Employment, by class of worker and sex

A majority of public sector employees are women

  • The vast majority of public sector workers in 2007 were employed in educational services (31.4%), health care and social assistance (26.7%) and public administration (26.3%). Educational services and health care and social assistance are industries with a higher-than-average proportion of women, and they account for just over two-thirds of the overall gains in the public sector since 1998. In 2007, 61.8% of public sector employees were women, a significant increase from 44.9% in 1976.

  • Although the number of self-employed women tripled from 1976 to 2007, they only represented about one-third of all self-employed people. From 1990 to 2007, growth in self-employment was mainly among business owners without employees.

  • Self-employed workers and public sector employees tend to be older than private sector employees. In 2007, the average age was 46.5 for the self-employed, 42.1 for public sector employees and 37.7 for private sector employees.

Chart E.10
Distribution of employment, by class of worker and sex, 2007

Chart E.10 Distribution of employment, by class of worker and sex, 2007

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM table 282-0012.

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