Infographic: Demographic Estimates, Census Metropolitan Areas – Canada, 2015

Release date: February 10, 2016
Infographic: Demographic Estimates, Census Metropolitan Areas – Canada, 2015
Description for Infographic: Demographic Estimates, Census Metropolitan Areas – Canada, 2015

A census metropolitan area (CMA) is an area consisting of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around a core. A census metropolitan area must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the core. Canada has 33 CMAs; regions that are not CMAs are categorized as non-CMAs.

Seven in ten Canadians live in a CMA on July 1, 2015.

Population estimates by census metropolitan area and population distribution among Canada
CMAs Population Percentage of population
Toronto 6,130,000 17.1%
Montreal 4,061,000 11.3%
Vancouver 2,504,000 7.0%
Calgary 1,440,000 4.0%
Edmonton 1,363,000 3.8%
Ottawa-Gatineau 1,332,000 3.7%
Other CMAs 8,334,000 23.2%
Non-CMAs 10,688,000 29.8%

Increase of median age since 2005

In non-CMAs, the median age was 43.9 years in 2015, up +3.2 years since 2005.

In CMAs, the median age was 39.3 years in 2015, up +1.6 years since 2005.

Population aging is faster outside CMAs.

Alberta CMAs experienced the strongest population growth between 2005 and 2015.

CMAs experienced stronger population growth than non-CMAs. Their natural increase was 2.5 times higher and their net international migration was 5.8 times higher than in non-CMAs.

Population growth for major CMAs in Canada between 2005 and 2015
CMAs and Non-CMAs Population growth in percentage
Vancouver +16%
Calgary +32%
Edmonton +31%
Toronto +17%
Ottawa-Gatineau +15%
Montréal +11%
Canada +11%
CMAs +15%
Non-CMAs +4%

The proportion of persons aged 65 years and older is twice as high in Trois-Rivières as it is in Calgary.

Proportion of persons aged 65 years and older, by census metropolitan area, 2015
CMAs Proportion of persons aged 65 years and older on July 1, 2015
Trois-Rivières 21.6%
Peterborough 21.2%
St. Catharines-Niagara 21.0%
Kelowna 20.6%
Victoria 20.0%
Saguenay 19.8%
Non-CMAs 18.9%
Sherbrooke 18.6%
Thunder Bay 18.6%
Québec 18.5%
Kingston 17.8%
Greater Sudbury 17.6%
Hamilton 17.2%
Saint John 17.2%
Windsor 16.7%
London 16.5%
Brantford 16.5%
Moncton 16.2%
Canada 16.1%
Montréal 15.7%
Vancouver 15.0%
CMAs 14.9%
Halifax 14.7%
Winnipeg 14.6%
Guelph 14.5%
Ottawa-Gatineau 14.3%
Oshawa 14.1%
Toronto 13.9%
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 13.8%
Barrie 13.8%
St. John's 13.8%
Regina 12.9%
Saskatoon 11.9%
Edmonton 11.8%
Calgary 10.4%

Source: Annual Demographic Estimates: Subprovincial Areas, 2015

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