Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program September 2017

Release date: September 19, 2017

These tables update or add to those published in previous issues of Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) provides a statistical portrait of the elementary, secondary and postsecondary education systems through these tables and other products.

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. PCEIP products are prepared by the two organizations in collaboration with the provincial and territorial departments and ministries responsible for education and training. They are aimed at policy makers, practitioners and the general public.

What’s new:  Tables have been updated in sections A.3 Low income, B.1 Total expenditure on education, B.2 Public and private expenditure on education, C.4 Student achievement, D.1 Postsecondary enrolment, D.2 Postsecondary completions and D.6 Educational attainment of the population aged 25 to 64.

About PCEIP

Committees and organizations

Section A: A portrait of the school-age population
Section A.1: Population size
  • Estimates and projections of population aged 0 to 29, by age group, Canada, provinces and territories, 1991 to 2036
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimates and projections of the population aged 0 to 29 with Aboriginal identity, and proportion of persons with Aboriginal identity among the Canadian population, by age group, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimates and projections of the population aged 0 to 29 with Aboriginal identity, and proportion of persons with Aboriginal identity among the provincial/territorial population, by age group, provinces and territories
    June 2016 HTML | XLSX
Section A.2: Cultural diversity
  • Proportion of immigrants and non-permanent residents among the school-age population (ages 5 to 24), Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    CANSIM time series
  • Proportion of visible minorities among the school-age population (ages 5 to 24), Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas
    CANSIM time series
  • Proportion of the school-age population (aged 5 to 24) with non-official home language, Canada and jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs), 2011
    CANSIM time series
  • Proportion of the school age population (ages 5 to 24) with Aboriginal identity, Canada, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    CANSIM time series
  • Proportion of the school-age population (ages 5 to 24) with Aboriginal identity, jurisdictions, in and out of census metropolitan areas (CMAs)
    CANSIM time series
Section A.3: Low income
  • Percentage of the school-age population (ages 5 to 24) in low income, by type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of the school-age population (ages 5 to 24) in low income, Canada and provinces, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of the population aged 0 to 4 in low income, by type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Percentage of the population aged 5 to 19 in low income, by age group and type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Percentage of the population aged 20 to 24 in low income, by type of living arrangement, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24, by number of years in low income, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML
Section A.4: Family background
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24, by age group and living arrangements, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the school-age population, by age group and by work activity of parents, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24 with Aboriginal identity, by age group and living arrangements, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 5 to 24 with Aboriginal identity, by age group and by work activity of parents, Canada
    CANSIM time series
Section B: Financing education systems
Section B.1: Total expenditure on education
  • Public and private expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Indices of change in combined public and private expenditures on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage distribution of combined public and private expenditures on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Combined public and private expenditure on education per capita and index of change, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Combined public and private expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP and index of change, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
Section B.2: Public and private expenditure on education
  • Public expenditure on education, health, social services, and non-social programs, Canada
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Public expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Indices of change in public expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Private expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Indices of change in private expenditure on education, in 2001 constant dollars, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Private expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure on education, by level of education, Canada and jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of households incurring education expenditure and average expenditure per household on education, Canada and jurisdictions
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
  • Average undergraduate and graduate university tuition fees, full-time Canadian students, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Average undergraduate and graduate university tuition fees, full-time Canadian students, by field of study, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • University revenues, by source, as a percentage of total revenue, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • University expenditures, by type of expenditure, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Percentage distribution of university expenditures, by type of expenditure, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
Section B.3: Student debt
  • Percentage of graduates who borrowed from government student loan programs and average debt at graduation, Canada and provinces
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Incidence and repayment of government student loans among 2009-2010 graduates who did not pursue any further postsecondary education program, Canada and provinces
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section C: Elementary-secondary education
Section C.1: Early years and school readiness
  • General health, health limitations and participation in selected activities of 4- and 5-year-olds, by sex, Canada
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
  • Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (Revised) scores for 4- and 5-year-olds, by sex, Canada
    April 2011 HTML | XLS
Section C.2: Elementary-secondary school: enrolments and educators
  • Full-time equivalent enrolments in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    May 2013 HTML | XLS
  • Full-time equivalent educators in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    April 2014 HTML | XLSX
