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Perspectives on Labour and Income - October 2007

Economic integration of immigrants' children

Boris Palameta

  • Compared with their third-generation and higher peers, young Canadians with two immigrant parents are more likely to be visible minorities, and live in large urban centres in Ontario and British Columbia. They also tend to have more years of schooling, and are less likely to have ever been married or had children by the end of the six-year period of study.
  • Geographic clustering into relatively prosperous areas and a tendency to delay childbirth-and to a lesser extent, higher levels of education-contribute to a significant earnings advantage among young women with two immigrant parents, compared with their peers with two native-born parents.
  • Second-generation young men show little evidence of an earnings advantage. In fact, everything else being equal, some visible minority men with two immigrant parents appear to have a significant earnings disadvantage compared with their peers with native-born parents.

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Boris Palameta is with the Social Research and Demonstration Corporation (SRDC). He can be reached at 613-237-2945 or at

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