in-house design activities versus those who outsource larger percentage of their design work to other firms outside their organizational boundaries will be discussed. This paper will also explore whether firms that have high design intensity are more likely to be innovators. Another area of interest of this paper is the question of whether firms that undertake design activities are more likely to be exporters. Common success factors reported by those firms with high design intensity will also be discussed.

    Release date: 2010-05-25

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2010001
    Description:

    Summary of the technical workshop on Estimates of Research and Development in the Higher Education Sector (HERD), held in Ottawa on October 16, 2009. Data users and experts from universities and colleges, granting councils and provincial and federal government departments proposed general and detailed recommendations for the methodology applied in estimating the HERD.

    Release date: 2010-02-26

  • Technical products: 15-206-X2009026
    Description:

    This paper presents estimates of intangible investment in Canada for the purpose of innovation, advertising and resource extraction. It first expands upon work by Beckstead and Gellatly (2003), Baldwin and Hanel (2003), Beckstead and Gellatly (2003), Beckstead and Vinodrai (2003) and Baldwin and Beckstead (2003) who argue that the scope of innovative activity extends beyond research and development (R&D) as defined by the Frascati Manual. It extends the definition of innovative activities to include all scientific and engineering expenditures - regardless of whether they are market-based or produced with a firm. The paper also considers expenditures on intangible items such as brands or resource exploration.

    The paper contributes to the existing literature by creating intangible investment estimates (science and engineering knowledge, advertising, mineral exploration by industry) using Statistics Canada's high quality and internally consistent databases. It produces estimates that accord with other intangibles studies (Corrado, Hulten and Sichel 2005, 2006; Jalava, Ahmavarra and Alanen 2007) and shows that traditional R&D type investment estimates account for about a quarter of intangible science and engineering investments.

    Release date: 2009-12-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009003
    Description:

    This working paper provides some metrics for the measurement of user innovation. It explains what is meant by user innovation and provides background on its measurement at Statistics Canada, drawing attention to some more influential work. Challenges to the measurement of user innovation are presented. Details on the survey methodology and survey findings, measurement issues and some lessons learned from the survey will be discussed. The paper concludes by presenting contributions of this study to understanding user innovation.

    Release date: 2009-10-06

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009002
    Description:

    This working paper highlights a variety of aspects of innovation in the Canadian manufacturing sector, including incidence and types of innovation, novelty of innovation, innovation activities, sources of information contributing to innovation, cooperation with innovation partners, impacts of innovation, obstacles to innovation, use of government programs, intellectual property protection, and suppliers to innovative manufacturing plants.

    Release date: 2009-08-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development, production and distribution of functional foods and/or natural health products (FFNHP). It provides data on the number and types of FFNHP firms in 2007, covering FFNHP revenues, Research and Development, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulation on the sector.

    Release date: 2009-07-27

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2008001
    Description:

    This study compares the characteristics of innovative exporting firms using formal intellectual property (IP) regimes and those using informal intellectual property regimes. Two service industry groups are examined: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Selected Professional, Scientific and Technical Services. The data are based on the 2003 Survey of Innovation

    Release date: 2008-02-29

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007007
    Description:

    Results from the Survey of Innovation 2003 raised some interesting questions. First, an unexpected one-third of establishments in R&D services were not innovative. According to the guidelines of the Oslo Manual, innovative establishments are those that introduced a new or significantly improved product or process on to the market or into production, within a specified interval. Second, many of these non-innovative establishments indicated that satisfying existing customers was irrelevant to their firms success. This was very different response from all other types of firms.

    This working paper provides a potential explanation of these unexpected results, as well as an overview of available information on establishments in R&D services (NAICS 5417) in the context of professional services generally. The paper assembles descriptive data to show that non-innovative establishments in R&D services differ significantly from other non-innovative establishments and, while not innovative, they are nevertheless highly inventive. It presents some evidence to suggest that they are venture firms (firms relying on infusions of investment capital rather than revenues from sales to sustain their operations) and proposes a specific set of indicators that would facilitate resolution of the nature of firms in this industry group.

