Earnings as a proportion of income, by province

Albertans report the highest proportion of total income in the form of earnings

  • The proportion of total income accounted for by earnings varies from province to province. In 2006, for example, earnings represented 83% of the total income of Albertans but only 69% of the income of residents of Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island. Meanwhile, there was a higher proportion of government transfers in Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island (20% and 18%, respectively, versus 8% in Alberta).

  • There are also provincial differences in the proportion of total income accounted for by retirement and investment income. The national average for total income made up of retirement income was 7% in 2006. Nova Scotia had the highest proportion (10%), while Alberta had the lowest (3%). With respect to the proportion of total income coming from investment income, the average for all Canadians was 4%. Alberta and Ontario were at levels similar to the Canadian average, and British Columbia (5%) had the highest level. Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan (each at 3%) were at slightly lower levels, followed by New Brunswick (2%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (1%).

Chart J.8
Earnings as a proportion of total income, by province, 2006

Chart J.8 Earnings as a proportion of total income, by province, 2006

Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, CANSIM table 202-0404.

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