Weekly earnings, by age and immigrant status
The earnings gap between immigrants and Canadian-born employees widest among both older and more educated Canadians
Among all employees aged 25 to 54 (i.e., of core working age) who were working mainly full time in 2007, Canadian-born employees had average weekly wages of $919.81. In comparison, their counterparts who came to Canada as immigrants from 2002 to 2007 (i.e., recent immigrants) earned on average $701.86 weekly in 2007; that was 24% less than Canadian-born employees.
The weekly earnings gap between the Canadian-born employees and recent arrivals was more pronounced among women than men. Among employees aged 25 to 54 years who were working mainly full time in 2007, Canadian-born men had average weekly earnings of $1009.66, whereas recent immigrant men earned 23% less ($775.07). Women who were recent immigrants, of core working age and who worked mainly full time in 2007 had average weekly wages of $598.75, 26% less than their Canadian-born counterparts who had average weekly wages of $812.78.
The gap in full-time earnings between Canadian-born employees and recent immigrants also applied to different age groups. Among 25- to 34-year-olds, recent immigrants earned an average of 17% less than their Canadian-born counterparts. For those aged 35 to 44, immigrants who landed from 2002 to 2007 earned 25% less each week; for those aged 45 to 54 years, they earned 30% less.
When compared to Canadian-born workers, higher levels of education for recent immigrants did not narrow the wage gap; in fact, it widened it. In 2007, recent immigrants with no postsecondary education earned, on average, 29% less than similarly educated Canadian-born workers, while immigrants with university degrees earned 31% less than university-educated Canadian-born employees.
Average weekly wages and salaries of employees
aged 25 to 54 who worked mainly full time,
by age and immigrant status, 2007
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2007.
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