Employment, by class of worker and sex
A majority of public sector employees are women
The vast majority of public sector workers in 2007 were employed in educational services (31.4%), health care and social assistance (26.7%) and public administration (26.3%). Educational services and health care and social assistance are industries with a higher-than-average proportion of women, and they account for just over two-thirds of the overall gains in the public sector since 1998. In 2007, 61.8% of public sector employees were women, a significant increase from 44.9% in 1976.
Although the number of self-employed women tripled from 1976 to 2007, they only represented about one-third of all self-employed people. From 1990 to 2007, growth in self-employment was mainly among business owners without employees.
Self-employed workers and public sector employees tend to be older than private sector employees. In 2007, the average age was 46.5 for the self-employed, 42.1 for public sector employees and 37.7 for private sector employees.
Distribution of employment, by class of worker and sex, 2007
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM table 282-0012.
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