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March 2003     Vol. 4, no. 3

A profile of young Canadian graduates

College diplomas and bachelor's degrees consistently proved their value to young Canadians who entered the labour market throughout the 1990s. Even though young college and bachelor graduates in the class of 1995 owed more at graduation than the 1990 graduates, they were paying those loans off at a faster rate than the class of 1990.


2001 Census profiles

Additional profiles for citizenship, immigration, birthplace, generation status, ethnic origin, visible minorities and Aboriginal peoples are now available for various levels of geography.


Employment Insurance

The estimated number of Canadians (adjusted for seasonality) receiving regular Employment Insurance benefits in December was down 0.5% from November to 547,780. The largest percentage decreases were recorded in Saskatchewan (-7.7%), Alberta (-6.5%) and Manitoba (-5.6%). The only provinces to record increases were Ontario (+1.4%), New Brunswick (+1.4%) and Quebec (+0.1%).


Employment, earnings and hours

In December, average weekly earnings for all employees were estimated at $685.42, up 0.2% from November. Since December 2001, earnings rose 2.2%, while the Consumer Price Index increased 3.9%.


Estimates of the number of census families

Estimates of the number of census families on July 1, 2002, as well as revised estimates for July 1, 1998 to 2001 for Canada, the provinces and the territories, are now available. Except for the territories, estimates are distributed by structure of family (husband-wife or lone-parent), size, age group of children, age of husband and wife for husband-wife families and age and sex of parent in lone-parent families.


Help-wanted Index

The Help-wanted Index was almost unchanged in February (-0.2%) at 111.4. The largest declines were in Quebec (-2.8%), Manitoba (-1.5%) and Prince Edward Island (-1.1%). Increases were recorded in New Brunswick (+2.4%) and Alberta (+0.9%). The index changed little in Ontario(-0.1%).


Labour Force Survey

After a pause in January, employment resumed its upward trend with an increase of 55,000 in February. Since the start of 2002, when employment began to pick up steam, job gains total 613,000. Even with the increase in employment, the unemployment rate was unchanged at 7.4% in February, the result of more labour force participation.


Earnings, levels of schooling, field of study and school attendance

The seventh round of data from the 2001 Census of Population, which provides a thorough analysis of gains in employment income among Canadians during the past 20 years and of the phenomenal growth in their levels of education, is now available.


Public sector employment

Employment in the Canadian public sector rose for the third straight year in 2002 (+30,397 jobs), rebounding from tight overall budgetary control and government re-structuring during the 1990s.However, in 2002, employment in the sector - which comprises all three levels of government, including government business enterprises, health and social service institutions, and school boards, universities and colleges - was still well below the peak level of 1992.


Labour productivity, hourly compensation and unit labour cost

Labour productivity in Canada's business sector declined for the first time in two years in the fourth quarter, in the wake of a slowdown in economic activity. From October to December, productivity fell 0.6% compared with the third quarter, halting a series of eight consecutive quarterly increases.


Employment in computer and telecommunications industries: A profile

The typical worker in computer and telecommunications (CT) industries is most likely to be a highly-educated man in his mid-30s, holding a full-time job and working longer hours than many other workers. Although the proportion of women working in the group of all other industries rose slowly but steadily over the 1990-2002 reference period, the proportion of women in the group of CT industries decreased during this time. By 2002, women accounted for one-third of the roughly 596,000 workers in CT industries, compared with 37% in 1990.


Do innovative work practices reduce labour turnover?

A new study has found only moderate support for the notion that innovative work practices, such as teamwork, job rotation and profit-sharing, reduce employee turnover. The report found almost no evidence that such innovative work practices reduce employee turnover in the manufacturing sector. Workplaces using innovative work practices were no more successful than others in retaining their employees.


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