Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

View article (HTML) View issue (PDF) Main menu Editor's corner More news Contact us Survey information Back issues Statistics Canada home page In depth Français
Statistics Canada logo


system menu - text links at bottom of page
mast-head for "Perspectives on Labour and Income"
sub-heading "The online edition"
heading for "Highlights"

September 2001     Vol. 2, no. 9

Evolution of the Canadian workplace:
work from home

Ernest B. Akyeampong and Richard Nadwodny

  • In the year 2000, approximately 2.8 million (17%) Canadian workers (1.4 million or 10% of employees, and 1.4 million or 50% of the self-employed) did some or all of their work from home, up from 2.1 million (16%) in 1995.
  • In 2000, work from home was slightly more common among male employees than among their female counterparts (10.6% versus 9.8%), and among part-time employees than full-timers (13.4% versus 12.8%). Higher-than-average incidences were also found among core-age (25-54) employees (12.0%), those with university degrees (22.7%, reflecting in part their occupations), and workers with pre school-age children (14.8%). Very low incidences were recorded among youths (4.6%), and employees with less than high-school education (3.9%).
  • Because of operational considerations, the practice is more common among social science and educational workers, and least common among processing and manufacturing; construction; accommodation and food service; trades, transport and equipment-operating; and health workers.
  • A large majority of home-based employees put in only a few hours of work at home each week-about 65% worked between one and 10 hours. Less than 3% put in more than 40 hours.
  • Innovations in information technology in the past decade or two appear to have affected home-based workers more strongly. In 2000, use of the computer, e-mail, Internet and telephone for work purposes was much higher among home-based workers than among those who worked completely outside the home.


Ernest B. Akyeampong is with the Labour and Household Surveys Analysis Division. He can be reached at (613) 951-4624 or

Richard Nadwodny is with Census Operations Division. He can be reached at (613) 951-3950 or

Statistics Canada FIP identifier Government of Canada wordmark
View article (HTML) | View issue (PDF) ]
Main menu | Editor's corner | More news | Contact us | Survey information | Back issues ]
Statistics Canada home page | In depth | Français ]

© Statistics Canada - Conditions of  use Published: 2001 09 19