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Side menu bar Catalogue Number 75-001-XIE Table of contents Latest issue News from The Daily Latest data Survey information Back issues Feedback Studies Latest issue in PDF

July 2006
Vol. 7, no. 7

Perspectives on Labour and Income

News from The Daily


Income of individuals
The median total income of individuals amounted to $24,400 in 2004, up 1.5% from 2003. This was the first increase in three years.

Census family income
For the second year in a row, couple families in Oshawa had the highest median total family income among all census metropolitan areas, that is $83,100 in 2004, up 1.6% over 2003, after adjusting for inflation. Nationally, the median total income for couple families rose 1.6% to $64,800 in 2004. Among census agglomerations, the median total income for couple families in Wood Buffalo in northern Alberta remained the highest at $120,100 in 2004, up 2.6% from 2003. Dominated by the population living in Fort McMurray, this area is recognized for its involvement in oil sands development.

Canada's labour market at a glance
Employment in Canada increased for a 13th consecutive year in 2005, the longest stretch of employment gains since the large-scale increases of the 1960s and 1970s. Over the last 13 years, employment growth has averaged 2.0% per year.

Employment and earnings among lone mothers
Two major demographic developments have been behind big gains in employment and earnings during the past two decades among lone mothers aged 40 and over: Rising earnings among these individuals since 1980 (as a result of aging among the baby boom generation) and the postwar revolution in the educational attainment of women.

Labour productivity
Labour productivity in Canada's business sector grew 0.5% between January and March, a similar pace to the quarterly average in 2005. At the same time, unit labour costs, a key measure of inflationary pressures on wages, slowed for the first time in more than a year.

Culture sector employment in rural Canada
Proportionately fewer people are employed in the culture sector in rural Canada compared to the nation as a whole. In 2003, less than 3% of Canada's rural workforce was employed in the culture sector. In comparison, just under 4% of the country's total workforce was employed in the culture sector.

Changing patterns of women in the Canadian labour force
The rising number of women in the labour force has been, for a long time, the primary source of increased labour supply for the Canadian economy. But, while the participation rates of women remain high, they have, however, declined in recent years.

Employer pension plans (trusteed pension funds)
The value of retirement savings held in trusteed pension funds approached $800 billion in the final months of 2005. Funds have increased in value for six straight quarters since the low of $652.2 billion observed in the second quarter of 2004.

Education and earnings
Average real earnings since 2000 have increased at a faster pace for young, less-educated male workers than for any other group, including university graduates.

Education and labour market pathways of young adults
More and more youth have undertaken postsecondary education, either at college, university or a private institution, and have taken their place in the labour market.

Labour Force Survey
Following large gains the previous month, employment was little changed in June, leaving the unemployment rate at a 32-year low of 6.1%.

The death of a spouse and the impact on income
Senior women suffer economically from widowhood much more than senior men. Between 1993 and 2003, senior widows saw their median family adjusted income decline continuously in the five years following the loss of their husband.

Head office employment
Foreign takeovers have had little impact on employment in Canadian head offices. Domestic firms taken over by foreign firms created about as many new head offices as they closed.


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