Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

View article (HTML) View issue (PDF) Main menu Editor's corner More news Contact us Survey information Back issues Statistics Canada home page In depth Français
Statistics Canada logo


system menu - text links at bottom of page
mast-head for "Perspectives on Labour and Income"
sub-heading "The online edition"
heading for "Highlights"

October 2003     Vol. 4, no. 10

Precarious jobs: A new typology of employment

Leah F. Vosko, Nancy Zukewich and Cynthia Cranford

  • Between 1989 and 1994, the share of the workforce aged 15 and over engaged in part-time work, temporary work, own-account self-employment, or multiple jobholding grew from 28% to 34%. Since then, it has hovered around this level.
  • The rise in non-standard employment in the early 1990s was fuelled by increases in own-account self-employment and full-time temporary paid work. Although employees with full-time permanent jobs still accounted for the majority of employment, this kind of work became less common, dropping from 67% in 1989 to 64% in 1994 and 63% in 2002.
  • In 2002, women accounted for over 6 in 10 of those with part-time temporary jobs or part-time self-employment (own-account or employers) and for nearly three-quarters of part-time permanent employees.


Leah F. Vosko is with York University, Nancy Zukewich with Statistics Canada, and Cynthia Cranford with the University of Toronto. The authors can be reached at (416) 736-2100 (ext. 33157) or

Statistics Canada FIP identifier Government of Canada wordmark
View article (HTML) | View issue (PDF) ]
Main menu | Editor's corner | More news | Contact us | Survey information | Back issues ]
Statistics Canada home page | In depth | Français ]

© Statistics Canada - Conditions of  use Published: 2003 10 16