Multiple jobholding, by class of worker
Over two in five multiple-job holders are self-employed in at least one job
People are drawn to moonlighting for a number of financial and non-financial reasons, including the need or desire to supplement regular income, the enjoyment derived from a second job, and market demand.
People living in Manitoba, Saskatchewan or Alberta were more likely to moonlight. In 2007, 6.7% of workers in those provinces had at least two jobs, compared with the national average of 5.3%.
At the national level, the proportion of multiple-job holders was higher in many service industries, such as health care and social assistance (8.4%), educational services (7.9%) and information, culture and recreation (7.5%). In the goods-producing industries, the moonlighting rate was below average, at about 3.4% in most industries, with the exception of agriculture, where 7.5% of workers were multiple-job holders in 2007.
According to the 2006 Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, workers' second jobs tended to be in agriculture; information, culture and recreation; and accommodation and food services.
In 2007, multiple-job holders were twice as likely as single-job holders to have a part-time job as their main job. A multiple-job holder who works part time is more likely to do so out of personal preference than a single-job holder. However, a multiple-job holder is also more likely to cite economic conditions or not being able to find full-time work as the reason for having a part-time job.
Distribution of multiple jobholders, by class of worker in both jobs, 2007
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey.
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