Immigrant population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population

Release date: October 25, 2017
Infographic: Immigrant population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population
Description: Immigrant population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population

According to the 2016 Census, 7.5 million foreign-born people came to Canada through the immigration process. They represented more than 1 in 5 people in Canada.

More than 200 places of birth were reported by immigrants in Canada.

100,001 immigrants or more

  • China
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • South Korea
  • Sri Lanka
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Viet Nam

50,001 to 100,000 immigrants

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Bangladesh
  • Colombia
  • Egypt
  • Greece
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Syria
  • Taiwan
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Ukraine

10,001 to 50,000 immigrants

  • Albania
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Chile
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • Ghana
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Hungary
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Malaysia
  • Mauritius
  • Moldova
  • Nepal
  • Nigeria
  • Peru
  • Republic of Macedonia
  • Republic of South Africa
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Somalia
  • Spain
  • Sudan
  • Switzerland
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Venezuela
  • Zimbabwe

10,000 immigrants or fewer

  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • British Virgin Islands,
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burma (Myanmar)
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Costa Rica
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Estonia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Finland
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Gibraltar
  • Greenland
  • Guadeloupe
  • Guam
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Honduras
  • Iceland
  • Isle of Man
  • Jersey
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Martinique
  • Mauritania
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • North Korea
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Réunion
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin (French part)
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Samoa
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Tajikistan
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Uruguay
  • US Virgin Islands
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine)
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
Percentage of immigrants to Canada by period of immigration
Period of immigration Percentage of immigrants
Before 1981 25.7%
1981 to 1990 12.1%
1991 to 2000 19.7%
2001 to 2005 12.3%
2006 to 2010 14.0%
2011 to 2016 16.1%

Approximately 1.2 million people are recent immigrants.

Top 10 countries of birth of recent immigrants
Country of birth Number of immigrants
Philippines 188,805
India 147,190
China 129,020
Iran 42,070
Pakistan 41,480
United States 33,060
Syria 29,945
United Kingdom 24,445
France 24,155
Korea, South 21,710
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