Employment rates of youth in Western Canada, by Aboriginal identity

Aboriginal youth less likely to be employed in Western Canada

  • In 2007, the employment rate among Aboriginal youth living in Western Canada (excludes reserves) was lower than that of non-Aboriginal youth. The employment rate for Aboriginal people aged 15 to 24 was 49.8% compared with 66.0% for their non-Aboriginal counterparts.

  • Two distinct trends are evident from 2004 to 2007 in the employment rates of those aged 15 to 24. Employment rates among young First Nations1 people living off-reserve have been increasing much faster than that of the non-Aboriginal population. From 2004 to 2007, employment rates for non-Aboriginal youth increased from 61.8% to 66.0%, while it jumped from 34.5% to 43.9% for off-reserve First Nations youth.

  • The Métis youth experienced rising employment rates from 2004 to 2006 but a decline in 2007. The Métis youth employment rate increased from 53.6% in 2004 to 61.8% in 2006 and fell to 56.2% in 2007. The drop in overall Aboriginal youth employment from 2006 to 2007 was largely due to the decline in employment experienced by Métis youth.

Chart O.5
Employment rates of youth aged 15 to 24 in Western Canada, by Aboriginal identity, 2004 to 2007

Chart O.5  Employment rates of youth aged 15 to 24 in Western Canada, by Aboriginal identity, 2004 to 2007

Notes:
Excludes Indian reserves and settlements.
For 2004 only, the annual average is based on April 2004 to March 2005.
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey.


Note

  1. Respondents self-identified as 'North American Indian'; however, the term 'First Nations people' is used throughout this report.
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