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June 2002     Vol. 3, no. 6

Work absence rates, 1991 to 2001

This publication uses data from the Labour Force Survey to estimate work absence rates by a variety of factors, including workplace size, union coverage and job permanency.

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2001 Census of Agriculture

Since 1996, the number of farms has declined almost 11%, continuing a trend that first emerged 60 years ago when Canada's farm numbers started a downward slide from their 1941 peak. On May 15, 2001-Census Day-246,923 farms in Canada met the census definition of a farm. The census includes farms of all economic sizes, from hobby farms to large corporations. But while farms are fewer, the average farm is getting bigger.

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Net farm income, 2001

Net cash income-the difference between a farmer's cash receipts and operating expenses -reached $8.8 billion in 2001. Despite sharply higher costs of inputs such as feed and fertilizer, this increase was mainly due to a booming livestock sector and marginal growth in crop receipts as farmers substantially reduced their grain and oilseed stocks.

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Farm families' total income, 1999

Farm families continued to rely more on income from non-farm sources in 1999, according to analysis of data from personal income tax returns. In 1999, income from non-farming activities accounted for 73 cents of every dollar in farm family income, up almost 2 cents from 1998.

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Survey of Household Spending, Public-use Microdata File, 2000

The Public-use Microdata File from the 2000 Survey of Household Spending offers users information about spending on a wide variety of goods and services as well as dwelling characteristics and information about household ownership of equipment.

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Neighbourhoods and long-term success in the labour market, 1986 to 1998

The quality of the neighbourhood in which youths in low-income families grow up makes little difference to their chances of succeeding in the labour market, according to a new study of youths raised in low-income families in Toronto. Estimates of earnings and wage distributions for youths who grew up in low-income and middle-income neighbourhoods were almost exactly the same, the study found.

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Labour market success for culture graduates, 1997

Students who graduated in 1995 from postsecondary programs in culture had more problems finding work related to their studies than graduates in many other fields. A report in the latest edition of Focus on culture looks at the labour market experiences of recent culture graduates, with a focus on how university graduates fared compared to their community college and CEGEP counterparts.

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Gender pay differentials: Impact of the workplace, 1999

Where people work - including the type of workplace and industry - has a significant bearing on the persistent wage gap between the sexes, according to a first-ever study that documents the impact of specific workplace characteristics on gender pay differentials.

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Smaller producers in manufacturing

The trend to smaller producers in manufacturing: A Canada/U.S. comparison analyzes the importance of small producers in the Canadian manufacturing sector over the last quarter century. It examines whether there has been a radical shift in the ability of small firms to compete with large producers that is leading to the decline of large businesses and the growth of smaller ones.

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New firms in Canadian manufacturing, 1989 to 1997

The dynamic process that brings new firms into an industry and forces old firms out dramatically reshapes Canada's industrial landscape, according to a new report that examines competitive restructuring in the manufacturing sector. Each year, a large number of firms attempts to break into markets. According to this report, between 15% and 20% of all firms are new each year in Canada. The proportion is slightly higher in services industries than in manufacturing.

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Manufacturing industries of Canada: National and provincial areas, 1999

Data collected from the Annual Survey of Manufacturing are classified according to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System. This survey collects information on approximately 30,000 manufacturing establishments grouped into 259 manufacturing industries.

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Financing innovation in successful small firms

Certain financial strategies are more advantageous than others for small firms when it comes to supporting their investments in research and development and innovation, according to a new study that profiles the use that small business makes of different financial instruments.

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Organizational and technological change in the private sector, 1998 to 2000

From 1998 to 2000, 4 out of 10 private sector firms introduced organizational change by improving organizational structures or implementing new management techniques, according to the 2000 Survey of Electronic Commerce and Technology.

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Embracing e-business: Does size matter?, 2001

Small firms are less likely to have access to the Internet compared with their medium-sized and large counterparts, according to the new issue of the Connectedness Series titled Embracing e-business: Does size matter?

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