  • Student-educator ratio in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada, provinces and territories
    May 2013 HTML | XLS
  • Full-time educators (headcount) in public elementary-secondary schools, number and percentage distribution by sex and age, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Age distribution of full-time and part-time educators in public elementary and secondary schools and of full-time and part-time employed labour force, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Part-time educators (headcount) as a percentage of educators in public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Males (headcount) as a percentage of full-time and of part-time educators in public elementary and secondary schools, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
Section C.4: Student achievement
  • Estimated average scores and percentage distribution of 15-year-old students, science, by proficiency level, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada, provinces and participating countries
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, reading, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, science, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, mathematics, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Estimated average scores of 15-year-old students, science assessment, by science scale and science sub-scales, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Mean scores of Grade 8 students, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) reading and science assessments, Canada, provinces and Yukon, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Performance of provinces and Yukon relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Performance of provinces and Yukon relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students who responded in English, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Performance of provinces and Yukon relative to Canada based on the mean score of Grade 8 students who responded in French, Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics, reading, and science assessments, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Mean scores of Grade 8 students on the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) mathematics and mathematics subdomains and mathematics problem-solving assessments, Canada, provinces and Yukon, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Percentage distribution, results of Grade 8 students on the PCAP mathematics assessment, by level of performance, Canada, provinces and Yukon, 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Mean scores of Grade 8 students on the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) reading assessment by language, Canada, provinces and Yukon, 2007 and 2010
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section C.5: Information and communications technologies (ICT)
  • Number of students per computer, Canada, other countries and provinces
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of 15-year-old students who reported using computers at home and at school, by frequency of use, Canada, other countries and provinces, 2006
    June 2008 HTML
  • Percentage of 15-year-old students who reported use of computers at home and at school, by frequency of use2 and sex, Canada, other countries and provinces, 2006
    June 2008 HTML
  • Percentage of 15-year-old students in schools whose principals reported shortage or inadequacy of computer hardware or software for instruction, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Index of computer use at school, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Index of self-confidence in information and communications technologies high-level tasks, by students’ socio-economic status, Canada, provinces, G-8 and selected OECD countries, 2009
    May 2012 HTML | XLS
Section D: Postsecondary education
Section D.1: Enrolment in postsecondary education
  • Number of registered apprentices, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Number of registered apprentices, by sex and major trade group, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentices, by age group, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • College enrolment, by sex, registration status and program type, Canada, provinces and territories
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • University enrolment, by sex, registration status, and program type, Canada and provinces
    December 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of females relative to total full-time university enrolment, Canada and provinces
    December 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of females relative to total full-time college enrolment, by program type, Canada, provinces and territories
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
Section D.2: Postsecondary completions and graduation rates
  • Number of registered apprenticeship completions, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Number of registered apprenticeship completions, by sex and major trade group, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Number of degrees, diplomas and certificates granted by universities, by program type, Canada
    December 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Graduation rates, by program level and jurisdiction of study, Canada and jurisdictions
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Number of certificates, diplomas and degrees granted by colleges, by sex of graduate and program type, Canada, provinces and territories
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • University graduation rates, by level of degree, sex and field of study, Canada
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Number of university graduates, by sex and classification of instructional program (primary grouping), Canada and provinces
    March 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Number of degrees, diplomas and certificates granted by universities, by sex of graduate and field of study, Canada and provinces
    December 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Number of certificates, diplomas and degrees granted by colleges, by sex of graduate and field of study, Canada, provinces and territories
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
Section D.3: University educators
  • Number of full-time teaching staff in universities, by academic rank and sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Number, age distribution and median age of full-time university teaching staff, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Age distribution of full-time university teaching staff and of full-time employed labour force, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
  • Number and salary of full-time university teaching staff, by rank and sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2012 HTML | XLS
Section D.4: Research and development
  • Total domestic expenditures on R&D as a percentage of GDP, Canada in relation to all OECD countries
    July 2015 HTML XLSX
  • Total domestic expenditures on R&D as a percentage of GDP, Canada and provinces, G-7, and leading OECD countries
    July 2015 HTML XLSX
  • Percentage of total R&D by sector, Canada and provinces, G-7, leading OECD countries
