Canada at a Glance 2017
Population

Table 1
Population
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2006 to 2016, calculated using number and % change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2006 2011 2016 2006 to 2016
number % change
Canada 31,612,897 33,476,688 35,151,728 11.2
Newfoundland and Labrador 505,469 514,536 519,716 2.8
Prince Edward Island 135,851 140,204 142,907 5.2
Nova Scotia 913,462 921,727 923,598 1.1
New Brunswick 729,997 751,171 747,101 2.3
Quebec 7,546,131 7,903,001 8,164,361 8.2
Ontario 12,160,282 12,851,821 13,448,494 10.6
Manitoba 1,148,401 1,208,268 1,278,365 11.3
Saskatchewan 968,157 1,033,381 1,098,352 13.4
Alberta 3,290,350 3,645,257 4,067,175 23.6
British Columbia 4,113,487 4,400,057 4,648,055 13.0
Yukon 30,372 33,897 35,874 18.1
Northwest Territories 41,464 41,462 41,786 0.8
Nunavut 29,474 31,906 35,944 22.0
Table 2
Components of demographic growth
Table summary
This table displays the results of Components of demographic growth 1995/1996, 2005/2006 and 2015/2016, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  1995/1996 2005/2006 2015/2016Note p: preliminary
number
Births 372,453 346,082 392,902
Deaths 209,766 225,489 269,012
Immigrants 217,478 254,374 320,932
Emigrants 48,396 57,851 64,305
Returning emigrants 19,035 34,855 37,564
Net temporary emigrants 19,745 27,652 18,418
Net non-permanent residents -826 15,852 38,152

Chart 1 Population growth

Data Table for Chart 1
Chart 1
Population growth
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population growth Total growth, Natural increase and Net international migration (appearing as column headers).
  Total growth Natural increase Net international migration
1985/1986 278,327 192,028 86,299
1986/1987 348,988 190,423 158,565
1987/1988 347,819 180,116 167,703
1988/1989 487,699 195,627 292,072
1989/1990 417,024 210,672 206,352
1990/1991 350,535 210,490 140,045
1991/1992 358,027 206,140 151,887
1992/1993 337,620 190,373 147,247
1993/1994 340,015 179,695 160,320
1994/1995 325,769 172,609 153,160
1995/1996 330,233 162,687 167,546
1996/1997 305,708 140,092 165,616
1997/1998 259,203 127,435 131,768
1998/1999 256,090 120,663 135,427
1999/2000 294,452 119,683 174,769
2000/2001 344,693 107,993 236,700
2001/2002 346,639 107,661 238,978
2002/2003 292,028 106,618 185,410
2003/2004 305,214 108,933 196,281
2004/2005 313,174 109,364 203,810
2005/2006 340,171 120,593 219,578
2006/2007 351,741 127,091 224,650
2007/2008 392,257 137,170 255,087
2008/2009 417,114 141,582 275,532
2009/2010 411,019 142,235 268,784
2010/2011 366,935 131,983 234,952
2011/2012 407,765 137,340 270,425
2012/2013 404,906 133,712 271,194
2013/2014 389,113 132,265 256,848
2014/2015 304,046 123,750 180,296
2015/2016 437,815 123,890 313,925

Chart 2 Marital status of Canadians, 2016

Data Table for Chart 2
Chart 2
Marital status of Canadians, 2016Note p: preliminary
Table summary
This table displays the results of Marital status of Canadians 2016, calculated using % units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2016
%
WidowedChart 2 Note 1 6.0
DivorcedChart 2 Note 1 6.2
SeparatedChart 2 Note 1 2.7
Married and not separated 46.1
Living common law 10.9
Single (never legally married)Chart 2 Note 1 28.0
Table 3
Age composition of the Canadian population
Table summary
This table displays the results of Age composition of the Canadian population 1996, 2006 and 2016, calculated using % of the population and median age units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  1996 2006 2016
% of the population
0 to 17 years 24.3 21.5 19.3
18 to 24 years 9.4 9.6 9.2
25 to 44 years 32.8 28.8 27.1
45 to 64 years 21.3 26.9 27.8
65 years and older 12.1 13.2 16.5
90 years and older 0.4 0.5 0.8
    median age
Total population 35.2 38.9 40.6

Chart 3 Immigrants admitted in Canada, by destination

Data Table for Chart 3
Chart 3
Immigrants admitted in Canada, by destination
Table summary
This table displays the results of Immigrants admitted in Canada 1995 and 2015 (appearing as column headers).
  1995 2015
Territories 212 515
B.C. 44,603 35,746
Alta. 14,360 47,217
Sask. 1,949 12,521
Man. 3,605 14,906
Ont. 115,944 103,655
Que. 27,228 48,982
Atlantic region 4974 8295
Table 4
Population of census metropolitan areas
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population of census metropolitan areas 2006, 2016 and 2006 to 2016, calculated using number and % change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2006 2016 2006 to 2016
number % change
Total population 31,612,897 35,151,728 11.2
St. John's 181,113 205,955 13.7
Halifax 372,858 403,390 8.2
Moncton 126,424 144,810 14.5
Saint John 122,389 126,202 3.1
Saguenay 151,643 160,980 6.2
Québec 715,515 798,162 11.6
Sherbrooke 186,952 212,105 13.5
Trois-Rivières 141,529 156,042 10.3
Montréal 3,635,571 4,098,927 12.7
Ottawa–Gatineau 1,130,761 1,323,783 17.1
Kingston 152,358 161,175 5.8
Belleville 91,518 103,472 13.1
Peterborough 116,570 121,721 4.4
Oshawa 330,594 379,848 14.9
Toronto 5,113,149 5,928,040 15.9
Hamilton 692,911 747,545 7.9
St. Catharines–Niagara 390,317 406,074 4.0
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo 451,235 523,894 16.1
Brantford 124,607 134,203 7.7
Guelph 127,009 151,984 19.7
London 457,720 494,069 7.9
Windsor 323,342 329,144 1.8
Barrie 177,061 197,059 11.3
Greater Sudbury 158,258 164,689 4.1
Thunder Bay 122,907 121,621 -1.0
Winnipeg 694,668 778,489 12.1
Regina 194,971 236,481 21.3
Saskatoon 233,923 295,095 26.2
Lethbridge 95,196 117,394 23.3
Calgary 1,079,310 1,392,609 29.0
Edmonton 1,034,945 1,321,426 27.7
Kelowna 162,276 194,882 20.1
Abbotsford–Mission 159,020 180,518 13.5
Vancouver 2,116,581 2,463,431 16.4
Victoria 330,088 367,770 11.4

Chart 4 Proportion of Aboriginal people who can speak an Aboriginal language, 2012

Data Table for Chart 4
Chart 4
Proportion of Aboriginal people who can speak an Aboriginal language, 2012
Table summary
This table displays the results of Proportion of Aboriginal people who can speak an Aboriginal language % (appearing as column headers).
  %
First Nations 42.1
Métis 23.3
Inuk (Inuit) 77.5
 
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