    Release date: 2007-12-20

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007006
    Description:

    This descriptive working paper provides highlights from the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey 2005. Data on innovative biotechnology firms are presented by region, sectors and firm size. The data include firm revenues, R&D activities, human resources, firm financing, age of firms, country of control and the proportion of publicly traded firms.

    Release date: 2007-12-05

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007005
    Description:

    This working paper provides results from a pilot survey on nanotechnology, which was appended to the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey 2005. The paper presents the conceptual issues and survey challenges relating to measurement of nanotechnology-related activities, as well as preliminary data on nanotechnology firms in Canada.

    Release date: 2007-08-31

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007004
    Description:

    For the past several years, Statistics Canada has been collecting information through surveys on innovation, research and development and more generally on science and technology. This study focuses more on the organizational aspects, and it seeks to provide information for answering the following question: once a company or organization has developed knowledge and a product or process, how does it go about generating benefits in terms of income, cost savings and strategic positioning?

    Release date: 2007-07-16

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007003
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the production and distribution of functional foods and/or nutraceuticals (FFN). It provides data on the number and types of FFN firms in 2005, covering FFN revenues, Research and Development, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulation on the sector.

    Release date: 2007-05-11

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007002
    Description:

    PhDs are an important and vital asset in Canada's labour force because not only do they represent the highest educational attainment level in a knowledge-based economy, but they are also highly skilled industrial researchers and innovators, teachers and professors, along with being scientists and engineers. The study examines what industries are employing scientists and engineers and in what occupations, along with other labour market characteristics such as income and unemployment, age, gender and geographic location. The report also examines the differences between Canadian born and non-Canadian born scientists and engineers.

    Release date: 2007-04-16

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007001
    Description:

    This study examines the factors that explain export orientation among Canadian Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS) firms, particularly innovativeness, while controlling for foreign control, size of establishment, training level of workforce, use of intellectual property protection and industry type. The data are based on the 2003 Survey of Innovation.

    Release date: 2007-04-03

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006012
    Description:

    This document presents the geographical distribution of federal government expenditures and staff for the fiscal year 2004/2005.

    Release date: 2006-12-22

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006011
    Description:

    Universities and their affiliated research hospitals make an important contribution to innovation in Canada's economy. Besides generating new knowledge and training highly qualified graduates, some of the technology they produce is patented and licensed to companies for incorporation into commercial products. This is the fifth survey of intellectual property commercialization in the higher education sector.

    Release date: 2006-10-04

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006010
    Description:

    It is well-known that small firms are managed differently from large firms, and this paper provides further evidence in support of this idea while suggesting that some small firms are adopting management behaviours of larger firms. Could these small firms be positioning themselves for growth or using organisational innovation as a tool for survival or adopting some formal organization practices early? In 2004, the Survey of Electronic Commerce and Technology provided a list of eight management practices that according to interviews with small and medium-sized firms indicated potential firm growth. The management practices listed were organisational structures; employee feedback surveys; mentoring or coaching programs; and written strategies for marketing; managing growth; commercialisation of intellectual property; succession management; and risk management.

    Release date: 2006-10-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006009
    Description:

    This publication presents the National GERD from 1995 to 2006p as well as the Provincial GERD from 1995 to 2004. Up until 1985, GERD included R&D expenditures in the Natural Sciences and Engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1993, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1993, may be obtained from the Science and Technology Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006008
    Description:

    Statistics Canada publishes information on industrial research and development (R&D) performers that includes the number of such firms and their total R&D expenditures. What has not been done to date is to look at R&D performers over time. This paper looks at R&D performance between 1994 and 2002 in three ways; first it looks at all firms that performed R&D at any point; the second section looks at R&D performing firms by R&D expenditure group for each year; and, the third section of the study follows firms that began to perform R&D and documents their R&D performance through time.

