Infographic: Overview of results from the Survey on Sexual misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2016 – Primary Reserve

Release date: November 28, 2016
Infographic: Overview of results from the Survey on Sexual misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2016 –  Primary Reserve
Description for Infographic: Overview of results from the Survey on Sexual misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2016 – Primary Reserve

Sexual assault

One in 40 Primary Reservists was sexually assaulted in the past year.

Forms of Sexual assault include:

Forms of sexual assault
Form of sexual assault Percent (%)
Unwanted sexual touching 75
Sexual activity where unable to consent 6
Sexual attack 7
Multiple types 12

Women in the Primary Reserves were more likely than men to experience sexual assault (percent)

Percent of Primary Reserve members who were victims of sexual assault
  Women (%) Men (%)
Past year 8 1
Past 5 years 14 2
Since joining the Canadian Armed Forces 29 4

Impact of sexual assault on victims

  • 16% of victims had difficulty carrying out everyday activities
  • Being upset, being more cautious, and feeling angry were the most common consequence among female victims; being annoyed was most common for male victims
  • Professional help was sought by 1 in 10 victims
  • 6% of victims of sexual assault also suffered physical injuries

Sexualized and discriminatory behaviours

Overall, four in five Primary Forces saw, heard, or experienced inappropriate sexual or discriminatory behaviour.

Types of sexualized and discriminatory behaviour
Types of sexualized and discriminatory behaviour Saw, heard, or experienced (%)Footnote 1 Believed it to be offensive (%)Footnote 2
Workplace benefits in exchange for sex 1 57
Sexually suggestive photos or videos without consent 3 55
Discrimination  based on gender identity 3 61
Repeated pressure for dates or sexual relationships 4 60
Indecent exposure 7 34
Discrimination based on sexual orientation 8 67
Unwanted physical contact 11 49
Mistreatment due to person’s sex 12 69
Sexually explicit materials 15 29
Comments about sex and job suitability 18 58
Unwanted sexual attention 20 38
Stereotyping based on person’s sex 24 39
Inappropriate discussion about sex life 36 28
Inappropriate sexual comments 38 37
Sexual jokes 78 12

Perceptions

57% of women and 38% of men believe that inappropriate sexual behaviour is a problem within the Canadian Armed Forces, but most believe that their current unit is taking inappropriate sexual behaviour seriously

Primary Reserve members' perceptions of their current unit's response to inappropriate sexual behaviour
My current unit... Women (%) Men (%)
...would take complaints about inappropriate behaviours seriously 89 94
...does not tolerate inappropriate sexual behaviour 88 92

Source: Statistics Canada, Survey on Sexual Misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2016.

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