Modest employment growth in Ontario, despite weakness in manufacturing
Employment in Ontario rose by 101,000 (+1.6%) in 2007. In spite of this, the employment rate edged up only a tenth of a percentage point to 63.6%. The province remains one of Canada's main economic engines, providing employment for 39.1% of the 16.9 million people working in Canada in 2007.
In 2007, the largest employment gains in Ontario were in health care and social assistance. Accommodation and food services, retail trade and educational services also contributed to job growth. Employment was down in manufacturing, however, which brought the industry's total losses in Ontario since 2002 to 143,000. The decline in the province's manufacturing industry, however, was far more profound in the recession of the early 1990s, with employment losses of 231,600 from 1988 to 1993, including 89,000 in 1991 alone.
The unemployment rate in Ontario rose 0.1 percentage point, from 6.3% in 2006 to 6.4% in 2007. The province's participation rate was 68.0% in 2007, up 0.3 percentage points from the previous year.
Employment rates in Ontario, 1976 to 2007
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM table 282-0002.
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