Table 4.14
Estimates of research and development expenditures in the higher education sector, 2006/2007

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Estimates of research and development expenditures in the higher education sector, 2006/2007
  Total expenditures Share of total Source of funds
Federal government Provincial governments Business enterprise Higher education Private non-profit organizations Foreign
  millions of dollars percent
Total 9,624.1 100.0 25.8 10.3 8.4 46.1 8.1 1.3
Social sciences and humanities 1 1,909.3 19.8 21.0 10.4 1.7 59.3 7.6 0.0
Health sciences 2 3,783.6 39.3 24.8 7.9 9.0 44.1 12.8 1.3
Other natural sciences and engineering 3 3,931.3 40.8 29.2 12.6 11.0 41.5 3.7 1.9
Social sciences and humanities embrace all disciplines involving the study of human actions and conditions and the social, economic and institutional mechanisms affecting humans. Included are such disciplines as anthropology, business administration and commerce, communications, criminology, demography, economics, geography, history, languages, literature and linguistics, law, library science, philosophy, political sciences, psychology, religious studies, social work, sociology, and urban and regional studies.
Health sciences consist of programmes directed towards the protection and improvement of human health.
Other natural sciences and engineering consist of disciplines, other than health sciences, concerned with understanding, exploring, developing or utilizing the natural world. Included are the engineering, mathematical and physical sciences.
Statistics Canada, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division, 2008, Science Statistics, Catalogue no.  88-001-X., Vol. 32 no.4.
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