    July 2015 HTML XLSX
  • Expenditures on R&D, by performing sector, Canada and provinces
    July 2015 HTML XLSX
  • Sources of funds for expenditures on R&D in the higher education sector, in dollars and as a percentage of total funding, Canada and provinces
    July 2015 HTML XLSX
Section D.5: Literacy
  • Literacy levels for numeracy proficiency, by urban/rural status, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Literacy levels for numeracy proficiency, by age group and sex, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Literacy levels for numeracy proficiency, by educational attainment, Canada and jurisdictions, population aged 16 and over, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Literacy levels for numeracy proficiency, Aboriginal (urban) and non-Aboriginal (urban and rural) populations aged 16 and over in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
  • Literacy levels for numeracy proficiency, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations aged 16 and over in Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, 2003
    June 2008 HTML | XLS
Section D.6: Educational attainment of the population aged 25 to 64
  • Educational attainment in the population aged 25 to 64, OECD countries, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64 with Aboriginal identity, by highest certificate, diploma or degree and age group, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Educational attainment in the population aged 25 to 64, off-reserve Aboriginal, non-Aboriginal and total population, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64, by highest certificate, diploma or degree and age group, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64 with Aboriginal identity, by sex and highest certificate, diploma or degree, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 25 to 64, by sex and highest certificate, diploma or degree, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
Section D.7: Adult education and training
  • Participation rate in formal job-related training for the adult work force, by sex, age group, educational attainment and province
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Mean annual number of hours of formal job-related training per participant, by sex, age group, educational attainment and province
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Proportion of participants and non-participants reporting unmet job-related training needs or wants, by sex, age group and educational attainment, Canada
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Reasons for unmet job-related training needs or wants, training participants and non-participants, Canada
    June 2010 HTML | XLS
Section E: Transitions and outcomes
Section E.1: Transitions to postsecondary education
  • Participation rate in education among 15- to 29-year-olds, by age and type of institution attended, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Participation rate in education, by age group and type of institution attended, Canada and jurisidictions
    February 2010 HTML | XLS
  • Participation rate in education among 15- to 29-year-olds, by age group and type of institution attended, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Participation rate in education among 18- to 34-year-olds, by age group and type of institution attended, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Educational status of an 18- to 20-year-old cohort over time, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of 18- to 20-year old high-school leavers in 1999 who later reported additional education, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
  • Percentage of a cohort of 26- to 28-year-olds who ever left high school, by sex, Canada and provinces
    December 2011 HTML | XLS
Section E.2: Transitions to the labour market
  • Proportion of students who were also working, by age and type of institution attended, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Proportion of students who were also working, by age group and type of institution attended, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 15 to 29, by type of institution attended, labour force status and age, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of the population aged 15 to 29, by education level, labour force status and age group, Canada and provinces, 2006/2007
    June 2008 HTML
  • Percentage of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by level of education and province of study
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Percentage of 2009-2010 university graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Percentage of 2009-2010 college graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Median annual earnings of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by level of education and province of study
    October 2015  HTML | XLSX
  • Distribution of annual earnings of 2009-2010 graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex, level of education and province of study
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Median annual earnings of 2009-2010 college graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Median annual earnings of 2009-2010 university graduates working full-time, three years after graduation, by sex and field of study, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Migration characteristics of 2000 graduates in the period before enrolling and two years after graduation, Canada and jurisdictions
    June 2009 HTML | XLS
  • Migration characteristics of 2005 graduates in the period before enrolling and two years after graduation, Canada and jurisdictions
    June 2009 HTML | XLS
Section E.3: Labour market outcomes
  • Unemployment rates of population aged 15 and over, by educational attainment, Canada
    CANSIM time series
  • Unemployment rates of 25- to 29-year-olds, by educational attainment, Canada and jurisdictions
    CANSIM time series
  • Unemployment rates of population aged 15 and over, by educational attainment, off-reserve Aboriginal population
    CANSIM time series
  • Distribution of earners, by highest certificate, diploma or degree and earnings/employment income, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
  • Relative earnings of the 25- to 64-year-old population with income from employment, by level of educational attainment, selected OECD countries (high school and trade-vocational education = 100), 2004 and 2005
    June 2008 HTML
  • Average earnings or employment income, by age group and highest certificate, diploma or degree, Canada
    October 2015 HTML | XLSX
Section F: Reference statistics
Section F.1: Reference statistics for use in the calculation of indicators
  • Gross domestic product (GDP), Canada and Jurisdictions
    December 2009 HTML
  • Implicit Price Index, gross domestic product (GDP), annual, Canada, provinces and territories
    CANSIM time series
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI), Canada, provinces and selected cities
    CANSIM time series
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI), 2011 basket, monthly, September, Canada and provinces
    CANSIM time series
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