Mortality trends in Canada, 2013

Release date: July 12, 2017
Infographic: Mortality trends in Canada, 2013
Description: Mortality trends in Canada, 2013

Section 1 – Number of deaths

  • 252,338 deaths in Canada
  • Compared to 380,323 births
  • 79% of the deaths occurred at age 65 or after
  • 36% occurred at age 85 or after

More deaths in winter

Average number of deaths per day by month
Month Deaths
January 826
February 740
March 704
April 696
May 665
June 639
July 648
August 631
September 645
October 673
November 695
December 736
Annual daily average (691)

Section 2 – Life expectancy at birth

  • Males: 79.6 years
  • Females: 83.8 years
  • Male newborns can now expect to live 21 years more than in 1920s.
  • Female newborns can now expect to live 23 years more than in 1920s.

Male life expectancy catching up with that of females since the 1980s.

Gap (in years) in life expectancy at birth between males and females
Years Gap in years
1920-1922 1.8
1925-1927 1.8
1930-1932 2.1
1935-1937 2.5
1940-1942 3.2
1945-1947 3.4
1950-1952 4.6
1955-1957 5.2
1960-1962 5.8
1965-1967 6.7
1970-1972 7.0
1975-1977 7.3
1980-1982 7.0
1985-1987 6.7
1990-1992 6.5
1995-1997 5.5
2000-2002 5.0
2005-2007 4.7
2009-2011 4.5
2010-2012 4.2
2011-2013 4.2

Section 3 – Infant mortality rate

  • 5.0 deaths per thousand live birth below age 1 in 2013
  • 76% of all deaths below 1 year old occurred in the first month of life
  • 63% of all deaths below 1 year old occurred in the first week of life
  • 51% of all deaths below 1 year old occurred in the first day of life
Infant mortality Rate per 1,000 births
Year Infant mortality Neonatal Mortality
(less than a month)
Early neonatal mortality
(less than a week)
Infant mortality
(less than a day)
1921 102.2 27.2 19.0 n/a
1922 101.7 27.7 19.6 n/a
1923 103.4 28.2 19.6 n/a
1924 94.0 26.1 18.6 n/a
1925 92.8 25.2 18.1 n/a
1926 101.7 46.2 33.0 n/a
1927 94.6 43.7 30.5 n/a
1928 90.3 42.5 30.7 n/a
1929 93.0 43.1 30.1 n/a
1930 90.6 42.6 29.3 n/a
1931 86.1 41.5 28.0 n/a
1932 74.6 37.9 26.0 n/a
1933 74.1 37.4 25.8 n/a
1934 72.8 35.5 24.3 n/a
1935 72.5 35.3 24.4 n/a
1936 67.8 33.9 23.8 n/a
1937 77.4 34.4 23.8 n/a
1938 64.3 31.7 22.9 n/a
1939 61.4 30.9 21.9 n/a
1940 57.6 29.9 21.4 n/a
1941 61.1 30.7 21.6 n/a
1942 55.4 28.1 19.9 n/a
1943 55.0 29.8 21.5 n/a
1944 56.3 29.5 20.5 n/a
1945 52.5 28.8 19.9 n/a
1946 47.8 27.4 19.7 n/a
1947 46.3 26.5 19.3 n/a
1948 44.4 25.6 18.7 n/a
1949 43.4 24.0 18.4 n/a
1950 41.6 24.4 19.3 n/a
1951 38.6 22.6 18.0 n/a
1952 38.3 22.8 17.9 n/a
1953 35.7 21.4 17.0 n/a
1954 32.0 19.3 15.9 n/a
1955 31.3 19.4 15.9 n/a
1956 32.0 20.2 16.8 n/a
1957 31.1 20.3 16.9 n/a
1958 30.2 19.3 16.3 n/a
1959 28.4 18.5 15.7 n/a
1960 27.3 17.6 15.3 n/a
1961 27.2 18.0 15.8 n/a
1962 27.5 18.7 16.4 n/a
1963 26.3 18.1 16.0 n/a
1964 24.6 17.3 15.5 n/a
1965 23.6 16.3 14.7 n/a
1966 23.1 16.1 14.4 n/a
1967 22.0 15.2 13.6 n/a
1968 20.8 14.8 13.2 n/a
1969 19.4 13.9 12.5 n/a
1970 18.8 13.5 12.1 n/a
1971 17.6 12.4 10.9 n/a
1972 17.1 11.9 10.4 n/a
1973 15.6 10.8 9.4 n/a
1974 15.0 10.1 8.9 5.9
1975 13.7 9.2 8.1 5.9
1976 13.1 8.8 7.7 4.9
1977 12.4 8.2 7.2 4.7
1978 12.0 8.1 6.8 4.4
1979 10.9 7.3 6.1 4.0
1980 10.5 6.7 5.7 3.8
1981 9.6 6.4 5.5 3.7
1982 9.1 6.0 5.0 3.6
1983 8.5 5.5 4.7 3.2
1984 8.1 5.2 4.3 3.0
1985 8.0 5.2 4.4 3.0
1986 7.9 5.1 4.2 2.9
1987 7.3 4.5 3.8 2.7
1988 7.2 4.6 3.8 2.7
1989 7.1 4.7 3.9 2.7
1990 6.8 4.6 3.8 2.7
1991 6.4 4.1 3.4 2.3
1992 6.1 4.0 3.4 2.2
1993 6.3 4.2 3.4 2.4
1994 6.3 4.2 3.5 2.1
1995 6.1 4.2 3.4. 2.4
1996 5.6 3.9 3.3 2.3
1997 5.5 3.9 3.2 2.4
1998 5.3 3.7 3.0 2.1
1999 5.3 3.6 3.0 2.2
2000 5.3 3.6 2.9 2.2
2001 5.2 3.8 3.1 2.3
2002 5.4 3.9 3.2 2.5
2003 5.3 3.9 3.3 2.5
2004 5.3 4.0 3.4 2.7
2005 5.4 4.1 3.4 2.7
2006 5.0 3.7 3.1 2.5
2007 5.1 3.8 3.2 2.6
2008 5.1 3.7 3.1 2.5
2009 4.9 3.7 3.1 2.5
2010 5.0 3.8 3.1 2.6
2011 4.9 3.6 3.0 2.5
2012 4.8 3.6 3.0 2.4
2013 5.0 3.8 3.1 2.5

Sources:

Section 1 – Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Deaths Database and Birth Database, 2013

Section 2 – Statistics Canada, D. Nagnur. 1986. Longevity and Historical Life Tables: 1921-1981 (Abridged) Canada and the Provinces, 1920/1922 excludes Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador, 1920−1922 to 1975-1977, catalogue no. 89-506-X. Statistics Canada, Life tables, Canada, provinces and territories, 1980-1982 to 2011-2013, catalogue no. 84-537-X and CANSIM table 053-0003.

Section 3 – Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Deaths Database, 2013 and Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016, catalogue no. 91-215-X.

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