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Table 5 Distribution of select characteristics by household tenure type
Owners
Total
households
Subsidized
housing
Renters1
Mixed2
With mortgage
No mortgage

%
Household type
Senior living alone 8.8 30.6 11.4 6.7 1.2 E 13
Senior couple 12.5
F
5.3 16.3 6.6 27.4
Other senior 2.3
F
2.2 2.5 1.5 E 3.6
             
Non-senior living alone 17 29.5 32.5 9.5 10.7 8.2
Couple with or without children 50.1 14.2 33.7 58.8 72.7 42.8
Lone-parent family 5.5 15.8 7 4.3 4.6 3.9
Other non-senior 1.8
F
2.6 1.5 1.4 E 1.6 E
 
Place of residence
Large CMA (500,000 and over) 51 59.6 59.6 46.7 49.8 43.1
Small CMA (100,000 to 499,999) 17.6 17.5 E 16.5 18.3 19.5 17
Town (under 100,000) 19.9 18.1 E 19.2 20.1 18.5 21.8
Rural area 11.5 4.8 4.7 15 12.2 18.2
 
Major source of income
Self-employment 7.7
F
5.6 9.1 9.4 8.6
Government transfers 20.1
66.8
25.9 15.3 4.3 27.8
Investments 1.5
F
1.3 1.6 0.3 E 3.2
Other 7.6 4.3 E 5.5 8.8 3.4 15.2
Wages and salaries 62.8 27.3 E 61 65.1 82.5 45.2
 
Low-income measure (after tax)
In low income 12.5 58.7 23 5.4 2.5 8.7
Not in low income 87.6 41.3 77 94.6 97.5 91.3
 
Other money receipts
Yes 19 20.4 E 22.5 17 19.5 14.1
No 81 79.6 77.5 83 80.5 85.9
                 
Living in unsuitable housing 4.6 6.9 E 8.1 2.9 4.3 1.4 E
             
Living in inadequate housing 7.3
F
7.9 7.1 7.7 6.5
 
Housing affordability ratio –
income-based  
Under 30% 83.1 57.6 64.8 92.2 89.5 95.2
30% to less than 50% 12.4 35.2 23.1 6.6 8.9 3.9
50% and over 4.6 7.3 E 12.2 1.3 1.5 E 0.9 E
 
Housing affordability ratio –
expenditure-based            
Under 30% 86 59.1 69.4 94.4 92.6 96.4
30% to less than 50% 11.6 37.4 23.3 5.3 7.1 3.3
50% and over 2.4
F
7.3 0.3 E
F
F
             
Average household size 2.6 1.9 2 2.9 3.2 2.4
$
Shelter costs 9,370 5,160 8,330 9,980 13,990 5,380
Income before taxes 64,710 20,000 39,350 78,330 87,090 68,300
Earnings 51,950 8,040 29,920 63,920 78,670 46,970
Government transfers 6,660 10,200 6,230 6,740 4,350 9,480
Income from other sources 4,180 1,490 2,340 5,210 2,880 7,910
Income from investments 1,770 270 620 2,390 1,060 3,910
Personal taxes 12,900 1,320 6,340 16,480 18,450 14,220

1 Minus those in subsidized housing.
2 Refers to households that both rented and owned in the same year.
Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Household Spending, 2004