    Release date: 2006-08-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006005
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to measure the scientific effort devoted to (R&D) on advanced materials.

    This study has been conducted using data from the Statistics Canada survey entitled Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI).

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006006
    Description:

    This paper conceptualizes business incubation and translates theoretical ideas into measurable metrics. Specifically, it explains and develops the concept, discusses the influence of major economic and technological events on its evolution, identifies different models and explains how business incubators create value. It then explains how these concepts have been implemented in Statistics Canada's first survey of business incubators.

    Release date: 2006-07-24

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006007
    Description:

    This paper highlights business incubators in Canada. A business incubator is a business unit that specializes in providing space, services, advice and support designed to assist new and growing businesses to become established and profitable. The survey covered information on business incubator affiliation; infrastructure; sources of funding; policies; clients and activities; services; impact; management; and barriers

    Release date: 2006-07-24

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Reference (157)

Reference (157) (25 of 157 results)

  • Technical products: 88F0006X
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is engaged in the "Information System for Science and Technology Project" to develop useful indicators of activity and a framework to tie them together into a coherent picture of science and technology (S&T) in Canada. The working papers series is used to publish results of the different initiatives conducted within this project. The data are related to the activities, linkages and outcomes of S&T. Several key areas are covered such as: innovation, technology diffusion, human resources in S&T and interrelations between different actors involved in S&T. This series also presents data tabulations taken from regular surveys on research and development (R&D) and S&T and made possible by the project.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2011001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development and production of Bioproducts. It provides data on the number and types of Bioproducts firms in 2009, covering bioproducts revenues, research and development, use of biomass, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulations on the sector.

    Release date: 2011-12-23

  • Technical products: 88-222-X
    Description:

    This annual publication is based on the Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector which tracks the progress of innovation in this area.

    The objective of the survey is to assure the availability of pertinent information to monitor science and technology related activities and to support the development of science and technology policy. The topic studied is intellectual property management at universities and affiliated teaching hospitals. The data are used to determine how to maximize the benefits resulting from public sector research. Data users include the federal and provincial governments and university administrators and researchers.

    Release date: 2010-08-23

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2010003
    Description:

    Design activities are central to firm competitiveness and delivering value-added products. Research has shown that rapidly growing companies attach greater weight to design activities. Through design, firms may improve the user interface and create characteristics that allow them to distinguish their products from those of their competitors. Using the results of the Survey of Advanced Technology 2007, this paper examines the extent of use of design activities among Canadian firms, with a view to explaining factors fostering firms' engagement in design activities. It explores whether design activities are more likely to be carried out in some manufacturing industries than in others. The average size of firms undertaking design activities will also be explored. Characteristics of firms that are likely to spend a greater proportion of their expenditures on in-house design activities versus those who outsource larger percentage of their design work to other firms outside their organizational boundaries will be discussed. This paper will also explore whether firms that have high design intensity are more likely to be innovators. Another area of interest of this paper is the question of whether firms that undertake design activities are more likely to be exporters. Common success factors reported by those firms with high design intensity will also be discussed.

    Release date: 2010-05-25

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2010001
    Description:

    Summary of the technical workshop on Estimates of Research and Development in the Higher Education Sector (HERD), held in Ottawa on October 16, 2009. Data users and experts from universities and colleges, granting councils and provincial and federal government departments proposed general and detailed recommendations for the methodology applied in estimating the HERD.

    Release date: 2010-02-26

  • Technical products: 15-206-X2009026
    Description:

    This paper presents estimates of intangible investment in Canada for the purpose of innovation, advertising and resource extraction. It first expands upon work by Beckstead and Gellatly (2003), Baldwin and Hanel (2003), Beckstead and Gellatly (2003), Beckstead and Vinodrai (2003) and Baldwin and Beckstead (2003) who argue that the scope of innovative activity extends beyond research and development (R&D) as defined by the Frascati Manual. It extends the definition of innovative activities to include all scientific and engineering expenditures - regardless of whether they are market-based or produced with a firm. The paper also considers expenditures on intangible items such as brands or resource exploration.

