Employment rates, by educational attainment and Aboriginal identity
Education impacts labour market outcomes
In 2006, 45% of Aboriginal people aged 25 to 54 years were postsecondary graduates: 14% had a trade credential, 19% had a college diploma and 8% had a university degree. Aboriginal people 25 to 54 years of age were more than twice as likely as their non-Aboriginal counterparts to have not completed high school (33% versus 13%), while non-Aboriginal people were three times more likely to have a university degree (25% versus 8%).
Employment rates tend to rise with higher educational attainment. In 2006, the employment rate for Aboriginal people aged 25 to 54 years with less than high school education was 47%. In contrast, the employment rate among university-educated Aboriginal people was 38 percentage points higher, at 85%, and was nearly identical to the rate of non-Aboriginal people with a university degree.
For First Nations people without a high school diploma, employment rates were lower on-reserve and for those with treaty or registered Indian status. In 2006, the employment rate for First Nations people aged 25 to 54 years living on-reserve who had not completed high school was 37%, while it was 49% for their off-reserve First Nations counterparts. Among the off-reserve population, 46% of First Nations people with registered status were employed, compared with 56% of their counterparts who were not registered Indians (56%).
The employment rate of Inuit who had not completed high school was 49%, while the rate was higher for the Métis, at 59%. In contrast, university-educated Inuit, Métis and First Nations people had similar employment rates to non-Aboriginal people, at around 80%.
Employment rates of people aged 25 to 54,
by educational attainment and Aboriginal identity, 2006
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.
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