René Morissette and Yuri Ostrovsky
- Earnings instability varies considerably and is much higher among families in the bottom third of the employment income scale than among those in the top third.
- Government transfers provide a substantial offset for income losses and thus reduce income volatility. The progressive nature of income taxes further reduces volatility by restricting both income gains and income losses.
- Social assistance appears to be the single most important factor in reducing income instability among lone mothers in all age groups.
- Among unattached individuals with positive earnings in all six years of a considered period, Employment Insurance was far more important than social assistance in reducing instability.
Full article: HTML | PDF
The authors are with the Business and Labour Market Analysis Division. René Morissette can be reached at 613-951-3608, Yuri Ostrovsky at 613-951-4229 or both at email@example.com.
You need to use the free Adobe Reader to view PDF documents. To view (open) these files, simply click on the link. To download (save) them, right-click on the link. Note that if you are using Internet Explorer or AOL, PDF documents sometimes do not open properly. See Troubleshooting PDFs. PDF documents may not be accessible by some devices. For more information, visit the Adobe website or contact us for assistance.