    The paper contributes to the existing literature by creating intangible investment estimates (science and engineering knowledge, advertising, mineral exploration by industry) using Statistics Canada's high quality and internally consistent databases. It produces estimates that accord with other intangibles studies (Corrado, Hulten and Sichel 2005, 2006; Jalava, Ahmavarra and Alanen 2007) and shows that traditional R&D type investment estimates account for about a quarter of intangible science and engineering investments.

    Release date: 2009-12-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009003
    Description:

    This working paper provides some metrics for the measurement of user innovation. It explains what is meant by user innovation and provides background on its measurement at Statistics Canada, drawing attention to some more influential work. Challenges to the measurement of user innovation are presented. Details on the survey methodology and survey findings, measurement issues and some lessons learned from the survey will be discussed. The paper concludes by presenting contributions of this study to understanding user innovation.

    Release date: 2009-10-06

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009002
    Description:

    This working paper highlights a variety of aspects of innovation in the Canadian manufacturing sector, including incidence and types of innovation, novelty of innovation, innovation activities, sources of information contributing to innovation, cooperation with innovation partners, impacts of innovation, obstacles to innovation, use of government programs, intellectual property protection, and suppliers to innovative manufacturing plants.

    Release date: 2009-08-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2009001
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the development, production and distribution of functional foods and/or natural health products (FFNHP). It provides data on the number and types of FFNHP firms in 2007, covering FFNHP revenues, Research and Development, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulation on the sector.

    Release date: 2009-07-27

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2008001
    Description:

    This study compares the characteristics of innovative exporting firms using formal intellectual property (IP) regimes and those using informal intellectual property regimes. Two service industry groups are examined: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Selected Professional, Scientific and Technical Services. The data are based on the 2003 Survey of Innovation

    Release date: 2008-02-29

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007007
    Description:

    Results from the Survey of Innovation 2003 raised some interesting questions. First, an unexpected one-third of establishments in R&D services were not innovative. According to the guidelines of the Oslo Manual, innovative establishments are those that introduced a new or significantly improved product or process on to the market or into production, within a specified interval. Second, many of these non-innovative establishments indicated that satisfying existing customers was irrelevant to their firms success. This was very different response from all other types of firms.

    This working paper provides a potential explanation of these unexpected results, as well as an overview of available information on establishments in R&D services (NAICS 5417) in the context of professional services generally. The paper assembles descriptive data to show that non-innovative establishments in R&D services differ significantly from other non-innovative establishments and, while not innovative, they are nevertheless highly inventive. It presents some evidence to suggest that they are venture firms (firms relying on infusions of investment capital rather than revenues from sales to sustain their operations) and proposes a specific set of indicators that would facilitate resolution of the nature of firms in this industry group.

    Release date: 2007-12-20

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007006
    Description:

    This descriptive working paper provides highlights from the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey 2005. Data on innovative biotechnology firms are presented by region, sectors and firm size. The data include firm revenues, R&D activities, human resources, firm financing, age of firms, country of control and the proportion of publicly traded firms.

    Release date: 2007-12-05

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007005
    Description:

    This working paper provides results from a pilot survey on nanotechnology, which was appended to the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey 2005. The paper presents the conceptual issues and survey challenges relating to measurement of nanotechnology-related activities, as well as preliminary data on nanotechnology firms in Canada.

    Release date: 2007-08-31

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007004
    Description:

    For the past several years, Statistics Canada has been collecting information through surveys on innovation, research and development and more generally on science and technology. This study focuses more on the organizational aspects, and it seeks to provide information for answering the following question: once a company or organization has developed knowledge and a product or process, how does it go about generating benefits in terms of income, cost savings and strategic positioning?

