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    Canada Year Book

    2011

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    Job quality differences

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    In 2008, some key indicators of job quality showed significant differences between immigrants and non-immigrants. On average, immigrant wages were lower, while rates of involuntary part-time work, temporary employment and over-qualification were higher.

    In 2008, the average hourly wage of a Canadian-born employee of core working age (25 to 54) was $23.72, compared with $21.44 for an immigrant worker—a difference of $2.28 an hour.

    Among part-time workers, the share of immigrants who worked part time involuntarily (38%) was higher than among Canadian-born workers in 2008 (30%).

    Among core-age immigrant workers, 42% had a higher level of education for their job than what was normally required; 28% of Canadian-born workers in that age group were similarly over-qualified.

    In 2008, 9.7% of immigrant employees were working in temporary positions, slightly more than the 8.3% of Canadian-born employees.

    Chart 13.2 Hourly wage of immigrants and Canadian-born employees, 2008
    View data source for chart 13.2

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