    Release date: 2007-07-16

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007003
    Description:

    This working paper profiles Canadian firms involved in the production and distribution of functional foods and/or nutraceuticals (FFN). It provides data on the number and types of FFN firms in 2005, covering FFN revenues, Research and Development, patents, products, business practices and the impact of government regulation on the sector.

    Release date: 2007-05-11

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007002
    Description:

    PhDs are an important and vital asset in Canada's labour force because not only do they represent the highest educational attainment level in a knowledge-based economy, but they are also highly skilled industrial researchers and innovators, teachers and professors, along with being scientists and engineers. The study examines what industries are employing scientists and engineers and in what occupations, along with other labour market characteristics such as income and unemployment, age, gender and geographic location. The report also examines the differences between Canadian born and non-Canadian born scientists and engineers.

    Release date: 2007-04-16

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2007001
    Description:

    This study examines the factors that explain export orientation among Canadian Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS) firms, particularly innovativeness, while controlling for foreign control, size of establishment, training level of workforce, use of intellectual property protection and industry type. The data are based on the 2003 Survey of Innovation.

    Release date: 2007-04-03

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006012
    Description:

    This document presents the geographical distribution of federal government expenditures and staff for the fiscal year 2004/2005.

    Release date: 2006-12-22

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006011
    Description:

    Universities and their affiliated research hospitals make an important contribution to innovation in Canada's economy. Besides generating new knowledge and training highly qualified graduates, some of the technology they produce is patented and licensed to companies for incorporation into commercial products. This is the fifth survey of intellectual property commercialization in the higher education sector.

    Release date: 2006-10-04

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006010
    Description:

    It is well-known that small firms are managed differently from large firms, and this paper provides further evidence in support of this idea while suggesting that some small firms are adopting management behaviours of larger firms. Could these small firms be positioning themselves for growth or using organisational innovation as a tool for survival or adopting some formal organization practices early? In 2004, the Survey of Electronic Commerce and Technology provided a list of eight management practices that according to interviews with small and medium-sized firms indicated potential firm growth. The management practices listed were organisational structures; employee feedback surveys; mentoring or coaching programs; and written strategies for marketing; managing growth; commercialisation of intellectual property; succession management; and risk management.

    Release date: 2006-10-02

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006009
    Description:

    This publication presents the National GERD from 1995 to 2006p as well as the Provincial GERD from 1995 to 2004. Up until 1985, GERD included R&D expenditures in the Natural Sciences and Engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1993, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1993, may be obtained from the Science and Technology Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006008
    Description:

    Statistics Canada publishes information on industrial research and development (R&D) performers that includes the number of such firms and their total R&D expenditures. What has not been done to date is to look at R&D performers over time. This paper looks at R&D performance between 1994 and 2002 in three ways; first it looks at all firms that performed R&D at any point; the second section looks at R&D performing firms by R&D expenditure group for each year; and, the third section of the study follows firms that began to perform R&D and documents their R&D performance through time.

    Release date: 2006-08-18

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006005
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to measure the scientific effort devoted to (R&D) on advanced materials.

    This study has been conducted using data from the Statistics Canada survey entitled Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI).

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006006
    Description:

    This paper conceptualizes business incubation and translates theoretical ideas into measurable metrics. Specifically, it explains and develops the concept, discusses the influence of major economic and technological events on its evolution, identifies different models and explains how business incubators create value. It then explains how these concepts have been implemented in Statistics Canada's first survey of business incubators.

    Release date: 2006-07-24

  • Technical products: 88F0006X2006007
    Description:

    This paper highlights business incubators in Canada. A business incubator is a business unit that specializes in providing space, services, advice and support designed to assist new and growing businesses to become established and profitable. The survey covered information on business incubator affiliation; infrastructure; sources of funding; policies; clients and activities; services; impact; management; and barriers

    Release date: 2006-07-24

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